filter your search allcollegesexamnews

Bachelor of Arts [BA] - Course Overview




    3 YEARS





Updated On - January 6th 2018

Bachelor of Arts or BA is a 3-year undergraduate degree offered in India, the minimum eligibility for admission to which is passing in Intermediate or 10+2 level from a recognized board or university. The course is generally offered in Liberal Arts Humanitites. 

The admission process for Bachelor of Arts, ideally, starts after the results of 10+2 examinations are declared. After the results are declared, universities offering BA course invite application from eligible candidates. Soon after the application process, universities release cut off lists of selected candidates for admission. Certain universities, like Banaras Hindu University (BHU) also conduct entrance test for admission to Bachelor of Arts Course.

Some of the top colleges which offer admission to the undergraduate degree are:

Bachelor of Arts course requires a student to learn minimum 5 different subjects and select a combination of subjects suitable to their needs and interests. With options ranging from Psychology to French, a student can easily model his/her Bachelor of Arts course as per their future aspirations. Apart from two distinct languages, students opting for a Bachelor of Arts degree learn basics of Anthropology, History, Literature, Psychology, Political Science, Philosophy etc. These subjects combined together give students a clear understanding of how civilizations work and help in developing sought-after skills like critical thinking, communication and problem solving. 

The undergraduate degree is offered at a range of public and private colleges in India where some colleges also offer the option of selecting a subject to major in. The average fee charged for Bachelor of Arts in India varies from INR 10,000 to 25,000. Some of the public sector areas where a BA degree holder can work are Banks, Indian Administrative Services, Secretariat, Indian Postal Department, Indian Railways, Army and Navy and others such. The average annual salary offered to such professionals ranges between INR 1.5 lacs to 2.5 lacs.  

Bachelor of Arts: Course Highlights

Mentioned below are the major highlights of BA course.  

Course LevelUndergraduate
Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester system
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized educational board
Admission ProcessMerit based
Course FeeINR 10,000 to 25,000
Average Starting SalaryINR 1.5 lacs to 2.5 lacs
Top Recruiting AreasBanks, Indian Administrative Services, Secretariat, Indian Postal Department, Indian Railways, Army and Navy and others such
Job PositionsTeacher, Content Writer/Features Writer, Public Relations Executive, Journalist, Social Worker, Customer Care Executive, HR Executive etc. 

Bachelor of arts: What is it about?

Bachelor of Arts is an undergraduate course of 3 years duration which can be pursued as both full-time and part-time. It is composed of many expressive disciplines and offers various subject combinations to candidates to choose from apart from 1-2 compulsary subjects. These subjects include Liberal Arts, Science or both and their combinations may vary from institute to institute. 

Candidates pursuing BA course have the option of choosing major and minor in English, French or any other linguisitics course, Psychology, Sociology, Philosophy, History, Religious Studies and more subject areas. Most of the institutes offer change in elective subjects in the 2nd year depending upon one’s performance of choice. 

This bachelor degree is a flexible one allowing candidates to adapt to the changing demands of the employment market and meet their career demands. It enhances the candidates’ communication, research and analytical skills. Ability to analyse tasks, set priorities and communicate goals to others are some such skills which can be honed for those pursuing the course. 

Top Institues offering Bachelor of Arts 

Mentioned below are some of the top institutes offering BA course along with their average course fee and location. 

College NameLocationAverage Annual Fees in INR
St. Xavier’s CollegeMumbai5.83K
Miranda House CollegeDelhi12.16K
Hindu CollegeDelhi14.3K
Ramjas CollegeDelhi10.6K
Hans Raj CollegeDelhi23.14K
Fergusson CollegePune3.04K
Ramnarain Ruia CollegeMumbai5.23K
Maharaja Agrasen CollegeDelhi10K
St. Mira’s College for GirlsPune1.4K

Many universities in India offer Bachelor of Arts in the distance mode also. For admission to Bachelor of Arts course in correspondence mode, a student needs to have cleared all papers in the higher secondary examination with a minimum of 45% marks. Although Indira Gandhi National University (IGNOU)is the most renowned university for study through distance mode, there are other universities which offer this program in the correspondence mode. Some such universities are:

Eligibility for Bachelor of Arts

Interested aspirants for the undergraduate degree must fulfil the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.

