Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] - Course Overview




    5 YEARS





    B.Arch Full Form, Course Duration, Admission, Entrance Exams, Colleges, Syllabus 2020-2021

    Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) is a five years undergraduate program which can be started after Class 12 with minimum 50% marks. This course is designed to produce licensed and professional architects who are authorized to do private constructions and government constructions.

    Architectural study includes the activity of designing models of building, preparing construction’s blueprint and other physical structures of any land and building.

    VIT B.Arch Admission ProcessIIT B.Arch Admission ProcessAnna University B.Arch Admission Process

    The increasing demand in the construction industry other commercial industry can be fulfilled by professionals and experts, which anyone can become after pursuing this course.

    This course consists of various aspects of different streams of humanities, engineering, aesthetics,etc. B.Arch syllabus consist of various theory subjects, studio, project work, practical training and research training. 

    To pursue this course, there are more than 800 colleges across the country. Below table shows some of the best B.Arch colleges in India according to India Today 2019 Ranking:

    India Today RankingCollege NameLocationAverage Total Fees
    1IIT RoorkeeRoorkeeINR 10.51 Lakhs
    2School of Planning and Architecture (SPA)DelhiINR 5.08 Lakhs
    3Sir JJ College of ArchitectureMumbaiINR 68,400
    4School of Planning and ArchitectureBhopalINR 4 Lakhs
    5Jamia Millia IslamiaDelhiINR 55,750

    Average total fees for this course is around INR 5 Lakhs. In government colleges like Jamia, Sir JJ College of Architecture, and many more, you can study B.Arch course in under INR 1 Lakh.

    In these colleges, you get to study common B.Arch subjects such as Architectural Design, History of Architecture, Visual Arts & Basic Design, Building Construction, Theory of Structures, etc. apart from various elective subjects. Check B.Arch Syllabus & Subjects to know more.

    TS EAMCET is one of the most popular entrance exams in Telangana state. Its registrations are going on until March 30, 2020. Check TS B.Arch Exam details to know more.
    Anna University conducts TNEA Exam for admission into various courses including B.Arch. Check TNEA B.Arch to know more.

    Most of the students after studying this professional course, aspire to become an Architect. Apart from this, you can also become a Project Manager, Urban Planner, City Planner, Landscape Architect, Project Assistant, etc.

    The national average salary of an architect is INR 3.7 INR, and it increases with designation and experience. Check B.Arch Jobs & Career for complete details..

    After the successful completion of this course, you also have the option of studying master courses like M.Arch and MBA. You are also eligible to study any professional Diploma or PG Diploma course to increase your skills

    B.Arch Admission Process

    B.Arch Admission

    Candidates can take admission in this course through NATA or any other architectural entrance exam.

    Basic steps of B.Arch admission procedure is as follows:

    • Visit the official website of the institute or directly visit the admission office of the institute to avail the application forms.
    • Fill the application form carefully, upload the documents the college has asked for in the application form in the prescribed dimensions anf format.
    • Make the final payment of the registration fee(if any)
    • Take the print out of the application form for future reference.
    • Give any Architectural Entrance Exam (Like NATA, JEE Mains, etc.)
    • After this process, students who will get shortlisted in the given entrance exam will be called for the counselling process and on the basis of skills and availability of seats, suitable candidates will be given admission.

    This admission procedure is more or less same in all the B.Arch colleges.

    B.Arch Eligibility

    The duration of the course is 5 years and to get admission into Bachelor of Architecture, students must fulfill the following conditions:

    • Students should have completed Class 12 or equivalent with minimum 50% marks along with the compulsory subjects (PCM).
    • Students should have completed Class 10+ 3 year diploma course in any stream from a recognized university/ board/ institution.
    • Cleared NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) with the 80% marks conducted by Council of Architecture(CoA)

    Some colleges take admission on the basis of other architectural entrance exams as well, so it is not compulsory to give NATA. But you must prepare and give this exam if you want to take admission in best B.Arch colleges in India.

    B.Arch Entrance Exams

    NATA 2020 is the main BArch entrance exam. More than 30,000 students appeared for the exam in 2019. This national level exam is conducted by the Council of Architecture for admission into various central, national and state-level architectural colleges across India.

    Apart from this, students can take BArch admission on the basis of JEE Mains score as well.

