BSc Agriculture is an undergraduate course of 4 years duration that allows students to gain expertise in the field of agricultural science.
Candidates can pursue this course if they have completed Class 12 with a minimum of 50% in Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English.
|All About BSc Agriculture||BSc Agriculture Colleges in India 2020-2021||BSc Agriculture Jobs, Salary & Scope|
BSc Agriculture Syllabus & Subjects
BSc Agriculture syllabus is broad and consists of various courses in Agronomy, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Entomology, Agricultural Economics, Extension Education, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Soil Science, Animal Husbandry apart from supporting courses in Basic Sciences, Humanities, and Agricultural Engineering.
The basic BSc Agriculture subjects are designed in such a way that students grasp all the knowledge related to agriculture and environmental science.
The course has specializations like majoring in Animal Science, Plant Protection, Soil Science, Genetics and Breeding or Agricultural Engineering.
The following table shows some of the common subjects that are included in the BSc Agriculture course curriculum:
|BSc Agriculture Subjects||Topics/Units Covered|
|Principles of Crop Production||Definition and scope of Agronomy, Classification of Crops on Different basis, General principles of Crop production : Climate, soil and its preparation, seed and seed sowing, post-sowing tillage, water management, nutrition, plant protection measures, harvesting, threshing and storage, Crop sequences and systems with emphasis on mixed cropping and inter cropping, etc.|
|Fundamentals of Soil Science||Definition of Soil, Components of Soil and their role in agriculture, Soil forming rocks and minerals, Development of Soil profile, Soil formation, factors affecting soil formation, soil forming processes, Soil reaction and its measurements and significance, Physical properties of soil, and their significance, Chemical properties of soil, cation and anion exchange phenomenon and their importance in agriculture, etc.|
|Elements of Genetics||Definition, significance and historical development in genetics, Mendel’s Laws of heredity, Cell division, meiosis and mitosis, Chromosomal theory of inheritance, Linkage and crossing over-types, mechanism and significance, Nucleic acid as genetic material-structure and replication, Mutation-spontaneous and induced, etc.|
|Agricultural Meteorology||Different meteorological variables related to agriculture, Rainfall- Hydrologic cycle and it’s components, Types and forms of precipitation, Humidity, definition, windvane, Anemo-meter, Indian Agro Climatic Zones Elementary idea of weather forecasting, etc.|
|Elementary Crop Physiology||Role of plant physiology in agriculture, Cell structure and function, Bio-Physico-chemical phenomenon-diffusion, osmosis plasmolysis and imbibitions, Absorption of water and mineral salts, Photosynthesis - light and dark reactions, etc.|
|Introductory Plant Physiology||Definition and importance of plant pathology, Causes of plant diseases, Classification of plant diseases according to cause and occurrence, Plant Pathogens, Different types of spores, Levels of parasitism, etc.|
|Principles of Plant Breeding||Plant Breeding-history, objectives and scope, Mode of reproduction in crop plants in relation to breeding techniques, Plant variation kind and causes, Genetic consequences of self and cross pollinated crops, etc.|
|Livestock Production and Management||Importance of livestock in Agriculture, Breeds, and Breeding methods of livestock and their consequences, Pasture management, Importance of scientific Feeding, etc.|
|Introduction to Plant Biotechnology||Definition scope and importance of plant biotechnology, Plant tissue culture, Cloning vectors for recombinant DNA, Application of plant genetic engineering in crop improvement, etc.|
Other than this, the other common subjects are Weed Management, Crop Diseases, Soil Microbiology, Soil Fertilizers, Horticulture, Silviculture and AgroForestry, Agricultural Economics, Seed Production Technology, Post Harvest Engineering etc.
BSc Agriculture Scheme of Assessment
The evaluation of BSc Agriculture subjects is based on different parameters such as Presentation, Project Work, Report Writing Skills, etc.
Have a look at the following table to know the parameters that are involved in the scheme of assessment of this course which is followed by more or less all the colleges:
|Project Planning and Writing||Presentation|
|Monthly Assessment||Output delivery|
|Business networking skills||Report Writing Skills|
|Technical Skill Development||Final Presentation|
BSc Agriculture Books & Course Material
Some of the common books and course material that are advised to considered for this course are mentioned in the following table:
|Name of the Book||Name of the Author|
|History of Agriculture||M.S. Randhawa|
|The Future of Indian Agriculture||Y.K. Alagh|
|Principles of Agronomy||S.R. Reddy|
|The Nature and Properties of Soil||N.C. Brady and Ray Weil|
|Principles of Vegetable Production||S.P. Singh|
|Land and Water Management Engineering||V.V.N. Murty|
|The Insects: Structure and Function||R.F. Chapman|
|Principles of Plant Breeding||R.W. Allard|
|Plant Physiology||R.K. Sinha|
BSc Agriculture Entrance Exams Syllabus
The BSc Agriculture Admission process is different in different colleges. Some take admission on the basis of written round or direct interview. Some take admission on the basis of performance in BSc Agriculture Entrance Exams, followed by counselling.
Some of the common entrance exams are KEAM, BHU UET, etc. The syllabus usually consists of sections such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology, along with a section of Agriculture.
The Agriculture section is not present in all the entrance examinations, but is present in exams such as CGPAT 2020, among others. The common sections included in the entrance exams conducted for BSc Agriculture admissions are:
It includes topics such as Dimensional Analysis, Kinematics, Waves and Oscillations, Gravitation, Electrostatics, Thermodynamics, etc.
It includes General and Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, etc.
It includes topics such as Botany, Developmental Biology and Genetics, Taxonomy Evolution, Economic Zoology, Communicable Diseases, etc.
It includes topics such as Algebra, Trigonometry, Differential Equations, Numerical Methods, Linear Programming, etc.
It consists of topics from Agricultural Physics, Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural Mathematics, etc.