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    BTech (Bachelors of Engineering) from Canada: Course Guide for International Students

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    Bhavya Rawal

    Study Abroad Expert


    BTech from Canada is available as BASc (bachelors of applied science) in Engineering/BEng (bachelors in engineering) /BEngSc (bachelors in engineering science) in Canada. It is a three to four-year program costing a total amount of 158,000 to 323,000 CAD. 

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    A Btech degree prepares the students with an expertise in skills of utilizing mathematics and scientific technologies to engineering problems. A quality training program in engineering in Canada is accredited by the Canadian Professional Engineering Acreditation Board. This ensures that apart from the quality education, applicants are also offered world-class training and hands-on experience in the field. 

    • International students are offered admissions for winter and fall term. Some universities offer admissions for summer term.
    • BASc in Engineering and BEng are both equivalent degrees with similar course curriculum.
    • McMasters University in Canada is the only university offering a BTech degree and a BEng degree
      • BTech at McMaster is a more skillset and practical application-based study.
      • BEng at McMaster is a more theoretical course.
    • Most of the engineering colleges in Canada offer a BEng or BASc degree which is equivalent to a BTech degree. 

    Why Study Engineering from Canada

    • Four engineering colleges in Canada rank within the top 50 global universities for engineering programs.
    • Salary trends and forecast suggests that the salaries of engineers in Canada have increased by 10% over the period of 2016-19.
    • Top universities in Canada offer specific scholarships to international students applying for engineering programs.
    • Each sector of engineering is projected to grow by 2025. The annual job opening predictions by the labor market are as below:
      • A rise in new job opening of around 2500 for civil engineers.
      • 2100 new job opening is expected for mechanical engineering graduates.
      • Chemical engineers will have around 1300 new job openings to apply with.
      • A rise of around 1800 in the electrical and electronics engineering sector is expected.
    • The average annual salaries for engineering graduates in various cities in Canada are depicted in the graph below:
    Annual Salary V/S Canadian city

    BTech from Canada: Top Universities

    Bachelors in Engineering can be pursued from some of the top ranking Canadian universities. These universities are not only nationally but globally ranked for their engineering & technological programs. Tabulated below are the details of the university ranking, specializations, and program fees for some of the popular universities.

    University Global Ranking Programs Offered Specialization Program Fees 
    University of Toronto #22 BEng/BASc Chemical, industrial, mechanical, civil, mineral, engg, science, materials, computer science, etc 234,720
    University of British Columbia #42 BASc  Biomedical, civil, chemical, computer, electrical, environmental, mechanical etc 184,964
    McGill University #45 BEng Biomedical, chemical, civil, computer, etc 183,296
    University of Waterloo #46 BASc  Biomedical, chemical, civil, computer, etc 218,400
    University of Alberta #107 BSc Electrical, computer, biomedical, chemical, software, civil, petroleum, etc 158,000
    McMaster University #117 Btech/BEng/BAsc Electrical, automotive, civil, computer, mechanical, etc 199,764
    Queen’s University #153 BASc Civil, computer, chemical, geological, mining, electrical, etc.  196,104
    Western University #184 BESc Chemical, civil, mechanical, biomedical, etc 165,248
    University of Calgary #194 BSc Chemical, civil, energy, oil & gas, geomatics, software, etc 161,808
    University of Ottawa #256 BAsc/BSc Civil, chemical, biotechnology, data science, mechanical, etc 323,204

    BTech from Canada: What is it About?

    A bachelors in engineering in Canada focuses on skill set required by the student to solve complex problems with the help of scientific technologies and advanced mathematics. Most of the programs require their applicants to have a competency in advanced mathematics and fundamental sciences, which can further help them in the studies. With a variety of fields and areas of concentrations available in Engineering, some technical skills and functionalities that are expected out of the student remain common. Some of these are mentioned below:

    • Technical Writing
    • Benefit Analysis and Cost Estimation
    • Analysis of Proposed Solutions
    • Drawing, Drafting and Documentation of Designs

    Course Curriculum

    The basic core engineering programs that may remain same through-out the enormous number of specializations offered are- Numerical methods in engineering, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, Statistics, mechanics of materials, dynamics, applied advanced calculus and other topics in engineering. Elective programs offered to students vary as per the specializations and college opted for studying btech from Canada. 