    Following list shows national and state-level B.Arch Entrance Exams:

    • NATA 2020: As stated earlier, this is considered an official exam for BArch admission. It consists of two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A consists of Drawing Test, and Part B is of PCM questions and Aptitude Test consist of Logical Reasoning.
    • JEE Mains 2020: This exam is mainy for engineering course admission, but it also provides admission to B.arch and B. Planning. To know more, check JEE Mains BArch Admission criteria.
    • GAT Exam 2020: This exam is conducted by Gitam University for admission into many UG and PG courses including B.Arch.
    • AMUEEE 2020: This exam is conducted by Aligarh Muslim University for engineering and B.Arch course. 

    Apart from this, there are many other entrance exams like TS B.Arch Exam, TNEA B.Arch Exam, etc. Check B.Arch Entrance Exams to get the full list of most common exams in the country.

    Exam NameApplication PeriodExam Date
    NATA Exam 2020February 1- March 23, 2020April and May 2020
    JEE Mains 2020February 7- March 12, 2020April 2020
    AMUEEE 2020January 16- February 25, 2020May 17, 2020

    How to prepare for B.Arch Entrance Exams?

    One can secure a place in an esteemed university/ college if they start preparing NATA or any other entrance exam in advance. There are mainly five basic sections in the exams:

    • Physics
    • Mathematics
    • Chemistry
    • Logical Reasoning
    • General Aptitude

    Some exams might have a General Knowledge part as well, and some only contain questions from Physics, Chemistry and Maths.

    Quick Look:

    NATA SyllabusNATA Question Paper

    Points to keep in mind for preparing well for the B.Arch Entrance Exams:

    • In all the B.Arch entrance exams, there will be questions from Maths, Chemistry and Physics, hence your subject knowledge of Class XII and Class XII Science subjects should be strong.
    • Give more time and practice to General Aptitude part also, which mainly consists of Logical Reasoning questions.
    • Solve as many questions and model papers as you can to get a better idea about the exam pattern of different exams. It is advisable to time your test to create a real exam environment. In this way, a student can perform better on the actual date of the exam.
    • Check the syllabus of the exam and then start preparing accordingly so that you don’t miss out on any topic.
    • Take ample rest the night before the exam, and don’t cram on the day of the exam. 

    How to get admission in a good B.Arch College in India?

    There are a lot of Bachelor of Architecture colleges in India. Popular colleges are NITs, SPA, Jamia, AMU, and many more. Check B. Arch Colleges to get the full list of best colleges according to India Today 2019 Ranking.

    • You can secure a place in a good college if your NATA exam scores and Class 12 scores are exceptional. Check NATA Admission criteria to know the minimum marks required, and the list of colleges accepting NATA scores.
    • You should have creative skills so that you can perform well in the Drawing section of the NATA Paper I.
    • Keep a track of eligibility, course cut-off, application process, application deadline, application fee and other updates in newspapers, official websites, educational magazines, etc.
    • Exam preparation should be started a year before for best results.
    B.Arch: What is it About?

    B.Arch: What is it About?

    Bachelor of Architecture:

    • is the study and application of different streams such as Humanities, Environment studies, Mathematics, Engineering and Aesthetics for studying the different aspects of architecture.
    • includes coursework in the form of theory subjects, studio, research work, project work and assignments which makes the course curriculum creative, interesting and interactive. There are many group projects assigned to students which increase team-building skills, apart from other necessary skills such as art, creativity, good communication skills, team spirit, creative thinking skills, observant attitude, etc.

    Aim of the program:

    • Main objective of B.Arch course is to provide quality Architecture and physical planning education to all the qualifying citizens of India.
    • Students study wide range of subjects which equip them with the knowledge and skills required to deal with economic, socio-cultural, regional, climatic planning and diversity, so that necessary solutions can be obtained for their unique problems.
    • To provide equal opportunities to the skillful candidates so that they can become responsible members of society.

