B.Arch Full Form, Course Duration, Admission, Entrance Exams, Colleges, Syllabus 2021-2022

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Sakshi Gupta

Content Curator | Updated on - May 18, 2021

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May 18: Register for JMI New Delhi BArch program by June 30, 2021. Apply Now!

Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) is a 5-years undergraduate program that can be started after Class 12 with a minimum of 50% marks. This course is designed to produce licensed and professional architects who are authorized to do private constructions and government constructions.

Note: Students who wish to pursue their education in Management field or get a career boost, can check MBA course.

Know More About Architecture Courses

The architectural study includes the activity of designing models of the building, preparing construction’s blueprint, and other physical structures of any land and building. The increasing demand in the construction industry other commercial industry can be fulfilled by professionals and experts, which anyone can become after pursuing this course.

This course consists of various aspects of different streams of humanities, engineering, aesthetics, etc. The B.Arch syllabus consists of various theory subjects, studio, project work, practical training, and research training.

After the successful completion of this course, you also have the option of studying master courses like M.Arch and MBA. You are also eligible to study any professional Diploma or PG Diploma course to increase your skills

Key Highlights of B.Arch Course
B.Arch Full-Form Bachelor of Architecture
Course Duration 5-Years
Admission Process Entrance Exam Based
Eligibility 50% marks in class 12 or Class 10 + Diploma from a recognized college
Average Course Fee INR 4-8 Lakhs
Average Salary Offered INR 2-5 Lakhs per annum
Job Profiles Architectural Engineer, Architectural Historian, Art Director, Building Contractor& Researcher, Interior Designer, Landscape Architect
Top Recruiters Architect Hafeez Contractor, C.P. Kukreja Associates, Somaya & Kalappa Consultants, Oscar & Ponni Architects, Jones Lang LaSalle Meghraj, L&T, DLF, Jindals, IMAXE, Edifice Architects Pvt.Ltd., Sahara Group, Chitra Vishwanath Architects and many more.
B.Arch Eligibility

Do I qualify B.Arch Eligibility criteria?

The duration of the course is 5 years and to get admission into the Bachelor of Architecture, students must fulfill the following conditions:

  • Students should have completed Class 12 or equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks along with the compulsory subjects (PCM).
  • The pass percentage for the reserved category is 45%( that is a 5% relaxation).
  • Students should have completed a Class 10+ 3 year diploma course in any stream from a recognized university/ board/ institution.
  • Cleared NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) with the 80% marks conducted by Council of Architecture(CoA)

Some colleges take admission on the basis of other architectural entrance exams as well, so it is not compulsory to give NATA. But you must prepare and give this exam if you want to take admission in best B.Arch colleges in India.

B.Arch Admission Process

What is the B.Arch Admission Process?

Candidates can take admission in this course through NATA or any other architectural entrance exam.

Basic steps of B.Arch admission procedure is as follows:

  • Visit the official website of the institute or directly visit the admission office of the institute to avail of the application forms.
  • Fill the application form carefully, upload the documents the college has asked for in the application form in the prescribed dimensions and format.
  • Make the final payment of the registration fee(if any)
  • Take the print out of the application form for future reference.
  • Give any Architectural Entrance Exam (Like NATA, JEE Mains, etc.)
  • After this process, students who will get shortlisted in the given entrance exam will be called for the counseling process and on the basis of skills and availability of seats, suitable candidates will be given admission.

This admission procedure is more or less the same in all the B.Arch colleges. One can also pursue this course online and from abroad too.

B.Arch Entrance Exams

What are the Top B.Arch Entrance Exams?

NATA 2021 is the main BArch entrance exam. More than 30,000 students appeared for the exam in 2020. This national level exam is conducted by the Council of Architecture for admission into various central, national and state-level architectural colleges across India.

B.Arch Entrance Exams

Apart from this, students can take BArch admission on the basis of the JEE Mains score as well. Apart from this, there are many other entrance exams like TS B.Arch Exam, TNEA B.Arch Exam, etc. Check B.Arch Entrance Exams to get the full list of most common exams in the country.