    Specializations

    The specializations falling under the umbrella of an engineering degree are varied. Student can expand into their area of interest as each path/specialization offers a different skill or technique which can be utilized in advancing one’s career. Some of the popular specialization for BTech in Canada are listed below:

    Specializations Popular University Offering Program
    Mechanical Engineering UToronto, McGill University, University of Ottawa
    Civil Engineering UAlberta, U of T, McGill University
    Computer Engineering UBC, McMaster University, McGill Univeristy
    Software Engineering UToronto, UBC
    Industrial Engineering McMaster University, UBC
    Chemical Engineering UAlberta, University of Waterloo, UBC
    Biomedical Engineering UWO, University of Waterloo

    University of Toronto: Bachelors in Engineering

    University of Toronto is recommended to students with high academic standing and capability to afford the large sum of the tuition. Undergraduate engineering programs at UToronto are offered under BEng and BASc degrees. For admissions at UToronto’s undergraduate engineering programs you must fulfill the following requirements:

    Application Portal/s OUAC Portal* or UToronto International Application
    Application Deadline  Feb 1 for OUAC Nov 7 for UToronto International Application 
    High School Score 80% or more
    Standardized test score SAT accepted (if core subject requirement is not met)
    Core Subject Score Maths (with calculus), physics, chemistry in Class 11 & 12
    English Language Proficiency IELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 100, 22 writing
    Documents Required Secondary school transcripts, board results & certificates, ELP Test scores

    *OUAC Code: 105 OUAC Application

    You can track your applications at the Engineering Application Portal of UToronto.

    UBC: Bachelors in Engineering

    The Vancouver campus of UBC has around 4750 engineering students (of 55,887) and the Okanagan has around 1380 engineering students (of 9125). This suggests that undergraduate engineering programs at UBC are in high demand. Given below are the basic details for admissions at UBC’s engineering programs.

    Application Portal/s UBC Online Application
    Application Deadline January 15
    High School Score 85% in 12th Standard
    Standardized test score Not mandatory
    Core Subject Score Maths, Chemistry, Physics in Class 12th
    English Language Proficiency IELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90
    Documents Required Secondary school transcripts, personal profile, ELP scores

    Offers to international students are made till May. You can track your applications through the student services center.

    McGill University: Bachelors in Engineering

    Though the minimum score required is 60%, admissions at McGill are highly competitive. For 2019, McGill received more than 7000 applications and only 822 offers were made by the university. It is, thus, suggested that you should have a highly competitive score (80% or more) for improving your chances of admissions.

    Application Portal/s Online Application Form
    Application Deadline January 15
    High School Score 60%
    Standardized test score Not mandatory
    Core Subject Score Chemistry, Maths, and Physics in Class 11 & 12
    English Language Proficiency IELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90
    Documents Required School transcripts, board results & certificates, ELP test results

    When applying to McGill applicants must ensure that they review Minerva Confirmation. It is an acknowledgment mail sent within 48 hours post-application submissions. This has your login id and password for accessing your Minerva account.

    University of Waterloo: Bachelors in Engineering

    Admissions to Waterloo’s engineering program have minimum requirements that vary as per the specializations opted. Given below are the details an international applicant must keep in mind while making applications for University of Waterloo:

    Application Portal/s OUAC Application Portal
    Application Deadline January 31
    High School Score Minimum Requirements vary as per the specialization opted
    Standardized test score SAT required
    Core Subject Score Chemistry, Maths (with Calculus), English, and Physics 
    English Language Proficiency IELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90, 25 writing
    Documents Required School transcripts, Admission Information Form (AIF), board results & certificates, ELP test results

    Applicants will be required to complete an online interview. Acceptance letters are usually sent out by May.