    B.Arch Course Highlights

    Full FormBachelor of Architecture
    Course LevelUndergraduate
    Duration5 years
    Examination TypeSemester system
    EligibilityClass 12 with 50% marks or Class 10 + Diploma from a recognized college
    Admission ProcessThrough NATA Exam or other Architecture Entrance Exams
    Average Course FeeINR 4-8 Lakhs
    Job ProfilesDesign Architect, Technical Architect, 
    Average Starting SalaryINR 2-5 LPA
    Top CompaniesArchitect Hafeez Contractor, C.P. Kukreja Associates, Somaya & Kalappa Consultants, Oscar & Ponni Architects, Jones Lang LaSalle Meghraj, L&T, DLF, Jindals, IMAXE, Edifice Architects Pvt.Ltd., Sahara Group, Chitra Vishwanath Architects and many more.
    Govt. JobsHindustan Prefab Limited, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Public Service Commission, Housing Boards, Urban Development Corporation, City Development Corporation, State Public work departments, Municipalities, Public Sector Banks, Civil Service, Defense, etc.
    Why study B.Arch?

    Why study B.Arch?

    • Bachelor of Architecture is the only certified course that one has to complete to practice as a certified architect in India.
    • B.Arch course duration is of 5 years, which equips students with skills that are required to work in a creative and challenging work environment.
    • In this course, you get to undergo research work and practical training which helps students to live the real work of architecture professionals out there.
    • With modernization and sustainable resources, there will be a high demand for professionals who has the skills of a good architect for the better city and urban planning in different cities of India and the economy of the country will substantially increase in the construction and infrastructure sector. 
    • Nowadays, there is more involvement of architecture experts in many government sectors like housing, archeology, city planning, etc. Graduates can easily get a govt job in any of these sectors, and earn as per the government pay scale.
    • After getting an ample amount of experience, you can earn more than INR 10 LPA in private sectors, employed in big companies and firms such as L&T, Birla, TATA, Shapoorji Pallonji, GMR Group, etc.
    B.Arch Top Colleges

    B.Arch Colleges

    The following table shows some of the best B.Arch Colleges in India along with their location, total fees and average salary offered.

    Have a look:

    India Today RankingCollege NameLocationAverage Total Fees
    1IIT RoorkeeRoorkeeINR 10.51 Lakhs
    2School of Planning and ArchitectureDelhiINR 5.08 Lakhs
    3Sir JJ College of ArchitectureMumbaiINR 68,400
    4School of Planning and ArchitectureBhopalINR 4 Lakhs
    5Jamia Millia IslamiaDelhiINR 55,750
    6Birla Institute of Technology MesraRanchiINR 14.84 Lakhs
    7Manipal UniversityManipalINR 18,45 Lakhs
    8University of MysoreMysuruINR 7.20 Lakhs
    9Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts UniversityHyderabadINR 50,000
    10BMS College of ArchitectureBangaloreINR 20 Lakhs
    11School of Planning and ArchitectureVijayawadaINR 2.72 Lakhs
    12Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Ansal UniversityGurgaon-
    Know More:  Best B.Arch Colleges in India 2020

    Apart from these colleges, students prefer many other colleges in major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, etc.


    B.Arch Colleges in GhaziabadB.Arch Colleges in LucknowB.Arch Colleges in Delhi
    B.Arch Colleges in MumbaiB.Arch Colleges in ChennaiB.Arch Colleges in Bangalore
    B.Arch Syllabus & Course Curriculum

    B.Arch Syllabus

    B.Arch Syllabus is formulated in such a way that students become proficient in the foundation courses, and enhance their skills with the help of electives and practical training in the studio.

    The below table shows major B.Arch subjects with respect to each semester. Have a look:

