Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Botany) - Course Overview

  • STREAM

    SCIENCE

  • DURATION

    3 YEARS

  • COURSE

    Botany

  • COURSE TYPE

    Graduation

    BSc Botany (Bachelor of Science in Botany) Admissions, Colleges, Syllabus, Jobs and Scope 2020-21

    Atrisa Dutta Atrisa Dutta
    Content Curator

    BSc Botany or Bachelor of Science in Botany is a 3-year undergraduate degree course, which deals with the study of plants and their physiology.

    Candidates who have done their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology are eligible to take admission in this course.

    Admission to BSc Botany courses in top colleges like Miranda House College, Hansraj College, Fergusson College, etc is generally offered on the basis of merit.

    However, BHU, Christ University and a few more universities conduct their own entrances to provide admission to the course. In case of entrance-based admission, BHU UET, OUAT, GSAT, etc are some of the top entrances to sit for.

    BSc Botany: Key Highlights

    • Full-Form: Bachelor of Science in Botany
    • Duration: 3 years.
    • BSc Botany Eligibility: High school degree with a science background.
    • Admission Process: Entrance/ Merit
    • Top Entrance Exams: BHU UET, OUAT, GSAT, etc.
    • BSc Botany Distance Education: Yes
    • BSc Botany Subjects: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Plant Breeding, Fungi, Algae, etc.
    • BSc Botany Fees: INR 15,000 to 1,00,000
    • BSc Botany Salary: INR 4-8 LPA
    • BSc Botany Jobs: Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer, Conservationist, Botanist, Biological Technician, Ecologist, Environment Consultant etc
    • Top Recruiting Companies: National Chemical Laboratory, Wildlife SOS, Indian Institute of Ecology, Wildlife Conservation Society, Greenpeace, Centre for Science and Environment, Environmental Education, etc
    • BSc Botany Scope: M.Sc. Botany and M.Sc. Environmental Management

    The course curriculum broadly focuses on the specialized scientific study of plants, fungi, algae, and covers subjects of Physiology and Anatomy in detail.

    The average tuition fee charged for BSc Botany full-time courses range from INR 15,000 to 1,00,000. The cost required to pursue the course from a distance mode ranges from INR 4,000 to 6,000.

    Some of the colleges offering BSc Botany distance education are Nalanda Open University, Patna, Bihar, Directorate Of Distance Education, University Of Mysore and Acharya Nagarjuna University, Centre For Distance Education.

    Below table lists the Best Colleges for BSc Botany in India, as per The Week Ranking (2019) :

    The Week Ranking (2019)College NameAdmission ProcessAverage Total Fees (INR)Average Salary (INR)
    3Hindu collegeMerit-based18,6406 LPA
    4Miranda House CollegeMerit-based19,4903-5 LPA
    5Hansraj CollegeMerit-based21,3955.5 LPA
    8Fergusson CollegeMerit-based11,0254.46 LPA
    9Ramjas CollegeMerit-based14,6103-5 LPA

    After the course completion, BSc Botany graduates can expect a salary of around INR 4 to 8 LPA for the positions of Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer, etc.

    Alert: GSAT 2020 Application submission dates have been extended till further notice due to the COVID 19 outbreak

    Some of the popular recruiting firms are National Chemical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Ecology, Greenpeace, Centre for Science and Environment, Environmental Education, etc. These companies hire large numbers of BSc Botany graduates every year.

    After successfully obtaining the degree, students can also go for higher studies by taking up popular courses like M.Sc. Botany and M.Sc. Environmental Management. This will help the students to get exposed to advanced jobs and research opportunities further.

    BSc Botany Admission Process

    BSc Botany Admission Process

    The admission process for BSc Botany is done based on the marks obtained in the qualifying exam and on merit. Candidates are required to meet the cut-off score, issued by top Bsc Botany colleges under DU and other universities. If the student falls in the cut-off criterion, then he/she may be granted an admission based on the merit list.

