B.Sc. in Geology is an undergraduate course in science offered across a range of private and government institutes across India. Geology involves the study of solid Earth, rocks, other solid structures, minerals, physical and chemical properties, water resources and the processes and reactions by which their state and properties change. It is essentially Earth Science.
The science of geology is not limited to the study of planet earth alone, it also covers the study of solid surface, structures and properties of celestial bodies (other planets, meteors and satellites). This sub-discipline of Geology is called Astrogeology.
In the study and analysis of solid earth and other geologic data mentioned above, areas of study such as history of evolution of the earth, presence and distribution of natural resources (minerals, petroleum, natural gas, hydrocarbons etc.), presence and distribution of groundwater, climate change, environmental problems and natural hazards are also covered. The discipline involves a lot of outdoor work, activity, and exploration.
The average course fees in India ranges between INR 10,000 and 30,000. The average annual salary offered to successful postgraduates of the course varies between INR 4 and 5 lacs.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Direct admission. Entrance exams in cases of a few institutes.|
|Course Fee||INR 10,000 - 30,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4 - 5 lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||GSI (Geological Survey of India), ONGC, SAIL, Coal India, GMDC (Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation), Government- operated Quarries etc.|
Geology is a multidisciplinary field consisting of further sub-disciplines and sections such as Mineralogy, Petrology, Astrogeology, Stratigraphy, Hydrogeology, Sedimentology, Seismology, Marine Geology, Volcanology, Geomorphology, Crystallography, Gemmology, Seismology, Oceanography, Geophysics, Geochemistry, Mining Engineering and Economic Geology.
Candidates aspiring to pursue the course would ideally be proficient in teamwork, communication and quantitative skills, Critical thinking & problem- solving skills, attention to detail, interpersonal skills, integration and application of knowledge, observational and investigative skills, professional values & ethics.
Such candidates would ideally be inquisitive, and have adequate physical stamina for fieldwork.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by them
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees in INR|
|Dibrugarh University||Dibrugarh, Assam||20,000|
|M. G. Science Institute||Ahmedabad, Gujarat||18,000|
|Assabah Science and Arts College||Malappuram, Kerala||1,12,000|
|M. E. S Ponnani College||Ponnani, Kerala||67,800|
|Himalayan University||Arunachal Pradesh||48,000|
|Sree Narayana College||Cherthala, Kerala||5,310|
The basic criterion of eligibility needed to be met for admission to the course is a Higher Secondary (10+2) or equivalent qualification from a recognized educational Board, with Physics, Chemistry and Biology and/ or Math as main subjects and a minimum aggregate score of 55%.
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level. A few institutes however, shortlist students based on their performance in an additional entrance test conducted at their own level.
Successful postgraduates of the course find lucrative opportunities in areas such as Mineral Exploration, Mineral Processing, Mineral Mining, Mining, Mineral Production, Mineral Extraction, Coal Extraction, Exotic Gem Mining, Private Refineries, Oil and Natural Gas Exploration, and Oil and Natural Gas Extraction etc. in both private and government sectors.
Some of the popular government- sector recruiters include the following:
Such graduates are also employed in allied sectors such as Metallurgical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Mining Engineering.
Some of the popular avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Geologist||Geologists study the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the earth. A Geologist’s main tasks include exploration, research, gathering samples, operating geologic equipment and instruments, field work, data analysis and processing, research and development etc. The work profile of a Geologist depends a lot on the specialization that he/she has.||5 – 6 lacs|
|Hydrogeologist||Hydrogeologists are trained to study subterraneous water formations. They typically have a background in Geoscience, and have job opportunities in a variety of industries including, construction, hazardous waste, environmental protection, and research.||5 – 6.5 lacs|
|Petrologist||Petrologists are rock experts. They study all types of rocks ranging from tiny pebbles to enormous rock formations.||4 - 5 lacs|
|Marine Geologist||Marine Geologists may use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge for exploration of oil, gas, minerals, or underground waste, or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems.||4 - 5 lacs|
|Seismologist||Seismology is the study of earthquakes, their formation and the factors causing tremors and seismic movements. Geophysicists and Field Seismologists have similar objectives.||4.5 - 6 lacs|
|Mine Supervisor||Mine Supervisors supervise a staff which prepares, inspects, and works in mining projects such as underground or surface mining. They ensure that the staff performs project research, design calculations, and records accuracy of mining activities.||6 – 7.5 lacs|
A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Remote Sensing and GIS|