Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Geology) - Course Overview




    3 YEARS


    Earth Science



    BSc (Bachelor of Science) Geology Course Admission, Syllabus, College, Exams, Jobs, Salary 2020-21

    Sakshi Gupta Sakshi Gupta
    Content Curator

    BSc Geology or Bachelor of Science in Geology is a 3 year-long undergraduate level bachelor degree course focused on earth science. The course involves the study of rocks, minerals, other solid substances, their compositions, their history and other processes involving them.

    This course is spread over 6 semesters and covers subjects like environmental science, earth science, mineral science, the study of other natural resources (like water, petroleum, natural gas etc), their positioning and presence, climate change and related problems etc. The course also includes fieldwork and exploration.

    BSc Geology Colleges in KolkataBSc Geology Colleges in Hyderabad

    To be eligible to apply for this course, a candidate must have a minimum of 55% marks in HSC (10+2). The candidates must complete 10+2 in science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology along with English as a compulsory language from any recognised education board.

    Key Highlights for BSc Geology 

    • Full-Form: Bachelor of Science in Geology

    • Duration: 3 years 

    • Minimum Eligibility: 10+2 with PCM

    • Admission Process: Merit-based or Entrance-Based

    • Top BSc Geology entrance Exam: BHU UET 

    • Top Colleges: BHU, Hansraj College, Fergusson College 

    • Distance Education or Correspondence: Available 

    • Colleges Providing BSc Geology in distance learning mode: IGNOU, Chhattisgarh University. 

    • Dual Degree: BSc - MSc Dual degree. 

    • Top institutes providing dual degree: IISER Kolkata 

    • Top BSc Geology Jobs and Career Prospects: Marine Geologists, Petroleum Geologists, Hydrogeologist, Paleontologist 

    Admission to BSc Geology is generally on a merit basis. However, some institutes may conduct their own entrance examinations like Banaras Hindu University.

    The list of some top colleges in India offering BSc Geology are given below:

    Ranking (NIRF 2020)Name of the InstituteAdmission CriteriaAverage Fees (INR)Average Placements (INR)
    5Presidency College, ChennaiMerit-based1,2621,40,000
    9Hansraj College, DelhiMerit-based21,3954,50,000
    42Fergusson College, PuneMerit-based12,0003,00,000
    90St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai Merit-based71876,50,000
    --MG Science Institute, Ahmedabad Merit-Based 18,0001,80,000

    The average fees charged for this course lies between the range of INR 10,000 to INR 30,000.

    Dual degree courses of BSc Geology-M.Sc Geology spread over a span of 5 years are also offered by some colleges and Universities like IISER, Kolkata.

    Alert: The admission process for many of the colleges providing BSc Geology courses were delayed due to the COVID-19 crisis. The BHU entrance exam BHU-UET has been postponed and the new dates have not been announced yet.

    Several job opportunities are also available after completing BSc in Geology. Some of the job profiles offered are- Geologist, Petrologist, Hydrogeologist, Mine Supervisor, etc in some of the top companies. The starting salary offered after BSc Geology is around INR 3-4 LPA.

    After pursuing BSc Geology, students can also opt for higher studies and can opt for M.Sc Geology, M.Sc Petroleum Geology, M.Sc Marine Geology, PhD courses etc.

    BSc Geology Admission Process

    BSc Geology Admission Process

    Admission to BSc Geology is generally on the basis of merit list (marks scored in HSC- 10+2). However, some colleges may conduct their own entrance examinations.


    • Candidates after completing their 12th can easily apply for this course on the official websites of college, once the application window is opened.
    • After the application window is closed, colleges release their merit list of selected candidates.
    • Subsequent lists may be released by colleges depending on the number of students applied and a number of seats available.
    • The cutoffs of the reputed colleges generally range between 75% - 85%.
    • The cutoffs for the topmost colleges like presidency college can even go above 90% marks. 

    Entrance Based

    • Some colleges like BHU conduct their own entrances as criteria to admit students into BSc Geology.
    • Apply for the entrances, if any, on the official website of conducting college as required.
    • Candidates are selected on the basis of marks scored in these entrance examinations.

    Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for BSc Geology course:

    Step-1: Visit the official website of the college.

    Step-2: Read all the instructions given on the website and then register yourself by creating an account.

    Step-3: Sign-in into your account and fill necessary details- personal details, academic details etc.

    Step-4: Upload the necessary documents as required.

    Step-5: Recheck all the information that you have filled before going further.

    Step-6: Complete your registration by paying the application fees.

    Step-7: Download or print the application form for any future reference.

    Step-8: Apply for the entrance exam, if any.

    Step-9: Keep checking the official website for any further updates. 

    admission process

    BSc Geology Eligibility Criteria

    All the candidates applying for the BSc Geology programme need to comply with the eligibility criteria prescribed by the college. The basic eligibility criteria are:

    • Candidates must have completed their HSC (10+2) with minimum 55% marks from any recognised board.
    • Candidates should have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics along with English as main subjects.
    • A relaxation of 5% marks may be given to candidates belonging to reserved categories.

    However, the eligibility criteria may differ from college to college.

    BSc Geology Entrance Exams

    Some Colleges or Universities conduct their own entrance examination for admission into BSc Geology programmes. Some of these entrances are given below:

    • BHU UET 2020- Candidates applying at Banaras Hindu University need to appear for BHU UET Entrance examination conducted by the University for undergraduate courses.

    Exam NameApplication PeriodExam DateMode of Exam
    BHU-UET 2020January 30, 2020- February 29, 2020To be announcedOnline

    How to Prepare for the Entrance Exam?

    One can easily excel in entrance examinations if they already know about the pattern of the entrance exam.

    • BHU-UET has 3 sections for BSc Geology course namely – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
    • Each section carries 50 marks.
    • The duration of the exam is 150 minutes.
    • It is an Objective type entrance examination i.e their Multiple Choice Questions in each section.

    Points to remember while preparing for entrance examinations.

    • The questions in all the sections are based on the topics studied in school till class 12th in each subject.
    • To excel in this entrance exam, candidates must prepare all these topics.
    • Identify your weak areas and give more time to them.
    • Practice previous year’s question papers and sample paper and analyse.
    • Revision is the most important step in preparing for any entrance exam. So, revise all the concepts thoroughly.

    How to get admission in a good BSc Geology college?

    Generally, admission to most of the BSc Geology colleges is on the basis of marks scored in class 12th only, however, some colleges or universities may conduct their own admission test.

    • For merit-based, candidates need to score a good percentage in HSC or 10+2 examinations. Generally, the cut off for merit list for top colleges lies above 90% marks.
    • For the entrance exam, be updated about the syllabus of entrance exams and practice previous year’s papers.
    • Prepare well for class 12th examinations and entrances, if any. Practice previous year’s question papers.
    • Candidates need to be updated about those BSc Geology colleges and their admission process where they want to apply.
    • Apply at the college website when the application window is open.
    BSc Geology: What is it About?

    BSc Geology: What is it About?

    BSc Geology is a 3 year under graduation course, desirable for those who want to study about the structure, composition and components of Earth.

    • The programme teaches you about various rocks, minerals, fossils, crystals etc that are found on and under the earth’s surface.
    • It includes the study of mineralogy, palaeontology, petrology, economic geology, hydrogeology, stratigraphy, structural geology etc.
    • The course also includes mandatory fieldwork and practicals of different theory subjects.
    • Moreover, this course provides you with a great knowledge of nature and different natural phenomena like earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis and many others, how they occur, their after-effects etc.
    • After completion of this course, students can either pursue higher studies or can work in different departments in both the private and government sector.
    • M.Sc and PhD courses with multiple specialisations can be pursued after this course.
    • The course is also available as a distance education option.
    bsc geology

    BSc Geology Course Highlights

    Some of the important details about BSc Geology course are listed below in the table:

    Course LevelUndergraduate Course
    Full FormBachelor of Science- Geology
    Duration3 years
    Examination TypeSemester type
    Eligibility10+2 with PCM/PCB and English with min 55% marks
    Admission ProcessMerit-based
    Course FeesINR 10,000 to INR 70,000
    Average Salary (INR)4,00,000 – 6,00,000
    Top Recruiting CompaniesGAIL, ONGC, Geological Survey of India (GSI), Coal India, ISRO, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Hindustan Zinc Ltd
    Job PositionsGeologist, Seismologist, Hydrogeologist, Mine Supervisor, Petroleum Geologist, Paleontologist, Earth Science Teachers etc.
    Why BSc Geology course?

