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Top Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada

Bhavya Rawal Bhavya Rawal
Study Abroad Expert

Mechanical Engineering studies combine material science of mechanical systems to mathematical principles and engineering physics. Five of the Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada have made it to the top 200 positions in the Global rankings (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering) by Times Higher Education (THE) 2020. 

  • More than 3,000 mechanical engineers graduate from Canadian universities annually.
  • By the statistical survey, it is seen that in the year 2018, the unemployment rate across Canada was as low as 5.83% for mechanical engineers. 
  • Mechanical engineers get placed in different industrial sectors. Reputed organizations like Google, Microsoft Corp, Apple Inc., GE Aviation, Boeing and Ford Motors are the top recruiters of mechanical engineers in Canada. 
  • The percentage of job openings in Ontario for mechanical engineers is forecasted to climb 90% in the upcoming 5 years 
  • Canada is the land of opportunities for engineers. With growing opportunities, mechanical engineers are constantly growing across the provinces. Given below is a graph representing the growth of the engineering industry from 2014 to 2024.
Projected Growth rate for industry

Top Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada

To study in Canada, there are many top ranking universities. As per THE Global Rankings 2020, some of the Canadian universities making it to the top 150 positions for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering are as follows:

UniversityTHE RankingDegrees offered
University of Toronto (U of T)272 undergraduate degrees, 3 postgraduate degrees and 1 doctorate degree
University of British Columbia (UBC)431 undergraduate degree, 2 postgraduate degrees and 1 doctorate degree
McGill University471 undergraduate degree, 3 postgraduate degrees and 6 doctoral degrees
University of Waterloo892 undergraduate degrees, 2 postgraduate degrees and 1 doctorate degree
University of Alberta (UAlberta)126-1502 undergraduate degrees, 2 postgraduate degrees and 4 PhD degrees

These are some of the best colleges in Canada for mechanical engineering. Aside from the undergraduate, postgraduate as well as PhD programs mentioned in the table, some of these universities also provide graduate certificate courses in Mechanical Engineering. 

Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: Degrees and specializations

Although Mechanical Engineering has specific course requirements, students can customize their course of study based on the area of technical emphasis chosen. Among the many degrees and specializations offered for Mechanical engineering in Canada, here are some of the popular offerings:

Education LevelDegreespecialization
UndergraduateBachelor of Applied Science(BASc)Mechanical Engineering
Bachelor Of Engineering (BEng) in Mechanical EngineeringDesign Concentration
Aeronautical Concentration
Bachelor of Science (BSc)Mechanical Engineering
PostgraduateMaster of Engineering (MEng)Sustainable Energy
Mechatronics Design
Advanced Manufacturing
Robotics and Mechatronics
Mechanical Engineering
Master of Applied Science (MASc)Mechatronics and Manufacturing
Design and Applied Mechanics
DoctoratePhDMechanical Engineering
Biomedical Systems
Mechatronics and Manufacturing
Design and Manufacturing
Combustion and Energy System

The popularly opted specializations of the master's degree include Mechatronics, Industrial engineering, Nanotechnology, Materials Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Aerospace, and Manufacturing Engineering.

Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: Bachelor Programs

For mechanical engineering aspirants, a bachelor’s degree and certification is essential to jump-start a career in this field. The bachelor’s program usually lasts for 4 academic years. During these 4 years, the course work focuses on physics, thermodynamics, risk management and sustainable energy. Post third year, students work on co-op programs that finally add up to 600 hours of practical work for the entire duration.