    However, some colleges like Christ University, BHU and a few more also conduct their own entrances for admission to BSc Botany courses. In that case, students are shortlisted on the basis of the scores acquired in the entrances.

    BSC Botany Admission Process

    Read More

    Hansraj College Admission 2020Fergusson College Admission 2020

    BSc Botany Eligibility

    The eligibility for pursuing a BSc Botany course is:

    • Students must have cleared 10+2 examinations from a well-recognized board.
    • Students from a science background in their high school are preferred.

    BSc Botany Entrance Exams

    Admission to the course in BHU, OUAT and more are offered after qualifying their respective entrances. Following are some of the popular BSc Botany Entrance examinations conducted in India:

    • BHU UET : It is an undergraduate entrance test for admission in various UG courses in Banaras Hindu University.
    • OUAT: OUAT is organized by Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology every year for undergraduate admissions.
    • IISER IAT: It is conducted by Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research for admission in the courses of science & research.
    • GSAT: It is a national level exam conducted every year for admitting aspirants into various UG and PG Science programs offered by GITAM University.
    Exam NameLast date of Application Exam dateExam mode
    BHU UET March 21, 2020 till 11:00 PMTo be announcedOnline
    OUAT June 16, 2020(Extended)To be notifiedOffline
    GSAT Extended till further noticeTo be announcedOffline
    IISER IAT July 08, 2020 (Extended)August 12, 2020Online

    How to prepare for BSc Botany entrance tests?

    The syllabus of BSc Botany entrance exam may vary depending upon the college/university you are applying to. Since the test is for Undergraduate study, therefore it is nearly equivalent to the 12th studies and most of them require 50% or more score to pass.

    Questions may be asked from Crops, Agronomy and Crop Science, Plant Anatomy and Bacteriology. General questions from the subject of crop production and soil management may also be asked in the Entrance Test.

    Points to keep in mind while preparing for BSc Botany entrance exams:

    • Revise your high school subjects, especially the topics related to Botany, plants or soil.
    • A basic knowledge of Static GK is required for General Awareness questions.
    • Manage equal time to prepare for all the sections before-hand.
    • Solve as many mock papers as possible to get acquainted with the pattern of the exams.
    • Keep your head calm and do not panic.

    How to get admission in a good BSc Botany college?

    Following are the points to help you secure an admission the top BSc Botany colleges like

    Hindu college, Miranda House College, Hansraj College, etc.:

    • Make sure to have extra-ordinary marks in your 10+2 level.
    • If you are willing to appear for any entrance, start preparing for it as per the syllabus.
    • Be updated with the important dates of the entrance exams like application process, application deadline, etc.
    • Secure a good percentile in the BSc Botany entrance exam conducted by the university you are applying to.
    BSc Botany: What is it About?

    BSc Botany: What is it About?

    Check the below listed points to know more about the BSc Botany course details:

    • BSc Botany course deals with the scientific study of the plants, algae and fungi.
    • It broadly revolves around the aspects of plants including the growth, structure, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, physiology and chemical properties of the plants and plant anatomy in general.
    • The course is a vast combination of studying from the basic cell structure to the workings and metabolism of plants on higher levels including their evolution.
    • The course is very accurately structured as mostly all the theory based papers are accompanied by practical sessions.
    • This 3 years course also provides a hands-on experience to the students in understanding the scientific concepts through practical knowledge.
    BSc Botany Curriculum

    BSc Botany: Course Highlights

    Some of the important highlights of BSc Botany are tabulated below.

    Course LevelUndergraduate
    Duration3 years
    StreamScience
    Eligibility10+2 with PCM/PCB [Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology] 
    Admission ProcessMerit or Entrance Examination
    Average Annual FeesINR 15,000-1,00,000
    Average Starting SalaryINR 4-8 LPA
    Recruiting AreasAgricultural Research Services, Botanical Survey Senters, Eco-botany,, Environmental Management Units, Fermentation Industries, Farm Management Organizations, Floriculture Sector, etc.

