B. Tech in Petroleum Engineering (Bachelor of Technology in Petroleum Engineering) is an interesting field of engineering offering various specialization courses that deals with the production of hydrocarbons, which can either be natural gas or crude oil. The technical field of petroleum engineering requires having a detailed understanding of the physical properties of oil, gas, and water along with the process of oil exploration and processing of crude oils.
Generally, petroleum engineering overlaps with other major engineering courses, such as mechanical, chemical and civil. The course covers a wide spectrum of diverse topics including, but not limited to, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Economics, Thermodynamics, and others. B.Tech program in Petroleum engineering requires a minimum 10+2 basic qualification in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry stream with high percentage of marks. One can also pursue M.Tech in petroleum engineering after the successful completion of B.Tech and can also opt for research based studies after post- graduation. Some universities also offer an integrated five-year course where one can earn both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree.
|B. Tech Colleges in Tamil Nadu||B. Tech Colleges in Andhra Pradesh||B. Tech Colleges in Uttar Pradesh||B. Tech Colleges in Uttarakhand|
The demand for petroleum engineers, both at public sector as well as private sector, is quite high all world over due to the high need for hydrocarbons as a fuel source. Petroleum engineers get a wonderful chance to work for some of the biggest companies namely Reliance Industries Ltd., ONGC, Schlumberger, Shell, OIL, Gas Authority of India Ltd., British Gas, Halliburton Services, Essar Oil, etc.
|Eligibility for the Program||10+2 with 50% marks or more|
|Duration of the Program||4 Years|
|2 Major Specializations under this course||Petroleum Upstream Engineering and Petroleum downstream Engineering|
|Entrance Exams||JEE Main, UPESEAT|
|Average Tuition Fee||3 Lakh INR to 4 Lakh INR for 4 years|
|Average Salary Package for Entry Level Positions||20,000 to 30,000 INR per month|
|Top Recruiters||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL), Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC), Essar Oil, Gujarat Gas Co Ltd (GGCL), GAIL (India) Ltd, Petronet LNG Ltd, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)|
Petroleum engineering is one of the highest paid engineering courses. This discipline of engineering involves designing and developing methods to extract oil and gas deposits below the earth’s surface. Basically, a petroleum engineer, during the course, learns the innovative process of extraction such as mining, drilling, etc. In simple words, a petroleum engineer is recruited by oil or gas companies to implement efficient methodology for extracting petroleum products from the earth and sea floor.
There are two major specializations under the discipline of petroleum engineering:
Other than these 2 major specializations, there are three sub branches of petroleum engineering:
The rapid increase in demand for oil all over the world and scarcity of the oil wells especially in developing countries, has led to the surge pricing of oil. High oil prices mean increase in exploration and production of oil, hence, a greater demand for experienced petroleum engineers. The advantages of this course are given below:-
Travelling is one of the perks for the petroleum engineers, since they have to be on site or offshore for either drilling or mining process. They get to explore the remote locations in India and abroad.
Even though petroleum engineers have a challenging job, the work involves high intellect and skills to pan out an ideal plan for the extraction process and dealing with numbers. One has to work in laboratories with advanced equipment most of the times to extract best results.
Petroleum engineers enjoy great benefits with excellent pay and an above average package than a basic engineer. Typically, the starting salary for a petroleum engineer lies within the range of 25,000 INR to 40,000 INR on a monthly basis. The package increases with years of experience and education. Along with that, they are rewarded with paid time off, numerous retirement plans, great health insurance packages since they work at mines and dangerous sites.
The duration of petroleum engineering course is four years, split into eight semesters, with two semesters in each year.
There are many institutes that offer petroleum engineering course. The list of top institutes offering B. Tech in petroleum engineering in India is given below in the table: -
|S.No.||College/Institute||State||B. Tech Tuition Fees (total)|
|1||Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay||Maharashtra||5,43,000 INR|
|2||Indian Institute of Technology, Madras||Tamil Nadu||3,86,000 INR|
|3||Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) ISM, Dhanbad||Jharkhand||3,21,000 INR|
|4||University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (UPES),Dehradun||Uttarakhand||10,99,500 INR|
|5||Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU), Gandhinagar||Gujarat||2,24,000 INR|
|6||Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT), Pune||Maharashtra||3,60,000 INR|
|7||M. S Engineering College, Bangalore||Karnataka||1,14,000 INR|
|8||L.D College Of Engineering, Ahmedabad||Gujarat||10,420 INR|
|9||G.H Patel College Of Engineering, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat||Gujarat||2,72,000 INR|
|10||Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Rae Bareli||Uttar Pradesh||6,22,000 INR|
In order to take admission in bachelor’s program, students need to secure minimum of 60 percent marks at Higher and Secondary level (10th & 12th) from a recognized educational board (CBSE or State board) plus minimum 60% in aggregate (55% for SC/ST) in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics as core subjects at Senior Secondary level (12th).