    Semester ISemester II
    Architectural Design IArchitectural Design II
    Visual Arts and Basic Design IVisual Arts and Basic Design II
    Computer Applications IComputer Applications II
    Building Construction IBuilding Construction II
    Theory of Structures ITheory of Structures II
    Environmental StudiesClimate-responsive Design
    Model making and WorkshopSurveying and Leveling
    Human Settl. & Vernacular Arch.History of Architecture I
    Professional Communications ISociology and Culture
    Professional Communications II
    Semester IIISemester IV
    Architectural Design IIIArchitectural Design IV
    Visual Arts and Basic Design IIIVisual Arts and Basic Design IV
    Computer Applications IIIComputer Applications IV
    Building and Construction IIIBuilding and Construction IV
    Theory of Structures IIITheory of Structures IV
    Water, Waste and SanitationElectrification, Lighting & Acoustics
    Site Planning and Landscape StudiesSolar Active and Passive Systems
    History of Architecture IIHistory of Architecture III
    Art and Architectural Appreciation IArt and Architectural Appreciation II
    Research Elective IResearch Elective II
    Semester VSemester VI
    Architectural Design VArchitectural Design VI
    Building Construction VBuilding Construction VI
    Theory of Structures VTheory of Structure & Design II
    HVAC. Mech. Mobility & Fire SafetyGreen Systems Integration
    Energy System & RenewablesSustainable Urban Habitats
    History of Architecture IVSpecifications & Contracts 
    Design Methodology IIContemporary Architecture
    Art and Architectural Appreciation IIIArchitectural Theories
    Arch. Research- Elective IIIArt & Architectural Appreciation IV
    Arch. Research- Elective IV
    Semester VIISemester VIII
    Architectural Design VIIPractical Training 
    Working Drawings
    Project Management
    Architectural Appreciation IV
    Arch. Research Seminar
    Arch. Research- Elective V
    Arch. Research- Elective VI
    Semester IXSemester X
    Architectural Design IXArchitectural Design Thesis
    Professional PracticeThesis Design Research
    Urban Design StudiesProfessional Practice
    Arch. Research Dissertation/ Art Thesis
    Arch. Research- Elective VII
    Arch. Research- Elective VIII

    For full details, check B.Arch Syllabus and Course Description.

    B.Arch Jobs & Career Options

    B.Arch Jobs & Career Options

    An architect has very wide options for career growth in the private sector and as well in the government sector. It is the job responsibility of architecture professionals to balance between the design format and practical output of design.

    After completing this course, you can join government organizations like:

    Public Works DepartmentNational Building OrganizationNational Institute of Urban AffairsHindustan Prefab Limited
    Archaeological DepartmentHindustan Aeronautics LimitedPublic Service CommissionUrban Development Corporation
    Ministry of DefenseCity Development CorporationDepartments of RailwaysHousing Boards

    Other sectors can be in Public Sector Banks, Civil Service, State Public work departments, Municipalities, Defense and others.

    Most of the students get hired in private organizations such as:

    Arcop AssociatesHBA InternationalSkets StudioSleek International
    Greenply IndustriesHafele IndiaC.P. Kukreja AssociatesL&T
    DLFJindalsIMAXESomaya & Kalappa Consultants

    Traditionally, B.Arch graduates mainly opt for Architect jobs, whose job description includes the responsibility of creating design of construction, coordinating with construction processionals, town planning, finalizing projects, construction of residential as well as commercial building etc.

    Apart from this, he/she can work as Civil Engineer, Land Developer and Structural Engineer also. 

    Major B.Arch jobs are:

    • Architectural Engineer
    • Architectural Historian
    • Art Director
    • Building Contractor& Researcher
    • Interior Designer
    • Landscape Architect

    Check B.Arch Jobs & Career Options for full details.

    Salary Trend Graph

    B Arch Jobs

    Related B.Arch. Courses

    B.Arch Future Scope

    B.Arch Scope

    There are more than 800 architecture colleges and more than 90,000 certified architects right now in India. This is because this profession is considered to be creative, full of challenges and mainly students who are highly interested in the different aspects of architecture opt for this course. 

    After completing this course, you have many opportunities of employment in the government sector as well as private sectors. We have given a small brief about it in the previous section.

    In terms of higher education, you can go for many postgraduate degrees like M.Arch (Master of Architecture), MBA (Master of Business Administration) and other certified courses to strengthen your way in the architecture field. 

    You can opt for any MBA course, but most of the architecture graduates opt for:

    MBA Design ManagementMBA Environmental ManagementMBA Industrial ManagementMBA Infrastructure Management
    MBA Interior DesignMBA Real EstateMBA Sustainable Development ManagementMBA Urban Management
    B.Arch: FAQs

    B.Arch FAQs

    Ques. What are the subjects in B.Arch?

    Ans. The main subjects in B Arch are: Architectural Design, Visual Arts and Basic Design, Building and Construction, Design Methodology, History of Architecture, Computer Applications, Working Drawings, Theory of Structures, etc.

    Check B Arch Syllabus for full details.

