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BTech (Bachelors of Engineering) from Canada: Course Guide for International Students

Bhavya Rawal Bhavya Rawal
Study Abroad Expert

BTech in Canada is available as BASc (bachelors of applied science) in Engineering/BEng (bachelors in engineering) /BEngSc (bachelors in engineering science) in Canada. It is a three to four-year program costing a total amount of 158,000 to 323,000 CAD.

  • International students are offered admissions for winter and fall term. Some universities offer admissions for summer term.
  • BASc in Engineering and BEng are both equivalent degrees with similar course curriculum.
  • McMasters University in Canada is the only university offering a BTech degree and a BEng degree
    • BTech at McMaster is a more skillset and practical application-based study.
    • BEng at McMaster is a more theoretical course.

Why Study Engineering from Canada

  • Four Canadian universities rank within the top 50 global universities for engineering programs.
  • Salary trends and forecast suggests that the salaries of engineers in Canada have increased by 10% over the period of 2016-19.
  • Top universities in Canada offer specific scholarships to international students applying for engineering programs.
  • Each sector of engineering is projected to grow by 2025. The annual job opening predictions by the labor market are as below:
    • A rise in new job opening of around 2500 for civil engineers.
    • 2100 new job opening is expected for mechanical engineering graduates.
    • Chemical engineers will have around 1300 new job openings to apply with.
    • A rise of around 1800 in the electrical and electronics engineering sector is expected.
  • The average annual salaries for engineering graduates in various cities in Canada are depicted in the graph below:
Annual Salary V/S Canadian city

BTech from Canada: Top Universities

Bachelors in Engineering can be pursued from some of the top ranking Canadian universities. These universities are not only nationally but globally ranked for their engineering & technological programs. Tabulated below are the details of the university ranking, specializations, and program fees for some of the popular universities.

UniversityGlobal RankingPrograms OfferedSpecializationProgram Fees 
University of Toronto#22BEng/BAScChemical, industrial, mechanical, civil, mineral, engg, science, materials, computer science, etc234,720
University of British Columbia#42BASc Biomedical, civil, chemical, computer, electrical, environmental, mechanical etc184,964
McGill University#45BEngBiomedical, chemical, civil, computer, etc183,296
University of Waterloo#46BASc Biomedical, chemical, civil, computer, etc218,400
University of Alberta#107BScElectrical, computer, biomedical, chemical, software, civil, petroleum, etc158,000
McMaster University#117Btech/BEng/BAscElectrical, automotive, civil, computer, mechanical, etc199,764
Queen’s University#153BAScCivil, computer, chemical, geological, mining, electrical, etc. 196,104
Western University#184BEScChemical, civil, mechanical, biomedical, etc165,248
University of Calgary#194BScChemical, civil, energy, oil & gas, geomatics, software, etc161,808
University of Ottawa#256BAsc/BScCivil, chemical, biotechnology, data science, mechanical, etc323,204

University of Toronto: Bachelors in Engineering

University of Toronto is recommended to students with high academic standing and capability to afford the large sum of the tuition. Undergraduate engineering programs at UToronto are offered under BEng and BASc degrees. For admissions at UToronto’s undergraduate engineering programs you must fulfill the following requirements:

Application Portal/sOUAC Portal* or UToronto International Application
Application Deadline Feb 1 for OUAC Nov 7 for UToronto International Application 
High School Score80% or more
Standardized test scoreSAT accepted (if core subject requirement is not met)
Core Subject ScoreMaths (with calculus), physics, chemistry in Class 11 & 12
English Language ProficiencyIELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 100, 22 writing
Documents RequiredSecondary school transcripts, board results & certificates, ELP Test scores

*OUAC Code: 105 OUAC Application

You can track your applications at the Engineering Application Portal of UToronto.

UBC: Bachelors in Engineering

The Vancouver campus of UBC has around 4750 engineering students (of 55,887) and the Okanagan has around 1380 engineering students (of 9125). This suggests that undergraduate engineering programs at UBC are in high demand. Given below are the basic details for admissions at UBC’s engineering programs.

Application Portal/sUBC Online Application
Application DeadlineJanuary 15
High School Score85% in 12th Standard
Standardized test scoreNot mandatory
Core Subject ScoreMaths, Chemistry, Physics in Class 12th
English Language ProficiencyIELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90
Documents RequiredSecondary school transcripts, personal profile, ELP scores

Offers to international students are made till May. You can track your applications through the student services center.

McGill University: Bachelors in Engineering

Though the minimum score required is 60%, admissions at McGill are highly competitive. For 2019, McGill received more than 7000 applications and only 822 offers were made by the university. It is, thus, suggested that you should have a highly competitive score (80% or more) for improving your chances of admissions.

