Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) is a standard undergraduate degree for candidates seeking a professional education in the visual or performing arts. To pursue BFA in India, the minimum required qualification is completion of senior secondary schooling from any recognized board of education. The average BFA course fees is around 20,000 rupees per year. However, the fee varies excessively depending on the college. Some of the top BFA colleges in India are:
Prominent BFA degree jobs comprise of positions such as arts teacher, graphic designer, textile designer, illustrator, painter, animator, actor, editor and several other jobs in various fields which will be discussed later. Average BFA degree salary for fresh undergraduates ranges from 2-10 lacs depending on the caliber and discipline of candidates.
The duration of this course is usually 4 years where the first year is known as the foundation course. The purpose of this intensive foundation course is to familiarize students with the basic principles of Drawing, Design, Color, Clay modeling, Printing, and Geometry and Perspective as Practical subjects, and in Theory, History and Appreciation of Art as a compulsory paper, and English and Hindi languages. In short, the foundation course is common to almost all disciplines of BFA, it acquaints the candidates with a basic idea of what they will be taught extensively in the subsequent years of their course.
|Course Fee||3000-200000 per annum|
|Average starting salary||2-10 lacs per annum|
|Top recruiting companies||Design, Film, Theatre, Teaching, Animation|
|Job Positions||Teacher, Designer, Painter, Editor, Actor, Musician, Illustrator etc|
The entire course structure of BFA can broadly be divided into 2 sections that take place over 8 semesters:
As mentioned earlier, foundation year aims to provide candidates with the base information that helps pursue various specializations, although, not all specializations come with a foundation course.
BFA consists of several specializations that can be pursued by students, these include:
The BFA course is still growing and continuously including various fields of studies into its curriculum
The minimum required eligibility for pursuing BFA is successful completion of higher secondary schooling (10+2) from a recognized board of education. However, the eligibility is susceptible to change with different institutions. Some colleges insist on accepting admission applications only from students who have achieved more than 50% marks in their senior secondary schooling (10+2). Other colleges can take an entrance aptitude test in order to choose candidates for the course. There are also colleges that might take into consideration the result of both (entrance exam and 12th class percentage).
After successful completion of senior secondary schooling, students can fill up the admission form for various colleges offering BFA degree. While some institutes require students to have scored a minimum of 50% marks in intermediate, others are not so rigid and anyone who has passed their 12th exams is eligible to apply. After filling up the admission form, some institutes may organize an admission test to select best candidates. The admission process for BFA course varies from college to college.
Here is a list of certain renowned Indian colleges offering a Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree:
|College||Eligibility||FEE (In Rupees)|
|College of Art, New Delhi||50% or more in 12th + Aptitude Test||16,000 pa|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture & Fine Arts University||Entrance Test||10,000-45,000 pa|
|Sir JJ College of Applied Art, Mumbai||45% in 12th||8,000 pa|
|Faculty of Visual Arts, Banaras Hindu University||Entrance Exam (Theory and Practical)||3,420 pa|
|Lovely Professional University, Punjab||Intermediate||70,000 pa (scholarship awarded according to 12th standard result)|
|University of Lucknow, Lucknow||Intermediate||NA|
|Manipal University, Jaipur||50% or more in 12th||89,300 pa|
|Aligarh Muslim University||Entrance Test (conducted by department)||23,205 pa|
|NIMS University, Jaipur||Intermediate||25,000 pa|
|GD Goenka University, Gurugram||Intermediate||80,000 pa|
Being a diverse country, India has an abundance of cultural heritage. Arts and crafts have been inherent components of Indian culture since ancient times. Hence, it is no surprise that numerous colleges offer courses such as Bachelor of Fine Arts and its equivalents. The colleges mentioned above comprise only a fraction of all the colleges in India offering BFA as a course of study and candidates who possess any interest in creative areas have numerous options to choose from.
Some colleges like Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) provide distance learning and certification courses in various disciplines of Fine Arts. Banaras Hindu University has certification courses that can be availed in a duration of 6 months to 2 years. However, since the disciplines of Fine Arts require a lot of practical work and active participation in seminars, workshops and other organized exhibitions, it is best to pursue these courses from a regular college rather than getting a certificate degree via distance learning.
The syllabus structure for BFA varies with respect to the specialization course and the college offering it. It is a 4 year program in which the first year is dedicated to setting up the base/foundation for the upcoming years of specialized and practical studies. BFA differs from BA (Bachelor of Arts) in the manner that while the focus of a BA course is mostly on theoretical concepts, BFA prioritizes practicality and excessive lab time to successfully equip the students with whatever creative art they have chosen.
Although the syllabus for different disciplines of BFA varies, the foundation year syllabus remains more or less the same for every college. The practical subjects during this foundation period include Drawing, Painting, Design, Clay Modelling, Print Making and Geometry & Perspective. Theoretical subjects include History and Appreciation of Art and qualifying language subjects (English and Hindi).
BFA in photography and BFA in animation are a little distinct from other disciplines of BFA as they do not come with a foundation year and all 4 years of study are dedicated to the discipline itself. The subjects taught in these disciplines can be accessed below.
|Subjects of Study|
|Theory Subjects||Practical Subjects|
|History and Appreciation of Art||Drawing|
|Visual Elements and Principles||Painting|
|Advertising Profession and Practice||Clay Modelling|
|Hindi/ History of Indian Culture (for foreign nationals)||Print Making|
|-||Geometry and Perspective|
|-||Lettering and Typography|
After completing BFA in any discipline, there are various prospects that you can look into. For those who want to gain an in-depth knowledge of a specific discipline, higher education is available. Master’s degree in Fine Arts is usually a two-year degree course that will make students eligible to pursue an M.Phil. or a PhD in the same field. These degrees are certain to alleviate the candidate’s value. Students that choose to pursue higher studies can become teachers in schools and colleges and educate others about various disciplines like painting, music, theatre etc. They can even start their own school or a place of learning/training for interested candidates.
Those that do not want to study further after the completion of BFA, can apply for various positions of work. Fine arts is a practical and professional course which has proven its relevance in all aspects. The various ways of artistic expressions that we get to witness in today’s world in the form of movies, music, design, theatre, paintings etc. give testimony to the validity of BFA as a legitimate course resplendent with numerous possibilities of work and livelihood.
There are various private as well as government sectors that employ BFA graduates. These include:
A candidate with BFA can apply for various job opportunities depending on their discipline. Some of the common positions of employment are mentioned below:
Art Teacher: Anyone who went to a school is aware of what an art teacher is. Candidates with a BFA degree can easily apply for art teaching positions in private and government schools. The starting pay ranges from 3-7 lacs per year.
Writer: There are several kinds of writers. Candidates with a BFA in creative writing can easily apply for jobs at various publishing houses, magazine companies etc. They can even start their own line of work and start freelancing once they’ve established a prominent standing in the writing field. Average starting pay ranges from 3-10 lacs per annum.
Actor: Candidates with a BFA can work with theatres and movies as actors and gradually grow their careers in the same field. The pay is mostly dependent on the quality and amount of time the actor is working.
Production artist: Production houses constantly keep looking for fresh talent and new ideas. Candidates with a BFA in visual communication and photography can either apply at existing production houses or even start their own.
Animator: Animation industry is constantly growing and evolving in miraculous ways. We see the use of animation in movies, instructional videos, cartoons, video games and even educational videos. Candidates with a BFA in animation can apply to various job position available at animation companies and enhance their career.
There are several more positions of employment which candidates with a BFA can pursue. The more common options include positions like graphic designer, multimedia programmer, stylist, furniture designer, interior and spatial designer, editor, 3D artist, school teacher, college professor, art director, editor etc.
Apart from these sectors, candidates can also work as freelance artists, designers, writers, musicians etc. for various clients. The pay is decent for beginners and gradually increases according to the potential of the people concerned. Prominent artists are known to charge a hefty sum of money for their time and effort.
Conclusively, Bachelor of Fine Arts is a well-established and constantly evolving course of study designed for students with a knack of creativity and an interest in any of the various disciplines of Fine Arts.