    Top Job Positions
    Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer, Conservationist, Botanist, Ecologist, Farming Consultant, EthnoBotanist, Forester, Horticulturist, etc.
    Top Recruiting CompaniesNational Chemical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Ecology, Greenpeace, Environmental Education, Nature Conservation Foundation, Science and Environment Industry, etc.
    Why study BSc Botany?

    Why study BSc Botany?

    Some of the benefits of pursuing a BSc Botany course are:

    • Students gain skills and knowledge, which they can apply to do the botanical research and findings in areas such as Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Plant Breeding, etc
    • A graduate of BSc Botany can contribute to the environmental Conservation and genetic modification of plants.
    • These graduates have diverse job opportunities in both government and private sector jobs with amole jobs rules offered to them.
    • BSc Botany professionals are offered an average salary of INR 4-8 LPA.
    • National Chemical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Ecology, Wildlife Conservation Society, etc are some of the top recruiters to work with.
    • After completing BSc Botany, a student may go for a Master’s Degree or a career in the R&D (Research and Development) sector.
    BSc Botany Vs BSc Botany Honours

    Course Comparison

    .A detailed comparison between the BSc Botany and BSc Botany Honours. is given below on the basis of major parameters.

    ParametersBSc BotanyBSc Botany Honours
    QualificationBachelor of Science in ChemistryBachelor of Science in Chemistry Honours.
    Course OverviewBSc Botany outlines the topics such as growth, structure, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, physiology and chemical properties of the plants and plant anatomy in general. BSc Botany Hons. offers a more detailed and advanced knowledge of subjects like plant growth, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, etc
    Duration3 Years3 Years
    Eligibility10+2 with PCM/PCB [Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology] High school degree with science from a recognized university.
    Admission ProcessMerit or Entrance ExaminationMerit or Entrance Examination
    Average Annual FeesINR 15,000-1,00,000INR 15,000-1,50,000
    Top CollegesHindu college, Miranda House College, Hansraj College, Fergusson College Ramjas College, etc
     
    Ramjas College, Bhola Prasad Singh College, Hans Raj College Guru Nanak Dev University, Miranda House, etc
    Average SalaryINR 4-8 LPAINR 4-9 LPA
    BSc Botany Vs BSc Botany Honours

    Source: University websites and Payscale

    BSc Botany Colleges

    BSc Botany Colleges

    There are more than 632 BSc Botany colleges in India. Most of the best private and public institutions for BSc Botany are located in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata.

    Below tables lists some of the top BSc Botany colleges in India:

    College NameCityAverage Total Fee (INR)Average Salary (INR)
    Hindu collegeNew Delhi18,6406 LPA
    Miranda House CollegeNew Delhi19,4903-5 LPA
    Hansraj CollegeNew Delhi21,3955.5 LPA
    Fergusson CollegePune11,0254.46 LPA
    Ramjas CollegeNew Delhi14,6103-5 LPA
    St. Xavier’s CollegeAhmedabad10,0007 LPA
    Mount Carmel CollegeBangalore42,0007.5 LPA
    Sacred Heart CollegeErnakulam5,900-
    Christ UniversityBangalore20,0004 LPA
    Jai Hind CollegeMumbai7,3003

    BSc Botany Distance Education

    Admission to BSc Botany can be done on-campus or correspondence mode. For BSc Botany Distance Education, admission is done solely based on Merit. Candidates are required to meet the cut-off to enrol in the course.

    The time required to complete BSc Botany Distance Education varies from minimum 3 to maximum 6 years.

    Some of the colleges offering BSc Botany Distance Education are tabulated below.