The following list shows national and state-level B.Arch Entrance Exams:

Exam Name Overview Application Process Exam Date
NATA Exam 2020 As stated earlier, this is considered an official exam for BArch admission. It consists of two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A consists of Drawing Test, and Part B is PCM questions, and Aptitude Test consists of Logical Reasoning. It is a national level examination in both online and offline exams. National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) score is available for 1 year only. To be notified soon August 01, 2020
JEE Mains 2021 This exam is mainly for engineering course admission, but it also provides admission to B.arch and B. Planning. The examination is conducted by NTA in both online and offline mode. The exam doesn’t have negative marking. 16 December 2020- 16 January 2021 22-26 Februry 2021
AMUEEE 2020 This exam is conducted by Aligarh Muslim University for engineering and the B.Arch course. The exam is taken through offline mode. October 09, 2020 December 1, 2020

One can secure a place in an esteemed university/ college if they start preparing NATA or any other entrance exam in advance. There are mainly five basic sections in the exams:

  • Physics
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Logical Reasoning
  • General Aptitude

Some exams might have a General Knowledge part as well, and some only contain questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Maths. In all the B.Arch entrance exams, there will be questions from Maths, Chemistry, and Physics, hence your subject knowledge of Class XII science subjects should be strong.

B.Arch Subjects

B.Arch Subjects

The B.Arch Syllabus is formulated in such a way that students become proficient in the foundation courses, and enhance their skills with the help of electives and practical training in the studio.

The below table shows major B.Arch subjects with respect to each semester. Have a look:

Semester I Semester II
Architectural Design I Architectural Design II
Visual Arts and Basic Design I Visual Arts and Basic Design II
Computer Applications I Computer Applications II
Building Construction I Building Construction II
Theory of Structures I Theory of Structures II
Environmental Studies Climate-responsive Design
Model making and Workshop Surveying and Leveling
Human Settl. & Vernacular Arch. History of Architecture I
Professional Communications I Sociology and Culture
- Professional Communications II
Semester III Semester IV
Architectural Design III Architectural Design IV
Visual Arts and Basic Design III Visual Arts and Basic Design IV
Computer Applications III Computer Applications IV
Building and Construction III Building and Construction IV
Theory of Structures III Theory of Structures IV
Water, Waste, and Sanitation Electrification, Lighting & Acoustics
Site Planning and Landscape Studies Solar Active and Passive Systems
History of Architecture II History of Architecture III
Art and Architectural Appreciation I Art and Architectural Appreciation II
Research Elective I Research Elective II
Semester V Semester VI
Architectural Design V Architectural Design VI
Building Construction V Building Construction VI
Theory of Structures V Theory of Structure & Design II
HVAC. Mech. Mobility & Fire Safety Green Systems Integration
Energy System & Renewables Sustainable Urban Habitats
History of Architecture IV Specifications & Contracts 
Design Methodology II Contemporary Architecture
Art and Architectural Appreciation III Architectural Theories
Arch. Research- Elective III Art & Architectural Appreciation IV
Arch. Research- Elective IV -
Semester VII Semester VIII
Architectural Design VII Practical Training 
Working Drawings -
Project Management -
Architectural Appreciation IV -
Arch. Research Seminar -
Arch. Research- Elective V -
Arch. Research- Elective VI -
Semester IX Semester X
Architectural Design IX Architectural Design Thesis
Professional Practice Thesis Design Research
Urban Design Studies Professional Practice
Arch. Research Dissertation/ Art Thesis -
Arch. Research- Elective VII -
Arch. Research- Elective VIII -

For full details, Check B.Arch Syllabus and Course Description.

B.Arch Top Colleges

What are the Top B.Arch Colleges?

The following table shows some of the best B.Arch Colleges in India along with their location, total fees, and average salary offered. Have a look:

India Today Ranking College Name Location Average Total Fees
1 IIT Roorkee Roorkee INR 10.51 Lakhs
2 School of Planning and Architecture Delhi INR 5.08 Lakhs
3 Sir JJ College of Architecture Mumbai INR 68,400
4 School of Planning and Architecture Bhopal INR 4 Lakhs
5 Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi INR 55,750
6 Birla Institute of Technology Mesra Ranchi INR 14.84 Lakhs
7 Manipal University Manipal INR 18,45 Lakhs
8 University of Mysore Mysuru INR 7.20 Lakhs
9 Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University Hyderabad INR 50,000
10 BMS College of Architecture Bangalore INR 20 Lakhs
11 School of Planning and Architecture Vijayawada INR 2.72 Lakhs
12 Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Ansal University Gurgaon -
Know More: Best B.Arch Colleges in India 2021

Apart from these colleges, students prefer many other colleges in major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, etc. Check Out:  B.Arch Distance Education

B.Arch Jobs and Career Options

What after B.Arch?

An architect has very wide options for career growth in the private sector and as well in the government sector. It is the job responsibility of architecture professionals to balance the design format and practical output of design.

