BSc Geology or Bachelor of Science in Geology is a 3 year-long undergraduate level bachelor degree course focused on earth science. The course involves the study of rocks, minerals, other solid substances, their compositions, their history and other processes involving them.
This course is spread over 6 semesters and covers subjects like environmental science, earth science, mineral science, the study of other natural resources (like water, petroleum, natural gas etc), their positioning and presence, climate change and related problems etc. The course also includes fieldwork and exploration.
|BSc Geology Colleges in Kolkata||BSc Geology Colleges in Hyderabad|
To be eligible to apply for this course, a candidate must have a minimum of 55% marks in HSC (10+2). The candidates must complete 10+2 in science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology along with English as a compulsory language from any recognised education board.
Admission to BSc Geology is generally on a merit basis. However, some institutes may conduct their own entrance examinations like Banaras Hindu University.
The list of some top colleges in India offering BSc Geology are given below:
|Ranking (NIRF 2020)||Name of the Institute||Admission Criteria||Average Fees (INR)||Average Placements (INR)|
|5||Presidency College, Chennai||Merit-based||1,262||1,40,000|
|9||Hansraj College, Delhi||Merit-based||21,395||4,50,000|
|42||Fergusson College, Pune||Merit-based||12,000||3,00,000|
|90||St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai||Merit-based||7187||6,50,000|
|--||MG Science Institute, Ahmedabad||Merit-Based||18,000||1,80,000|
The average fees charged for this course lies between the range of INR 10,000 to INR 30,000.
Dual degree courses of BSc Geology-M.Sc Geology spread over a span of 5 years are also offered by some colleges and Universities like IISER, Kolkata.
Several job opportunities are also available after completing BSc in Geology. Some of the job profiles offered are- Geologist, Petrologist, Hydrogeologist, Mine Supervisor, etc in some of the top companies. The starting salary offered after BSc Geology is around INR 3-4 LPA.
Admission to BSc Geology is generally on the basis of merit list (marks scored in HSC- 10+2). However, some colleges may conduct their own entrance examinations.
Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for BSc Geology course:
Step-1: Visit the official website of the college.
Step-2: Read all the instructions given on the website and then register yourself by creating an account.
Step-3: Sign-in into your account and fill necessary details- personal details, academic details etc.
Step-4: Upload the necessary documents as required.
Step-5: Recheck all the information that you have filled before going further.
Step-6: Complete your registration by paying the application fees.
Step-7: Download or print the application form for any future reference.
Step-8: Apply for the entrance exam, if any.
Step-9: Keep checking the official website for any further updates.
All the candidates applying for the BSc Geology programme need to comply with the eligibility criteria prescribed by the college. The basic eligibility criteria are:
However, the eligibility criteria may differ from college to college.
Some Colleges or Universities conduct their own entrance examination for admission into BSc Geology programmes. Some of these entrances are given below:
BHU UET 2020- Candidates applying at Banaras Hindu University need to appear for BHU UET Entrance examination conducted by the University for undergraduate courses.
|Exam Name||Application Period||Exam Date||Mode of Exam|
|BHU-UET 2020||January 30, 2020- February 29, 2020||To be announced||Online|
How to Prepare for the Entrance Exam?
One can easily excel in entrance examinations if they already know about the pattern of the entrance exam.
Points to remember while preparing for entrance examinations.
Generally, admission to most of the BSc Geology colleges is on the basis of marks scored in class 12th only, however, some colleges or universities may conduct their own admission test.
BSc Geology is a 3 year under graduation course, desirable for those who want to study about the structure, composition and components of Earth.
Some of the important details about BSc Geology course are listed below in the table:
|Course Level||Undergraduate Course|
|Full Form||Bachelor of Science- Geology|
|Examination Type||Semester type|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCM/PCB and English with min 55% marks|
|Course Fees||INR 10,000 to INR 70,000|
|Average Salary (INR)||4,00,000 – 6,00,000|
|Top Recruiting Companies||GAIL, ONGC, Geological Survey of India (GSI), Coal India, ISRO, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Hindustan Zinc Ltd|
|Job Positions||Geologist, Seismologist, Hydrogeologist, Mine Supervisor, Petroleum Geologist, Paleontologist, Earth Science Teachers etc.|
BSc Geology course is pursued by a lot of students these days. Given below are some reasons why you can think of pursuing this course:
BSc Geology and BSc Geography
Both courses are good courses and are undergraduate level courses.
