Bachelors of Science in Zoology is a professional undergraduate degree course in Animal Biology. It is a three-year-course comprising six semesters in most universities. A few universities like IGNOU and Annamalai University (in distance mode) follow annual system wherein exams are held once a year.
Candidates should have passed Class XII with Physics, Chemistry and Biology and with a minimum of 50% in aggregate.
One can either enroll in a regular college or opt for Correspondence/ Distance Learning. The admission is based on the cut-off list issued by the university or college. The admission process is entirely merit based. The mean course fee varies from Rs.3000 to Rs.7000 per semester (six months) for different colleges.
|B.Sc Colleges in Tamil Nadu||B.Sc Colleges in Uttar Pradesh||B.Sc Colleges in West Bengal||B.Sc Colleges in Kerala|
The knowledge of Zoology is the central theme in the areas like Environmental Biology and Ecology. There is a lot of scope after graduating in Zoology. A Zoology graduate can get into diverse sectors like animal biodiversity prospecting, Bioinformatics, Ecosystem Monitoring, Wildlife Conservation and Environmental Management.
|Name of the course||Bachelors of Science in Zoology or B.Sc. Zoology|
|Duration of the course||3 years|
|Average course fee||Rs.3000 to Rs.7000 per semester|
|Sectors of employment||Lab, Academic Institutes, Forestry|
|Average entry-level salary||2.5-3.8 Lakhs pa|
Zoology, also known as Animal Biology, is the branch of biology that deals with living as well as extinct animals and their interaction with their ecosystems.
The curriculum covers the form, function and behavior of animals and elucidates general biological principles through the study of specialized or experimentally tractable systems. It is well-structured with theory based papers along with practical sessions to provide a hands-on experience to the students and help them comprehend scientific concepts easily.
It prepares the students to indulge in the emerging fields of Biology like Animal Biotechnology, Biodiversity Studies, Environmental Management, Ecosystem Monitoring and Animal Bioinformatics, to name a few. Adequate knowledge of Environmental Biology is indispensable in today’s world and thus, has been incorporated into the curriculum. It also focuses on developing students’ practical scientific skills.
It has been well-designed keeping in view the current requirements of B.Sc. (H) Zoology students. The contents have been prepared to familiarize them with the widening horizons of Biological Science. They reflect the changing needs of the students therefore, other important disciplines have also been specifically included.
|Animal Physiology||Functional Histology||Environmental Management|
|Molecular Biology||Ecology||Biodiversity: Non-Chordata|
|Developmental Biology||Genetics & Genomics||Evolutionary Biology|
|Applied Zoology||Cell Biology||-|
Students taking up this course should have curiosity in animal biology as it deals with the in-depth study of fauna. The study of animals and eco-system is very vast and extensive so, the students having a keen interest in the animal world should opt for the course.
A student must be ready for taking new challenges in the area of research and also be adept at problem-solving. Having some knowledge in interdisciplinary fields like Biotechnology and Biochemistry at a foundational level will be an added advantage.
Bachelor of Science in Zoology is a three-year-course with a total of six semesters. Examinations are conducted twice a year, one in each semester. During the course of these three years, students have to take about twenty four papers/exams which assist them with all the necessary educational and professional skills of this field. There are internals and practical exams also conducted by the university before exams.
For open-learning/correspondence mode of education:
Minimum Duration: 3 Years
Maximum Duration: 6 Years
The minimum eligibility criterion for a student to take admission in B.Sc. Zoology is that the candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology in class XII and should have attained a minimum of 50% aggregate in 10+2 examinations.
There is no eligibility percentage for Distance/Correspondence mode of education.
The admission is based on the cut-off list issued by the university or college. The major admission process is only through the merit basis. A few universities like Banaras Hindu University also conduct their Undergraduate Entrance Tests. Admissions are made according to merit in the entrance test, subject to fulfilling of eligibility requirements.
The process starts in the month of May. The first step is to duly fill the admission form. It can be either online or offline depending on the institution.
The admission to Bachelor of Science in Zoology is based on the marks attained by the students in class XII. Most colleges and universities release cut-off lists after the students have filled the admission forms. If the aggregate percentage obtained by the student in the class XII examination satisfies the cut-off criterion issued by the college, he/she shall be granted admission based on the merit list.
