BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only approved and recognized professional dental course in India. It is an undergraduate degree of 5 years which trains students to enter the noble profession of dental science and surgery.
It is considered one of the most popular and pursued courses after MBBS in India. The minimum percentage required is 50% in Class XII with NEET qualification is necessary for BDS admission.
Currently, there are more than 300 dental colleges in India with around 26,000 seats, in both government and private universities. The average annual fees to pursue BDS is around INR 1 Lakh to 8 Lakhs.
Following are considered the top BDS colleges in India according to India Today ranking:
|India Today Ranking||Name of the College||Location||Admission Process||Average Total Fees||Average Salary|
|1||Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences||New Delhi||NEET||INR 1 Lakh||INR 6-7 LPA|
|2||Faculty of Dental Sciences King George's Medical University||Lucknow||NEET||INR 1.6- 1.7 Lakhs||INR 8-9 LPA|
|4||Faculty of Dental Sciences IMS BHU Varanasi||Varanasi||NEET||Under 1 Lakh||INR 5-6 LPA|
|5||Manipal College of Dental Science||Manipal||NEET||INR 26-28 Lakhs||INR 4-8 LPA|
|6||Nair Hospital Dental College||Mumbai||NEET||INR 3.5 Lakhs||INR 3-6 LPA|
BDS course fees in private colleges can be upto INR 30-35 Lakhs, and BDS course fees in government colleges is around INR 1-5 Lakhs.
During the internship period, the average monthly stipend can be from INR 15,000-INR 40,000 depending upon the college. After getting good experience, the average BDS salary is around INR 4-10 LPA as a dentist in government and private hospitals, or by opening their own clinic.
Dental Council of India regulates BDS course, therefore it is important to register yourself to be able to practice after completion of your study.
There are several specializations that students can choose after completing BDS course, like Community Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Radiology, Oral Pathology, Orthodontics, Periodontics, etc while pursuing MDS course, afterward BDS course completion.
BDS Admission takes place through NEET exam. It has been made compulsory from 2016 onwards for successful admission into MBBS, BDS and other medical courses.
Students should have secured at least 50% in their Class XII with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects.
There are not many BDS entrance exams, as admission is usually done on the basis of NEET result. Apart from this, Rama University takes admission in BDS course through the RUET exam.
NEET qualification is important for BDS admission into approved and recognized dental colleges in India. Every year more than 10 lakhs students appear for NEET. Therefore, it can be said that it is one of the most competitive exams in India, and hence, it requires ample preparation of that level.
|NEET Preparation Tips||NEET Admit Card||NEET Practice Papers||NEET Counselling||NEET Cut Off|
|Full Form||Bachelor of Dental Surgery|
|Duration||5 years (4 years with 1 year of paid internship/training)|
|Eligibility||Class XII with minimum 50% with Physics, Chemistry, Biology|
|Admission Process||Through NEET|
|Course Fee||INR 1 to 6 Lakhs Per Annum|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-4 LPA|
|Recruiting Sectors||Hospitals, Dental Clinics, Dental Research Institutes, etc.|
|Common Job Positions||Dentist, Lecturer, Tutor, Dental Research Scientist, etc.|
See More: Best BDS Colleges in India
|Qualification||Bachelor of Dental Surgery||Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery|
|Duration||5 years||5.5 years|
|Discipline||Dental Science||Modern Medicine and Surgery|
|Annual Course Fees||INR 1-5 Lakhs||INR 1-8 Lakhs|
|Higher education options||MDS specializations in Community Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Radiology, Oral Pathology, Orthodontics, Periodontics, etc. MBA in Public Health, Hospital Management, Healthcare Management, etc.||MD specializations in Anesthesia, General Medicine, Family Medicine, Dermatology, Nuclear Medicine, Geriatrics, etc. Master specializations in ENT, General Surgery, Orthopaedics, Ophthalmology, etc. Diploma in Health Education, Clinical Pathology, ENT, etc.|
|Career Options||Dentist in government hospitals, private hospitals, railways, etc., Dental Officer, Territorial Army Officer, etc.||Physician, Surgeon, Dietician, etc.|
|Average Salary||INR 4-8 LPA||INR 4-12 LPA|
