Bachelors in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT), also known as Clinical laboratory Technology is a 3-year undergraduate program that can be pursued after completion of Class 12th. It is a career-oriented course and is one of the most demanded courses in paramedical science.
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The course involves learning to conduct tests, handling equipment, collecting information, making reports, and documenting. The subjects that will be taught are human anatomy, human physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, bio-medical waste management, clinical hematology, immunology & serology, etc.
Applicants who want to apply for this course should have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% marks in physics, chemistry, and biology. There are a number of colleges and universities offering this course like Mewar University, Madhav University, and many more.
Graduates can also do higher studies like master’s degree courses in medical laboratory technology or can do PG diploma or certificate courses in the areas of cytotechnology, immunology, microbiology, immunohematology, phlebotomy, histotechnology, and forensic science and many.
|Key Highlights of BMLT Course|
|Full-Form||Bachelors in Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Duration||3 year + 6-month internship|
|Examination Type||No exams conducted|
|Eligibility||10+2 with minimum 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.|
|Course Fees||INR 20,000 - INR 3 Lakhs per annum|
|Average Salary||INR 3 Lakhs|
|Top Recruiting Areas||Hospitals, Nursing homes, Diagnostic laboratories, Pharmaceutical laboratories, Blood banks, Research & Development centers, and Universities.|
|Job positions||Laboratory technologist, laboratory managers, consultants, supervisors, healthcare administrators, health outreach coordinators, laboratory system analysts, etc|
- The applicant should have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology with at least 50% - 60% marks from a recognized institute.
- The minimum age of the applicant should be 17 years.
- Candidates whose intermediate results are not out are also eligible to apply.
- There are no particular entrance exams for offering admissions to this course.
BMLT Admission Process
The BMLT admission process varies from college to college. Usually, admissions offered in this course are from two different modes that are discussed below:
The admission for the BMLT course is usually based on merit. The students are required to fill the application form of the required institutes and upload all the documents asked. The institutes will shortlist students based on their previous academic records, and it will be followed by document verification at the institute. The admission process may vary from college to college. Some of the institutes may select the students through the university level entrance exam, followed by personal interviews. But the majority of the institutes in India take admissions for BMLT based on merit.
Through the lateral entry procedure of admission, students will get direct admission to the 2nd year of the course. The eligibility criteria through this mode are also the same as for the regular admission process.
BMLT Entrance Exams
No particular exam is conducted for admission into the BMLT program. Some of the colleges may conduct their personal entrance examination, but usually, the admissions are conducted based on the previous academic records.
Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) consists of subjects that deal with paramedical subjects. The main focus of this course is on lab techniques. In the below table, you will find the core subjects of all 3-years and semester wise topics covered in those years.
|Year 1- Subjects||Semester 1||Semester 2|
|Human Physiology||Cells||Cardiovascular system|
|Human Anatomy||Terminology and general plan of the body||The Nervous System|
|Biochemistry||Musculoskeletal system||Special Senses|
|Health education and communication||Respiratory System||Genitourinary System|
|Bio-medical waste management||Digestive System||Endocrine System|
|Year 2- Subjects||Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Pathology||Introduction and History of Pathology||Mechanism of coagulation|
|Microbiology||Tissue renewal and repair||Complete blood count|
|Clinical Haematology||General features of acute and chronic inflammation||Introduction to immunohematology|
|Immunology and serology||Protein-energy malfunction||Progressive|
|Histopathology and his techniques||Cancer||Hemoglobin|
|Year 3 -Subjects||Semester 5||Semester 6|
|Immunohematology and blood banking||Staining of carbohydrates||Basic principles of blood banking|
|Clinical enzymology and automation||Demonstration of minerals and pigments in the tissue sample||Other blood group system such as Lewi|
|Parasitology and virology||Autoimmune disorders||Transfusion transmissible infectious disease screen|
|Diagnostic cytology||Demonstration of nucleic acids||Blood components and their preparation|
|Principles of lab management and medical ethics||Immunohistochemistry||Apheresis|
|Advanced diagnostic techniques||-||-|
|Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology||-||-|
|Diagnostic molecular biology||-||-|
There are numerous books that you can refer to the BMLT course study. A few good read books and bestseller books are also available in the market.
|Book Name||Author Name|
|Understanding Human Anatomy and Physiology||William Davis|
|Human Physiology||AK Jain|
|Pathologic Basis and Diseases||Harsh Mohan|
|Practical Haematology||Dacie and Lewis|
There are a number of colleges and universities offering the BMLT course. Some of them are enlisted below.
