B.Tech of Leather Technology is a four year undergraduate course. The course is divided into eight semesters with each semester of 6 months. After the second semester of B.Tech Leather Technology, subjects focus more on the latest techniques used in leather designing for new brands.
Leather technology is an integral part of the Footwear industry. In Leather Technology, students learn how the leather is manufactured from different type of raw materials such as raw leather, plastic, canvas, jute, rubber and cloth etc.
Candidates of B.Tech in Leather Technology having numerous job opportunities in both government and private sector in India. Government educational institutions offer courses in leather technology and candidates after doing their post-graduation can work as lecturers in these institutions. They can work as specialists in leather companies, sportswear companies, designer labels at both junior and executive levels. They can also work as Plant Managers, Quality Inspectors, Leather Technicians etc. in the leather companies. The salary of entry level B.Tech Leather technology candidate ranges from 3 lakhs to 5 lakhs per annum.
The tuition fee for pursuing B.Tech in Leather Technology ranges from 4 INR lakhs to 8 INR lakhs p.a. depending upon the university.
|Name of the course (both full name and short form)||B.Tech of Leather Technology|
|Duration of the course||4 years|
|Eligibility||Passed 10+2 with minimum 60% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.|
|Average course fee||INR 4 to 8 lakh pa|
|Sectors of employment||Sportswear companies, designer labels at both junior and executive levels|
|Average entry-level salary||INR 3 to 5 lakh per annum|
|Top entrance exams (if available)||JEE Main, JEE Advanced, SRMJEEE, WBJEE, AIEEE|
Leather Technology deals with synthesis of artificial leather and its efficient use to make commercial goods. The course in Leather Technology is designed to cater to the specific requirements of this industry. Leather Technology students can get jobs in the leather extracting and refining industry.
Students get to learn about the synthesis, production and refining of leather and its efficient use to make commercial goods. It is comparatively a new branch which is gaining importance in the industrial sector. Leather Technology has a bright future in the India.
Students who are interested to work in the production sector or keen on doing their own business in the field of leather should opt for this course. Students of leather technology should have good supervisory as well as managerial skills as a lot of manpower is involved in the leather industry.
B.Tech in Leather Technology is a 4 year course. Each year consists of two semesters with a total of eight semesters. Distance course of four years is also available in this course.
There are large number of the institutes in India which offer this course. Following are some of the top institutes in India providing great facilities and opportunities to the students:
|Name of the Institute||City||Tentative fee pa|
|Indian Institute of Technology||-||-|
|National Institute of Technology||-||-|
|West Bengal University of Technology||Kolkata||-|
|Government college of engineering & technology(GCELT)||Kolkata||Upto 1 Lakh|
|Central Leather Training Institute (CFTI)||Adyar||-|
|Alagappa College of Technology||Chennai||-|
|Bharati Institute of Science & Technology||Chennai||Upto 5Lakh|
|Dr. B.R. Ambedkhar Regional Engineering College||Jalandhar||Upto 3Lakh|
|Institute of Government Leather Working School||Mumbai||Upto 1 Lakh|
|Harcourt Butler Technological Institute||Kanpur||-|
|Priyadarshni Engineering College,||Anna Salai, Vaniyambadi||-|
|Institute Of Engineering, Jiwaji University,||Madhya Pradesh||-|
|Muzaffarnagar Institute of Technology||Muzaffarpur||-|
|University of Calcutta, College of Leather Technology, LB Block Sector 3, - 700015||Salt Lake City, Calcutta||-|
|Jalpaiguri Government College||Jalpaiguri||-|
For the admission to B.Tech in Leather Technology, the student who has passed 10+2 with minimum 60% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics are eligible. However, some colleges have the eligibility criteria as 50% marks in 10+2.
Students have to qualify JEE Main and other state level engineering exams to take admission.
For taking admission to this course, the students have to qualify the entrance exams i.e JEE main for the NITs & other state level engineering colleges. After clearing the exam, students have to appear in the counseling conducted by various universities and colleges where students get admission according to their rank in the entrance exam. Students after clearing the JEE main exam have to appear in the JEE Advanced to get admission at IITs.
In the entrance exam, the questions will be based on Physics, Chemistry and Maths. There will be three sections in the exam & each section consists of 30 questions. Total number of questions is 90. Each question is for 4 marks. It is of three hours. Some of the private institutes conduct their own tests for admission. Application forms of most of the entrance exams are available in the month of December and submitted in the month of January.
|Exam Name||Level/Conducted By||Colleges|
|JEE Main||National level/ CBSE||NITs, IIITs, Most of the institutes accept JEE Main Score|
|SRMJEEE||National/SRM University||SRM University all campuses|
|AIEEE||National||NITs Engineering colleges|
|WBJEE||State level||Government college of engineering and leather technology|
Selection will be made on the basis of class XII, class XI & class X marks, ranking in the JEE or Equivalent performance in academics. Applicants with minimum 70% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in class XII and a JEE score will be eligible for admission to the B.Tech course in Leather technology.