After completing this course, you can join various private and government organizations like:

Public Works Department National Building Organization National Institute of Urban Affairs Hindustan Prefab Limited
Archaeological Department Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Public Service Commission Urban Development Corporation
Ministry of Defense City Development Corporation Departments of Railways Housing Boards
Arcop Associates HBA International Skets Studio Sleek International
Greenply Industries Hafele India C.P. Kukreja Associates L&T
DLF Limited Jindal’s IMAXE Somaya & Kalappa Consultants

Traditionally, B.Arch graduates mainly opt for Architect jobs, whose job description includes the responsibility of creating the design of construction, coordinating with construction processionals, town planning, finalizing projects, construction of residential as well as a commercial building, etc.

Apart from this, he/she can work as a Civil Engineer, Land Developer, and Structural Engineer also. Check More: B.Arch Jobs & Career Options for full details.

Job Profile Job Description Average Salary Offered
Design Architect Architects design different structures, for example, sculptures and drinking fountains for their boss. They chip away at configuration extends all the way, talking with customers, making and altering draft structures, and observing venture progress all through development. INR 3.67 Lakhs per annum
Project Assistant Project Assistants work closely with venture chiefs to help control their groups on a way to the finished item or administration contributions. They ordinarily help encourage correspondence inside an undertaking group and across different offices and furthermore fill in as contacts between the task administrator and other colleagues and perform significant capacities like refreshing plans, timetables, and progress reports. INR 3.12 Lakhs per annum
Project Architect A Project Architect arranges the numerous pieces of an undertaking; they are responsible for item structure, the advancement of plans, development records, and interviews with different specialists about the activity being finished. The obligations of an undertaking draftsman rely significantly upon the size of the task appointed to them. INR 5.97 Lakhs per annum
Interior Designer More often than not, Interior Designers work for home or office manufacturers. Nonetheless, they may have their own organizations. Interior Designers must have the option to make a space that is stylish, practical, and safe. They work to improve the nature of the living or the workplace. INR 3.04 Lakhs per annum
Urban Planner Urban Planners map out the best utilization of a network's property and foundation. They dissect financial, ecological, and social patterns that help in the advancement of an arrangement for land use. INR 5.25 Lakhs per annum
B.Arch Job Prospects

Source: Payscale

There are more than 800 architecture colleges and more than 90,000 certified architects right now in India. This is because this profession is considered to be creative, full of challenges, and mainly students who are highly interested in the different aspects of architecture opt for this course.

After completing this course, you have many opportunities for employment in the government sector as well as private sectors. We have given a small brief about it in the previous section.

B.Arch Future Scope

In terms of higher education, you can go for many postgraduate degrees like M.Arch (Master of Architecture), MBA (Master of Business Administration), and other certified courses to strengthen your way in the architecture field.

You can opt for an MBA course, but most of the architecture graduates opt for:

B.Arch: FAQs

B.Arch: FAQs

Ques. What are the subjects in B.Arch?

Ans. The main subjects in B Arch are Architectural Design, Visual Arts and Basic Design, Building and Construction, Design Methodology, History of Architecture, Computer Applications, Working Drawings, Theory of Structures, etc.

Check B Arch Syllabus for full details.

Ques. What is B.Arch eligibility?

Ans. Students who have scored a minimum of 50% in Class XII with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, and scores obtained in the entrance exams like NATA.

Check The B.Arch Admission procedure and eligibility for full details.

Ques. Is B Arch a good course?

Ans. The B.Arch is a Bachelor of Architecture, which includes the combination of architectural design, structural design, application of mathematics, environmental science, and other similar subjects.

Students who are highly interested to become an architect, a city planner, urban planner, environmental planner in both government and private sector, pursue this professional course for a successful career and job satisfaction. Check B Arch Jobs and Career for more details.

This course is considered one of the highly pursued courses and architects are held in high esteem. It is considered a good course basis if you have a creative mind with the knowledge of science subjects. Check B.Arch Future Scope to know more about this course.

Ques. Is B Arch an engineering course?

Ans. No, these two courses are different. The engineering course is of 4 years, while B Arch is of 5 years duration.

Architects are responsible for drawing and planning for different structures like buildings, housing areas, malls, etc. and they have a creative perspective along with the knowledge of engineering and design. On the other hand, engineers are more focussed on the theory and practical training in the field of different aspects of engineering like Computer Science, IT, Electronics, etc.

Check B.Arch course details to know more.

Ques. Can we join B.Arch without NATA?

Ans. Yes, you can still pursue B.Arch without a NATA exam basis you have JEE Mains score of more than 87. To become a fully certified architect, it is a must that you give the NATA exam.

Check NATA 2021 for full details.

Ques. How is the NATA score calculated?

