BSc or Bachelor of Science is a 3-year undergraduate course for students who wish to make a career in science and research. There are around 4.68 million students who are pursuing BSc currently, which is the second highest pursued course in India after BEd.
BSc degree is a foundation course, providing theoretical and practical knowledge common BSc subjects include Mathematics, Physics, Zoology, Chemistry, Botany, etc.
Major BSc Specializations include Computer Science, IT, Nursing, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Nautical Science, Physics, Chemistry, etc.
The basic eligibility is minimum 50-60% aggregate in Class XII, but in case of elite colleges like Miranda House and Hindu College, a minimum of 90% is required (based on the cut off list).
This degree can be pursued either full time or part time in many leading universities like University of Delhi, Aligarh Muslim University, University of Calcutta and others. Distance education is also provided by IGNOU, Sikkim Manipal University among others.
The following are considered the top BSc Colleges in India according to India Today:
|India Today 2019 Ranking||College Name||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees (INR)||Average Placement Offer (INR)|
|1||Miranda House||Merit-Based||20,000||7-8 LPA|
|2||Hindu College||Merit-Based||20,000- 25,000||8 LPA|
|3||St. Stephen’s||Merit-Based||36,000- 40,000||10 LPA|
|4||Madras Christian College||Merit-Based||25,000- 30,000||2.5 LPA|
|5||Loyola College||Merit-Based||50,000||2.5 LPA|
The BSc admission process is very simple and mostly done through a merit system. However, Banaras Hindu University, GITAM University, and few more universities also conduct their own entrances.
The average annual fees is around INR 20,000-50,000 but it may be higher or lower depending upon the university.
Plenty of BSc degree jobs are available in fields like biotechnology and pharmaceutical research, applied science fields and much more. You can easily make a career as a Quality Analyst, Project Assistant, Clinical Research Assistant and/or Technician in any national research laboratory or institute. The average starting salary can be around INR 2-5 LPA.
There are many dual degrees as well which are offered with BSc courses, like B.Sc+MSc, BSc+MBA, etc. Post successfully completing BSc course, one can choose to study courses like MSc and MBA in various specializations.
The BSc admission process usually takes place on the basis of merit. But some colleges take admission through entrances like IAT IISER, OUAT, NEST and many others.
Follow the steps given below for securing admission in a BSc college:
Step 1: Signup on the university’s official website and do the registration.
Step 2: After logging in, go through all the instructions and follow the steps accordingly.
Step 3: Fill up the application form.
Step 4: Register for the entrance exams (if any)
Step 5: Upload the list of required documents into the portal.
Step 6: Submit your form and pay the application fees.
Step 8: Wait for the college to update you.
|Miranda House Admission 2020||Hindu College Admission 2020|
In order to study BSc, the students should meet the below-mentioned eligibility criteria:
BSc eligibility criteria may vary depending on the college chosen and the candidate must meet all the criteria to get admission in top colleges offering BSc.
In some universities, admission is done through entrance exams. The following are the few national and state level Top BSc Entrance Exams:
|Exam Name||Last date of Application||Exam date||Exam mode|
|IISER IAT 2020||May 31, 2020(Extended)||First Week of November 2020||Online|
|CG PAT 2020||May 31, 2020 (Extended)||To be notified||Offline|
|GSAT Exam||May 23, 2020 (Extended)||To be announced||Offline|
|OUAT Exam||May 20, 2020(Extended)||To be notified||Offline|
|NEST 2020||May 31, 2020 (Extended)||To be announced||Online|
|BHU UET 2020||March 21, 2020 till 11:00 PM||To be announced||Online|
|AMU Entrance Test 2020||January 16, 2020- Feb 14, 2020||To be announced||Offline|
|SAAT Exam 2020||May 17, 2020(Extended)||May 2020||Offline|
|NMIMS NPAT 2020||May 12, 2020(Extended)||May 22, 2020||Online|
How to prepare for BSc Entrance Exams?
One can secure a place in an esteemed university/college if they start preparing for BSc entrance exams in advance. There are mainly four basic sections in the exams:
Some entrance exams also have a GK section.
Points to keep in mind for preparing well for the BSc Entrance Exams:
Following are the tips to help you crack entrances of top universities offering BSc.
In order to get admission in a good BSc College, follow the below mentioned points.