    College NameLocationAverage Total Fee (INR)
    Acharya Nagarjuna University, Centre For Distance EducationGuntur4,895
    Nalanda Open UniversityBihar2,400
    Directorate Of Distance Education, University Of MysoreMysore6,000
    BSc Botany Distance Education

    Source: University websites

    College Comparison

    The table below demonstrates a comparison between the top BSc Botany colleges in India:

    ParametersHindu CollegeSt. Xavier’s CollegeJai Hind College
    College overviewHindu College was founded in the year 1899 by Late Shri Krishan Das Ji Gurwale. In the beginning it was affiliated under Punjab University but at present it is affiliated under Delhi University. St. Xavier’s College, located in Ahmedabad is a private autonomous college. It is affiliated with Gujarat University. The college offers many UG and PG level courses in Arts, Sciences and Commerce. Admission is done based on the merit list.Jai Hind College, located in Mumbai, was founded in 1948. It is affiliated to the University of Mumbai. Jai Hind college offers several UG and PG degrees in the fields of Arts, Commerce, and Science.
    The Week Ranking 32429
    LocationNew DelhiAhmedabadMumbai
    Average Annual FeeINR 18,640INR 9,568INR 7,300
    Average Annual Package 6 LPA7 LPA3 LPA
    Top recruitersDeutsche Bank, Reliance Group, TCS, Genpact, Pernod-Ricard etTCS, Infosys, LIfe Sciences, Deloitte, KPMG, EY, etcAccenture, Genpact, American Express, hcl tech, kotak Mahindra bank, etc
    BSc Botany Syllabus

    BSc Botany Syllabus

    BSc Botany syllabus consists of core subjects like Diversity of Microbes, Cell Biology, Genetics, Plant Anatomy, Plant Embryology, Biodiversity- Algae and Microbiology and more.

    BSc Botany subjects are a mixture of both theoretical and practical classes. Students are also required to give a practical test each year in the even semester.

    Mentioned below is a year-wise breakup of the BSc Botany syllabus.

    Year 1Year 2Year 3
    Introduction to BiologyPlant Resource UtilizationPlant Systematics & Evolution
    Algae and MicrobiologyMathematics and StatisticsPlant Physiology
    Chemistry-ICell Biology - IEnvironmental Management / Bioinformatics
    Technical writing and Communication in English / Computational skillsMolecular Biology - 1Genetics & Genomics -I
    Mycology & PhytopathologyPlant Development and AnatomyPlant Metabolism 
    ArchegoniataeEcology and PhytogeographyReproductive Biology of Angiosperms
    Chemistry –IICell Biology IIPlant Biotechnology
    BiochemistryMolecular Biology - IIGenetics & Genomics - II

    BSc Botany Books

    The books for the BSc Botany course are not fixed and vary from one university to another. However, some of the books mentioned below are the ones which are widely used throughout the country for BSc Botany learning.

    Name of the bookAuthor
    Cell- A Molecular ApproachCooper and Hausmann
    Principles of GeneticsGardner, Simmons and Snustad
    Plant PhysiologyTaiz and Zeiger
    Principles of BiochemistryLehninger
    BSc Botany Jobs & Career Options

    BSc Botany Jobs & Career Options

    Upon successful completion of the program, graduates get exposed to a number of BSc Botany Jobs, Some of them are Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer and Conservationist.

    BSc Botany salary ranges between INR 4-8 LPA.The different areas of employment that are enjoyed by BSc Botany graduates are:

    • Agricultural Research Services
    • Botanical Survey Centers
    • Eco-botany
    • Biotechnology Firms
    • Fermentation Industries
    • Environmental Management Units
    • Food Industry and Herbal Industry

    Some of the top recruiting companies for BSc Botany graduates are:

    • National Chemical Laboratory
    • Wildlife SOS
    • Indian Institute of Ecology
    • Wildlife Conservation Society
    • Centre for Science and Environment
    • Environmental Education
    • Nature Conservation Foundation

    Listed below are some of the popular BSc Botany jobs, along with their corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered:

    Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Salary (INR)
    ForesterForester is the person responsible for managing forests. From time harvest management to the management of secured areas, they perform various related duties.4 LPA
    EcologistAn Ecologist is a person who is in charge of the Ecosystem within some boundary or area. Assessing the diversifying organisms, survey ecosystems and behaviour of the various organisms are some of the regular jobs of these professionals.3.5 LPA
    Biological TechnicianBiological Technicians are responsible for the experiments which deal with living things. He can also be termed as a scientist helper/technician. The work also includes setting up and maintaining tools and equipment.5 LPA
    BotanistBotanist is responsible for researching different types of plants and they determine how various plants affect various environments.6 LPA
    HorticulturistHorticulturist conducts researches on the areas of production of crops,, gardening, plant propagation, plant psychology, plant breeding, and plant biochemistry, etc5.5 LPA

    BSc Botany Salary Trend

    Source: Payscale

    BSc Botany Scope

    BSc Botany Scope

    Upon successful completion of BSc Botany degree, a candidate may go for Lectureship or may go for higher education/ Higher degrees from some renowned institutions. Some of top colleges to pursue a master's degree in the same domain are St. Xaviers, Mumbai, Christ University, Bangalore, etc

    Some of the immediate chosen options after BSc Botany are:

    With the expansion of research practices all over the world, a candidate may also pursue an M.Phil in Botany or a PHD in Botany as the next option to their career growth, after completing their masters. One can pursue these research courses from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Technology - [IIT], Kanpur, etc.

    BSc Botany: FAQs

    BSc Botany: FAQs

    Ques. Is BSc Botany easy?

    Ans. If you have the interest and curiosity to learn the subjects then BSc Botany might seem easy to you. Botany is nothing but the branch of biology that deals with study of plants morphology, identification, growth, reproduction and taxonomy.

    Ques.Is Botany harder than Zoology?

    Ans. Students consider Zoology easy because human biology often matches with that of animal biology. On the other hand plants seem strange and the terminology is not so familiar, thus seeming a little harder.

    Ques. What is the duration for a BSc Botany course in India?

    Ans. The duration for a BSc Botany is generally 3 years in India.

    Ques.What are some of the most popular colleges offering BSc Botany?

    Ques. What is the average annual fee for a BSc Botany course?

    Ans. The average fee charged by BSc Botany Colleges ranges between INR 15,000-1,00,000 Per Annum. It can be higher or lower depending upon the college which you have selected.

    Ques. What are some of the BSc Botany subjects?

    Ans Some of the BSc Botany subjects are:

    • Algology
    • Phycology
    • Bacteriology
    • Mycology
    • Bryology
    • Plant Cell Biology
    • Palaeobotany
    • Plant Anatomy
    • Physiology

    Ques.What can one do after completing a course of BSc Botany?

    Ans. Candidates can either make their career in the field of Botany or may choose to study further. M.Sc. Botany and M.Sc. Environmental Management are the two most chosen courses after BSc Botany.

    Ques. What is the career scope for a BSc Botany in the Government Sector and Private Sector?

    Ans. Graduates of BSc Botany can apply for government jobs in State Departments, Environmental Protection Agency, National Chemical Laboratory,Botanical Survey of India,etc.. As per the private sector jobs are considered, there are many companies, such as Wildlife Trust of India, Wildlife Conservation Society, Nature Conservation Foundation, Greenpeace, etc.which recruits them on a contractual or permanent basis.

    Ques. Which universities offer Distance Education for BSc Botany in India?

    Ans. There are only a few universities in India, which offer students to pursue a Bachelor of Science degree in Botany in the distance or correspondence mode.