    Ques. What is B.Arch eligibility?

    Ans. Students who have scored a minimum of 50% in Class XII with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, and scores obtained in the entrance exams like NATA.

    Check B Arch Admission procedure and eligibility for full details.

    Ques. Is B Arch a good course?

    Ans. BArch is Bachelor of Architecture, which includes the combination of architectural design, structural design, application of mathematics, environmental science, and other similar subjects.

    Students who are highly interested to become an architect, a city planner, urban planner, environmental planner in both government and private sector, pursue this professional course for a successful career and job satisfaction. Check B Arch Jobs and Career for more details.

    This course is considered one of the highly pursued courses and architects are held in high esteem. It is considered a good course basis if you have a creative mind with the knowledge of science subjects. Check B Arch Future Scope to know more about this course.

    Ques. Is B Arch an engineering course?

    Ans. No, these two courses are different. The engineering course is of 4 years, while B Arch is of 5 years duration. 

    Architects are responsible for drawing and planning for different structures like buildings, housing areas, malls, etc. and they have a creative perspective along with the knowledge of engineering and design. On the other hand, engineers are more focussed towards the theory and practical training in the field of different aspects of engineering like Computer Science, IT, Electronics, etc.

    Check B Arch course details to know more.

    Ques. Can we join B.Arch without NATA?

    Ans. Yes, you can still pursue B.Arch without NATA exam basis you have JEE Mains score of more than 87. To become a fully certified architect, it is a must that you give the NATA exam.

    Check NATA 2020 for full details.

    Ques. How is NATA score calculated?

    Ans. NATA exam is a very important exam if you want to become a certified architect. Total score is calculated by considering 50% of marks from Class 12 and the other 50% is taken from the marks obtained in NATA.

    Check NATA Admission criteria to know more.

    Ques. What is the scope of B Arch?

    Ans. BArch course has a lot of potential and is considered one of the lucrative careers in India. One of the main reasons to pursue this course is to become a full time architect after getting certification from the Council of Architecture (CoA). Average National salary of an Architect is around INR 3.7 Lakhs Per Annum, which increases to upto INR 10 Lakhs after getting 10-12 years of experience. There B Arch Jobs for full details.

    Other than this, you can become a technical architect whose average salary is around INR 17 LPA. Check B.Arch Scope to know more.

    Ques. What is the salary of an architect in India per month?

    Ans. According to PayScale, the national average salary for an Architect in India is around INR 3.7 LPA.

    Ques. Is JEE compulsory for architecture?

    Ans. No, it is not compulsory, however it is must that you give NATA exam. Check BArch Entrance Exams to know more. 

    Ques. Which NIT is best for architecture?

    Ans. NIT is considered one of the best colleges to pursue B Arch course. Many students say that NIT Trichi is considered the best NIT to pursue architecture because of its high value and good ROI, followed by NIT Jaipur and NIT Calicut. 

    Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] Fee Structure in India

    12 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES32 L (Maximum Fee)
    6.25 L (Average Fee)
    64 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES27.96 L (Maximum Fee)
    6.15 L (Average Fee)

    Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] Fee Structure by State


    4.09 L
    6.24 L

    Tamil Nadu

    7.8 L
    6.87 L

    Uttar Pradesh

    3.24 L
    6.19 L


    15.1 KPUBLIC COLLEGES19.45 L
    7.63 L
    8.34 L

    Delhi NCR

    55.75 KPUBLIC COLLEGES27.96 L
    9.54 L
    7.77 L


    7.05 L
    4.24 L


    41.13 KPUBLIC COLLEGES2.59 L
    1.14 L
    4.76 L


    2.36 LPUBLIC COLLEGES27.96 L
    11.57 L
    7.23 L


    4.4 L
    5.1 L

    Madhya Pradesh

    4.93 L
    3.31 L

    Andhra Pradesh

    1.79 L
    6.31 L


    2.93 LPUBLIC COLLEGES18.25 L
    7.76 L
    4.07 L

    West Bengal

    2.85 L
    5.36 L



    1 Comment
    prasu na

    Thank you so much for the wonderful article about Architecture course details. It is really helpful for the students who are willing to study architecture course.More details about the course will have in below link best architecture colleges in india

    14 Feb, 2020 15:07

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