  • Completion of 10+2 or High School Senior Secondary exam by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or any equivalent exam conducted by any State Board or equivalent
  • A minimum score of 50% aggregate at 10+2 level
  • English as a subject at HSC
  • All SC/ST candidates have a relaxation of 5% in the minimum aggregate

Bachelor of Arts: Admission Process

Admission to BA course is completely merit based. The admission process for the same commences after results for 10+2 are declared. Soon after the declaration of results, universities offering the course release a cut off list for the candidates seeking admission into the course. Certain colleges and universities also intake students with exceptional performance in extra-curricular activities under the ECA and Sports Quota. Usually 5% seats are reserved under the ECA and Sports quota.

Students applying under the Sports and ECA quota have to go through a 2-step selection process. First, you have to fill an application form wherein you need to mark clearly that you are applying under the ECA and Sports quota. After the application forms are evaluated, such students are called for field and ECA trials. Students are offered admission based on their performance in the field and ECA trials and their prior performance in state and national level competitions. Weightage given to field trials and early performance is given below:



Prior performance


Field/ECA trials


Bachelor of Arts: Syllabus and Course Description

Bachelor of Arts allows a student to study a combination of 5 subjects. These subjects are generally related to Humanities and Social Sciences. Out of these 5 subjects, 2 are language papers. Students have to select their subjects from a wide array of subjects on offer. In the second year, students are supposed to select the subject of their major. Students have the option to select Bachelor of Arts with a major or Bachelor of Arts general/Pass. 

The syllabus for the bachelor degree is different in some aspects for different universities. However, universities do offer similar modules of study for similar subjects. Below is a chart with consolidated syllabus for Bachelor of Arts. 

Area of Study




English prose, English poetry, Essay writing, Letter writing, English idioms and phrases, English Grammar

This course focuses on various aspects of English language and literature.


Rise and growth of British Empire in India, Rising of 1857, Social and Religious Reform Movements, Indian National Congress, National Independence Movement, Muslim League

This course is perfect for students with an interest in history. It delves in the various aspects of National Freedom struggle in India.


Nature and Scope of Sociology, Basic Concepts of Sociology, Social Groups, Social Processes, Religion, Social Stratification, Social Control, Social Change

This course introduces the basics of Social behavior, its origin, organization, networks and institution.

Public Administration

Indian Administration – Institutional Framework of Indian Administration, Central Government, Executive Agencies, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Advisory Committees, Administration of Public Undertakings, Central Public Services; State Secretariat, Board of Revenue, Regional Administration, District Administration, State Public Services, Administrative Reforms

This course focuses on the various aspects of Public Administration in India and is ideal for students vying a career in Public Administration.


Algebra, Calculus, Financial Mathematics, Analytical Geometry and Differential Equation, Applied Mathematics, Business Mathematics

This course introduces the basic concepts of Mathematics and its various branches. Since the course includes application based modules, it is perfect for students with professional career aspirations.


Ethics as a branch of Philosophy, Indian and Western Normative Ethics, Human Values, Value Crises of today, Value of Indian Constitution within the framework of Democracy , Secularism and Socialism, Indian and Western Philosophy, Education in Human Values

This course explains the basic concepts related to Indian and Western Philosophy. This paper aims to explain the ethics, value and culture of a society.  

Political Science

Nationalism, Democracy, Marxism, Fascism, Local Self Government in India, Panchayat Raj Institutions in India, Election commission and electoral processes

Political Science deals with the forms of government and channels of power and the application of theory of Politics.


Hindi prose, Hindi Poetry, Idioms, Translation, Reading comprehension, Hindi grammar, Letter and essay writing etc.

This course focuses on Hindi language and literature and delves in the grammar as well as history of Hindi literature.


Physical Geography – Lithosphere, Atmosphere and Oceanography

This course aims at introducing the basic concepts of Physical Geography and to acquaint the student with the use and application of Physical Geography in different environments.


