Bachelor of Education or B. Ed. as it is usually referred to is an undergraduate bachelor degree program offered by many universities/colleges across the country. The course is taken up by students who are interested in teaching. The course is a professional course and their minimum eligibility criterion is that the student must have completed their undergraduate degree course is any discipline.
The duration for the course is for two years as per the new rules. The course is also offered by many open universities and the duration through distance learning is for minimum two years and maximum five years.
In India, B. Ed. is a major prerequisite for any student to teach at the high school level. Also, the National Council for Teacher Education is the sole authority which is responsible for monitoring the study programs on education.
The course is a skill training based program which is focused on providing all the necessary training to the students so that they are clear about all the aspects of classroom teaching. The students who graduate from arts field are taught subjects like history, geography, English etc. while students graduating in the science field are taught chemistry, physics, biology etc.
B. Ed. is a vocational course which involves intense training to the students in order to make them aware of all the possible classroom scenarios and also make them understand about how to handle the classroom.
Any student, who wishes to make a career in the field of school teaching, has to undergo the process of learning all the necessary aspects of education. In order to be eligible to teach at the high school level one has to pursue this course.
This course demands that the students must be vocal and fluent in their speech. The course also demands that the students must be good at problem solving because teaching at the school level is a very challenging job.
The duration for the course is of two years. The two years are structured in a way that the courses are taught not only through classroom learning but also through seminars, practical and internship.
The course offered through distance learning has the duration of minimum two years and maximum five years.
B. Ed. is a widely popular course and over 100 universities and institutes offer this course. Here is a list of a few major colleges which offer the course.
Name of the College
Kasturi Ram College of Higher Education
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
University of Delhi
Jamia Milia Islamia University
Mahatma Gandhi University
Lovely Professional University
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Banaras Hindu University
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
The minimum eligibility criterion for admission to B. Ed. is that the student must be a graduate in any discipline. The candidate must either have a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.) or Bachelor in Commerce (B. Com.) from any recognized university with at least 50% marks in aggregate. Also, if the student has completed their postgraduate degree, then minimum 55% marks in aggregate is the criterion.
The admission to B. Ed. is through the entrance exam conducted by the states and institutions for the intake of students. Generally, the admission test is conducted in the month of May or June and the forms for the admission test are available online.
The syllabus for the entrance test is as follows:
The selection of the candidates is on the basis of the performance in the entrance exam. Each candidate, in order to take admission in the course, must appear for the entrance exam. The university then issues a merit list which ranks students according to their performance in the entrance test. For each category and stream, separate lists are issued and during the counseling process the students are granted admission.
The minimum duration for B. Ed. through distance mode is for two years; however the maximum duration is of five years. The candidates should have scored a minimum of 50% aggregate in the undergraduate program in any discipline or 55% in postgraduate program. Along with this, the candidates should have trained in-service teachers in elementary education Or candidates should have completed a NCTE recognized teacher education program through face-to-face mode.
The selection process is through an entrance exam usually conducted in the month of September every year.