Ans. NATA exam is a very important exam if you want to become a certified architect. The total score is calculated by considering 50% of marks from Class 12 and the other 50% is taken from the marks obtained in NATA.

Check NATA Admission criteria to know more.

Ques. What is the scope of B Arch?

Ans. The B.Arch course has a lot of potentials and is considered one of the lucrative careers in India. One of the main reasons to pursue this course is to become a full-time architect after getting certification from the Council of Architecture (CoA). The average National salary of an Architect is around INR 3.7 Lakhs Per Annum, which increases to up to INR 10 Lakhs after getting 10-12 years of experience. There B Arch Jobs for full details.

Other than this, you can become a technical architect whose average salary is around INR 17 LPA. Check B.Arch Scope to know more.

Ques. What is the salary of an architect in India per month?

Ans. According to PayScale, the national average salary for an Architect in India is around INR 3.7 LPA.

Ques. Is JEE compulsory for architecture?

Ans. No, it is not compulsory, however, it is must that you give the NATA exam. Check B.Arch Entrance Exams to know more.

Ques. Which NIT is best for architecture?

Ans. NIT is considered one of the best colleges to pursue the B.Arch course. Many students say that NIT Trichi is considered the best NIT to pursue architecture because of its high value and good ROI, followed by NIT Jaipur and NIT Calicut.

Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] : 5 answered questions


Ques. How is ITM Gwalior for architecture?

● Top Answer By Komal Chawla on 31 Mar 21

Ans. You are asking this question because you consider it as an option. This might sound a little impolite but is true.  It would be good if you look for some other options because you would definitely regret it later on. Moreover, you get this opportunity only once so choose wisely as there will be no room for rectification. Talking about architecture in ITM Gwalior, there are more cons than pros. The fee is way too high. The fee for 1st year is Rs. 1,50,000 for the year 2021-22.  The facilities are not good. The projects and internals are below average. The management is not up to the mark. The University does not provide any exposure to its students. It is advisable not to fall for the advertisements and pamphlets and brochures that the University provides because they are designed in a way to attract students. It is you who has to make the final call. Hope that you opt for a better college.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Is NIT Calicut good for architecture? What can be said about its campus life and placement services?

● Top Answer By Nikhil Raj on 26 Mar 21

Ans. One of my friends has studied B Arch from NIT Calicut in the batch of 2020. In his view, the following facts are highlighted to help a student get a brief overview of this institute. Placement If you consider this institute for the placement opportunities, then it can be stated that L&T is the main recruiting company for Architecture. Thus, this stream has the least placement record, approximately 60%, compared to the other engineering branches. In the following, a brief overview of the placement facts of NIT Calicut is highlighted. Criteria NIT Calicut Placement statistics 80% Highest CTC 49.75 LPA Lowest CTC 10 LPA Average CTC 15 LPA Recruiter Came in 2020 400+ Number of Placement (2020) 647 College Life This is similar to the life that is shown in the movie 3 Idiots. You have to please your respective teachers, or you have to be extraordinary in some subjects such as Design and Art, to earn more score. You have to be strong emotionally so that you can face all the struggles easily. Thus, this 5-year course will teach you to face all types of real-life confronts in the field of Architecture. Besides, travel is a compulsory part of this engineering branch. However, the answer is a big Yes because these days, NIT Calicut has established itself as the best part among the other NITs in India. So, if you want to study Architecture, then you must go to NIT Calicut.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Is it good to pursue Bachelor of Architecture from NIT Raipur?

● Top Answer By Komal Chawla on 19 Mar 21

Ans. One of my friends pursued his B.Arch from NIT Raipur. According to his experience, a Bachelor of Architecture from NIT Raipur is not a good option. The faculty quality is average. There is too much workload on students.  The table below gives a brief overview of the Department of Architecture of NIT Raipur. Total Fees (B.Arch) Rs. 6.74 Lakhs Median Salary Offered Rs. 3 LPA Total Number of seats (B.Arch) 79 JEE Main cut-off 1580 Key Highlights: There are several good colleges in Maharashtra and Gujarat for Architecture. But NIT Raipur has a lot of bad reviews from students who have studied B.Arch in the institute. Most teachers in Architecture at NIT Raipur are not good in their teaching habits and capabilities. Teachers make students mindless about their actions, even some hard working ones. It is obvious that Architecture studies involve a lot of hard-work in assignments, but teachers are not even sensible about the fact.  The curriculum at NIT Raipur is such that it can frustrate a student who has good concepts to the core. People may tell you a college does not matter in the overall development of students. But, it is true that in fields like architecture and management, you need to be smart enough to deal with a lot of people in your career. So, the institute's atmosphere, and the people surrounding a student, do matter. NIT Raipur is not a decent place for a Bachelor of Architecture, considering all the above factors. If you have any other options, it will be wise to go for them.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. How is IIEST Shibpur for B.Arch?