    Given below is a graph depicting the probability/chances of admissions in the various engineering programs as per your minimum high school academic standing:

    Admissions Average for Engineering at Waterloo

    As per the graph, it can be said that for biomedical and software engineering aspirants 95% score in high school meant that they had a chance of 40% for being called for an interview process. With the same percentile your chances of admissions in computer, mechanical, electrical engineering increased to 70%. For civil, environmental, architectural engineering the chances of being called for an interview for a 95% high school score student were around 85%.

    University of Alberta (UAlberta): Bachelors in Engineering

    UAlberta offers various specializations to its undergraduate engineering aspirants. International applicants are required to fulfill the following admission requirements:

    Application Portal/s University Application Portal
    Application Deadline March 1
    High School Score 70% in both 11 & 12
    Standardized test score Not mandatory
    Core Subject Score Maths (with Calculus), Chemistry, Physics, and English
    English Language Proficiency IELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90
    Documents Required High school transcripts, board exam results, ELP scores

    The admissions are competitive, you are suggested to ensure that minimum score requirements must be met. If standardized test scores are available, submit those along with applications to enhance your chances of admissions.

    BTech From Canada: Eligibility & Admissions

    International students planning to pursue a Bachelors in Engineering degree from Canada must keep the following admission requirements and criteria in mind:

    • Fulfill minimum high school admissions requirements
      • Most of the engineering colleges in Canada require international students to have advanced level of mathematics and knowledge of fundamental science. 
    • Proof of language proficiency must be submitted: This can include test results
    • Submit scores for entrance tests to study in Canada. Even if SAT/ACT is not required by the university international students are suggested to submit these test scores to enhance their chances of admissions.
      • Standardized test scores help in better comparison of international students from the domestic pool of applicants.
    • Additional forms, if required by any university departments, should be submitted.
    • Applicants should submit a letter of reference, specifically if applying for scholarships or other financial aids.

    Admission Decisions

    Admissions to Bachelor of engineering from Canada is highly competitive at most of the top-ranking universities. International applicants are suggested to ensure that they have a score higher than the minimum requirements. Admission decisions by the admissions committee are usually made on the basis of academic performance. Core subject scores are also given a high weightage while reviewing applications.

    BTech from Canada: Cost of Study

    The cost of studying in Canada is a broad expense including your pre-arrival and post-arrival expenses. Pre-arrival costs are one time expenses like application fees, study permit fees, entrance tests fees, etc. Post-arrival cost includes tuition fees and the cost of living.

    Pre-Arrival Costs

    Tabulated below are the general one-time expenses that an international student will spend when planning to study abroad

    Expenses Cost (CAD)
    Application Fee 95-156
    IELTS Fee 309
    TOEFL Fee 210-330
    SAT Score 62-84
    ACT Score 60-82
    Air travel 350-1200
    Health Insurance 600-800

    BTech From Canada: Tuition Fees

    The average annual cost to study an Undergraduate Engineering course from Canada could be $12,000 to $50,000 approximately, depending on the course and university one chooses. The annual tuition fees for international students in popular Canadian universities are compared in the graph given below:

    Annual Tuition fee V/s University

    Cost of Living in Canada

    The cost of living in Canada depends on various factors. Some of the decisive factors include province of study, accommodation type, lifestyle, etc. Given below is a table detailing the expense of living in Canada:

    Province Accommodation (CAD) Food (CAD) Transportation (CAD) Miscellaneous (CAD)
    Alberta 481  282  73  338 
    Ontario 600  270  86  290 
    Quebec 423  272  42  318 
    British Columbia 871  279  108  342 
    Newfoundland  495  269  69  234 
    New Brunswick 458  245  71  237 
    Nova Scotia 500  245  68  247 
    Manitoba  495  253  100  307 
    Saskatchewan 560  259  83  311 

    The above-mentioned expenses are monthly costs in Canadian Dollars. The cost may vary depending upon your choice of accommodation and lifestyle. An additional 10,000 CAD (annually) must be available with an international student living outside the province of Quebec.

    BTech from Canada: Scholarships

    Pursuing UG from Canada can cost an international student a heavy sum. The average tuition fees for pursuing BTech from Canada has been on a rise from previous years. It hence, becomes important for an international student to plan their expenses ahead. Given below is an image depicting the average annual tuition fees for international students which shows slope which is on the rise. Peparing funding for studying in Canada is therefore important for international students on a budget. 

