MBBS Syllabus imparts theoretical and practical knowledge on various medical branches such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology to subjects like Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, and more.
Some of the major MBBS subjects are Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, etc. Apart from imparting theoretical knowledge on these subjects, students are required to perform various laboratory sessions and researches.
The National Medical Commission (NMC), formerly known as the Medical Council of India (MCI), is the body in charge of developing the MBBS curriculum. Candidates must complete a one-year mandatory rotational internship as part of the five-and-a-half-year MBBS program.
MBBS Syllabus: Quick Facts
The entire MBBS curriculum has been divided into nine semesters. Each of the nine semesters will last six months. Each semester will have approximately 120 teaching days. Medical students can enrol in the program by passing the National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test (NEET). Here are some facts about the MBBS syllabus in India:
- MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery is an undergraduate medical course. The course is of 5.5 years in India.
- For the first 4.5 years of the course curriculum, students will be prepared academically in various areas of study. In the last year of the MBBS course, every student will have to do compulsory internships in several fields of medicine.
- The course is divided into three major segments, they are pre-clinical, Para-clinical, and clinical.
- There are a total of 19 subjects in MBBS spread across 9 semesters for a period of 4.5 years. The final year is reserved for internships.
MBBS Syllabus – Phase wise Details
Medical students can use the table below to better understand how the MBBS course duration is divided into phases.
|Phase I||2||Pre-Clinical Subjects|
|Phase II||3||Para-clinical and Clinical subjects|
|Phase III||4||Continuation of the study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I|
Subject Covered in MBBS Syllabus
|Phase I||1-2||Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physiology|
|Phase II||3-5||Community Medicine, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Clinical postings inwards, Pharmacology, Microbiology,|
|Phase III||6-9||Community Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medicine, Paediatrics|
Throughout the MBBS course duration, students are taught various MBBS subjects. Aspirants need to study every aspect of the medical field in detail.
Tabulated below is the MBBS syllabus based on the different phases of the course curriculum.
|Embryology and Genetics,|
|Food assimilation and nutrition|
|Cancer and cancer makers|
|Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system|
|Central nervous system|
|Bacterial Staining and Cultivation|
|Common Tests for Bacterial identification|
|Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection|
|Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections|
|Collection of Transport of Samples|
|Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites|
|Forensic Medicine & Toxicology||Forensic Medicine|
|Clinical||Anesthesiology||Preoperative evaluation & optimization|
|Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion|
|Bag Mask Ventilation|
|Attaching pulse oximeter|
|BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor|
|Community Medicine||Behavioral Sciences|
|Maternal & Child Health|
|Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases|
|Important National Health Programmes|
|Dermatology and Venereology||Ineffective dermatoses|
|Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections|
|Obstetrics & Gynaecology||Basic Sciences|
|Neonatology and Recent Advances|
|Nutritional and metabolic disorders|
|Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance|
|Pain management and palliative care|
|Immune response and Infections|
|Specific environmental and occupational hazards|
|Management of Trauma|
|Radiology and Fracture|
|Otorhinolaryngology||Oral cavity and oropharynx|
|Psychiatry||Emotion and its application to health|
|Cognitive process and memory|
|Depression and Anxiety neurosis|
|Phobia and OCD|
|Ophthalmology||Common Problem affecting the eyes|
|Microbiology in relation to eye|
|Pharmacology in relation to eye|
|Refractive Errors & Method of correction|
|Optic nerve lesions|
|Comprehensive eye care in rural set up|
|Paediatrics||This subject is mainly taught during the internship program|
|Head and Neck region|
|Arteries and Veins|
|Stomach and duodenum|
|Colon and rectum|
The MBBS Syllabus is divided in the three segments. These segments are followed by a compulsory internship for a period of one year.
- The preclinical phase spread over the first two semesters of the MBBS course. The subject of the pre-clinical phase consists of different subjects such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology.
- The candidates have to conduct practicals on gross anatomy, microanatomy, Embryology, genetics, Neuro anatomy, etc.
