Post Graduate Diploma or Degree (PG Diploma or PGD) in Forensic Science is mainly a 1 year full-time post-graduation program that involves the application of science to civil and criminal laws and legislations majorly focusing on the criminal investigation part.
Students who have earned an undergraduate degree from any recognized college or university preferably in Science/Forensic Science/Medicine/Engineering/Pharmacy or any science or law based course with minimum 45-50% marks are eligible for the Post Graduate Diploma.
The average tuition fee for a PG Diploma course in Forensic Science in India ranges between INR 200,000 to INR 300,000 with most of the fee is concentrated towards paying laboratory fee, a pertinent feature of the program. Fee structure may also vary depending upon the rating and reputation of the college. Central Universities offer the course in Forensic Science at low fees.
|PG Colleges in Haryana||PG Colleges in Uttar Pradesh||PG Colleges in Karnataka||PG Colleges in Madhya Pradesh|
After the successful completion of the post-graduation courses including the PG Diploma course, the starting salary ranges between INR 300,000 to INR 400,000 per annum. With experience and expertise, professionals can earn INR 600,000 to INR 800,000 per annum.
According to Times of India sources, Maharashtra is the first state in India to launch a course in Forensic Science and had a turnaround of 55 takers right after it was announced.
The highlights table for Courses should be in the following pattern:
|Name of the course (both full name and short form)||Post Graduate Diploma in Forensic Science or PG Diploma in Forensic Science|
|Duration of the course||1 year|
|Average course fee||INR 250,000 per annum|
|Sectors of employment||Medical, Judicial|
|Average entry-level salary||INR 100,000 per annum|
The fascinating and intriguing course of Forensic Science deals with human biology and the scientific investigation of crime. Not only this, the course offers an array of subjects such as human physiology, microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology/genetics and their application in Forensic Science.
With the current trend of publicizing everything in media, forensic science is merely portrayed as a part of investigating murder trials and crime scenes in television and movies. However, the diploma course is much more than that. It Is a broad field which is applied to several facets of the judicial system wherein a forensic scientist specializes in scientific disciplines and work on the findings to extract crucial data for crime investigations involving both the defense and prosecution of criminals or victims.
The course is more of a practical based one wherein forensic scientists with the application of science, investigate a crime by looking through clues and subtle hints which usually can be overlooked by a normal eye. Post that, they work on analyzing the evidence found on the crime scene and present the results in the court of law.
Those who are naturally inquisitive and have a knack for observing and analyzing things scientifically, and possess high level of IQ, should certainly step into this engaging course of Forensic Science. With the advent of technology and negative effect of social media leading to rise in cybercrime, there is an emerging field of Cyber Forensics offering numerous courses and career opportunities.
The course covers a broad range of interesting topics from the statistical evaluation of evidences to the development of methodology to help in the visualization process of DNA fingerprinting.
Students get to study key elements of modern forensic science including various streams such as crime-scene processing, laboratory and analytical skills, DNA fingerprinting, human anatomy and genetics.
Specialization course in Forensic Science opens the door to research oriented fields. One gets to learn the theoretical aspects of the course with added benefits of hands-on experience of a range of techniques in biology and forensic science in well-equipped laboratories amongst highly skilled teachers.
Professionals learning this course may specialize in pathology, toxicology, behavioural science, anthropology among various other specialties.
The duration of PG Diploma in Forensic Science is usually one year that is divided into two semesters in each year. Students have to go through the theoretical classes and mostly work in laboratories simultaneously. Also, they have to take up a project in the last semester of the course.