The BSc course is a popular option for science students after Class XII. It provides deep subject and practical knowledge in various fields like physical science, applied science, chemistry, mathematics, economics, biology, agriculture, horticulture, animation, etc.
Students who have a strong interest to learn interdisciplinary subjects of science and mathematics pursue this course.
Mentioned below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Full Form||Bachelor of Science|
|Eligibility||10+2 (Maths, Biology, Physics, Chemistry as core subjects)|
|Admission Process||Merit-based and Entrance exam|
|Course Fee||INR 20,000-50,000 annually|
|Average Salary||INR 2-5 LPA|
|Major Recruiting Areas||Laboratories, Pharmaceutical Companies, Educational Institutes, Cosmetics Industry, Health Care Industry.|
|Top Recruiting Companies||TCS, HGS, Nestle, Apollo, Horizon India limited, HP India private limited, CSS corporation, Genpact, Deloitte, KPMG|
|Job Positions||Project/Research Assistant, Junior Scientist, Drug Safety Associate, Clinical Research Associate, Executive, Lecturer, Teacher, Statistician, Counsellor, Consultant|
There are many advantages of this course, some of them are mentioned below:
Below we have given a comparison between BSc General and BSc Hons course, as many students often get confused between these two.
BSc vs BSc Hons
Both these courses are of 3 years and lead to same qualification, but BSc Hons is different from BSc general course due to the following points:
|Overview||The main objective of BSc Hons is to teach in a more subject oriented way, thoroughly imparting knowledge in one subject.||The main objective of BSc general is to provide foundation knowledge of all the subjects of science like Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, etc|
|Specializations||Specialization in one major subject like Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, etc||All the subjects (Physics, Chemistry, Maths or Biology) are taught; no specialization|
|Dissertation||Dissertation is a course completion requirement in many BSc Hons courses||No dissertation.|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 30,000- 70,000||INR 20,000-50,000|
|Duration||3 years||3 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 level of degree (Maths and/or Biology as core subjects)||A minimum of 50% in Class 12 with Science stream from a recognized board.|
|Admission Process||Merit or based on counselling after qualification of entrance tests.||Entrance and Merit-Based|
|Top Colleges||Kirori Mal College, Hansraj College, Miranda House, Hindu College, etc||Miranda House, Hindu College, St. Stephen’s, Madras Christian College, Loyola College, etc.|
|Job Roles||Research Assistant, Research Associate, Admin Executives, Lecturer, Teacher, Statistician, Counsellor, Consultant, JRF/SRF, etc.||Project Assistant, Junior Scientist, Drug Safety Associate, Clinical Research Associate, Executive, Lecturer, Teacher, Statistician, Counsellor, Consultant|
|Average Salary||INR 3-7 LPA||INR 2-5 LPA|
If one wants to make a professional career in research studies, we would suggest they opt for a BSc Hons degree course.
Source: University Websites and Payscale
There are plenty of BSc courses and specializations that are offered to help students to specialize in specific science subjects. Some of these specializations are:
BSc Nursing:BSc Nursing is a professional course that will train students to develop skills and thinking required in the nursing profession and midwifery. Admission usually takes place through BSc Nursing Entrance Exams.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 30,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3 LPA|
|BSc Nursing Colleges|
BSc Physics:BSc. Physics is an undergraduate program of 3 years revolving around various aspects of Physics and its various properties.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 35,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-6 LPA|
|BSc Physics Colleges|
BSc Chemistry: BSc Chemistry deals with an in-depth knowledge of chemistry including chemical reactions and chemical composition of substances.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 45,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4-7 LPA|
|BSc Chemistry Colleges|
BSc Biology: BSc Biology delivers knowledge about biological aspects like ecology, biodiversity, botany and genetics. This course mainly focuses on the organisms, biological systems and things derived from them.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 30,000-35,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-4 LPA|
|BSc Biology Colleges|
