B. Pharm. in Pharmacology is a 4-year full-time undergraduate course divided into 8 semesters. Pharmacology is the science of drug action on biological systems. This course involves an advanced study of the sources, biological effects, chemical properties, and therapeutic uses of drugs.
Pharmacology is a science that is basic not only to medicine, but also to nursing, pharmacy, dentistry, and veterinary medicine.
Pharmacological studies range from those that determine the effects of chemical agents upon subcellular mechanisms, to those that deal with the potential hazards of pesticides and herbicides, and those that focus on the treatment and prevention of major diseases by drug therapy.
Institutes that offer the course in India are listed here:
Some of the top entrance tests conducted for admission to the course in India are:
The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing the course is a 10+2 or equivalent qualification in the Science stream from a recognized educational Board.
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam, or merit obtained in the last qualifying exam.
The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 60,000 to 8 Lacs for a span of 4 years.
Successful graduates of the course can expect anything between INR 2 to 20 lacs as annual salary in the industry, increasing with experience and skillset.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Under Graduate|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2, with a minimum aggregate score of 50%.|
|Admission Process||GPAT, WMJEE, CET, IPU CET, BVP, MHT CET, etc.|
|Top recruiting organizations||Cipla, Abbott India, Sun pharmaceuticals, Biocon, Glaxo Smith Kline India, among others.|
|Top recruiting areas||Hospitals and Clinics (Government and Private), State-wise Drugs and Pharmaceutical Boards, Medical Shop chains (the likes of Apollo Pharmacy), and suchlike.|
|Top job profiles||Pharmacologist, Research Scientist, Analytical Scientist, Clinical Research Associate, among others.|
|Course Fee||INR 60,000 to 8 lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2 to 20 lacs|
Pharmacology is essentially the study of drugs, their interaction with other molecules in the body, and their impact on the body. The discipline can be broken down into:
These two main areas of pharmacology are dedicated to providing a comprehensive picture of the safety and action of any kind of medication. Also explored within the discipline, are the molecular mechanisms by which drugs cause biological effects.
Pharmacology involves molecular modelling of drugs, and the use of drugs as tools to dissect various aspects of cell function.
Students enrolled to the course are imparted advanced learning in pharmacology of drugs, including the practical aspects of pharmacological screening for various medicinal agents. Such processes involve the use of appropriate animal model, biological standardisation, pharmacology calculations, in-vivo drug interactions, and toxicity studies.
This course is not synonymous with pharmacy and the two terms are frequently confused.
As a biomedical science, Pharmacology deals with:
As a health services profession, Pharmacy is concerned with:
Pharmacology is crucial in:
Pharmacology is the study of how chemical agents, both natural and synthetic, affect biological systems. This study encompasses:
Some of the top colleges offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by the respective colleges are listed below.
|NAME OF INSTITUTE||CITY||AVERAGE ANNUAL FEES|
|Integral University||Lucknow||INR 4,80,000|
|Shoolini University||Solan||INR 3,80,000|
|NIMS Institute of Pharmacy||Jaipur||INR 2,60,000|
|Lovely Professional University||Delhi||INR 6,36,000|
|Sinhgad College of Pharmacy||Pune||INR 4,35,000|
|Dev Bhoomi Institute of Pharmacy and Research||Dehradun||INR 3,20,000|
|Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phoole University||Jaipur||INR 2,80,000|
|Lovely Professional University||Jalandhar||INR 6,36,000|
|PDM University||Bahadurgah||INR 4,54,000|
|Chandigarh Group of Colleges||Chandigarh||INR 3,15,000|
|SGT University||Gurgaon||INR 7,20,000|
|CT Group of Institutions||Jalandhar||INR 3,59,000|
|Suresh Gyan Vihar University||Jaipur||INR 3,08,000|
|Maharishi Markandeshwar University||Ambala||INR 3,37,000|
|M.S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences||Bangalore||INR 5,52,000|
|Amity University||Lucknow||INR 6,03,000|
|Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Pharmacy||Pune||INR 85,000|
|Apeejay Stya University||Gurgaon||INR 5,72,000|
Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course.
Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test, often followed by a round of personal interview, wherein their general aptitude for the course is tested. Admission process generally varies across colleges.
A few institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level.
Listed below are some of the top entrance exams conducted in the country for admission to the course.
A semester - wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|SEMESTER I||SEMESTER II|
|Organic Chemistry-I||Organic Chemistry-II|
|Pharmaceutical Engineering-I||Pharmaceutical Engineering-II|
|Anatomy, Physiology & Pathophysiology-I||Physical Pharmacy- I|
|Pharmaceutical Chemistry –I||Anatomy, Physiology & Pathophysiology-II|
|-||Assignments in Pharmaceutical Engineering|
|SEMESTER III||SEMESTER IV|
|Organic Chemistry-III||Organic Chemistry-IV|
|Pharmaceutics- III||Pharmacology- I|
|Physical Pharmacy- II||Biochemistry - II|
|Biochemistry -I||Pharmaceutical Analysis-II|
|Anatomy, Physiology & Pathophysiology-III||Pharmaceutical Medicinal Chemistry – II|
|Psychology and Sociology Hospital Pharmacy & Drug Store Management||Dispensing Pharmacy Anatomy, Physiology & Pathophysiology-IV|
|Assignments (Anatomy, Physiology & Pathophysiology-III)||Assignments (Organic Chemistry)|
|SEMESTER V||SEMESTER VI|
|Pharmaceutics- IV||Pharmaceutics- V|
|Pharmacology- II||Pharmacology- III|
|Pharmaceutical Chemistry – III||Pharmaceutical Analysis-IV|
|Pharmaceutical Analysis-III||Pharmaceutical Medicinal Chemistry – IV|
|Pharmaceutical Management-II||Assignments (Pharmaceutical Analysis)|
|Cosmetics Molecular Biology & Biotechnology Assignments (Biochemistry)||-|
|SEMESTER VII||SEMESTER VIII|
|Pharmaceutics – VI||Pharmaceutics – VII|
|Pharmacognosy-II||Pharmaceutical Medicinal Chemistry – VI|
|Pharmaceutical & Medicinal Chemistry – V||Clinical Pharmacy and Drug Interactions Assignments (Pharmaceutics)|
|Pharmaceutical Analysis-V||Assignments (Pharmacology)|
|Bio pharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Assignments (Medicinal Chemistry)||Assignments (Pharmacognosy)|
|Assignments (Bio pharmaceutics)||-|
Qualified pharmacologists may find gainful employment opportunities across universities, pharmaceutical industry, hospitals, and government medical agencies. They typically pursue professions such as researchers, physicians, administrators, teachers, etc.
Popular areas of employment include quality control, manufacturing, production, packing marketing, and pharmaceutical management & marketing, in capacities such as:
Some of the top professional positions open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|JOB POSITION||JOB DESCRIPTION||AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY|
|Pharmacologist||A Clinical Pharmacologist is a medical scientist who specializes in drugs’ impact on the body. Such professionals draft plans for pharmaceutical trials, and create guidelines for prescribing medication.||INR 11,00,000|
|Research Scientist||Medical Research Scientists devise and conduct experiments in order to increase the body of scientific knowledge on topics related to medicine. They may also develop new drugs, or improve existing forms of treatment, or other medically related products.||INR 5,99,000|
|Analytical Chemist||Analytical Chemists use a diverse range of methods to investigate the chemical nature of substances. Their aim is to identify and understand the substance, and how it behaves in different conditions. In the pharmaceutical industry, they would be involved throughout the drug development process.||INR 2,98,000|
|Biomedical Scientist||Biomedical Scientists carry out a range of laboratory and scientific tests on tissue samples and fluids to help clinicians diagnose and treat diseases. They also evaluate the effectiveness of treatments.||INR 6,00,000|
|Clinical Research Associate||Clinical Research Associates collect and organize data obtained during studies and trials conducted in fields that are related to biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. They also coordinate and process results gained from long-term testing of drugs, products, and medical procedures.||INR 3,00,000|