BSc Botany or Bachelor of Science in Botany is a 3-year undergraduate degree course, which deals with the study of plants and their physiology.
Candidates who have done their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology are eligible to take admission in this course.
However, BHU, Christ University and a few more universities conduct their own entrances to provide admission to the course. In case of entrance-based admission, BHU UET, OUAT, GSAT, etc are some of the top entrances to sit for.
The course curriculum broadly focuses on the specialized scientific study of plants, fungi, algae, and covers subjects of Physiology and Anatomy in detail.
The average tuition fee charged for BSc Botany full-time courses range from INR 15,000 to 1,00,000. The cost required to pursue the course from a distance mode ranges from INR 4,000 to 6,000.
Some of the colleges offering BSc Botany distance education are Nalanda Open University, Patna, Bihar, Directorate Of Distance Education, University Of Mysore and Acharya Nagarjuna University, Centre For Distance Education.
Below table lists the Best Colleges for BSc Botany in India, as per The Week Ranking (2019) :
|The Week Ranking (2019)||College Name||Admission Process||Average Total Fees (INR)||Average Salary (INR)|
|3||Hindu college||Merit-based||18,640||6 LPA|
|4||Miranda House College||Merit-based||19,490||3-5 LPA|
|5||Hansraj College||Merit-based||21,395||5.5 LPA|
|8||Fergusson College||Merit-based||11,025||4.46 LPA|
|9||Ramjas College||Merit-based||14,610||3-5 LPA|
After the course completion, BSc Botany graduates can expect a salary of around INR 4 to 8 LPA for the positions of Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer, etc.
Some of the popular recruiting firms are National Chemical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Ecology, Greenpeace, Centre for Science and Environment, Environmental Education, etc. These companies hire large numbers of BSc Botany graduates every year.
After successfully obtaining the degree, students can also go for higher studies by taking up popular courses like M.Sc. Botany and M.Sc. Environmental Management. This will help the students to get exposed to advanced jobs and research opportunities further.
BSc Botany Admission Process
The admission process for BSc Botany is done based on the marks obtained in the qualifying exam and on merit. Candidates are required to meet the cut-off score, issued by top Bsc Botany colleges under DU and other universities. If the student falls in the cut-off criterion, then he/she may be granted an admission based on the merit list.
However, some colleges like Christ University, BHU and a few more also conduct their own entrances for admission to BSc Botany courses. In that case, students are shortlisted on the basis of the scores acquired in the entrances.
BSc Botany Eligibility
The eligibility for pursuing a BSc Botany course is:
- Students must have cleared 10+2 examinations from a well-recognized board.
- Students from a science background in their high school are preferred.
BSc Botany Entrance Exams
Admission to the course in BHU, OUAT and more are offered after qualifying their respective entrances. Following are some of the popular BSc Botany Entrance examinations conducted in India:
- BHU UET : It is an undergraduate entrance test for admission in various UG courses in Banaras Hindu University.
- OUAT: OUAT is organized by Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology every year for undergraduate admissions.
- IISER IAT: It is conducted by Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research for admission in the courses of science & research.
- GSAT: It is a national level exam conducted every year for admitting aspirants into various UG and PG Science programs offered by GITAM University.
|Exam Name||Last date of Application||Exam date||Exam mode|
|BHU UET||March 21, 2020 till 11:00 PM||To be announced||Online|
|OUAT||June 16, 2020(Extended)||To be notified||Offline|
|GSAT||Extended till further notice||To be announced||Offline|
|IISER IAT||July 08, 2020 (Extended)||August 12, 2020||Online|
How to prepare for BSc Botany entrance tests?
The syllabus of BSc Botany entrance exam may vary depending upon the college/university you are applying to. Since the test is for Undergraduate study, therefore it is nearly equivalent to the 12th studies and most of them require 50% or more score to pass.
Questions may be asked from Crops, Agronomy and Crop Science, Plant Anatomy and Bacteriology. General questions from the subject of crop production and soil management may also be asked in the Entrance Test.
Points to keep in mind while preparing for BSc Botany entrance exams:
- Revise your high school subjects, especially the topics related to Botany, plants or soil.
- A basic knowledge of Static GK is required for General Awareness questions.