    Why BSc Geology course?

    BSc Geology course is pursued by a lot of students these days. Given below are some reasons why you can think of pursuing this course:

    • Various Job Opportunities: After completion of BSc Geology course, a plethora of job opportunities are available for candidates. Job Opportunities are available in various government and private sectors. Candidates can work as geologists, hydrogeologists, palaeontologists, marine geologists etc.
    • Decent Salary: The entry-level salary of BSc Geology graduates is around INR 4 to 5 lakh per annum. With higher experience, the candidates can end up earning more than INR 18 lakh per annum in any field.
    • Various Career Options: Candidates pursuing BSc Geology have multiple options to opt as a career. Candidates can wish to pursue higher studies like M.Sc and PHD thereafter or can opt for various jobs available.
    • Top Recruiters: Some of the top companies recruit students who completed their BSc in Geology like- Geological Survey of India (GSI), Schlumberger, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Oil India Limited (OIL), GAIL, etc.
    BSc Geology Vs BSc Geography

    Course Comparison

    BSc Geology and BSc Geography 

    Both courses are good courses and are undergraduate level courses.

    Some of the differences between BSc Geology and  BSc Geography are given in the table below to help you choose the course that you want to pursue:

    ParametersBSc GeologyBSc Geography 
    OverviewThis course is an in-depth study of the composition and structure of the earth. It gives equal emphasis on both internal and external features of the earth. This course is mainly concerned with the study of external features of the earth surface including maps, location of water bodies, inhabitants, etc. 
    Admission CriteriaMerit-based or entrance basedMerit-based or entrance based
    Cut OffsCut Offs are usually high for this courseCut Offs are usually high for this course
    Duration3 year3 year
    Examination TypeSemester typeSemester type
    Average Annual Fees INR 10,000- INR 70,000INR 5,000- INR 3,00,000
    Eligibility10+2 with PCM/PCB10+2 with PCM/PCB
    Top CollegesHansraj College Delhi, MG Science Institute Ahmedabad, Fergusson College Pune. Madras Christian College, Presidency College Chennai, Loreto College Kolkata 
    Job RolesGeologists, Hydrogeologists, Paleontologist, Mine SupervisorsGeographer, Urban Planner, Cartographer, GIS Specialist
    Top Recruiting Companies/agencies ONGC, GSI, GAIL, ISRO, Coal India, NTPCPlanetariums, Armed Forces, ONGC, Coal India
    Average SalaryINR 5 LPAINR 7 LPA
    BSc Geology

    Source: College Websites 

    Top BSc Geography Colleges in IndiaBSc Geography Admission Process 
    BSc Geology Top Colleges

    BSc Geology Top Colleges

    Below are given two different tables for top colleges and top universities offering BSc Geology courses:

    Name of the Institute Location Average Annual Fees (INR) Average Placement Package (INR) 
    Hansraj CollegeDelhi21,3954.5 LPA
    Fergusson CollegePune12,0003 LPA
    Ram Lal Anand CollegeDelhi21,0003.5 LPA
    M G Science InstituteAhmedabad 180001.8 LPA
    Presidency CollegeChennai 1,262-
    Dibrugarh UniversityAssam 20,000-
    Presidency UniversityKolkata 4,391-
    Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi 1,9824.5 LPA
    Parul UniversityVadodara 30,000-
    average annual fee vs college

    Source: College Websites 

    College Comparison

    Given below is the comparison between two top colleges offering BSc Geology programme:

    ParametersHansraj CollegeFergusson College
    OverviewThe college was founded in 1948 and provides its students with various committees, clubs and research opportunities.The college was established in 1895 and has various international collaborations.
    Ranking (NIRF 2020)942
    Affiliated toDelhi UniversitySavitriBai Phule Pune University
    Admission CriteriaMerit-basedMerit-based
    Average Fees (INR)21,39512000
    Average Placements (INR)4.5 LPA3 LPA
    Top Recruiting CompaniesGAIL, ONGC, Oil India, NTPC, Geological Survey of India etc.Schulemberger, Geological Survey of India, GSDA, ONGC, PRL, CWPRS
    bsc chemistry vs bsc geology