|Sr.No.||College/Institute||State||Tuition Fees (per annum)||Course Offered|
|1||Annamalai University, Chidambaram||Tamil Nadu||7,000 INR||P.G. Diploma in Criminology and Forensic Science|
|2||All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysore||Karnataka||3,86,000 INR||Forensic Speech Sciences & Technology (PGDFSST)|
|3||Gujarat Forensic Sciences University||Gujarat||30,000 INR – 60,000 INR||P. G. Diploma in Forensic Document Examination, P.G. Diploma in Fingerprint Science, P.G. Diploma In Forensic Management, P.G. Diploma in Forensic Accounting, Post Basic Diploma in Forensic Nursing|
|4||Bundelkhand University, Jhansi||Uttar Pradesh||15,000 INR||P.G. Diploma in Forensic Science|
|5||Osmania University, Hyderabad||Telangana||7,500 – 10,500 INR||P.G. Diploma in Cyber Laws|
|6||Mahatama Jyoti Rao Phoole University, Jaipur||Rajasthan||18,000 INR||P.G. Diploma in Forensic Science|
|7||Government Institute of Forensic Science, Aurangabad||Maharashtra||2,200 INR||P.G. Diploma in Forensic Science and Related Law, P.G. Diploma in Digital and Cyber Forensic Science and Related Law|
|8||Gyan Vidhi PG Mahavidyalaya, Bikaner||Rajasthan||8,000 INR||P.G. Diploma Course in Legal & Forensic Sciences|
|9||Kurukshetra University, Thanesar||Haryana||5,000 INR||P.G. Diploma Course in Legal & Forensic Sciences|
|10||Punjabi University, Patiala||Punjab||25,000 INR||P.G. Diploma in Forensic Science|
|11||Institute of Forensic Science, Mumbai||Maharashtra||8,700 INR||P.G.Diploma in Forensic Science And Related Law|
|12||University of Delhi||New Delhi||5,000 INR||P.G.Diploma in Forensic Science|
|13||University of Lucknow||Uttar Pradesh||5,700 INR||P.G.Diploma in Forensic Science|
|14||Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur||Rajasthan||18,100 INR||PG diploma in Criminology and Forensic Science|
|15||Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College , North Campus, Delhi||New Delhi||32,000 INR||Post Graduate Diploma in Forensic Science|
|16||Bioinformatics Institute Of India (BII), Noida||Uttar Pradesh||10,500 INR||PG diploma in Forensic Science and Criminology|
Students seeking admission to PG Diploma course in Forensic Science must be a graduate in any discipline from recognized college or university with a minimum score of 45-50% according to the university’s requirements. Some colleges require a bachelor’s degree in science based courses such Science / Forensic Science/ Medicine / Engineering/Pharmacy with minimum 50% marks whereas some universities are also open to admissions for candidates who have a bachelor's degree in MBBS, BDS from any institution recognized by the Medical Council of India.
Admission procedure is not same for all the universities offering PG Diploma courses. While many of them consider the aggregate percentage obtained in graduation and merit basis, a few of them conduct their own entrance examinations which are either PG Entrance Exams or PG Diploma Entrance Exams.
The pattern of entrance test for PG Diploma in Forensic Science may include multiple choice questions. The topics covered under the examination include the following:
UGC National Eligibility Test or NET which is a common exam which held for the determination of eligible candidates for fellowship or JRF (Junior Research Fellowship), also conducts a test based on Criminology. Students appearing for NET must have a Master’s degree in any field with minimum of 55% from any recognized board or University.
International Forensic Sciences (IFS) Education Department, a research institute based in Pune is India’s first Forensic organization offering cost-effective Online as well as Distance forensic courses (self-paced and self- study mode). The advantage of the institute is students can enroll in courses from virtually anywhere and anytime around the world. IFS provides a wide range of courses pertaining to Forensic, Investigation, Legal, and Security catering to the needs and interests of students. Students can apply online via the institute’s website with keeping in mind the last date of application and fee payment. Last date of applying online is February 6th 2017 for first batch and February 16th 2017 for extra batch. Courses commences around February last week or March first week every year. The duration and fee structure varies as per the course ranging from 5000 INR for a 2 months course to 30,000 - 35,000 INR for a 12 months course. Candidates can join and complete these courses along with their current jobs or college curriculum simultaneously, thereby, having an additional degree from such a prestigious organization. For more details, visit the institute’s website.
|PG Colleges in Punjab||PG Colleges in Gujarat||PG Colleges in Maharashtra||PG Colleges in Orissa|
The wide range of courses under Forensic Science provide students to work with a variety of job sectors such as crime branch, police departments, quality control bureau, detective agencies and law firms. Some of the job profiles after the successful completion of PG Diploma course are Forensic Scientist, Forensic Expert, Forensic Investigator, Forensic Analyst, etc.
Besides, most of the job prospects for students pursuing Forensic Science are in government sector, particularly in various law enforcement agencies such as police, legal system, and the investigative services of the central government and state governments. The job profile for Forensic Scientists working under government sector include recording findings and collecting trace evidence from scenes of crime or accident, analyzing samples such as hair, body fluids, glass, paint and drugs in the laboratory, applying various techniques like DNA profiling, mass spectrometry, chromatography etc. Additionally, trained forensic scientists who have gained experience and expertise are hired by the well-known organizations namely, Intelligence Bureau (IB), the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), etc.