Application Portal/sOnline Application Form
Application DeadlineJanuary 15
High School Score60%
Standardized test scoreNot mandatory
Core Subject ScoreChemistry, Maths, and Physics in Class 11 & 12
English Language ProficiencyIELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90
Documents RequiredSchool transcripts, board results & certificates, ELP test results

When applying to McGill applicants must ensure that they review Minerva Confirmation. It is an acknowledgment mail sent within 48 hours post-application submissions. This has your login id and password for accessing your Minerva account.

University of Waterloo: Bachelors in Engineering

Admissions to Waterloo’s engineering program have minimum requirements that vary as per the specializations opted. Given below are the details an international applicant must keep in mind while making applications for University of Waterloo:

Application Portal/sOUAC Application Portal
Application DeadlineJanuary 31
High School ScoreMinimum Requirements vary as per the specialization opted
Standardized test scoreSAT required
Core Subject ScoreChemistry, Maths (with Calculus), English, and Physics 
English Language ProficiencyIELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90, 25 writing
Documents RequiredSchool transcripts, Admission Information Form (AIF), board results & certificates, ELP test results

Applicants will be required to complete an online interview. Acceptance letters are usually sent out by May.

Given below is a graph depicting the probability/chances of admissions in the various engineering programs as per your minimum high school academic standing:

Admissions Average for Engineering at Waterloo

As per the graph, it can be said that for biomedical and software engineering aspirants 95% score in high school meant that they had a chance of 40% for being called for an interview process. With the same percentile your chances of admissions in computer, mechanical, electrical engineering increased to 70%. For civil, environmental, architectural engineering the chances of being called for an interview for a 95% high school score student were around 85%.

University of Alberta (UAlberta): Bachelors in Engineering

UAlberta offers various specializations to its undergraduate engineering aspirants. International applicants are required to fulfill the following admission requirements:

Application Portal/sUniversity Application Portal
Application DeadlineMarch 1
High School Score70% in both 11 & 12
Standardized test scoreNot mandatory
Core Subject ScoreMaths (with Calculus), Chemistry, Physics, and English
English Language ProficiencyIELTS: 6.5 TOEFL: 90
Documents RequiredHigh school transcripts, board exam results, ELP scores

The admissions are competitive, you are suggested to ensure that minimum score requirements must be met. If standardized test scores are available, submit those along with applications to enhance your chances of admissions.

BTech From Canada: Eligibility & Admissions

International students planning to pursue a Bachelors in Engineering degree from Canada must keep the following admission requirements and criteria in mind:

  • Fulfill minimum high school admissions requirements
  • Proof of language proficiency must be submitted: This can include test results
  • Submit scores for entrance tests to study in Canada. Even if SAT/ACT is not required by the university international students are suggested to submit these test scores to enhance their chances of admissions.
    • Standardized test scores help in better comparison of international students from the domestic pool of applicants.
  • Additional forms, if required by any university departments, should be submitted.
  • Applicants should submit a letter of reference, specifically if applying for scholarships or other financial aids.

Admission Decisions

Admissions to Bachelor of engineering from Canada is highly competitive at most of the top-ranking universities. International applicants are suggested to ensure that they have a score higher than the minimum requirements. Admission decisions by the admissions committee are usually made on the basis of academic performance. Core subject scores are also given a high weightage while reviewing applications.

BTech from Canada: Cost of Study

The cost of studying in Canada is a broad expense including your pre-arrival and post-arrival expenses. Pre-arrival costs are one time expenses like application fees, study permit fees, entrance tests fees, etc. Post-arrival cost includes tuition fees and the cost of living.

Pre-Arrival Costs

Tabulated below are the general one-time expenses that an international student will spend when planning to study abroad.

ExpensesCost (CAD)
Application Fee95-156
IELTS Fee309
TOEFL Fee210-330
SAT Score62-84
ACT Score60-82
Air travel350-1200
Health Insurance600-800

Tuition Fees

The annual tuition fees for international students in popular Canadian universities are compared in the graph given below:

Annual Tuition fee V/s University

Cost of Living in Canada

The cost of living in Canada depends on various factors. Some of the decisive factors include province of study, accommodation type, lifestyle, etc. Given below is a table detailing the expense of living in Canada:

ProvinceAccommodationFoodTransportation Miscellaneous 
Alberta481 CAD282 CAD73 CAD338 CAD
Ontario600 CAD270 CAD86 CAD290 CAD
Quebec423 CAD272 CAD42 CAD318 CAD
British Columbia871 CAD279 CAD108 CAD342 CAD
Newfoundland 495 CAD269 CAD69 CAD234 CAD
New Brunswick458 CAD245 CAD71 CAD237 CAD
Nova Scotia500 CAD245 CAD68 CAD247 CAD
Manitoba 495 CAD253 CAD100 CAD307 CAD
Saskatchewan560 CAD259 CAD83 CAD311 CAD

The above-mentioned expenses are monthly costs in Canadian Dollars. The cost may vary depending upon your choice of accommodation and lifestyle. An additional 10,000 CAD (annually) must be available with an international student living outside the province of Quebec.