- Manage equal time to prepare for all the sections before-hand.
- Solve as many mock papers as possible to get acquainted with the pattern of the exams.
- Keep your head calm and do not panic.
How to get admission in a good BSc Botany college?
Following are the points to help you secure an admission the top BSc Botany colleges like
Hindu college, Miranda House College, Hansraj College, etc.:
- Make sure to have extra-ordinary marks in your 10+2 level.
- If you are willing to appear for any entrance, start preparing for it as per the syllabus.
- Be updated with the important dates of the entrance exams like application process, application deadline, etc.
- Secure a good percentile in the BSc Botany entrance exam conducted by the university you are applying to.
BSc Botany: What is it About?
Check the below listed points to know more about the BSc Botany course details:
- BSc Botany course deals with the scientific study of the plants, algae and fungi.
- It broadly revolves around the aspects of plants including the growth, structure, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, physiology and chemical properties of the plants and plant anatomy in general.
- The course is a vast combination of studying from the basic cell structure to the workings and metabolism of plants on higher levels including their evolution.
- The course is very accurately structured as mostly all the theory based papers are accompanied by practical sessions.
- This 3 years course also provides a hands-on experience to the students in understanding the scientific concepts through practical knowledge.
BSc Botany: Course Highlights
Some of the important highlights of BSc Botany are tabulated below.
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCM/PCB [Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology]|
|Admission Process||Merit or Entrance Examination|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 15,000-1,00,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4-8 LPA|
|Recruiting Areas||Agricultural Research Services, Botanical Survey Senters, Eco-botany,, Environmental Management Units, Fermentation Industries, Farm Management Organizations, Floriculture Sector, etc.|
Top Job Positions
|Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer, Conservationist, Botanist, Ecologist, Farming Consultant, EthnoBotanist, Forester, Horticulturist, etc.|
|Top Recruiting Companies||National Chemical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Ecology, Greenpeace, Environmental Education, Nature Conservation Foundation, Science and Environment Industry, etc.|
Why study BSc Botany?
Some of the benefits of pursuing a BSc Botany course are:
- Students gain skills and knowledge, which they can apply to do the botanical research and findings in areas such as Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Plant Breeding, etc
- A graduate of BSc Botany can contribute to the environmental Conservation and genetic modification of plants.
- These graduates have diverse job opportunities in both government and private sector jobs with amole jobs rules offered to them.
- BSc Botany professionals are offered an average salary of INR 4-8 LPA.
- National Chemical Laboratory, Indian Institute of Ecology, Wildlife Conservation Society, etc are some of the top recruiters to work with.
- After completing BSc Botany, a student may go for a Master’s Degree or a career in the R&D (Research and Development) sector.
.A detailed comparison between the BSc Botany and BSc Botany Honours. is given below on the basis of major parameters.
|Parameters||BSc Botany||BSc Botany Honours|
|Qualification||Bachelor of Science in Chemistry||Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Honours.|
|Course Overview||BSc Botany outlines the topics such as growth, structure, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, physiology and chemical properties of the plants and plant anatomy in general.||BSc Botany Hons. offers a more detailed and advanced knowledge of subjects like plant growth, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, etc|
|Duration||3 Years||3 Years|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCM/PCB [Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology]||High school degree with science from a recognized university.|
|Admission Process||Merit or Entrance Examination||Merit or Entrance Examination|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 15,000-1,00,000||INR 15,000-1,50,000|
|Top Colleges||Hindu college, Miranda House College, Hansraj College, Fergusson College Ramjas College, etc
||Ramjas College, Bhola Prasad Singh College, Hans Raj College Guru Nanak Dev University, Miranda House, etc|
|Average Salary||INR 4-8 LPA||INR 4-9 LPA|
Source: University websites and Payscale
BSc Botany Colleges
There are more than 632 BSc Botany colleges in India. Most of the best private and public institutions for BSc Botany are located in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata.