    Average Tuition fees for International students V/S year

    As per the given image, it can be concluded that the tuition fees for international students in the engineering programs have been rising. Hence, international students are suggested to apply for various scholarships offered by popular universities offering bachelor in Engineering to international students. Some of the university-specific scholarships are listed below:

    University Scholarship Amount (CAD)  Eligibility
    UToronto Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering Admissions Scholarship;
    U of T Engineering International Scholarship
    5000
    25,000
    Automatically considered along with the admission application;
    Considered automatically as applications for engineering program is made
    UBC Elizabeth & Leslie GOULD Entrance Scholarships for international students; Engineering Scholarships for Innovation 2,500


    5,000
    Merit-based, applicants are automatically;
    Merit-based awarded to exceptionally achieving students
    McGill University McGill Entrance Scholarships 3000-5000/annum Renewable scholarships where applicants are considered automatically
    University of Waterloo Entrance for International Students 10,000/year International students on study permit are considered automatically as they apply for engineering program at Waterloo
    University of Alberta Engineering Entrance Awards 1000-50,000 Engineering students for UAlberta are automatically considered for the scholarship

    Looking for scholarships to study in Canada, click here for reading details on scholarships available to international students studying in Canada.

    BTech from Canada: Scope

    International students planning to study BTech from Canada can plan their careers in various sectors as well as plan on studying masters in Engineering in Canada. You can study the following programs post-completion of Bachelors of Engineering from Canada:

    The employment percentage of undergraduates and graduates of Engineering in Canada ranges approximately from 87% to 89%. The annual salary of an undergraduate and a graduate of Engineering in Canada can range from $ 40,000 to $ 103,568 approximately. 

    Planning on starting a career as soon as you graduate? The percentage of graduates and their choice of industry post a bachelors in engineering from Canada are shown in the image below:

    % of Graduates V/S Occupations

    Students must note that post completion of BTech from Canada, it is difficult to practice as an engineer. You can, however, have supervised work experiece. Some of the popular job opportunities and the average annual salaries offered in Canada are as follows:

    Job Designation Average Annual Salaries (CAD)
    Acoustics Engineer 152,000
    Assembly Engineer Technician 130,000
    Assistant Chief Engineer 164,000
    Associate Engineer 145,000
    Biochemical Engineer 173,000
    CAD Designer 151,000

    As per the data by salary explorer, the average annual salary in the field of engineering rises by 17% post completion of an undergraduate diploma/certificate. This rise increases to around 29% after completion of an undergraduate degree in engineering. All these factors included suggest that BTech from Canada is not only a lucrative program but can also open your doors to country’s PR. Settlng in Canada post completion of a bachelors degree from the country is easier. 

    FAQS

    Ques. Which college is best for engineering in Canada?

    Ans. Canada has some of the top-ranking universities offering bachelors in engineering. The best universities to study bachelors in engineering in Canada are UToronto, UBC, McGill University, University of Waterloo, UAlberta, McMaster University, and others.

    Ques. Which Btech Course is best in Canada?

    Ans. You can apply for various specializations in engineering in Canada. The top 10 engineering sectors as per their growing job demand are civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering & electronics, chemical engineering, industrial engineering, mining, geological, materials engineering, petroleum engineering, and aerospace engineering.

    Ques. Which field is best for the future in Canada?

    Ans. As per labor market of Canada maximum job opening is expected in the civil and mechanical sectors of engineering on an annual basis. This suggests that the future prospects within these sectors are the best. Engineering graduates are expected to earn around 130,000 to 170,000 CAD.

    Ques. How much does a Btech in Canada cost?

    Ans. The complete cost of bachelor of engineering in Canada lies between 158,000 to 323,000 CAD. Indian students will have to spend a minimum of 81 Lakhs for the complete program.

    Ques. What is the minimum eligibility for admissions in bachelors of engineering in Canada?

    Ans. An international applicant should have maths (calculus), physics, and chemistry in their high school. The minimum percentile for admissions varies from university to university. English language proficiency test scores are also required for admission in bachelors in engineering in Canada