|Qualification||Bachelor of Dental Surgery||Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery|
|Duration||5 years||5.5 years|
|Discipline||Dental Science||Ayurvedic Medicine|
|Average Fees||INR 1-6 Lakhs||INR 25,000- 3.5 Lakhs|
|Career Options||Dentist, Lecturer, Dental Research, etc.||Ayurvedic Doctor, Ayurveda Research, etc.|
|Higher Education||MDS, MBA in Healthcare Management, Master in Public Health, Master in Health Administration etc.||Master in Ayurveda, Master in Health Administration, etc.|
More than 800 medical colleges are there in India, out of which around 300 dental colleges are there providing BDS course, but the following are considered the top BDS colleges according to Indiatoday:
|Ranking||Name of College||Location||Average Total Fees||Average Salary|
|1||Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences||New Delhi||INR 1 Lakh||INR 6-7 LPA|
|2||Faculty of Dental Sciences King George's Medical University||Lucknow||INR 1.6- 1.7 Lakhs||INR 8-9 LPA|
|4||Faculty of Dental Sciences IMS BHU Varanasi||Varanasi||Under INR 1 Lakh||INR 5-6 LPA|
|5||Manipal College of Dental Science||Manipal||INR 26-28 Lakhs||INR 4-8 LPA|
|6||Nair Hospital Dental College||Mumbai||INR 3.5 Lakhs||INR 3-6 LPA|
|7||Government Dental College and Hospital||Mumbai||INR 2.2-2.5 Lakhs||INR 3-8 LPA|
|8||Christian Dental College and Hospital||Ludhiana||INR 8-9 Lakhs||INR 2-6 LPA|
|9||Manipal College of Dental Science||Mangaluru||INR 26-28Lakhs||INR 4-8 LPA|
|10||Government Dental College & Hospital||Nagpur||INR 2.2-2.5 Lakhs||INR 3-8 LPA|
|11||Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital||Kolkata||Under 1 Lakh||INR 3-6 LPA|
|12||Faculty of Dental Sciences Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences||Bengaluru||INR 25 Lakhs||INR 2-6 LPA|
BDS course fees in private colleges can be upto INR 30-35 Lakhs, and BDS course fees in government colleges is around INR 1-5 Lakhs. It is a lot lesser in government colleges. Therefore, students prepare well for NEET exam and try to get into good government college because of the less fees, and more credibility.
|Parameters||Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi||Manipal Institute of Dental Sciences, Manipal||Sharda University|
|Overview||This is one of the oldest and reputed medical and dental institutions situated in New Delhi, India.||It is also known as MCODS, and offers courses like BDS and MDS.||Sharda University is a private university established in 2009 in Greater Noida. It has a separate School of Dental Science which offers BDS and MDS courses, apart from Diploma courses in dentistry.|
|Average Fees||INR 1 Lakh||INR 26-28 Lakhs||INR 18.25 Lakhs|
|Average Salary||INR 6-7 LPA||INR 4-8 LPA||INR 2-6 LPA|
|Placement||Ottobock, Endolite, etc.||Government hospitals (internship)||Max Hospital, Apollo, Jaypee Hospitals, Medanta, Columbia Asia, Fortis Health Care, Action Balaji, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital|
|Year 1||Year 2|
|Dental Histology||Dental Materials|
|Dental Materials||Preclin Prosthodontics|
|Preclin Prosthodontics||Preclin Conservative|
|Law for Dental Profession||Oral Pathology|
|Year 3||Year 4|
|Gen Medicine||Oral Medicine|
|Oral Pathology||Public Health Dent.|
|Oral Surgery||Conservative Dentistry|
|Patient Safety Curriculum|
|Community orientation Program|
|Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology|
|Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry|
|Prosthodontics incl. Crown and Bridge|
|Public Health Dentistry|
|Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics|
|Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics|
|Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery|
|Oral Pathology & Microbiology|
|Accident & Emergency Medicine|
|Comprehensive Oral Health Care|
|Name of book||Author|
|Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy (Vol 3) 15Th Edition||G . J . Romanes|
|Essentials of Physiology for Dental Students 2nd Edition 2016||Sembulingam|
|Orbans Oral Histology and Embryology 14th Edition 2015||G S Kumar|
|Functional Histology, Ed. 2, Churchill Livingstone||Wheater, Burkitt & Daniels|
|Human Physiology For Bds Students, 1st Edition||A.K. Jain|
|Phillips Science Of Dental Materials: 10th Edn.||Kenneth J. Anusavice|
BDS course is the only approved course in India to practice dentistry. Most of the students either find employment or pursue higher studies after their 1 year compulsory internship.