     Source: College Websites

    BSc Geology Distance Education

    • Some colleges also offer an option of Distance Education to pursue BSc Geology.
    • This option is suitable for working professionals or for those who are studying some other course and also want to study BSc Geology as a side option.
    • The eligibility criteria for this course is also similar- candidates should have minimum 55% marks in class 12th examinations with PCM or PCM as subjects along with English from a recognised board.
    • There may be additional relaxation in marks for candidates belonging to reserved categories.
    • The admission to these colleges is usually merit based, i.e., on the basis of marks scored in class 12th examinations.

    Some of the colleges offering BSc Geology in Distance Education are:

    College NameLocationAverage Annual Fees Course Duration 
    IGNOUDelhiINR 12,6003 Years
    Chhattisgarh University RaipurINR 15,0003 Years

    The average fees of these colleges lie between INR 10,000 to INR 40,000.

    BSc Geology Syllabus

    BSc Geology Syllabus

    The semester wise breakup of BSc Geology as given by UGC- University Grants Commission of India is given below in the table:

    Earth System ScienceElements of Geochemistry
    Mineral ScienceStructural Geology
    Communicative EnglishEnvironmental Science
    Semester-3Semester- 4 
    Igneous PetrologyMetamorphic Petrology
    Sedimentary PetrologyStratigraphic Principles and Indian Stratigraphy
    Field Work-IField Work-II
    Semester -5Semester-6
    Economic GeologyEngineering Geology
    GeomorphologyRemote Sensing and GIS
    Elective -1Elective -3
    Elective- 2Elective -4
    • GE or General Electives in the first 4 semesters and Electives in the last two semesters are to be selected by candidates from the options of subjects given by the college.
    • The course also includes practicals and field training.

    BSc Geology Books

    Some of the books for BSc Geology Students are given below:

    Book NameAuthor
    Igneous PetrologyJ.D. Winter
    Structural GeologySK Ghosh
    Geology of PetroleumArville Irving Levorsen
    Exploring GeologyReynolds
    Essentials of GeologyFredrick K. Lutgens
    Foundations of Earth ScienceFredrick K. Lutgens
    Sedimentary PetrologyS.M. Sengupta
    Elements of GeologyS.M. Mathur
    GeochemistryMason and Moore
    BSc Geology Job Prospects and Career Options

    BSc Geology Job Prospects and Career Options

    After completing their BSc Geology, candidates can either look for job options or can opt for higher studies.

    • Multiple job options are available for students in various government and private companies in different industries- oil industry, research area, mineral industry, mining industries etc.
    • Candidates can also pursue M.Sc in Biology or PhD thereafter. PhD course is available with a number of specialisations. Candidates can work in teaching institutions after completing their PhD.

    Some of the Job profiles offered to BSc Geology students with their description and average salary are given below:

    Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Salary (INR)
    PalaeontologistA palaeontologist is scientists who study fossils of extinct flora and fauna species. They may work in labs, teach in institutions, conduct fieldwork for research.5.5 LPA
    GeologistGeologists are those scientists who study the different components that make up the structure of the earth and other terrestrial planets. They travel on sites, gather samples, develop research proposals, conduct research, analyse data etc.5 LPA
    Petroleum GeologistsThese are those scientists who work in the field of petroleum geology. They work on all aspects of extraction, estimation and processing of oil, petroleum, gas and other combustible resources buried in the earth.8 LPA
    Mine SupervisorsMine Supervisors are responsible for conducting and managing mining activities. They are responsible to ensure the safety of mine workers, to supervise that targets are achieved and are of high quality, assigning shifts, training and development of workers, maintaining data etc.2.36 LPA
    HydrogeologistThese are the scientists who work in the area of underground water. Their main responsibility is to monitor and analyse the flow of underground water, its distribution, quality and quantity. They also work to devise the measures to preserve underground water.5.91 LPA
    Marine GeologistMarine Geologists are those people who study about areas affected by marines, coastal areas, under ocean ground, estuaries etc.7 LPA

    The graph below shows the various Job Profiles offered to BSc Geology students and their average salary:

    average annual salary INR LPA vs Job profile

    Source: Payscale

    BSc Geology Future Scope

    BSc Geology Future Scope

    BSc Geology opens up a number of opportunities and career options for candidates.

    • Students can opt for higher studies. They can opt for M.Sc in their field of interest. M.Sc course after BSc Geology is available with a number of specialisations- Mineralogy, Paleontology etc.
    • Students can opt for jobs in various public and private sectors. The pay package for entry-level jobs is quite decent, however, you can always earn higher with higher experience.
    • Students can also give exams for various civil services like UPSC etc. 
    • After completing MSc, students can go for PhD degrees. 
    BSc Geology FAQs

    BSc Geology FAQs

    Ques. What is the full form of BSc Geology?

    Ans. The full form of BSc Geology is Bachelor of Science- Geology.

     Ques. What are some of the sub-disciplines of BSc Geology?

    Ans. Some of the sub-disciplines of BSc Geology are mineralogy, hydrogeology, palaeontology, astrogeology, economic geology, geochemistry, petrology etc.

    Ques. What is the minimum cut off for general BSc Geology DU Admissions?

    Ans. Only two colleges of DU offers BSc Geology as a regular course- Hansraj College and Ram Lal Anand College. The cut off for General category students for theses colleges is around 98+ and 90+ respectively.

    Ques. Is it possible to do MBA after BSc Geology?

    Ans. Yes, you can pursue MBA BSc in Geology provided you meet the eligibility criteria for MBA.

    Ques. What are employment opportunities available after BSc Geology?

    Ans. A number of firms recruit BSc Geology students for various job roles such as geologists, Marine geologists, assistant soil scientist, palaeontologist, mine supervisor, technical analyst etc. You can also work in teaching institutions.

    Ques.  What skills can be acquired by pursuing BSc Geology?

    Ans. Students pursuing BSc Geology are required to have multiple skills- communication skills, oral and graphical methods, interpersonal skills, presentation skills, numerical problems solving skills, etc.

    Ques. Is it possible to pursue LLB after BSc Geology?

    Ans. Yes, you can pursue LLB after BSc Geology provided you meet the eligibility criteria.

    Ques. Which is better BSc Geology or BSc Microbiology?

    Ans. Both are different subjects and deal with different areas of study. BSc Geology deals with the study of structure and composition of Earth and BSc Microbiology deals with the study of microorganisms. Both the courses are good and any of them can be pursued as per your interest.

    Ques. Is BSc Geology a good major?

    Ans. Yes, BSc Geology is a good major which provides you with ample opportunities to work in fascinating areas. It is all about the study of earth science. However, it really depends on the interest of the candidate whether to pursue this course or not to pursue.

    Ques. When will the registration in Delhi University start for BSc Geology courses?

    Ans.  The admission process for Delhi University has been started. The last date to apply for DU 2020 admissions is 4 July 2020. You can apply by visiting on official site of DU.

    Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Geology) Fee Structure in India

    1.95 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES1.5 L (Maximum Fee)
    21.17 K (Average Fee)
    2.93 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES3.18 L (Maximum Fee)
    51.79 K (Average Fee)

    Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Geology) Fee Structure by State


    19.38 K
    51.26 K

    Tamil Nadu

    37.71 K
    37.7 K


    33.48 K
    27.76 K

    Madhya Pradesh

    2.61 KPUBLIC COLLEGES64.28 K
    23.51 K
    42.4 K


    9.66 KPUBLIC COLLEGES54.17 K
    28.44 K
    18.27 KPRIVATE COLLEGES20.04 K
    19.16 K


    3.87 K
    1.06 L

    West Bengal

    4.17 KPUBLIC COLLEGES12.69 K
    8.47 K
    12.02 K


    6.01 K
    82.07 K

    Uttar Pradesh

    7.48 KPUBLIC COLLEGES15.89 K
    11.68 K
    38.29 K


    4.3 K
    2.93 K



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