To pursue petroleum engineering in any of the prestigious colleges, interested candidates have to appear for the entrance tests accordingly. Students have to clear either of the below mentioned mandatory entrance exams, depending on the university/college.
|B. Tech Colleges in Telangana||B. Tech Colleges in Rajasthan||B. Tech Colleges in Maharashtra||B. Tech Colleges in Gujarat|
B. Tech Petroleum engineering offers numerous career options for those who are interested in studying the extraction process of oil and gas and possess analytical and conceptualization skills. One of the main opportunities for a petroleum engineer lies in working in a recognized refinery. Some of the top notch private refineries are Reliance Refinery (Jamnagar), Essar (Jamnagar), Cochin Refinery etc. and public government enterprises such as ONGC and OIL.
Some of the jobs after the successful completion of the bachelor’s degree are:
High oil prices will always be a determining factor for job opportunities in this sector. There are always vacancies in Gulf regions with oil companies looking for a skilled petroleum engineer. Salary is also very attractive in the petroleum sector jobs. The more experience, the better salary.
Petroleum engineers are among the highest paid engineers across the various technical courses. The average salary for a petroleum engineer is Rs 825,414 per year, according to Pay scale estimates. Experience and knowledge strongly influences income for this job. Remuneration offered in this particular field is very high in abroad. In United States, average salary is $104000 annually for a petroleum engineer.
Entry Level Remuneration after B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering
|Post||Recruiter||Salary (Monthly Basis)|
|Graduate Engineer Trainee||Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)||Rs. 24,900|
|Grade ‘B’ Engineers||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)||Rs. 29,100 – 54,500|
|Executive Trainee||Oil India Limited||Rs. 25,000|
|Research Engineer position||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)||Rs 18,000|
|Junior Engineer position||Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC)||Rs 22,000|
|Research Associate||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)||Rs 35,000 and 50,000|
|Class –I Executive||Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)||Rs. 24,900 – 50,500|
|Petroleum Engineer||Reliance Industries Ltd||Rs. 29,100 – 54,500|
During the first year of the course, generally a student will have to study the common engineering subjects and subjects mainly focusing on petroleum engineering (petroleum, oil and natural gas) are introduced by the beginning of second year with additional lab work and workshop session. Besides that, the course includes industrial visits and project work in the last semester.
|Common Engineering Subjects||Petroleum Engineering Subjects|
|Engineering Mathematics||Engineering Mathematics (3rd part, recurring subject)|
|Engineering Physics||Engineering Measurement and Control|
|Engineering Graphics/Drawing||Thermodynamics of Reservoir Fluids|
|Elements of Electrical Engineering||Energy Resources|
|Elements of Civil Engineering||Petroleum Geology|
|Elements of Mechanical Engineering||Earth Science|
|Mechanics of Solids||Petroleum Exploration|
|Communication Skills||Drilling Fluids|
|Computer Programing and Utilization||Strength of Material|
|Workshop||Drilling and Well Completion|
|Upstream Sector Important Subjects||Downstream Sector Important Subjects|
|Petroleum Production Engineering||Petroleum Processing Operations|
|Natural Gas Engineering||Transportation|
|Reservoir Engineering||Natural Gas Processing|
|Surface Production Engineering||Polymer Science|
|Advanced Drilling||Petrochemical Engineering (recurring subject)|
|Pumps and Compressors||Petroleum Refinery Engineering|
|Machines and Equipment||Product Testing|
|Equipment Design||Equipment Design|
|Reservoir Management||Marketing (of Petroleum Products)|
|Reservoir Modelling||Chemical Reaction Engineering|
|Artificial Lift Techniques||Pipeline Engineering|
Below are some of the introductory books for Petroleum Engineering course: