Mechanical Engineering studies combine material science of mechanical systems to mathematical principles and engineering physics. Five of the Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada have made it to the top 200 positions in the Global rankings (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering) by Times Higher Education (THE) 2020.
- More than 3,000 mechanical engineers graduate from Canadian universities annually.
- By the statistical survey, it is seen that in the year 2018, the unemployment rate across Canada was as low as 5.83% for mechanical engineers.
- Mechanical engineers get placed in different industrial sectors. Reputed organizations like Google, Microsoft Corp, Apple Inc., GE Aviation, Boeing and Ford Motors are the top recruiters of mechanical engineers in Canada.
- The percentage of job openings in Ontario for mechanical engineers is forecasted to climb 90% in the upcoming 5 years
- Canada is the land of opportunities for engineers. With growing opportunities, mechanical engineers are constantly growing across the provinces. Given below is a graph representing the growth of the engineering industry from 2014 to 2024.
Top Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada
To study in Canada, there are many top ranking universities. As per THE Global Rankings 2020, some of the Canadian universities making it to the top 150 positions for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering are as follows:
|University||THE Ranking||Degrees offered|
|University of Toronto (U of T)||27||2 undergraduate degrees, 3 postgraduate degrees and 1 doctorate degree|
|University of British Columbia (UBC)||43||1 undergraduate degree, 2 postgraduate degrees and 1 doctorate degree|
|McGill University||47||1 undergraduate degree, 3 postgraduate degrees and 6 doctoral degrees|
|University of Waterloo||89||2 undergraduate degrees, 2 postgraduate degrees and 1 doctorate degree|
|University of Alberta (UAlberta)||126-150||2 undergraduate degrees, 2 postgraduate degrees and 4 PhD degrees|
These are some of the best colleges in Canada for mechanical engineering. Aside from the undergraduate, postgraduate as well as PhD programs mentioned in the table, some of these universities also provide graduate certificate courses in Mechanical Engineering.
Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: Degrees and specializations
Although Mechanical Engineering has specific course requirements, students can customize their course of study based on the area of technical emphasis chosen. Among the many degrees and specializations offered for Mechanical engineering in Canada, here are some of the popular offerings:
|Undergraduate||Bachelor of Applied Science(BASc)||Mechanical Engineering|
|Bachelor Of Engineering (BEng) in Mechanical Engineering||Design Concentration|
|Bachelor of Science (BSc)||Mechanical Engineering|
|Postgraduate||Master of Engineering (MEng)||Sustainable Energy|
|Robotics and Mechatronics|
|Master of Applied Science (MASc)||Mechatronics and Manufacturing|
|Design and Applied Mechanics|
|Mechatronics and Manufacturing|
|Design and Manufacturing|
|Combustion and Energy System|
The popularly opted specializations of the master's degree include Mechatronics, Industrial engineering, Nanotechnology, Materials Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Aerospace, and Manufacturing Engineering.
Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: Bachelor Programs
For mechanical engineering aspirants, a bachelor’s degree and certification is essential to jump-start a career in this field. The bachelor’s program usually lasts for 4 academic years. During these 4 years, the course work focuses on physics, thermodynamics, risk management and sustainable energy. Post third year, students work on co-op programs that finally add up to 600 hours of practical work for the entire duration.
Apart from opting for the mainstream bachelors in mechanical engineering, it can also be studied as a specialization to Btech in Canada. Below are some of the Bachelor's degrees offered in Mechanical engineering courses in Canada:
|Program||University||Program duration (years)||Annual tuition fees (in CAD)|
|BASc Mechanical Engineering||U of T||4||58,680|
|BASc Mechanical Engineering||UBC||4||50,389|
|BEng in Mechanical Engineering||McGill University||4||45,8244|
|BASc in Mechatronics Engineering||University of Waterloo||4||37,600|
|BEng Mechanical Engineering||Carleton University||4||36,800|
Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor's in Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering colleges in Canada have specific requirements when it comes to admission of international students. However, there are some basic eligibility criteria for undergraduate programs in Mechanical Engineering as stated below:
Academic qualification: Completed higher secondary or Class XII with Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics (includes calculus).
English language proficiency: Minimum score for IELTS-6.5, TOEFL (internet-based)-122, CAE (C1/C2)-180
Applicants need to submit scanned copies of original documents:
- English language tests
- School leaving certificates
- Marksheets for higher secondary education
- Other academic transcripts: admit cards and marksheets of 10th boards
Fees & Funding for Bachelors Programs
The tuition fees range between 36,000 CAD to 60,000 CAD for each year. This is exclusive of the cost of living in Canada that approximately amounts to 12,000 CAD annually for international students.
To cover all the expenses of education and living, there are several facilities available. Students have to look for bursaries or scholarships for Bachelor's programs in Canada.
Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: Postgraduate programs
An MS in Mechanical engineering in Canada is a 1 to 2 years program. The curriculum specifically intercalates computer-aided designing techniques with solid mechanics, thermofluids, material science etc.
Here’s to some of the master's degree programs in Mechanical Engineering in Canadian universities:
|Program||University||Program duration||Annual tuition fees (in CAD)|
|MEng Mechanical Engineering||U of T||1||31,099|
|MEng Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering||University of Waterloo||1||32,000|
|MEng Biomedical and Mechanical Engineering||Carleton University||2||11,839|
|MEng in Mechanical Engineering||UBC||2||21,054|
|MEng in Mechanical Engineering||McGill University||3||11,139|
Apart from these, the universities in Canada also provide short-term programs, like certificate programs for a duration of 1-2 years like:
- Licensing International Engineers into the Profession (LIEP) Program (Mechanical Engineers): University of Toronto
- Graduate Certificate in Pipeline Engineering from Concordia University
Students need to complete the Bachelor’s degree in Engineering to take up these courses.
Eligibility Criteria for Master's in Mechanical Engineering
For international students in Canada, there are some of the specific requirements for eligibility. Additionally, students from non-native English speaking nations need to submit scores of English proficiency tests like TOEFL, CAE etc.
Academic qualification: Completed 4 years of Bachelor’s degree in Engineering from recognised universities with a minimum GPA of 3.0 (out of 4.0).
- This is percentile equivalent to 78-81% and grade equivalent in B.
English language proficiency: Minimum scores for TOEFL (iBT)-95/ (pBT)-580, IELTS-6.5, CAE-70, PTE-63
Applicants need to submit the following documents during the admission:
- Evidence of English language test scores
- Proof of work experience (if any)
- Academic transcripts of all post-secondary education
- Letters of recommendation (3 in number)
- Statement of purpose
Fees & Funding for Masters Program
The tuition fees at top Canadian universities for MS in Mechanical Engineering is somewhere between 11,000CAD to 32,000CAD. Additionally, the annual living expenses may be 12,000CAD-14,000CAD.
The tuition fees are definitely not meagre in Canada, but there are ample opportunities for obtaining scholarships while pursuing masters in Canada.
Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: PhD program
While a master’s degree can fetch managerial jobs, a PhD can bring out a research engineer or Assistant professor as well. A PhD in Canada is usually 3-5 years of duration. Here are some of PhD programs provided by Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada:
|Program||University||Program duration ( years)||Annual tuition fees (in CAD)|
|PhD Mechanical Engineering||Concordia University||3-4||6,272|
|PhD Mechanical Engineering||UBC||3-4||8,952|
|PhD in Thermal and Fluid Engineering||Concordia University||4-5||16,117|
|PhD in Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering||University of Waterloo||2-4||7,000-14,000|
|PhD in Mechanical Engineering||University of Toronto||4-5||8,486|
Eligibility for PhD in Mechanical Engineering
Eligibility for PhD in Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada are provided below:
Academic qualification: Master’s degree in Engineering or Computer Science with high standing.
English language proficiency: Minimum scores to be acquired for IELTS-6.5, CAEL (Canadian Academic English Language)- 70, CAE/CPE-180, TOEFL (internet-based)-88, PTE-57
Applicants need to submit the following documents for assessment-
- Application form
- Curriculum Vitae
- Academic transcripts
- Statement of Purpose
- Scores of exams required to study in Canada
- Three letters of recommendation
Fees & Funding for Doctoral Programs
Tuition fees for PhD programs in Canada may range between 6,000 CAD to 15,000 CAD per year. Added to this, living expenses may add up to 12,000 CAD per year. However, there are several scholarships offered for pursuing doctorate in Canada based on merit or need as well.
Scholarships for international students in Canada
Cost of studying in Canada is relatively high but the quality of education, abundant exposure and better lifestyle compensate for it. In such cases, a fair amount of scholarships are awarded by universities, government bodies and privately-run organizations to unleash real talents.
Here is a list of popular scholarships for international students in Canada:
|Scholarship||Organisation/University||Eligible candidates||Scholarship Award (in USD)|
|Engineering International Student Entrance Scholarship||University of Waterloo||All engineering programs||10,000|
|McGill Engineering International Doctoral Awards||McGill University||International students applying for PhD program||27,000|
|Hira and Kamal Ahuja Award in Engineering||University of Waterloo||All engineering programs||6,000|
|MIE Summer Research Award||University of Toronto||Mechanical engineering undergraduates||4,500 + 25% supplement|
|Undergraduate Scholarship||University of British Columbia||All engineering undergraduate programs||2,500|
|Abdul Majid Bader Graduate Scholarship||Dalhousie University||Doctorate programs||40,000|
|Faculty of Engineering Awards||University of Victoria||All engineering undergraduates||1,000|
|Archibald Wayne Dingman Memorial Scholarship||University of Calgary||International students applying for undergraduate program||10,000-60,000 annually|
Scope of mechanical engineering in Canada
To pursue a career in Canada, international students need to have a Canadian work permit. Job prospects for Mechanical Engineers are good around Toronto where the median salary of 66,173 USD a year. There is a rise in the new job openings for graduate engineers for two probable reasons: 61% of retiring professionals and 39% of economic development in Canada observed in 2019.
- As per the Labour Market projections for 2025, Canada expects more than 2,100 job openings for mechanical engineers each year.
- With maximal automobile and machinery firms in Toronto, approximately 10,000 mechanical engineers work here, distribution for which may be:
- Technical and scientific: 35%
- Utilities: 8%
- Construction: 5%
- Vehicle manufacturing: 14%
- Machinery manufacturing: 5%
- Others: 33%
- As per Graduate Employability Rankings 2019, by Times Higher Education, the top 5 positions in Canada have been held by University of Toronto, McGill University, and University of Montreal.
- The salaries offered to mechanical engineering graduates from best colleges in Canada are as follows:
Aside from this, a list of probable job profiles and associated median salaries at different educational level of Engineering degree are provided below:
|Job profile||Annual Salary (in CAD)|
|Senior Project Manager||49,574-183,725|
|Department of Engineering- Faculty||24,375-66,296|
As a fact, Canada is one of the leading economies of the world for which infrastructure, technology and global market exposure come handy. For an engineering aspirant, these aspects rule the prospect for choosing to study Mechanical Engineering. With more than 5 Engineering colleges making it to the top 200 positions globally, and the steady demand for mechanical engineers in the western and resource dominant provinces makes studying Mechanical engineering in Canada incomparable.