Nature and definition of psychology, Branches of Psychology, Consciousness, Human Abilities, Personality and Perception, Memory

This course introduces the basic concepts related to human psychology and helps a student relate fundamental concepts of psychology to everyday life.


Meaning of Education and Educational Processes, Relation of Education and Philosophy, Aims of Education, Individual and Social aims of Education, Sociology and Education, Pre-primary and Primary Education, Education and Mass Media, School as a Social Institution

This paper is about the basic concepts related to Education, its history and relation to the society. In this paper students learn about the theories of education and how to apply them in everyday life. This course is popular with students with teaching aspirations in life.

Home Science

Home Management, Resource Management, Money Management, Work Simplification, Elements of Design, Introduction to Family Dynamics

This course deals with the relationship between individual, family and society and introduces the basic concepts related to efficient management of home.


Indian Economy at the time of independence, National Income, Planning in India, Foreign Trade, Poverty and Unemployment, Rural Economy

This course introduces concepts of Indian Economy and teaches practical application of the theories of Economics. This course can come handy in jobs related to finance.

Social Work

Social Reform Movements in India – Social reform movements in India by various Social reform groups, Reform Movements by Mahatma Gandhi, Other Reform movements; Social Welfare and Social Services – Introduction, History of Social Services, Specific Social Services for Deprived and Weaker Sections, Post-independence reform movements for Social Justice

This course teaches the history, needs and steps taken for social welfare and social justice in India. This paper will help a student realize the necessity of social welfare and how to achieve it.  


Grammar, Civilization, Communication, Comprehension, Translation, French Grammar

This paper is designed to teach the French language and enhance communication abilities in French.


Sanskrit Grammar, Sanskrit prose, Sanskrit verse, Reading comprehension, Translation

This paper focuses on the basics of Sanskrit grammar and its application in Sanskrit literature.


Grammar, Translation, Composition of letters, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension

This is another language paper. This paper is for students who wish to learn a foreign language. This course is designed to help a student learn all the basic aspects of German language.

Bachelor of Arts: Career Prospects

Candidates pursuing Bachelor of Arts course can furthur opt for higher studies or seek employment in any of public or private sector. For students who wish to pursue higher studies, after the completion of Bachelor of Arts, multiple options are available in India. They can opt for an MA course in any of the subjects they studied as a part of the BA degree. Students who wish to study a professional degree can get into an MBA program at any of the prestigious Management institutes in India.  There are still more options available for those vying for a professional degree like CA, CS or ICWA. 

Since graduates with a Bachelor of Arts possess skills in a variety of subjects, career opportunities are available in multiple fields for them. A BA degree holder can work in both public and private sector. In private sector, there is an increasing demand for individuals who can adapt to any kind of work environment and possess analytical abilities along with decision making and good communication ability. Some of the private sectors which employ BA degree holders are:

  • NGOs
  • Educational Institutes
  • IT
  • Media and Journalism
  • PR Firms

Various Bachelor of Arts jobs include becoming Teacher, Content Writer/Features Writer, Public Relations Executive, Journalist, Social Worker, Customer Care Executive, HR Executive and various others. 

After completion of Bachelor of Arts, students can apply for various public sector jobs as well. Some of the public sector areas where a BA degree holder can work are:

  • Banks
  • Indian Administrative Services
  • Secretariat
  • Indian Postal Department
  • Indian Railways
  • Army and Navy

Since the skills associated with Bachelor Degree in Arts are vast, the salary trend too is varying. Below is a graph which shows salary range for various job positions held by Bachelor of Arts graduates.

Salary Trend for Bachelor of Arts



Eligibility Of the Bachelor of Arts [BA]





St. Xavier's College

Mumbai , Maharashtra (India)

Miranda House College

New Delhi , Delhi NCR (India)

Hindu College

New Delhi , Delhi NCR (India)

Hans Raj College - [HRC]

New Delhi , Delhi NCR (India)

Ramjas College

New Delhi , Delhi NCR (India)