Bachelor degree in Zoology can also be awarded through distance education mode. There are a number of colleges and universities in India that offer bona fide education in Zoology through distance or correspondence mode.
The eligibility criterion for admission to B. Sc. Zoology is that the candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology in XII standard. Students need to submit the duly filled application forms to the university. In this mode too, different universities release cut-off lists for enrollment. Admission is granted to those fulfilling the eligibility criteria. Students must ensure the validity of the course they are pursuing and the college/university in this medium.
B. Sc. Zoology is one of the most sought-after courses that Biology students are keen on pursuing.
Currently, there are over 500 colleges providing this course. Here’s the list of some of the renowned academic institutions offering the program
|Name of Institute||City|
|Sri Venkateswara College||Delhi|
|Madras Christian College||Chennai|
|St. Joseph’s College||Bengaluru|
|St. Xavier’s College||Thiruvananthapuram|
|Maulana Azad College||Kolkata|
|Kirori Mal College||Delhi|
|Sacred Heart College||Cochin|
|Annamalai University||Tamil Nadu|
|St. Joseph’s College||Bengaluru|
|Women’s Christian College||Chennai|
Bachelor degree in Zoology can also be awarded through distance education mode. There are a number of colleges and universities in India that offer bona fide course in Zoology through this mode. Students must ensure the validity of the course they are pursuing and the college in distance or correspondence medium.
Here is the list of colleges and universities offering this course in distance mode:
|Open University of Uttaranchal,||Uttarakhand|
|Vardhman Mahaveer Open University,||Kota , Rajasthan|
|Open University of Kota,||Rajasthan|
|Acharya Nagarjuna University||Andhra Pradesh|
|Bharathiar University, Coimbatore||Tamil Nadu|
|Sri Venkateswara University||Tirupati, Tamil Nadu|
|Annamalai University||Tamil Nadu|
|Bhuvaneshwari Correspondence College||Bengaluru, Karnataka|
|Indira Gandhi National Open University||Bengaluru, Karnataka|
|Karnataka State Open University||Karnataka|
|Tamil Nadu Open University||Tamil Nadu|
|Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University||Madhya Pradesh|
|Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Open University||Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh|
|Bharathiar University||Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu|
|Jai Prakash Vidhyalaya||Bihar|
|Nalanda Open University||Patna, Bihar|
|Nethaji Subhas Open university||Kolkata, West Bengal|
|KK Handique State University||Dispur|
|Yashwant Rao Chavan Open University||Nashik, Maharashtra|
|School of Distance learning and Continuing Education (SDLCE)||Telangana|
Universities like Annamalai University offer lateral entry to the students.
Candidates who have passed in the First year Examinations from a recognized University and where the Syllabi studied are common to the extent of at least 75% with that University, may be admitted to the Second/Third year of the same Degree Program.
Those who have completed the duration of a UG or PG Program and have not been successful in the Examinations, will not be eligible for admission under Lateral Entry Scheme.
|B.Sc Colleges in Maharashtra||B.Sc Colleges in Karnataka||B.Sc Colleges in Andhra Pradesh||B.Sc Colleges in Assam|
After completing their graduate degree in B.Sc. Zoology, candidates have numerous opportunities for their higher studies. Various higher study options after B.Sc. Zoology are listed below:
|Name of the Course||Who should opt for it?|
|Master of Science in Zoology, Applied Zoology, Life Science||If you are not interested in just basic zoology and want to go for in-depth knowledge.|
|Post Graduate Diploma in Life Science, Applied Zoology||These courses are not only shorter in duration but also more profession-specific.|
|Master of Business Administration in Biotechnology Management, Pharma Management, Dairy Management, Clinical Research, Hospital Administration||Best for the ones wanting to go into management and administration.|
|B.Ed||If you are interested to teach in schools and other academic institutions.|
There are various sectors of employment in the field of Zoology. Here’s the list of job profiles:
|Zoology Faculty Member||Zoo keeper||Forensic Experts|
|Clinical Business Associate||Animal rehabilitator||Animal Caretakers|
|Online tutor||Zoo Curator||Wildlife Biologists|
|Research Associate||Documentary Maker||Animal breeders|
|Medical Representative||Animal Behaviorists||Lab Technicians|
|Animal and Wildlife Educators||Animal Trainers||Environmental consultant|
|Field trials officer||Biomedical scientist||Toxicologist|
|Marine scientist||Physician associate||Nature conservation officer|
|Environmental education officer||Environmental manager||-|
|Research scientist (life sciences)||Higher education lecturer||-|
There are numerous opportunities after you graduate in Zoology:
The curriculum is well-planned to give theoretical as well as practical knowledge of Zoology and allied courses to the students. There are class tests, practicals, assignments, seminars, projects, and theory lectures.
