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Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Geology) - Course Overview




    3 YEARS


    Earth Science



Updated On - January 11th 2019 By SAKSHI GUPTA

B.Sc. in Geology Colleges, Syllabus and Scope

B.Sc. in Geology is an undergraduate course in science offered across a range of private and government institutes across India. Geology involves the study of solid Earth, rocks, other solid structures, minerals, physical and chemical properties, water resources and the processes and reactions by which their state and properties change.  It is essentially Earth Science.
The science of geology is not limited to the study of planet earth alone, it also covers the study of solid surface, structures and properties of celestial bodies (other planets, meteors and satellites). This sub-discipline of Geology is called Astrogeology.

In the study and analysis of solid earth and other geologic data mentioned above, areas of study such as history of evolution of the earth, presence and distribution of natural resources (minerals, petroleum, natural gas, hydrocarbons etc.), presence and distribution of groundwater, climate change, environmental problems and natural hazards are also covered. The discipline involves a lot of outdoor work, activity, and exploration.

The average course fees in India ranges between INR 10,000 and 30,000. The average annual salary offered to successful postgraduates of the course varies between INR 4 and 5 lacs.

B.Sc. in Geology: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course LevelGraduate
Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester System
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized university
Admission ProcessDirect admission. Entrance exams in cases of a few institutes.
Course FeeINR 10,000 - 30,000
Average Starting SalaryINR 4 - 5 lacs
Top Recruiting Fields/AreasGSI (Geological Survey of India), ONGC, SAIL, Coal India, GMDC (Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation), Government- operated Quarries etc.

B.Sc. in Geology: What is it About?

Geology is a multidisciplinary field consisting of further sub-disciplines and sections such as Mineralogy, Petrology, Astrogeology, Stratigraphy, Hydrogeology, Sedimentology, Seismology, Marine Geology, Volcanology, Geomorphology, Crystallography, Gemmology, Seismology, Oceanography, Geophysics, Geochemistry, Mining Engineering and Economic Geology.

B.Sc. in Geology: Who Should opt?

Candidates aspiring to pursue the course would ideally be proficient in teamwork, communication and quantitative skills, Critical thinking & problem- solving skills, attention to detail, interpersonal skills, integration and application of knowledge, observational and investigative skills, professional values & ethics.

Such candidates would ideally be inquisitive, and have adequate physical stamina for fieldwork.

Top Institutes Offering B.Sc. in Geology

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by them

Name of InstituteCityAverage Fees in INR
Dibrugarh UniversityDibrugarh, Assam20,000
M. G. Science InstituteAhmedabad, Gujarat18,000
Assabah Science and Arts CollegeMalappuram, Kerala1,12,000
M. E. S Ponnani CollegePonnani, Kerala67,800
Himalayan UniversityArunachal Pradesh48,000
Presidency InstituteKolkata11,400
Sree Narayana CollegeCherthala, Kerala5,310
Shivaji UniversityKolhapur30,000

Eligibility for B.Sc. in Geology

The basic criterion of eligibility needed to be met for admission to the course is a Higher Secondary (10+2) or equivalent qualification from a recognized educational Board, with Physics, Chemistry and Biology and/ or Math as main subjects and a minimum aggregate score of 55%.

B.Sc. in Geology: Admission Process

Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level. A few institutes however, shortlist students based on their performance in an additional entrance test conducted at their own level.

B.Sc. in Geology: Career Prospects

Successful postgraduates of the course find lucrative opportunities in areas such as Mineral Exploration, Mineral Processing, Mineral Mining, Mining, Mineral Production, Mineral Extraction, Coal Extraction, Exotic Gem Mining, Private Refineries, Oil and Natural Gas Exploration, and Oil and Natural Gas Extraction etc. in both private and government sectors.
Some of the popular government- sector recruiters include the following:

  • GSI (Geological Survey of India)
  • ONGC
  • SAIL
  • Coal India
  • GMDC (Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation)
  • Government operated Quarries
  • National Mineral Development Corporation
  • Odisha Mining Corporation
  • Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals
  • Tamil Nadu Minerals Limited
  • DRDO
  • ISRO

Such graduates are also employed in allied sectors such as Metallurgical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Mining Engineering.

Some of the popular avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

B.Sc. in Geology

Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary in INR
GeologistGeologists study the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the earth. A Geologist’s main tasks include exploration, research, gathering samples, operating geologic equipment and instruments, field work, data analysis and processing, research and development etc. The work profile of a Geologist depends a lot on the specialization that he/she has.5 – 6 lacs
HydrogeologistHydrogeologists are trained to study subterraneous water formations. They typically have a background in Geoscience, and have job opportunities in a variety of industries including, construction, hazardous waste, environmental protection, and research.5 – 6.5 lacs
PetrologistPetrologists are rock experts. They study all types of rocks ranging from tiny pebbles to enormous rock formations.4 - 5 lacs
Marine GeologistMarine Geologists may use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge for exploration of oil, gas, minerals, or underground waste, or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems.4 - 5 lacs
SeismologistSeismology is the study of earthquakes, their formation and the factors causing tremors and seismic movements. Geophysicists and Field Seismologists have similar objectives.4.5 - 6 lacs
Mine SupervisorMine Supervisors supervise a staff which prepares, inspects, and works in mining projects such as underground or surface mining. They ensure that the staff performs project research, design calculations, and records accuracy of mining activities.6 – 7.5 lacs

B.Sc. in Geology: Syllabus and Course Description

A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

Year 1

Earth Science
Mineral Science
Structural Geology

Year 2

Igneous Petrology
Sedimentary Petrology
Metamorphic Petrology
Stratigraphic Principles

Year 3

Indian Stratigraphy
Economic Geology
Engineering Geology
Remote Sensing and GIS



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