- It starts from the second year of the MBBS course. IT consists of subjects such as Pathology, Pharmacology, Forensic medicine and Toxicology, Microbiology, etc.
- Candidates are introduced to community medicines in this phase of the course.
- This phase continues for three semesters, i.e from third to fifth semester.
- During the semester the aspirants would be posted to the different wards in the hospital and would also have to take up OPD responsibilities.
- The candidates continue to study community medicine, from phase 2.
- Candidates learn about medicine and allied subjects such as dermatology, Psychiatry, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, etc.
- Candidates also gain knowledge about surgery and allied field such as (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics , etc.
- The candidates would continue with their clinical postings throughout the clinical phase.
The exam of the MBBS course are scheduled in three different phases :
- First Professional Exam at the end of second semester.
- Second professional exam at the end of fifth semester.
- Final professional exam at the end of ninth semester.
See: Courses after MBBS
The table below shows the compulsory field into which all the MBBS students need to complete an year of internship.
|Community Medicine||3 Months|
|Surgery including Orthopaedics||2 Months|
|Obstetrics & Gynaecology||2 Months|
|Welfare Planning||15 Days|
See: MBBS Admissions 2021
MBBS has various critical and analytical subjects for students to go throughout the 5.5 years. To help the students gaining proper knowledge and understanding of these subjects, here are some of the best MBBS books to refer.
|Name of the Books||Name of the Author|
|Upper limb and Thorax||B.D Chaurasia|
|Human Embryology||Inderbir Singh|
|Clinical Anesthesiology||Morgan & Mikhail|
|Lower Limb, Abdomen and Pelvis||B.D Chaurasia|
|Textbook of Gynaecology||D.C Dutta|
|Medical Microbiology||Jawetz Melnick & Adelberg|
|Anesthesiology||McGraw Hill Medical|
|Short Practice of Surgery||Bailey & Love|
|Clinical Neuroanatomy||Vishram Singh|
|Head, Neck, and Brain||B.D Chaurasia|
Read: MBBS Abroad
MBBS Entrance Exam Syllabus
Candidates who want to pursue MBBS,should appear for the NEET UG entrance exam. The NEET UG exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency every year. The entrance exam is conducted in 11 languages across India.
The students will be given a total of 90 questions, 30 each from Biology, Physics and Chemistry. The candidates have to choose 25 each from each of the three subjects.
The syllabus would be entirely in the different topics related to Biology, Physics and chemistry from class 11 and 12.
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MBBS Syllabus: FAQs
Ques: What are the 19 subjects in MBBS?
Ans: The MBBS syllabus is divided into three phases first is the pre-clinical phase, Para-clinical phase and Clinical phase. A few of the 19 subjects that the candidates have to study are Anatomy,Biochemistry, Physiology, Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Pathology, Ophthalmology, etc.
Ques: What is the syllabus of MBBS 1st year?
Ans: The first year of the MBBS course is called the Pre-clinical Phase. The subjects are Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology.
Ques: Is MBBS difficult?
Ans: The best answer would be it depends. If the student properly organises their study material and completes their syllabus beforehand, Then It should be easy for them to complete the course.
Ques: Which is the hardest subject in MBBS?
Ans: All the subjects in the MBBS comes with their own set of challenges, but the general view of the candidates suggests that the anatomy in the first year of the MBBS course is the toughest subject.
Ques: Can MBBS do surgery?
Ans: Though Surgery is taught in the MBBS syllabus, but the MBBS graduates are not allowed to perform surgery. They must complete MS to perform surgery.
Ques: Is there Physics in MBBS?
Ans: No, physics is not there in the MBBS syllabus.
Ques: Do students fail in MBBS?
Ans: Unfortunately yes. It has been reported that 40% of the students fail their MBBS exam. But if you plan well then you should pass easily.
Ques: Do MBBS students get salary?
Ans: The MBBS students are offered internships in different hospitals, during their final year of the course.The internship ranges from INR 15,000-INR 21,000.
Ques: Is an MBBS a doctor?
Ans: Yes. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.