Zoology is a vast subject that covers the biological aspects of living as well as extinct animals. Students have to take the following courses during B.Sc. program:
|Name of the course||Topics Covered||Description|
|Biodiversity: Non-Chordata||Protozoa, Metazoa; Phyla Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Onychophora, Mollusca, Echinodermata||General characters and outline classification of different phyla: Their physiology, structure, distribution, classification, and significance.|
|Biodiversity: Chordata||Protochordates, Agnatha, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptiles, Aves, Mammals||General characters and outline classification: Their physiology, structure, distribution, classification, and significance.|
|Bio-Chemistry||Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Lipid Metabolism, Protein Metabolism, Intermediary metabolism, Enzymes, Oxidative Phosphorylation||Includes the knowledge about chemical and physio-chemical processes related to living organisms.|
|Biotechnology||Introduction, Transgenic Animal Technology, Transgenic Plants, Applications of Biotechnology, Molecular Techniques in Gene manipulation, Patenting & Biosafety, Animal Cell and Tissue Culture||This course is designed to understand the biological processes that can be used in industries especially the genetic manipulation of micro-organisms.|
|Ecology||Introduction to Ecology, Ecosystem, Biome, Biosphere and Ecosphere, Population, Population Growth regulation, Ecosystem, Community succession||Understanding relationships among different organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.|
|Evolutionary Biology||Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Life’s beginning, Evidences of evolution, Process of evolutionary change, Products of evolutionary change Extinction and mass extinction, Origin and evolution of man, Phylogenetic trees||Studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity, common descent and speciation on Earth.|
|Genetics||Introduction to Genetics, Mitosis and Meiosis, Sex Determination, Extra-chromosomal Inheritance, Genomic Analysis - Dissection of Gene Function, Population Genetics, Genome Dynamics-Transposable genetic elements, Eukaryotic Viruses, Mendelian Genetics and its Extension, Linkage, Crossing Over and Chromosomal Mapping, Mutations, Developmental Genetics and Model System, Genomics, Quantitative Genetics, Genetic Analysis and Mapping in Bacteria and Bacteriophages, Bioinformatics and Proteomics, Evolutionary Genetics||Comprehend the heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.|
|Molecular Biology||Nucleic Acids convey Genetic Information, Structures of Genetic Material, Mutability and Repair of DNA, Transcription, RNA Modifications, Translation (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes), Genome Structure, Chromatin and Nucleosome, Replication of DNA in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes, Transcription Regulation in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes, Regulatory RNAs||Knowledge of the structure and function of the macromolecules.|
|Cell Biology||Overview of Cells, Tools and techniques of Cell Biology, Composition of Cells, Nucleus, Protein Sorting and Transport Mitochondria, Chloroplasts and Peroxisomes, Cytoskeleton and Cell Movement, Plasma Membrane, Cell Wall, the Extracellular Matrix and Cell Interactions, Cell Signaling, Cell Cycle, Cell Death and Cell Renewal, Cancer||It covers the different structures and functions of the cell and focuses on the idea of the cell as the basic unit of life.|
|Animal Physiology||Nervous System, Reproductive System, Endocrine System, Tissues and Glands, Digestive System Respiratory System, Excretory System, Circulatory System||The scientific study of physiology of animals.|
|Immunology||Overview of Immune system, Components of immune system, Cells and Organs of the Immune System, Antigens, Immunoglobulins, Major Histocompatibility Complex, Antigen Processing and Presentation, Immune Effectors Mechanisms Hypersensitivity, Immune System in Health & Disease||Deals with various aspects of the immune system in organisms.|