BSc Maths : A BSc Maths degree is a mixture of in-depth knowledge given on the areas like geometry, trigonometry, calculus and other theories.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 3,000-1,50,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-5 LPA|
|BSc Maths Colleges|
BSc Computer Science: This degree is for students who want to learn Computer programming, Algorithms, Data structures, Logic & Computation, Computer architecture, etc. BSc Computer Science is one of the most pursued computer programming courses in India.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 20,000- 30,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3.2 LPA|
|BSc Computer Science Colleges|
BSc Agriculture: This course trains students in all the fields of agriculture from breeding and genetics to crop production technologies. A lot of students are pursuing BSc Agriculture these days to make a career in the agricultural science & industry.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 20,000- 30,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3 LPA|
|BSc Agriculture Colleges|
More BSc Specializations:
|BSc Forensic Science||BSc Microbiology|
|BSc Psychology||BSc Zoology|
|BSc Nautical Science||BSc Forestry|
|BSc Hotel Management||BSc IT|
|BSc Biotechnology||BSc Nutrition and Dietetics|
Following are some of the Top BSc colleges in India according to NIRF Ranking 2019:
|College Name||City||Average Annual Fees (INR)||Average Placement Package (INR)|
|Miranda House||New Delhi||20,000||7 LPA|
|Hindu College||New Delhi||500-1000||8 LPA|
|St. Stephen’s||New Delhi||36,000- 40,000||10 LPA|
|Madras Christian College||Chennai||50,000||2.5 LPA|
|Loyola College||Chennai||50,000||2.5 LPA|
|Kirori Mal College||New Delhi||20,000- 22,000||4.5 LPA|
|Hansraj College||New Delhi||20,000- 25,000||5.5 LPA|
|Dept. Of Sciences Christ (Deemed to be University)||Bangalore||10,000- 15,000||4 LPA|
|Stella Maris College||Chennai||8000||3.5 LPA|
|Sri Venkateswara||New Delhi||22,000||3 LPA|
Research and internship opportunities are available in Miranda House, Hindu College and St. Stephans and stipends of INR 2000-8000 are provided.
Majority of the placement is done in companies like Barclays, Infosys, Genpact, IBM, Grail Research, Deloitte, Jaypee, E&Y, Bain and Company, BCG, CITI Bank, DE Shaw, E&Y, Sify.com, ABN AMRO Group, etc and starting salary is around INR 2-5 LPA
Following table shows a few differences between the top BSc Colleges in India according to ranking, fees, salary and other factors.
|Parameter||Miranda House||Madras Christian College||Loyola College|
|Overview||Miranda House is a prestigious college for women in University of Delhi. It offers BSc. Physical Sciences and BSc. Life Sciences, etc.||Madras Christian College is one of the oldest colleges in India. It offers a BSc degree to understand the basic concepts in pure and applied fields of science and mathematics.||Loyola College, Chennai, affiliated to the University of Madras offers BSc courses in Advanced Zoology & Biotechnology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, etc.|
|Rank||India Today-1||India Today- 4||India Today-5|
|Location||New Delhi||Chennai||New Delhi|
|Eligibility||Higher Secondary level of degree in science with a decent percentage from a recognized board.||Qualifying degree of class 12 from a reputed institution with Maths, Biology, Physics, Chemistry as core subjects||10+2 from a recognized educational board. Must be having a science background in +2 level.|
|Admission Process||Merit-based||Based on merit||On the basis of merit|
|Average Fees||INR 20,000||INR 25,000- 30,000||INR 50,000|
|Average Package||INR 7 LPA||INR 2.5 LPA||INR 2.5 LPA|
|Placement Companies||Barclays, Infosys, Genpact, IBM, Grail Research, etc.||Sify.com, ABN AMRO Group, Element K||E&Y, Zoho Corp, Wells Fargo, Hindustan Times, etc|
BSc Subjects are different for different BSc courses, but below are few of the common topics followed under BSc syllabus for the entire course duration.
|Waves and Optics||Electricity and Magnetism|
|Probability Theory||Data Structures and Operating Systems|
|Numerical Analysis||Ring Theory and Linear Algebra|
|Vector Analysis||Atomic Structure|
|Periodic Properties||Chemistry of Noble Gasses|
|Chemical Bonding||Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds|
|Mechanism of Organic Reactions||Colloidal States|
|Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis||Liquid State, Gaseous States and Solid States|
|Java Programming||C++ Programming|
|Fundamentals of Computer Organization & Embedded System||Discrete Mathematics|
|Introduction to Database Management Systems||Introduction to Programming Concepts and Python.|
|Food Chemistry||Basics of Bioinformatics|
BSc is a vast field with a lot of subject areas to study and tabularized below are some of the core BSc subjects.