BTech from Canada: Scholarships

Pursuing UG from Canada can cost an international student a heavy sum. Given below is an image depicting the average annual tuition fees for international students.

Average Tuition fees for International students V/S year

As per the given image, it can be concluded that the tuition fees for international students in the engineering programs have been rising. Hence, international students are suggested to apply for various scholarships offered by popular universities offering bachelor in Engineering to international students.

Some of the university-specific scholarships are listed below:

UniversityScholarshipAmount (CAD) Eligibility
UTorontoFaculty of Applied Science & Engineering Admissions Scholarship;
U of T Engineering International Scholarship
Automatically considered along with the admission application;
Considered automatically as applications for engineering program is made
UBCElizabeth & Leslie GOULD Entrance Scholarships for international students; Engineering Scholarships for Innovation2,500

Merit-based, applicants are automatically;
Merit-based awarded to exceptionally achieving students
McGill UniversityMcGill Entrance Scholarships3000-5000/annumRenewable scholarships where applicants are considered automatically
University of WaterlooEntrance for International Students10,000/yearInternational students on study permit are considered automatically as they apply for engineering program at Waterloo
University of AlbertaEngineering Entrance Awards1000-50,000Engineering students for UAlberta are automatically considered for the scholarship

Looking for scholarships to study in Canada,click here for reading details on scholarships available to international students studying in Canada.

BTech from Canada: Scope

International students planning to study BTech from Canada can plan their careers in various sectors as well as plan on studying masters in Engineering in Canada. You can study the following programs post-completion of Bachelors of Engineering from Canada:

Programs to Pursue 
Masters in Civil Engineering in CanadaMasters in Electrical Engineering in Canada
Masters in Industrial Engineering in CanadaMasters in Biomedical Engineering in Canada
Masters in Chemical Engineering in CanadaMasters in Aerospace Engineering in Canada
Masters in Software Engineering in CanadaMasters in Engineering Management in Canada
Masters in Mechanical Engineering in CanadaMasters in Computer Engineering in Canada

Planning on starting a career as soon as you graduate? The percentage of graduates and their choice of industry post a bachelors in engineering from Canada are shown in the image below:

% of Graduates V/S Occupations

Some of the popular job opportunities and the average annual salaries offered in Canada are as follows:

Job DesignationAverage Annual Salaries (CAD)
Acoustics Engineer152,000
Assembly Engineer Technician130,000
Assistant Chief Engineer164,000
Associate Engineer145,000
Biochemical Engineer173,000
CAD Designer151,000

As per the data by salary explorer, the average annual salary in the field of engineering rises by 17% post completion of an undergraduate diploma/certificate. This rise increases to around 29% after completion of an undergraduate degree in engineering.


Ques. Which college is best for engineering in Canada?

Ans. Canada has some of the top-ranking universities offering bachelors in engineering. The best universities to study bachelors in engineering in Canada are UToronto, UBC, McGill University, University of Waterloo, UAlberta, McMaster University, and others.

Ques. Which Btech Course is best in Canada?

Ans. You can apply for various specializations in engineering in Canada. The top 10 engineering sectors as per their growing job demand are civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering & electronics, chemical engineering, industrial engineering, mining, geological, materials engineering, petroleum engineering, and aerospace engineering.

Ques. Which field is best for the future in Canada?

Ans. As per labor market of Canada maximum job opening is expected in the civil and mechanical sectors of engineering on an annual basis. This suggests that the future prospects within these sectors are the best. Engineering graduates are expected to earn around 130,000 to 170,000 CAD.

Ques. How much does a Btech in Canada cost?

Ans. The complete cost of bachelor of engineering in Canada lies between 158,000 to 323,000 CAD. Indian students will have to spend a minimum of 81 Lakhs for the complete program.

Ques. What is the minimum eligibility for admissions in bachelors of engineering in Canada?

Ans. An international applicant should have maths (calculus), physics, and chemistry in their high school. The minimum percentile for admissions varies from university to university. English language proficiency test scores are also required for admission in bachelors in engineering in Canada

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