|Collegedunia Rating out of 10||Name of the College||Admission Process||Annual Tuition Fees|
|9.7||P.K. University, Madhya Pradesh||Merit-based||INR 1.74 Lakhs|
|8.4||Madhav University, Rajasthan||Merit-based||INR 1.4 Lakhs|
|8||Paramedical College, Durgapur||Merit-based||INR 3.66 Lakhs|
|7.9||Mewar University, Rajasthan||Merit-based||INR 99,000|
|7.9||Rabindranath Tagore University||Merit-based||INR 1.05 Lakhs|
|7.7||Ayushman College, Bhopal||Merit-based||INR 1.68 Lakhs|
|7.7||Shivalik Institute of paramedical Technology, Chandigarh||Merit-based||INR 1.65 Lakhs|
|7.2||Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok||Merit-based||INR 2.5 Lakhs|
|7.4||Integral University, Lucknow||Merit-based||INR 2.4 Lakhs|
Check More: BMLT Colleges
You can apply for the college of your choice by keeping several parameters in mind like eligibility criteria, facilities provided by the institute, faculty of the institute, course fee, and the placement facilities of the college.
BMLT Jobs and Career Options
Bachelor in Medical Technology graduates has huge scope in the medical industry. They can work in both private and government sectors and can pursue their career as:
- Laboratory technologists at pharmaceutical laboratories, pathology labs, public health laboratories, hospitals, research & product development, etc.
- Research Scholar/ Scientist or Research and development laboratories.
- Research assistant/ fellow at various biotechnological industries.
- Supervisor or consultant in a laboratory, medicine industry, quality assurance companies, etc.
- Tutor in educational institutes or allied health colleges.
Some of the job profiles and their description are mentioned below:
|Job Profiles||Description||Average salary|
|Lab Technologists||Laboratory technologists are required in the medical laboratories of the hospitals, pathological labs, research & development centers, etc. They work with other health care professionals like doctors and nurses to solve medical problems. Their basic work includes the collection and preparation of a patient's sample such as blood, urine, stool, etc.||INR 2.43 Lakhs|
|R&D Lab Assistant||They work in R&D laboratories and conduct tests to ensure that the products are being tested correctly according to the norms of both the company and government. Their work includes gathering data, keeping accurate records, and making sure the records are filled correctly.||INR 3.08 Lakhs|
|Laboratory Manager||Laboratory managers are required in a variety of areas like medical labs, university labs, pharmaceutical corporations, etc. to manage the day-to-day operations of the laboratory. Their work includes supervising the technicians, assistants, and students.||INR 5.5 Lakhs|
|X-Ray Technician||They are trained to operate radiology machines to take X-ray pictures of the body. They have in-depth knowledge of the amount of radiation exposure to the students to ensure safety. They are also responsible for maintaining and cleaning the equipment.||INR 3 Lakhs|
|Assistant Professor||They teach the students in the paramedical colleges and medical colleges.||INR 4.5 Lakhs|
Graduates with bachelor’s in medical laboratory technology can expect an average salary of INR 2.38 Lakhs per annum. The salary would increase later with experience.
The BMLT graduates can also choose to do further studies for a better salary package. They can do a master’s degree program, PG diploma, or certificate courses. Some of the master degree courses that the BMLT graduates can do are:
- Master in Medical Laboratory Technology
- MSc in Medical Laboratory Technology
- MSc in Medical Imaging Technology
- MSc in ECG and CVT
For certificate and PG diploma programs, they can choose the area of their interest. Some of the areas to specialize are cytotechnology, immunology, microbiology, immunohematology, phlebotomy, histotechnology, and forensic science.
BMLT Vs B. Pharma Vs BPT
The table below shows the comparison between BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Technology), B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy), and BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy). The key differences will be in terms of fees, salary, career options, and other parameters.