Below tables lists some of the top BSc Botany colleges in India:
|College Name||City||Average Total Fee (INR)||Average Salary (INR)|
|Hindu college||New Delhi||18,640||6 LPA|
|Miranda House College||New Delhi||19,490||3-5 LPA|
|Hansraj College||New Delhi||21,395||5.5 LPA|
|Fergusson College||Pune||11,025||4.46 LPA|
|Ramjas College||New Delhi||14,610||3-5 LPA|
|St. Xavier’s College||Ahmedabad||10,000||7 LPA|
|Mount Carmel College||Bangalore||42,000||7.5 LPA|
|Sacred Heart College||Ernakulam||5,900||-|
|Christ University||Bangalore||20,000||4 LPA|
|Jai Hind College||Mumbai||7,300||3|
BSc Botany Distance Education
Admission to BSc Botany can be done on-campus or correspondence mode. For BSc Botany Distance Education, admission is done solely based on Merit. Candidates are required to meet the cut-off to enrol in the course.
The time required to complete BSc Botany Distance Education varies from minimum 3 to maximum 6 years.
Some of the colleges offering BSc Botany Distance Education are tabulated below.
|College Name||Location||Average Total Fee (INR)|
|Acharya Nagarjuna University, Centre For Distance Education||Guntur||4,895|
|Nalanda Open University||Bihar||2,400|
|Directorate Of Distance Education, University Of Mysore||Mysore||6,000|
Source: University websites
The table below demonstrates a comparison between the top BSc Botany colleges in India:
|Parameters||Hindu College||St. Xavier’s College||Jai Hind College|
|College overview||Hindu College was founded in the year 1899 by Late Shri Krishan Das Ji Gurwale. In the beginning it was affiliated under Punjab University but at present it is affiliated under Delhi University.||St. Xavier’s College, located in Ahmedabad is a private autonomous college. It is affiliated with Gujarat University. The college offers many UG and PG level courses in Arts, Sciences and Commerce. Admission is done based on the merit list.||Jai Hind College, located in Mumbai, was founded in 1948. It is affiliated to the University of Mumbai. Jai Hind college offers several UG and PG degrees in the fields of Arts, Commerce, and Science.|
|The Week Ranking||3||24||29|
|Average Annual Fee||INR 18,640||INR 9,568||INR 7,300|
|Average Annual Package||6 LPA||7 LPA||3 LPA|
|Top recruiters||Deutsche Bank, Reliance Group, TCS, Genpact, Pernod-Ricard et||TCS, Infosys, LIfe Sciences, Deloitte, KPMG, EY, etc||Accenture, Genpact, American Express, hcl tech, kotak Mahindra bank, etc|
BSc Botany Syllabus
BSc Botany syllabus consists of core subjects like Diversity of Microbes, Cell Biology, Genetics, Plant Anatomy, Plant Embryology, Biodiversity- Algae and Microbiology and more.
BSc Botany subjects are a mixture of both theoretical and practical classes. Students are also required to give a practical test each year in the even semester.
Mentioned below is a year-wise breakup of the BSc Botany syllabus.
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3|
|Introduction to Biology||Plant Resource Utilization||Plant Systematics & Evolution|
|Algae and Microbiology||Mathematics and Statistics||Plant Physiology|
|Chemistry-I||Cell Biology - I||Environmental Management / Bioinformatics|
|Technical writing and Communication in English / Computational skills||Molecular Biology - 1||Genetics & Genomics -I|
|Mycology & Phytopathology||Plant Development and Anatomy||Plant Metabolism|
|Archegoniatae||Ecology and Phytogeography||Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms|
|Chemistry –II||Cell Biology II||Plant Biotechnology|
|Biochemistry||Molecular Biology - II||Genetics & Genomics - II|
BSc Botany Books
The books for the BSc Botany course are not fixed and vary from one university to another. However, some of the books mentioned below are the ones which are widely used throughout the country for BSc Botany learning.
|Name of the book||Author|
|Cell- A Molecular Approach||Cooper and Hausmann|
|Principles of Genetics||Gardner, Simmons and Snustad|
|Plant Physiology||Taiz and Zeiger|
|Principles of Biochemistry||Lehninger|
BSc Botany Jobs & Career Options
Upon successful completion of the program, graduates get exposed to a number of BSc Botany Jobs, Some of them are Plant Pathologist, Ecologist, Nursery Manager, Plant Explorer and Conservationist.
BSc Botany salary ranges between INR 4-8 LPA.The different areas of employment that are enjoyed by BSc Botany graduates are:
- Agricultural Research Services
- Botanical Survey Centers
- Biotechnology Firms
- Fermentation Industries
- Environmental Management Units
- Food Industry and Herbal Industry
Some of the top recruiting companies for BSc Botany graduates are:
- National Chemical Laboratory
- Wildlife SOS
- Indian Institute of Ecology
- Wildlife Conservation Society
- Centre for Science and Environment
- Environmental Education
- Nature Conservation Foundation
Listed below are some of the popular BSc Botany jobs, along with their corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered:
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Salary (INR)|
|Forester||Forester is the person responsible for managing forests. From time harvest management to the management of secured areas, they perform various related duties.||4 LPA|
|Ecologist||An Ecologist is a person who is in charge of the Ecosystem within some boundary or area. Assessing the diversifying organisms, survey ecosystems and behaviour of the various organisms are some of the regular jobs of these professionals.||3.5 LPA|
|Biological Technician||Biological Technicians are responsible for the experiments which deal with living things. He can also be termed as a scientist helper/technician. The work also includes setting up and maintaining tools and equipment.||5 LPA|
|Botanist||Botanist is responsible for researching different types of plants and they determine how various plants affect various environments.||6 LPA|
|Horticulturist||Horticulturist conducts researches on the areas of production of crops,, gardening, plant propagation, plant psychology, plant breeding, and plant biochemistry, etc||5.5 LPA|
BSc Botany Scope
Upon successful completion of BSc Botany degree, a candidate may go for Lectureship or may go for higher education/ Higher degrees from some renowned institutions. Some of top colleges to pursue a master's degree in the same domain are St. Xaviers, Mumbai, Christ University, Bangalore, etc
Some of the immediate chosen options after BSc Botany are:
With the expansion of research practices all over the world, a candidate may also pursue an M.Phil in Botany or a PHD in Botany as the next option to their career growth, after completing their masters. One can pursue these research courses from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Technology - [IIT], Kanpur, etc.
BSc Botany: FAQs
Ques. Is BSc Botany easy?
Ans. If you have the interest and curiosity to learn the subjects then BSc Botany might seem easy to you. Botany is nothing but the branch of biology that deals with study of plants morphology, identification, growth, reproduction and taxonomy.
Ques. Is Botany harder than Zoology?
Ans. Students consider Zoology easy because human biology often matches with that of animal biology. On the other hand plants seem strange and the terminology is not so familiar, thus seeming a little harder.
Ques. What is the duration for a BSc Botany course in India?
Ans. The duration for a BSc Botany is generally 3 years in India.
Ques. What are some of the most popular colleges offering BSc Botany?
Ans. Some of the most famous institutions offering BSc Botany degree is given below:
Ques. What is the average annual fee for a BSc Botany course?
Ans. The average fee charged by BSc Botany Colleges ranges between INR 15,000-1,00,000 Per Annum. It can be higher or lower depending upon the college which you have selected.
Ques. What are some of the BSc Botany subjects?
Ans Some of the BSc Botany subjects are:
- Plant Cell Biology
- Plant Anatomy
Ques. What can one do after completing a course of BSc Botany?
Ans. Candidates can either make their career in the field of Botany or may choose to study further. M.Sc. Botany and M.Sc. Environmental Management are the two most chosen courses after BSc Botany.
Ques. What is the career scope for a BSc Botany in the Government Sector and Private Sector?
Ans. Graduates of BSc Botany can apply for government jobs in State Departments, Environmental Protection Agency, National Chemical Laboratory,Botanical Survey of India,etc.. As per the private sector jobs are considered, there are many companies, such as Wildlife Trust of India, Wildlife Conservation Society, Nature Conservation Foundation, Greenpeace, etc.which recruits them on a contractual or permanent basis.
Ques. Which universities offer Distance Education for BSc Botany in India?
Ans. There are only a few universities in India, which offer students to pursue a Bachelor of Science degree in Botany in the distance or correspondence mode.
Some of the colleges and universities are:
- Nalanda Open University, Patna, Bihar
- Directorate Of Distance Education, University Of Mysore
- Acharya Nagarjuna University, Centre For Distance Education