Bachelor of Optometry is an undergraduate program concerning eye care. Optometry is the science of eye care including eye examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and disorders of the visual system. It is a vision care science. Bachelor of Optometry is a four-year course containing three years of learning and a year of internship in clinical experience.
Top Institutes offering this course are:
It can also be defined as the science of eye equipment (including lenses and spectacles) aimed at improving the vision of the human eye. This involves removal of all kinds of obstacles of sight which an individual may suffer from. This is a dynamic and challenging career, which allows one to nurse people, achieve personal growth, community respect, job flexibility and financial stability.
The average course fee in India generally ranges between INR 2 and 4 lacs. A career in Optics may likely fetch an average annual salary between INR 5 and 6 lacs, increasing with experience and skillsets in the field.The program is curated with the objective of developing a multipurpose ophthalmic manpower at the paramedical level.
The core training and practical exposure offered in the course is designed to prepare eligible candidates for providing competent services in capacities such as Optician, Optometrist, Refractionist and Ophthalmic Assistant. A graduate of this stream can serve the community in urban, semi-urban and rural settings in private, semi-governmental and governmental sectors.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course
|Examination Type||Annual System|
|Eligibility||10+2 from a recognized university with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects.|
|Admission Process||Counselling after taking a relevant entrance examination|
|Course Fee||INR 2 - 4 lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 5 - 6 lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||Crizal, Bausch & Lomb, Titan Eye Plus, RayBan etc.|
Optics is the branch of science involving the structure, function, and operation of the human eye. Optometrists are health professionals who have specialized in eye care. They deal with eye testing and provide solutions to patients suffering from vision disorders such as partial sight, hereditary vision defects, squint, weakening of eye muscles etc. They suggest alternate vision aids such as spectacles or contact lenses.
They also provide preoperative and postoperative care to individual suffering from cataract. Often optometrists discover eye conditions caused by systemic problems, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, and refer their patients to other medical doctors.
Since the eye is one of the most important human organs, optometrists are offered a wide range of lucrative career options both in India and abroad, assigned the responsibility of leading others from darkness to light, literally.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by them
|Name||City||Average Fees in INR|
|Manipal Institute of Technology||Manipal||4,64,000|
|Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed University||Pune||2,88,000|
|Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth||Pune||1,80,000|
An HSC (10+2) qualification completed from a recognized Board with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects and with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate is the minimum criterion of eligibility required to be fulfilled for an aspiring candidate to pursue the course.
Some institutes offer admission on the basis of the candidate’s performance in relevant entrance exams. The selection process for the course may vary according to the norms and rules set by the institution or the university to which the college is affiliated.
Aspiring eligible candidates need to qualify a relevant entrance exam for admission to the course, such as the EYECET, which is a centralized common entrance test designed to assess the applicant’s aptitude for optometry. Another such test is the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Optometry test for admission to the course.
There is a number of institutes in the country offering optometry courses, such as the Academy of Optometry (Kolkata), AIIMS (New Delhi), Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry (Hyderabad), and others.
A semester wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Human Biology||Visual Optics||Contact Lens I|
|Basic Biochemistry||Dispensing Optics II||Binocular Vision Ocular Motility|
|Physical Optics and Practical of Lighting||Ophthalmic Instruments||Systemic Disease and Eye|
|Geometrical Optics||Ocular Disease||Major Eye Disease|
|Dispensing Optics, I||Optics and Refraction||Nutrition and Eye|
|Eye Anatomy and Physiology||Optometric Optics LVA||Public Health and Community|
|Basic Ocular Pharmacology||Optometric Optics LVA||Contact Lenses II|
|Pathology and Microbiology||Hospital Procedures and Psychology||Advanced Orthotics|
|Ophthalmic Optics||Public Relation and Law||Applied Clinical Optometry|
Eligible candidates with manual dexterity, patience and confidence, good vision, mechanical aptitude, coordination, an excellent judgment, and attention to detail are best suited for the course.
Aside from career options such as assisting ophthalmic doctors in government hospitals and private clinics, an optometrist can also go for pursuing a private practice.
Successful graduates of the course interested in higher studies in the discipline may go for pursuing PhD or M. Sc. in the subject.
Such graduates can find career options like the ones listed here:
Some of the popular avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Optometrist||Optometrists are the independent primary health care providers who specialize in eye care and visual health. Optometrists are medical professionals, but not physicians. They focus on regular vision care and prescribe eyeglasses and contacts. Optometrists examine the internal and external structure of the eyes.||6 - 9 lacs|
|Ophthalmologist||An ophthalmologist is a physician who specializes in the surgical and medical care of the eye & vision system. Ophthalmologists offer complete eye care services. These include vision services, medical eye care, surgical eye care, diagnosis and treatment of eye.||3 - 4 lacs|
|Optician||An Optician is an important part of the eye care team, but is not an eye doctor. An optician uses a prescription that is written by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. An optician is a technician who is trained to design, verify and fit eyeglass lenses and frames, contact lenses, and other devices to correct eyesight.||9 - 12 lacs|
|Optics Professor||Optics Professors are engaged in academia and lecturing, with some degree of clinical practice/ and or instruction as well. Many teaching opportunities for optometrists are limited to optometry schools, however, there are some institutions (universities, medical centers, and medical schools) that actively seek optometrists to educate students, residents, and staff, primarily in topics of contact lenses and low vision.||4 - 6 lacs|