|Level of program||An undergraduate-level degree program||An undergraduate-level degree program||An undergraduate-level degree program|
|Duration||3 years + 6-month internship||4 years||4 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCB||10+2 with PCB||10+2 with any stream and Entrance based|
|The focus of the program||This course focuses more on the theoretical sides of the program. It includes subjects like human anatomy, human physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, bio-medical waste management, clinical hematology, immunology & serology, etc.||B Pharm is the knowledge of subjects included in pharmaceutical science like drug safety, drug discovery, pharmacokinetics, industrial pharmacy, management studies, etc.||BPT course teaches core skills like manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and the application of electro physical modalities, to the prospective students.|
|Career prospect||The graduates can work as technologists in the laboratories, hospitals, and research & development centers.||Drug Safety Associate, R&D Scientist, Pharmacovigilist, Clinical Research Associate, and many more.||Researcher, Therapy Manager, Consultant, Osteopath, and many more|
|Employment areas||Hospitals, laboratories, blood banks, research & development centers, etc.||Hospitals, laboratories, blood banks, research & development centers, etc.||Hospitals and Clinics|
|Average Fee||INR 2 Lakhs||INR 5 Lakhs||INR 2.5 Lakhs|
|Average salary||INR 3 Lakhs per annum||INR 4 Lakhs per annum||INR 4 Lakhs per annum|
|Future Scope||They can work as a technologist in laboratories & hospitals, they can go for further studies and conduct research, they can become educators in paramedical institutes, etc.||They can be placed in various national and international drug research companies in India and abroad. You can get a license also to open a chemist shop and do this business.||Bachelor of Physiotherapy graduates find gainful employment opportunities in both the private and government sectors, besides having the option of pursuing private practice.|
Source: Universities and Colleges Official Websites
Ques. Which is better, BMLT, or DMLT?
Ans. Both courses are considered to be good in their own ways. It totally depends on what a student wants to pursue after completion of their course. BMLT is a 3-year course, whereas DMLT is a 2-year course. And the type of jobs available is almost the same for both the courses. So, DMLT can save a year and provide quicker job opportunities. BMLT consists of more theoretical studies, whereas DMLT is more like a training program full of technical skills. So the student will be more confident to work in the labs after DMLT. But BMLT graduates will have a higher priority than DMLT graduates.
So DMLT is a good option if the student is looking for quicker jobs. But if the student chooses to pursue growth with the help of higher studies then BMLT can be of more benefit.
Ques. Is it possible to do BMLT after DMLT?
Ans. Yes, it is possible to do BMLT, after completion of DMLT. BMLT will help to increase the salary and help to grow in the paramedical field.
Ques. Is NEET required for BMLT admission?
Ans. No, NEET is not required for admission into BMLT. The admission into BMLT is usually merit-based for most of the institutes. There is no particular entrance exam required for admission into BMLT.
Ques. Is BMLT a good course?
Ans. Yes, it is a good course if the student wants to pursue a career in the medical field. BMLT graduates can get jobs in the hospital labs, pathology labs, and research & development centers as a medical laboratory technologist. With the increase of hospitals, nursing homes, pathology labs, etc in the private sectors, the demand for lab technologists is also increasing. They play an important part in medical centers as their tests are required by the doctors to diagnose the problems of the patients.
Ques. What are the further study options after BMLT?
Ans. Graduates can also do higher studies like master’s degree courses in medical laboratory technology or can do PG diploma or certificate courses in the areas of cytotechnology, immunology, microbiology, immunohematology, phlebotomy, histotechnology, and forensic science.
Ques. Where can I get jobs after BMLT?
Ans. Jobs are available in both the private and government sectors. BMLT graduates can work in hospitals, nursing homes, laboratories, universities, and research and development centers.
Ques. How much salary a fresher can expect after BMLT,?
Ans. The expected salary can range between INR 1.17 lakhs to INR 2.5 lakhs per annum for a fresher.
Ques. What are the job options for BMLT graduates?
Ans. The graduates can work as Laboratory technologists, laboratory managers, consultants, supervisors, healthcare administrators, health outreach coordinators, laboratory system analysts, etc.
Ques. Is there a chance of an increase in the salary in this area?
Ans. In this field salary increases with experience. A higher degree qualification can also help for an increase in salary as well as a position in the organization.
Ques. What are the other scopes after BMLT other than being a technologist in laboratories and medical centers?
Ans. The graduates can also work as a biotechnologist, microbiologist, quality control analysts in areas like medical, agriculture, pharmaceutical, environmental, etc.
Ques. Does the syllabus vary for BMLT and DMLT?
Ans. Yes, the syllabus does vary for both the programs. DMLT is a practical course and deals mainly with the techniques and processes that are required in a laboratory. Whereas BMLT is a more theoretical course where the students are taught subjects like human anatomy, physiology, pathology, microbiology, etc and along with this they are all taught to run all the clinical tests.
Ques. Is the admission process for BMLT colleges postponed?
Ans. Yes, the admission process of BMLT colleges has been postponed due to COVID’19 pandemic disease.