Students who clear JEE main Exam can appear in JEE advance exam to get admission in IITs.
Direct admission is available in some of the institutes in this course on the basis of the marks scored in 10+2 exams. Private colleges offer direct admission in the management quota. Course fee for the students admitted through management quota is higher than the students who are admitted on the normal seats.
Various colleges in India provide Lateral Entry in the B.Tech courses. Students can take direct admission in the second year after completion of their diploma course. Some colleges take entrance exam (LEET) for the diploma holder students for their admission directly into the third semester. Students with minimum 60% marks (eligibility criteria is different for different institutes) in the diploma are eligible to take admissions in the this course. Institutes like Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology, Kolkata offer lateral entry through JELET entrance test.
Candidates who are working and are not able to attend regular classes can pursue B.Tech in Leather Technology through distance education. Some of the institutes like Thapar University, Jawaharlal Technical University etc. in India offer this distance course.
Candidates who have completed their B. Tech in Leather Technology can work in primary processing units, production promotion sector and design units. After gaining experience in the leather industry, one can set their own business which is profitable as demand of leather products is increasing by the day.
Students of B.Tech/B.E in Leather Technology can get a job in leather extracting and refining industry, shoe making industry, garment industry, leather companies, Sportswear companies, designer labels etc. as a specialist at executive levels, footwear trade analyst, cost analyst, senior production co-coordinator or production manager to name a few.
|Production Manager||Job of Production manager is to decide what are the resources required for the manufacturing of the product, monitor the product standards and quality of the product, decide whether training program is required for the workers and ensure whether safety rules are being followed.|
|Quality control checker||Job of the quality control checker depends upon the industry where the quality inspector works. Their main objective is to check the quality of product and confirm if it is meeting the manufactures’ specification. They can accept and reject a product after checking the required specifications. Quality control workers may inspect workmanship, or gauge product durability.|
|Area Manager||Ensures that store manager maintains the store to the highest possible standards, looks after a number of stores. Area manager has to set the goals of the sales & operational side.|
|Supervisor||· Supervisors in the industry implement strict safety guidelines and company standards. They also train new employees and ensure safe usage of machinery & their scheduled maintenance. They inspect the product produce after production with the specification of the drawing.|
There are several areas that utilize the advantages of Leather Technology. Some of the common areas of employment for B.Tech in Leather Technology graduates include the following:-
Following are the top companies in India which hire Leather Engineers:
There are some government sectors in India which hire Leather Engineers:
|Designation||Salary per annum|
|Leather designers||3.2 Lakhs p.a to 8.5 lakhs|
|Area Manager||10 Lakhs p.a to 15 Lakhs|
|Production Manager||Up to 15.7 lakhs|
|Supervisor||2.5 Lakhs p.a to 4 lakhs|
|Quality control checker||2.5 Lakhs p.a to 5 lakhs|
Course of Leather Technology is of 4 years divided into 8 semesters. The scheme of assessment of this course consists of marks in Theory and Practical Exams. Examination is held twice a year.
The scheme of assessment for B.Tech Leather Technology is given below:
|Scheme of Assessment||Weightage (%)|
Students have to undergo industrial training in the eighth semester. This will help them get jobs easily after completion of the course. Marks of this semester will be included in the finals. Students have to submit a report of the project done during the industrial training in the college.
The curriculum for B.Tech Food Process Engineering covers some basic and specialized topics.