● Top Answer By Supriya Sarkar on 15 Mar 21

Ans. IIEST Shibpur has been a top-notch institute for architecture since 1949. The institute offers town & regional planning as a part of the architecture course. It offers both undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Amongst 66 top participating institutes of the country; the institute holds 6th rank. It has been able to provide knowledge to 1000 graduates and more than 300 postgraduates in the last 50 years. The highlights of the department are as follows: Infrastructure The classrooms and design places have properly equipped facilities including the CAD LAB. Wi-Fi is also available 24*7. The campus is the best in the entire Eastern India. The premises are filled up with facilities like basketball ground, oval, graveyard. Student & Alumni The alumni are spread all across as its inception is quite old. There is an established legacy of people who have worked with NASA and ZONASA. The talented students have also been able to bag good positions in different design positions. Faculty The faculty comprises good assistant and associate professors from across the country. The classes are also held regularly with an updated syllabus. They provide quite conceptual and practical clarity to the students in order to pursue a great career ahead. Placements The field of architecture offers very few placements pertaining to this very college as most individuals have to find their own internships or jobs. There are no core companies that come to campus for recruitment making it difficult to earn a living. The architecture domain is quite interest-specific; therefore it should be opted for only when the individual is adamant enough to pursue it for the rest of life. It is a course having hefty fees but good placements. The decision should be taken after keeping this in time.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. IIEST Shibpur architecture vs BIT sindri metallurgy?

● Top Answer By Rupali Samal on 05 Mar 21

Ans. IIEST Shibpur is a much better institute than BIT Sindri in terms of academics, college infrastructure, and placements too.  Now, coming to the course both architecture and metallurgy are very different from each other.  Comparison:  Metallurgy course gives you an understanding of science and technology of metals, especially of carbon, alloys, and steel. But architecture is a blend of engineering and designing and here you have to make many models and sketches. So you have to be very passionate about it and have a creative mindset to carry out all the tasks assigned to you. One must be really interested in this field to get a degree in architecture and secure a nice job. The workload of the course is also quite heavy in the initial years.  Placements: The initial salary package that you will get in Architecture is not as lucrative as Metallurgy. In Architecture, you will have very little assistance regarding placement from college.  So now it totally depends on your interests and your ability to choose the better branch and college for you and start your journey.Read more
1 Answer

Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] Fee Structure in India

12 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES27.96 L  (Maximum Fee)
5.97 L (Average Fee)
20.72 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES27.96 L (Maximum Fee)
6.20 L (Average Fee)

Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] Fee Structure By state


7.57 L
1.25 LPrivate COLLEGES25.15 L
6.37 L

Tamil Nadu

6.89 L
1.46 LPrivate COLLEGES20 L
6.94 L


7.30 L
20.72 KPrivate COLLEGES20.50 L
7.96 L


5.25 L
2.50 LPrivate COLLEGES7.03 L
4.33 L

Uttar Pradesh

2.10 L
64 KPrivate COLLEGES25.25 L
6.51 L

Delhi NCR

9.24 L
1.50 LPrivate COLLEGES27.96 L
7.85 L


1.27 L
2.75 LPrivate COLLEGES10.63 L
4.86 L


10.15 L
1.50 LPrivate COLLEGES27.96 L
5.90 L


3.33 L
3.85 LPrivate COLLEGES9.10 L
5.29 L

Madhya Pradesh

4.76 L
2.43 LPrivate COLLEGES4 L
3.42 L

Andhra Pradesh

1.86 L
1.75 LPrivate COLLEGES14.50 L
7.46 L

West Bengal

4 L
3.36 LPrivate COLLEGES9.40 L
5.38 L


6.96 L
5.50 LPrivate COLLEGES5.50 L
5.50 L


6.90 L
3.81 LPrivate COLLEGES5.10 L
4.37 L


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prasu na
Thank you so much for the wonderful article about Architecture course details. It is really helpful for the students who are willing to study architecture course.More details about the course will have in below link best architecture colleges in india


Bachelor of Architecture [B.Arch] Colleges IN INDIA

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82.07 K first year fees
2.22 L first year fees
1.22 L first year fees
NIT Trichy
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu
1.49 L first year fees
84.98 K first year fees
92.3 K first year fees
2.23 L first year fees
2.88 L first year fees