|Home Science||Computer Science|
Following books can be considered to study BSc course:
|Name of the book||Author|
|A new Concise Inorganic Chemistry, E L. B. S.||J. D. Lee|
|Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity, Pearson Publication.||James E. Huheey, Ellen Keiter and Richard Keiter|
|Organic Chemistry, Prentice Hall.||R.T. Morrison & R. N. Boyd|
|Advanced Organic Chemistry, S. Chand||Arun Bahl and B. S. Bahl|
|A GuideBook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry, Orient Longman||Peter Sykes Campbell, N.A. and Reece|
|Biology 8th edition, Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco||J. B. Griffiths|
|Introduction to Genetic Analysis, 9th edition, W.H. Freeman & Co. NY||A.J.F et al.|
|A Text-Book of Vector Analysis||Narayan Shanti and Mittal P|
|Mathematical Methods for Physicists||Arfken|
|Electromagnetic Theory||U A Bakshi and A V Bakshi|
|Optics, Principles and Applications||K K Sharma|
Many career opportunities are available after a BSc course, such as Research-based jobs as a Project or Research Assistant in India’s top research institutes, Teacher in degree college or school, Clinical Research Assistant, Drug Safety Associate, Consultant, Analyst, and other relevant private-sector jobs. You can opt for higher education as well by pursuing courses like MSc, MBA and Professional Diploma courses.
After finishing a BSc degree, the students can go for employment or vacancies that are most suitable for them. They can go either for the openings in the private sector or the public sector. If they desire to be employed in the private sector, employment opportunities are available in:
Listed below are the top professional positions that can be taken as a career after a BSc course.
|Job Profile||Description of the Job Profile||Average Salary (INR)|
|Research/ Project Assistant/ Junior Scientist||A research or project assistant assists in an appointed research project in any research lab or institution. Under the guidance of project in-charge, he/she performs experiments and does research along with the team.||2.5-3 LPA|
|Drug Safety Associate||A drug safety associate works in a medical or pharma industry monitoring, evaluating and preventing adverse reactions of drugs in patients.||2-3 LPA|
|Clinical Research Associate||Clinical research associates collect and organize data obtained during studies and in field trials, such as biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. They coordinate and process results gained from long-term testing of drugs, products and medical procedures.||4-5 LPA|
|Technical Writer/Editor||Technical writers are responsible for preparing instruction manuals, journal articles, and other supporting documents to communicate complex and technical information more easily. They also develop, gather, and disseminate technical information among customers, designers, and manufacturers.||3-5 LPA|
|School Teacher||The general role of a lecturer is to plan and prepare lesson plans and develop research, apart from teaching and guiding students. It also includes grading the papers.||2-4 LPA|
|Statistician||Statisticians usually process the data using different mathematical models and software to assist his/her employer in the research or business.||6-7 LPA|
|Consultant||A consultant usually guides organizations in various major aspects like HR, Business, Management and/or Operations.||3.5-5 LPA|
|Education Counsellor||An education counsellor usually assists students in course and program selection, and solves all queries related to education.||2-3 LPA|
Read more aboutBSc Jobs and Career prospects
The graph below shows the salary of various BSc jobs:
Apart from exploring a wide range of professions as mentioned above, one can also go for further studies in any field of science or devote into research based jobs.
Career options after BSc degree:
Check some of the top MSc courses.
|MSc Biotechnology||MSc Economics|
|MSc Operational Research||MSc Hospital Administration|
|MSc Nanotechnology||MSc Pharmacology|
|MSc Analytical Chemistry||MSc Actuarial Science|
|MSc Anthropology||MSc Applied Biology|
|MSc Applied Electronics||MSc Applied Mathematics|
|MSc Astronomy||MSc Computer Science|
|MSc Earth Science||MSc Communication|
|MSc Food Nutrition||MSc Environmental Management|
|MSc Forensic Sciences||MSc Genetics|
Ques.What is BSc full form?
Ques. What are the common BSc subjects?
Ques.What is the BSc Admission Process?
Ques.What is a BSc MBA Integrated course?
Ques.What is the use of BSc?
Ques.How many types of BSc are there?
Ques.Which field has more scope in BSc course?
Ques.Can I do MBBS after doing BSc degree?
Ques.What is the BSc Nursing course duration?
Ques. What are major BSc Agriculture subjects?
Ques. What is the difference between a BSc and BScEd degree?
Ques. What are the major subjects in BSc?
Ques. Will there be any delay in the BSc Admission process due to Covid 19 outbreak?
Ques. Has the BHU UET Exam been postponed due to Covid 19?