Apart from opting for the mainstream bachelors in mechanical engineering, it can also be studied as a specialization to Btech in Canada. Below are some of the Bachelor's degrees offered in Mechanical engineering courses in Canada: 

ProgramUniversityProgram duration (years)Annual tuition fees (in CAD)
BASc Mechanical EngineeringU of T458,680
BASc Mechanical EngineeringUBC450,389
BEng in Mechanical EngineeringMcGill University445,8244
BASc in Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of Waterloo437,600
BEng Mechanical EngineeringCarleton University436,800

Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor's in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering colleges in Canada have specific requirements when it comes to admission of international students. However, there are some basic eligibility criteria for undergraduate programs in Mechanical Engineering as stated below:

Academic qualification: Completed higher secondary or Class XII with Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics (includes calculus). 

English language proficiency: Minimum score for IELTS-6.5, TOEFL (internet-based)-122, CAE (C1/C2)-180

Documents Required

Applicants need to submit scanned copies of original documents:

  • English language tests
  • School leaving certificates
  • Marksheets for higher secondary education
  • Other academic transcripts: admit cards and marksheets of 10th boards 

Fees & Funding for Bachelors Programs

The tuition fees range between 36,000 CAD to 60,000 CAD for each year. This is exclusive of the cost of living in Canada that approximately amounts to 12,000 CAD annually for international students. 

To cover all the expenses of education and living, there are several facilities available. Students have to look for bursaries or scholarships for Bachelor's programs in Canada

Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: Postgraduate programs

An MS in Mechanical engineering in Canada is a 1 to 2 years program. The curriculum specifically intercalates computer-aided designing techniques with solid mechanics, thermofluids, material science etc. 

Here’s to some of the master's degree programs in Mechanical Engineering in Canadian universities:

ProgramUniversityProgram durationAnnual tuition fees (in CAD)
MEng Mechanical EngineeringU of T131,099
MEng Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of Waterloo132,000
MEng Biomedical and Mechanical EngineeringCarleton University211,839
MEng in Mechanical EngineeringUBC221,054
MEng in Mechanical EngineeringMcGill University311,139

Apart from these, the universities in Canada also provide short-term programs, like certificate programs for a duration of 1-2 years like:

  • Licensing International Engineers into the Profession (LIEP) Program (Mechanical Engineers): University of Toronto
  • Graduate Certificate in Pipeline Engineering from Concordia University

Students need to complete the Bachelor’s degree in Engineering to take up these courses.

Eligibility Criteria for Master's in Mechanical Engineering

For international students in Canada, there are some of the specific requirements for eligibility. Additionally, students from non-native English speaking nations need to submit scores of English proficiency tests like TOEFL, CAE etc. 

Academic qualification: Completed 4 years of Bachelor’s degree in Engineering from recognised universities with a minimum GPA of 3.0 (out of 4.0). 

  • This is percentile equivalent to 78-81% and grade equivalent in B.

English language proficiency: Minimum scores for TOEFL (iBT)-95/ (pBT)-580, IELTS-6.5, CAE-70, PTE-63

Documents Required

Applicants need to submit the following documents during the admission:

  • Evidence of English language test scores
  • Proof of work experience (if any)
  • Academic transcripts of all post-secondary education
  • Letters of recommendation (3 in number)
  • Statement of purpose

Fees & Funding for Masters Program

The tuition fees at top Canadian universities for MS in Mechanical Engineering is somewhere between 11,000CAD to 32,000CAD. Additionally, the annual living expenses may be 12,000CAD-14,000CAD. 

The tuition fees are definitely not meagre in Canada, but there are ample opportunities for obtaining scholarships while pursuing masters in Canada

Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada: PhD program

While a master’s degree can fetch managerial jobs, a PhD can bring out a research engineer or Assistant professor as well. A PhD in Canada is usually 3-5 years of duration. Here are some of PhD programs provided by Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada:

ProgramUniversityProgram duration ( years)Annual tuition fees (in CAD)
PhD Mechanical EngineeringConcordia University3-46,272
PhD Mechanical EngineeringUBC3-48,952
PhD in Thermal and Fluid EngineeringConcordia University4-516,117
PhD in Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of Waterloo2-47,000-14,000
PhD in Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Toronto4-58,486

Eligibility for PhD in Mechanical Engineering

Eligibility for PhD in Mechanical Engineering Colleges in Canada are provided below:

Academic qualification: Master’s degree in Engineering or Computer Science with high standing.