Some of the differences between BSc Geology and BSc Geography are given in the table below to help you choose the course that you want to pursue:
|Parameters||BSc Geology||BSc Geography|
|Overview||This course is an in-depth study of the composition and structure of the earth. It gives equal emphasis on both internal and external features of the earth.||This course is mainly concerned with the study of external features of the earth surface including maps, location of water bodies, inhabitants, etc.|
|Admission Criteria||Merit-based or entrance based||Merit-based or entrance based|
|Cut Offs||Cut Offs are usually high for this course||Cut Offs are usually high for this course|
|Duration||3 year||3 year|
|Examination Type||Semester type||Semester type|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 10,000- INR 70,000||INR 5,000- INR 3,00,000|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCM/PCB||10+2 with PCM/PCB|
|Top Colleges||Hansraj College Delhi, MG Science Institute Ahmedabad, Fergusson College Pune.||Madras Christian College, Presidency College Chennai, Loreto College Kolkata|
|Job Roles||Geologists, Hydrogeologists, Paleontologist, Mine Supervisors||Geographer, Urban Planner, Cartographer, GIS Specialist|
|Top Recruiting Companies/agencies||ONGC, GSI, GAIL, ISRO, Coal India, NTPC||Planetariums, Armed Forces, ONGC, Coal India|
|Average Salary||INR 5 LPA||INR 7 LPA|
Source: College Websites
|Top BSc Geography Colleges in India||BSc Geography Admission Process|
Below are given two different tables for top colleges and top universities offering BSc Geology courses:
|Name of the Institute||Location||Average Annual Fees (INR)||Average Placement Package (INR)|
|Hansraj College||Delhi||21,395||4.5 LPA|
|Fergusson College||Pune||12,000||3 LPA|
|Ram Lal Anand College||Delhi||21,000||3.5 LPA|
|M G Science Institute||Ahmedabad||18000||1.8 LPA|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi||1,982||4.5 LPA|
Source: College Websites
Given below is the comparison between two top colleges offering BSc Geology programme:
|Parameters||Hansraj College||Fergusson College|
|Overview||The college was founded in 1948 and provides its students with various committees, clubs and research opportunities.||The college was established in 1895 and has various international collaborations.|
|Ranking (NIRF 2020)||9||42|
|Affiliated to||Delhi University||SavitriBai Phule Pune University|
|Average Fees (INR)||21,395||12000|
|Average Placements (INR)||4.5 LPA||3 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Companies||GAIL, ONGC, Oil India, NTPC, Geological Survey of India etc.||Schulemberger, Geological Survey of India, GSDA, ONGC, PRL, CWPRS|
Source: College Websites
Some of the colleges offering BSc Geology in Distance Education are:
|College Name||Location||Average Annual Fees||Course Duration|
|IGNOU||Delhi||INR 12,600||3 Years|
|Chhattisgarh University||Raipur||INR 15,000||3 Years|
The average fees of these colleges lie between INR 10,000 to INR 40,000.
The semester wise breakup of BSc Geology as given by UGC- University Grants Commission of India is given below in the table:
|Earth System Science||Elements of Geochemistry|
|Mineral Science||Structural Geology|
|Communicative English||Environmental Science|
|Igneous Petrology||Metamorphic Petrology|
|Sedimentary Petrology||Stratigraphic Principles and Indian Stratigraphy|
|Field Work-I||Field Work-II|
|Economic Geology||Engineering Geology|
|Geomorphology||Remote Sensing and GIS|
|Elective -1||Elective -3|
|Elective- 2||Elective -4|
Some of the books for BSc Geology Students are given below:
|Igneous Petrology||J.D. Winter|
|Structural Geology||SK Ghosh|
|Geology of Petroleum||Arville Irving Levorsen|
|Essentials of Geology||Fredrick K. Lutgens|
|Foundations of Earth Science||Fredrick K. Lutgens|
|Sedimentary Petrology||S.M. Sengupta|
|Elements of Geology||S.M. Mathur|
|Geochemistry||Mason and Moore|
After completing their BSc Geology, candidates can either look for job options or can opt for higher studies.
Some of the Job profiles offered to BSc Geology students with their description and average salary are given below:
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary (INR)|
|Palaeontologist||A palaeontologist is scientists who study fossils of extinct flora and fauna species. They may work in labs, teach in institutions, conduct fieldwork for research.||5.5 LPA|
|Geologist||Geologists are those scientists who study the different components that make up the structure of the earth and other terrestrial planets. They travel on sites, gather samples, develop research proposals, conduct research, analyse data etc.||5 LPA|
|Petroleum Geologists||These are those scientists who work in the field of petroleum geology. They work on all aspects of extraction, estimation and processing of oil, petroleum, gas and other combustible resources buried in the earth.||8 LPA|
|Mine Supervisors||Mine Supervisors are responsible for conducting and managing mining activities. They are responsible to ensure the safety of mine workers, to supervise that targets are achieved and are of high quality, assigning shifts, training and development of workers, maintaining data etc.||2.36 LPA|
|Hydrogeologist||These are the scientists who work in the area of underground water. Their main responsibility is to monitor and analyse the flow of underground water, its distribution, quality and quantity. They also work to devise the measures to preserve underground water.||5.91 LPA|
|Marine Geologist||Marine Geologists are those people who study about areas affected by marines, coastal areas, under ocean ground, estuaries etc.||7 LPA|
The graph below shows the various Job Profiles offered to BSc Geology students and their average salary:
BSc Geology opens up a number of opportunities and career options for candidates.
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