Some of these topics are explained below:
|Name of Paper||Topics||Objective|
|MATHEMATICS – I||MATRICES||To provide the necessary basic concepts in probability and random processes and apply them in random signals, linear systems etc. in communications engineering|
|FUNCTIONS OF SEVERAL VARIABLES|
|ENGINEERING PHYSICS||PROPERTIES OF MATTER||To introduce the basic physics concepts relevant to different branches of Engineering and Technology|
|ACOUSTICS AND ULTRASONICS|
|SOLID STATE PHYSICS|
|INTRODUCTION TO LEATHER MANUFACTURE||HIDES/SKINS AND PRESERVATION||Through this course the student gains a comprehensive view of the underpinning science and technology involved in the manufacture of leathers.|
|INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS||MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY||To enable students gain fundamental knowledge on various physico-chemical analytical Methods. To make students understand the underpinning science behind various instrumental techniques|
|POLARIMETRY AND REFRACTOMETRY|
|PRINCIPLES OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING||ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS||-|
|ELECTRONIC DEVICES & CIRCUITS|
|THEORY OF SKIN PROTEINS AND PRE-TANNING PROCESSES||COMPONENTS , FUNCTIONS AND COMPOSITION OF SKIN structure||To understand the basic structure and function of skin and its components and to understand the various pre-tanning processes/operations.|
|STRUCTURE, FUNCTION, THERMAL TRANSITION AND DEGRADATION OF COLLAGEN|
|CLEANER PROCESSING IN BEAMHOUSE PRACTICES|
|PRACTICE AND QUALITY CONTROL|
|NUMERICAL METHODS||SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGEN VALUE PROBLEMS||To provide the mathematical foundations of numerical techniques for solving linear system, Eigen value problems, interpolation, numerical differentiation and integration and the errors associated with them;|
|INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION|
|NUMERICAL DIFFERENTATION AND INTEGRATION|
|INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS|
|BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS|
|TECHNOLOGY OF HEAVY LEATHER MANUFACTURE||SOLE, HARNESS AND SADDLERY LEATHERS||This course aims at imparting knowledge in the technology of making different types of heavy Leathers from hides.|
|SPORTS GOODS LEATHERS|
|FINISHED LEATHERS FROM HIDES|
|UPGRADATION AND QUALITY CONTROL|
|THEORY AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE AND ORGANIC TANNAGES||VEGETABLE TANNINS||To make the students understand the chemistry of different vegetable and organic tanning agents and respective technology system|
|CONSTITUENTS OF VEGETABLE TANNING MATERIALS|
|MECHANISM AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE TANNING|
|OTHER ORGANIC TANNAGES|
|PREPARATION OF VEGETABLE TANNIN EXTRACTS AND SYNTHETIC TANNING AGENTS|
|THEORY OF MATERIAL TESTING OF LEATHERS – I||ANALYSIS OF PRETANNING & TANNING AGENTS/CHEMICALS||To impart knowledge on analytical methods for the analysis of leather, leather chemicals and process liquors generated during processing of leathers|
|ANALYSIS OF POST TANNING AND FINISHING CHEMICALS|
|ANALYSIS OF PROCESS LIQUORS AND EMISSIONS|
|ANALYSIS OF TANNED LEATHERS|
|ANALYSIS OF ECO-SENSITIVE SUBSTANCES IN LEATHER|
|TECHNOLOGY OF LIGHT LEATHER MANUFACTURE||PROPERTIES OF LEATHER||This course aims at imparting knowledge in the technology of making different types of light leathers from skins.|
|PROPERTY – PROCESS RELATIONSHIP|
|PRODUCT BRIEF OF LIGHT LEATHERS|
|LIGHT LEATHER MANUFACTURE|
|ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING FOR LEATHER SECTOR||ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS, BIODIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABLE Development||To educate students about the importance of studying environmental science and engineering in course curriculum and to create awareness in protection of environment.|
|ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND CHEMISTRY|
|WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL|
|ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT & RISK ASSESSMENT|
|ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES AND LEGISLATION|
|LEATHER GOODS AND GARMENTS TECHNOLOGY||Classification of Leather Goods and Garments||To impart knowledge on making leather goods and garments|
|DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT|
|ORGANISATION & MANAGEMENT|
|Leather Machineries||GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND MECHANISM OF LEATHER MACHINERY||To impart theory and practical knowledge on the working principles, use and maintenance of machineries used in leather manufacture.|
|DESIGN, MATERIAL SELECTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF EQUIPMENT|
|MECHANICAL FEATURES OF LEATHER MACHINERY|
|PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND SAFETY|
|Leather Footwear Technology||LEATHER MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS||To give focus on the manufacture, evaluation and application of materials and components used in leather manufacture.|
|DESIGN AND PATTERN DEVELOPMENT|
|PRELASTING AND LASTING|
|CUTTING, PRE-CLOSING AND CLOSING|
|METHODS OF SHOE CONSTRUCTION|
|Process Economics and Industrial Management for Leather Sector||PRINCIPLES OF PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT AND ORGANISATION||To provide comprehensive knowledge about the principles, practices, tools and techniques of Total quality management.|
|ENGINEERING ECONOMICS FOR TECHNOLOGISTS-INTEREST, INVESTMENTCOSTS AND COST ESTIMATION|
|PROFITABILITY, INVESTMENT ALTERNATIVE AND REPLACEMENT|
|ANNUAL REPORTS AND ANALYSIS OF PERFORMANCE|
|ECONOMIC BALANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL|
|Polymer Science||Introduction to natural and synthetic polymers||Study of different types & methods of polymers|
|Compounding of polymers - fillers, plasticizers, antioxidants, UV stabilizers|
|Recycling, remoulding, depolymerisation, incineration, biodegradable polymers.|
|TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT||INTRODUCTION||-|
|TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES I|
|TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES II|
|QUALITY SYSTEMS FOR LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS|