MBBS Syllabus: Subjects, Internships, Books 2021

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Zemima Khan

Updated on - Jun 8, 2021

MBBS Syllabus imparts theoretical and practical knowledge on various medical branches such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology to subjects like Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, and more. 

Some of the major MBBS subjects are Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, etc. Apart from imparting theoretical knowledge on these subjects, students are required to perform various laboratory sessions and researches.

The National Medical Commission (NMC), formerly known as the Medical Council of India (MCI), is the body in charge of developing the MBBS curriculum. Candidates must complete a one-year mandatory rotational internship as part of the five-and-a-half-year MBBS program.

The syllabus follows a similar structure across all the MBBS colleges in IndiaThe average MBBS fee to become a doctor range from INR 10,000 to 6,00,000 per annum.

MBBS Syllabus: Quick Facts

The entire MBBS curriculum has been divided into nine semesters. Each of the nine semesters will last six months. Each semester will have approximately 120 teaching days. Medical students can enrol in the program by passing the National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test (NEET). Here are some facts about the MBBS syllabus in India:

  • MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery is an undergraduate medical course. The course is of 5.5 years in India.
  • For the first 4.5 years of the course curriculum, students will be prepared academically in various areas of study. In the last year of the MBBS course, every student will have to do compulsory internships in several fields of medicine.
  • The course is divided into three major segments, they are pre-clinical, Para-clinical, and clinical. 
  • There are a total of 19 subjects in MBBS spread across 9 semesters for a period of 4.5 years. The final year is reserved for internships.

MBBS Syllabus – Phase wise Details 

Medical students can use the table below to better understand how the MBBS course duration is divided into phases.

Phase  Semester   Details 
Phase I 2 Pre-Clinical Subjects
Phase II  3 Para-clinical and Clinical subjects
Phase III 4 Continuation of the study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I

Subject Covered in MBBS Syllabus 

Phase  Semester  Details 
Phase I 1-2  Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physiology
Phase II 3-5 Community Medicine, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Clinical postings inwards, Pharmacology, Microbiology, 
Phase III 6-9 Community Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medicine, Paediatrics

MBBS Syllabus

Throughout the MBBS course duration, students are taught various MBBS subjects. Aspirants need to study every aspect of the medical field in detail.

MBBS Subjects

Tabulated below is the MBBS syllabus based on the different phases of the course curriculum.

Phase Subject Topics Covered
Pre-Clinical Anatomy Gross anatomy
Embryology and Genetics,
Biochemistry Biological cell
Metabolic pathways,
Food assimilation and nutrition
Molecular Biology
Cancer and cancer makers
Physiology General Physiology
Respiratory System
Cardiovascular System
Gastrointestinal System
Para-clinical Pharmacology General Pharmacology
Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Cardiovascular system,
Pathology General Pathology
Systemic Pathology
Microbiology Bacteriology
Bacterial Staining and Cultivation
Common Tests for Bacterial identification
Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection
Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections
Collection of Transport of Samples
Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites
Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Forensic Medicine
Clinical Anesthesiology Preoperative evaluation & optimization
Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion
Bag Mask Ventilation
Attaching pulse oximeter
BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor
Community Medicine Behavioral Sciences
Maternal & Child Health
Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases
Important National Health Programmes
Dermatology and Venereology Ineffective dermatoses
Allergic disorders
Drug eruptions
Dermatological Emergencies
HIV infection
Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections
Obstetrics & Gynaecology Basic Sciences
Neonatology and Recent Advances
Medicine Clinical Pharmacology
Nutritional and metabolic disorders
Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance
Pain management and palliative care
Immune response and Infections
Specific environmental and occupational hazards
Orthopaedics Pediatric orthopaedics
Orthopaedic oncology
Management of Trauma
Sports Medicine
Orthopedic Neurology
Radiology and Fracture
Otorhinolaryngology Oral cavity and oropharynx
Operative Procedures
Psychiatry Emotion and its application to health
Cognitive process and memory
Psychiatric disorders
Bipolar disorders
Depression and Anxiety neurosis
Phobia and OCD
Ophthalmology Common Problem affecting the eyes
Microbiology in relation to eye
Pharmacology in relation to eye
Corneal ulcer
Refractive Errors & Method of correction
Secondary glaucomas
Optic nerve lesions
Comprehensive eye care in rural set up
Paediatrics This subject is mainly taught during the internship program
Surgery Skin
Head and Neck region
Arteries and Veins
Stomach and duodenum
Colon and rectum
Small intestine

The MBBS Syllabus is divided in the three segments. These segments are followed by a compulsory internship for a period of one year.

Pre-Clinical Phase

  • The preclinical phase spread over the first two semesters of the MBBS course. The subject of the pre-clinical phase consists of different subjects such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology.
  • The candidates have to conduct practicals on gross anatomy, microanatomy, Embryology, genetics, Neuro anatomy, etc.