    Some of the colleges and universities are:

    Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Botany) Fee Structure in India


    1.05 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES2.24 L (Maximum Fee)
    20.88 K (Average Fee)
    768 (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES3.43 L (Maximum Fee)
    44.68 K (Average Fee)

    Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Botany) Fee Structure by State


    Uttar Pradesh

    3.46 KPUBLIC COLLEGES60 K
    19.69 K
    2.98 KPRIVATE COLLEGES1.35 L
    34.59 K

    Maharashtra

    2.39 KPUBLIC COLLEGES90 K
    19.47 K
    4.46 KPRIVATE COLLEGES1.65 L
    32.78 K

    West Bengal

    1.05 KPUBLIC COLLEGES2.24 L
    17.41 K
    3.82 KPRIVATE COLLEGES54.66 K
    19.1 K

    Kerala

    3 KPUBLIC COLLEGES78.6 K
    9.78 K
    3.58 KPRIVATE COLLEGES2.56 L
    29.84 K

    Tamil Nadu

    1.23 KPUBLIC COLLEGES96.85 K
    18 K
    768PRIVATE COLLEGES1.17 L
    38.78 K

    Karnataka

    3.87 KPUBLIC COLLEGES1.25 L
    36.12 K
    9.99 KPRIVATE COLLEGES1.68 L
    66.85 K

    Andhra Pradesh

    5.13 KPUBLIC COLLEGES36 K
    16.19 K
    5.81 KPRIVATE COLLEGES71.1 K
    29.85 K

    Assam

    9.27 KPUBLIC COLLEGES54.17 K
    21.51 K
    2.4 KPRIVATE COLLEGES2.47 L
    30.77 K

    Rajasthan

    3 KPUBLIC COLLEGES1.52 L
    43.31 K
    5.56 KPRIVATE COLLEGES3.43 L
    85.23 K

    Madhya Pradesh

    2.78 KPUBLIC COLLEGES35.9 K
    14.13 K
    5.7 KPRIVATE COLLEGES91.5 K
    48.09 K

    Uttarakhand

    5.19 KPUBLIC COLLEGES9 K
    6.45 K
    2.11 KPRIVATE COLLEGES2.25 L
    75.1 K

    Telangana

    7.03 KPUBLIC COLLEGES33 K
    16.75 K
    13.3 KPRIVATE COLLEGES92 K
    48.37 K

    Gujarat

    3.71 KPUBLIC COLLEGES85.15 K
    30.56 K
    16.05 KPRIVATE COLLEGES2.2 L
    84.57 K

    Orissa

    4.26 KPUBLIC COLLEGES2.1 L
    56.34 K
    6.79 KPRIVATE COLLEGES40.45 K
    18.64 K

    Bihar

    2.63 KPUBLIC COLLEGES37 K
    9.92 K
    4.55 KPRIVATE COLLEGES90 K
    36.44 K

    Delhi NCR

    5.78 KPUBLIC COLLEGES12.5 K
    9.14 K
    29.7 KPRIVATE COLLEGES93.1 K
    50.35 K

    Chhattisgarh

    2.35 KPUBLIC COLLEGES17.32 K
    7.02 K
    25.87 KPRIVATE COLLEGES63 K
    40.39 K

    Jharkhand

    2.46 KPUBLIC COLLEGES26.41 K
    8.5 K
    2.43 KPRIVATE COLLEGES1.5 L
    51.79 K

    Jammu and Kashmir

    8.21 KPUBLIC COLLEGES46.05 K
    16.48 K
    20.27 KPRIVATE COLLEGES20.27 K
    20.27 K

    Himachal Pradesh

    4.7 KPUBLIC COLLEGES1.43 L
    64.02 K
    5.41 KPRIVATE COLLEGES9.33 K
    7.59 K

    Manipur

    7.39 KPUBLIC COLLEGES7.39 K
    7.39 K
    11.56 KPRIVATE COLLEGES11.56 K
    11.56 K

    Goa

    11.94 KPUBLIC COLLEGES22.94 K
    17.44 K
    22.55 KPRIVATE COLLEGES57.62 K
    40.08 K

    Haryana

    11.25 KPUBLIC COLLEGES25.73 K
    18.49 K
    46.04 KPRIVATE COLLEGES1.96 L
    1.21 L

    Tripura

    12 KPUBLIC COLLEGES12 K
    12 K
    1.12 LPRIVATE COLLEGES1.12 L
    1.12 L

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