English language proficiency: Minimum scores to be acquired for IELTS-6.5, CAEL (Canadian Academic English Language)- 70, CAE/CPE-180, TOEFL (internet-based)-88, PTE-57 

Documents Required

Applicants need to submit the following documents for assessment-

Fees & Funding for Doctoral Programs

Tuition fees for PhD programs in Canada may range between 6,000 CAD to 15,000 CAD per year. Added to this, living expenses may add up to 12,000 CAD per year. However, there are several scholarships offered for pursuing doctorate in Canada based on merit or need as well.

Scholarships for international students in Canada

Cost of studying in Canada is relatively high but the quality of education, abundant exposure and better lifestyle compensate for it. In such cases, a fair amount of scholarships are awarded by universities, government bodies and privately-run organizations to unleash real talents.

Here is a list of popular scholarships for international students in Canada: 

ScholarshipOrganisation/UniversityEligible candidatesScholarship Award (in USD)
Engineering International Student Entrance ScholarshipUniversity of WaterlooAll engineering programs10,000
McGill Engineering International Doctoral AwardsMcGill UniversityInternational students applying for PhD program27,000
Hira and Kamal Ahuja Award in EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooAll engineering programs6,000
MIE Summer Research AwardUniversity of TorontoMechanical engineering undergraduates4,500 + 25% supplement
Undergraduate ScholarshipUniversity of British ColumbiaAll engineering undergraduate programs2,500
Abdul Majid Bader Graduate ScholarshipDalhousie UniversityDoctorate programs40,000
Faculty of Engineering AwardsUniversity of VictoriaAll engineering undergraduates1,000
Archibald Wayne Dingman Memorial ScholarshipUniversity of CalgaryInternational students applying for undergraduate program10,000-60,000 annually

Scope of mechanical engineering in Canada

To pursue a career in Canada, international students need to have a Canadian work permit. Job prospects for Mechanical Engineers are good around Toronto where the median salary of 66,173 USD a year. There is a rise in the new job openings for graduate engineers for two probable reasons: 61% of retiring professionals and 39% of economic development in Canada observed in 2019.

  • As per the Labour Market projections for 2025, Canada expects more than 2,100 job openings for mechanical engineers each year.
  • With maximal automobile and machinery firms in Toronto, approximately 10,000 mechanical engineers work here, distribution for which may be:
    • Technical and scientific: 35%
    • Utilities: 8%
    • Construction: 5%
    • Vehicle manufacturing: 14%
    • Machinery manufacturing: 5%
    • Others: 33%
  • As per Graduate Employability Rankings 2019, by Times Higher Education, the top 5 positions in Canada have been held by University of Toronto, McGill University, and University of Montreal. 
  • The salaries offered to mechanical engineering graduates from best colleges in Canada are as follows:

Aside from this, a list of probable job profiles and associated median salaries at different educational level of Engineering degree are provided below:

Job profileAnnual Salary (in CAD)
Manufacturing Engineer$33,150-$107,400
Site Supervisor$33,150-88,496
Mechanical Engineer37,050-121,349
Project Manager44,563-155,732
Product Manager35,100-131,750
Construction Manager47,080-141,258
Senior Project Manager49,574-183,725
Program Manager47,763-134,726
General Manager36,000-152,623
Department of Engineering- Faculty24,375-66,296

As a fact, Canada is one of the leading economies of the world for which infrastructure, technology and global market exposure come handy. For an engineering aspirant, these aspects rule the prospect for choosing to study Mechanical Engineering. With more than 5 Engineering colleges making it to the top 200 positions globally, and the steady demand for mechanical engineers in the western and resource dominant provinces makes studying Mechanical engineering in Canada incomparable. 

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