Para-Clinical Phase

  • It starts from the second year of the MBBS course. IT consists of subjects such as Pathology, Pharmacology, Forensic medicine and Toxicology, Microbiology, etc. 
  • Candidates are introduced to community medicines in this phase of the course. 
  • This phase continues for three semesters, i.e from third to fifth semester. 
  • During the semester the aspirants would be posted to the different wards in the hospital and would also have to take up OPD responsibilities.

Clinical Phase

  • The candidates continue to study community medicine, from phase 2.
  • Candidates learn about medicine and allied subjects such as dermatology, Psychiatry, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, etc.
  • Candidates also gain knowledge about surgery and allied field such as  (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics , etc.
  • The candidates would continue with their clinical postings throughout the clinical phase.

The  exam of the MBBS course are scheduled in three different phases :

  • First Professional Exam at the end of second semester.
  • Second professional exam at the end of fifth semester.
  • Final professional exam at the end of ninth semester.

See: Courses after MBBS

MBBS Internship

The table below shows the compulsory field into which all the MBBS students need to complete an year of internship.

Medical Fields Duration
Medicine 2 Months
Community Medicine 3 Months
Surgery including Orthopaedics 2 Months
Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2 Months
Welfare Planning 15 Days
Paediatric 15 Days
Ophthalmology 15 Days
Otorhinolaryngology 15 Days
Casualty 1 Month

See: MBBS Admissions 2021

MBBS Books

MBBS has various critical and analytical subjects for students to go throughout the 5.5 years. To help the students gaining proper knowledge and understanding of these subjects, here are some of the best MBBS books to refer.

Name of the Books Name of the Author
Upper limb and Thorax B.D Chaurasia
Human Embryology Inderbir Singh
Clinical Anesthesiology Morgan & Mikhail
Lower Limb, Abdomen and Pelvis B.D Chaurasia
Textbook of Gynaecology D.C Dutta
Medical Microbiology Jawetz Melnick & Adelberg
Anesthesiology McGra­w Hill Medical
Short Practice of Surgery Bailey & Love
Clinical Neuroanatomy Vishram Singh
Head, Neck, and Brain B.D Chaurasia

Read: MBBS Abroad

MBBS Entrance Exam Syllabus

Candidates who want to pursue MBBS,should appear for the NEET UG entrance exam. The NEET UG exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency every year. The entrance exam is conducted in 11 languages across India.

The students will be given a total of 90 questions, 30 each from Biology, Physics and Chemistry. The candidates have to choose 25 each from each of the three subjects. 

The syllabus would be entirely in the different topics related to Biology, Physics and chemistry from class 11 and 12. 


To get the Latest News & Updates about NEET 2021, Join Our Telegram Group.

MBBS Syllabus: FAQs

Ques: What are the 19 subjects in MBBS?

Ans: The MBBS syllabus is divided into three phases first is the pre-clinical phase, Para-clinical phase and Clinical phase. A few of the 19 subjects that the candidates have to study are Anatomy,Biochemistry, Physiology, Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Pathology, Ophthalmology, etc.

Ques: What is the syllabus of MBBS 1st year?

Ans: The first year of the MBBS course is called the Pre-clinical Phase. The subjects are Anatomy, Biochemistry and  Physiology.

Ques: Is MBBS difficult?

Ans: The best answer would be it depends. If the student properly organises their study material and completes their syllabus beforehand, Then It should be easy for them to complete the course.

Ques: Which is the hardest subject in MBBS?

Ans: All the subjects in the MBBS comes with their own set of challenges, but the general view of the candidates suggests that the anatomy in the first year of the MBBS course is the toughest subject.

Ques: Can MBBS do surgery?

Ans: Though Surgery is taught in the MBBS syllabus, but the MBBS graduates are not allowed to perform surgery. They must complete MS to perform surgery.

Ques: Is there Physics in MBBS?

Ans: No, physics is not there in the MBBS syllabus.

Ques: Do students fail in MBBS?

Ans: Unfortunately yes. It has been reported that 40% of the students fail their MBBS exam. But if you plan well then you should pass easily.

Ques: Do MBBS students get salary?

Ans: The MBBS students are offered internships in different hospitals, during their final year of the course.The internship ranges from INR 15,000-INR 21,000.

Ques: Is an MBBS a doctor?

Ans: Yes. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.



Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS] Colleges IN INDIA

View All
1.63 K first year fees
48.33 K first year fees
Banaras Hindu University - [BHU]
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
16 K first year fees
54.9 K first year fees
22 L first year fees
St John's Medical College
Bangalore, Karnataka
6.28 L first year fees
53.68 L first year fees