Employment opportunities are in the following job sectors:
|Job Profile||Description||Average Salary|
|Dentist (in a hospital)||Dentists in hospitals are required to check patients’ oral health and remove tooth decay, fill cavities, and repair fractured teeth.||INR 3.5 LPA|
|Dentist (own clinic)||Job description is same as above, but with private practice after registration in Dental Council of India.||INR 4.5 LPA|
|Researcher||There are many dental institutes where a BDS graduate can perform and contribute in advanced dental research.||INR 3 LPA|
|Lecturer||Although, MDS students are mostly preferred for this job. But students with high skills and experience can get a job as a lecturer in many government and private dental institutions.||INR 5 LPA|
|Dental Officer in Indian Army/ Navy/Airforce||Basic eligibility for this is: A candidate must be a Registered Dental Practitioner with any State Dental Council within India to be eligible for this job.||INR 9 LPA|
|Territorial Army Officer||This is also one of the government job options which students can pursue after BDS course.||INR 10 LPA|
|Dentist in Indian Railways||Students can join Indian railways as a dentist after they post a vacancy online for full time, part time and contract basis employment.||INR 7.2 LPA|
Quick Link: BDS Jobs with Salary & Career Options
According to WHO Health Index, only 1 dentist is required for every 7500 people. But in India, the ratio is 1:5000 which means that there are more dentists in India than the required number.
But the problem is, most of them are situated or practice in urban areas rather than rural areas. If dentists are advised or sent to rural areas, then this problem can be resolved. There can be an equal distribution across India.
This will also result in more job opportunities and there will be an equal distribution of employment in the government sector as well. Hopefully, there will be a better employment rate in the dentist community in the coming years.
Because of this, the majority of students prefer going to gulf countries because of the huge requirement and the salary range is quite higher there for dentists as compared to India. So, they practice there for a few years and after saving money they come to India and open their clinic. Some also settle down there permanently.
US and Canada provide one of the highest salaries to dentists in the world, therefore many students prepare for exams like NBDE, NDEB, etc. which is very tough and become a licensed dentist there.
Many students go for higher education in different healthcare fields. Major courses are mentioned below.
Courses after BDS:
|Master of Dental Surgery (MDS)||Master of Public Health (MPH)||MBA in Healthcare Management|
|Master in Health Administration||MBA in Hospitality Management|
Popular Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) Specializations:
|MDS in Community Dentistry||MDS in Oral Medicine and Radiology||MDS in Pedodontics|
|MDS in Prosthodontics||MDS in Oral Pathology||MDS in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology|
Ques. Is BDS a doctor?
Ans. Yes, after the BDS course you are given the title of a doctor. Since this degree is in Dental Surgery, therefore you become eligible to practice as a dentist.
Ques. Is BDS better than MBBS?
Ans. Both these degrees are one of the most respected and sought out courses for biology students. They both are professional degrees and have their own qualifications and advantages. In India, not a lot of people pursue BDS because of interest, but they could clear the MBBS cut-off. Although there are huge opportunities in BDS career wise and higher education wise, still people consider MBBS to be better. However, this is not true. Both are for different fields and provide different career outcomes.
Read More: All About MBBS
Ques. Is BDS possible without NEET?
Ans. BDS admission process is done through NEET only from 2016 onwards. However, there are exams like RUET for BDS admission into Rama University, Kanpur.
Ques. What is the eligibility for BDS?
Ans. Minimum 50% in Class XII is required, apart from NEET qualification.
Ques. What is the fees for BDS?
Ans. BDS fees are different for government and private institutions. It ranges from 1 lakh to 30 lakhs depending upon the college.
Ques. What is the difference between BDS and DDS?
Ans. BDS is Bachelor of Dental Surgery and DDS is Doctor of Dental Surgery. Both are equivalent. BDS is pursued in countries like India, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, etc. and DDS is pursued in countries like Canada and US.
Ques. What is the average salary after BDS?
Ans. The starting salary of a dentist may be INR 15,000 to INR 35,000 per month during the time of their internship. But after getting experience and good hands on in this field, students can earn a handsome salary of around INR 4 to 8 LPA.
Ques. Is BDS easier than MBBS?
Ans. No, I don't think so. Both are considered one of the most respectful degrees in India, and to get admission students need to qualify NEET exam whose syllabus is the same. Few of the subjects like biochemistry and other basic science subjects are the same. But since they both belong to different disciplines, therefore, core subjects taught and the practicals are different.
Ques. Who is the richest dentist in the world?
Ans. Richard Malouf is considered the richest dentist in the world. He is the founder of All Smiles Dental Clinics in the USA.