Another interesting career lies in teaching in various institutes which impart education in forensic science. For those who have cleared NET, they can apply for teaching positions in top colleges and universities throughout the country and can earn up to INR 45,000 – INR 50,000 per month.
A student starting out as a lab assistant or technician can expect to get INR 20,000 to INR 25,000 per month initially.
With the increase in crime rate and criminals all over the country, there is a dire need of Forensic Scientists to solve crimes and provide justice. Hence, the scope of Forensic Science and its sister branches has increased exponentially.
|Job Title||Job Description|
|Legal/ Forensic Counselor||Forensic counselors provide group and individual counseling to individuals in the prison system and, testify in court on behalf of patient, oversee patient progress, implement prevention strategies at various advocacy centers|
|Forensic Scientist||As a forensic scientist, a person is engaged primarily in forensic laboratory work and provide impartial scientific evidence to be used in court of law either to support the prosecution or defend in criminal and civil investigations|
|Forensic Expert||The job of a Forensic Expert shares similarities with the Forensic Scientist, however, the former is more of a digital executive and deals with analyzing evidence from computers, networks and other forms of digital data|
|Crime Scene Investigator||The job profile of a Crime Scene Investigator involves with the process of crime scene investigation, fingerprint identification, and forensic imaging thereby providing the details to police departments and other agencies|
|Forensic Technician||A Forensic Technician is responsible for collecting evidence at crime scenes, and for analyzing and reporting the evidence to solve crimes|
|Forensic Entomologist||Forensic Entomologist works to determine the time of a person's death by studying insects appearing on the body|
|Forensic Anthropologist||The primary duty of a Forensic Anthropologist is to gather and interpret evidence to assist in the identification of human remains, thereby determining the cause of death|
|Forensic Science Professor/ Teacher||A Forensic Science Professor is an experienced professional who teaches different Forensic courses including Forensic Chemistry, Forensic Toxicology, Forensic Microscopy in a college or university|
|Forensic Handwriting Expert||Forensic Handwriting Expert, often referred as a Document Examiner are forensic scientists responsible for using a number of scientific processes and methods for examining documents—whether written, typed, or printed—related to a crime scene investigation|
|Forensic Toxicologist||A Forensic Toxicologist works in laboratories to perform tests on bodily fluids and tissue samples during autopsies and look for the presence of chemicals|
|Forensic Ballistics Expert||The job of a Forensic Ballistics Expert involves a thorough examination of evidence relating to firearms at a crime scene, including the effects and behavior of bullets and explosive devices and later have to explain the findings in a court of law|
|Forensic Psychologist||A Forensic Psychologist provides psychological services and analysis for every facet of the criminal justice system and perform important services to corrections, courts and law enforcement|
|Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)||Intelligence Bureau (IB)|
|Central Government Forensic Sciences Labs||Hospitals|
|Private Detective Agencies||Law Firms|
|Police Department||Quality Control Bureau|
|Introduction to Forensic Science||Forensic Serology|
|Biological Anthropology||Forensic Toxicology|
|Forensic Medicine & Medico-legal Aspects||Introduction to Criminology|
|Documentation & Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence||Computer Forensic|
|Paper||Subjects||Units of Subjects|
|Paper I||Basics of Forensic Science & Crime Scene Management||Crime & Criminal behavior Criminal Justice System Basic Principles of Forensic Science Crime Scene Management|
|Paper II||Forensic Science and its Application in Crime Investigation||Definition, Nature, Need & Scope of Forensic Science Questioned Document and Their Identification Forensic Ballistics and vehicular accident reconstruction Chemical & Toxicological Analysis|
|Paper III||Forensic Medicine and the Laws||Medical Jurisprudence Medico legal aspect of Death Sexual offences Legal Aspects|
|Paper IV||Recent Advances in Forensic Science and the Laws||Cybercrime and Forensic Speaker identification Narco analysis, Brain mapping and Polygraph Facial reconstruction, Preventive Forensic and Analytical methods Forensic DNA Finger Printing|
|Paper V||Practical Training||Laboratory work including TLC method, fingerprint development, handwriting identification, examination of various biological samples and study of analytical instruments used in crime investigation|
Paper VI occurs during the last semester of the course which involves group discussion and preparing a comprehensive report on field visits or visit to various forensic science institutions/police stations/courts and other centers dealing with criminal justice system. Students are also required to present a seminar/presentation on the topics allotted to them.
Below are some of the best books to refer for Forensic Science: