B.Tech. Horticulture is a 4- year undergraduate course in engineering. Horticulture is the branch of agriculture involving the art, science, technology, and business of growing plants. Minimum Eligibility is 10+2 or equivalent degree from a recognized board or institution.
Top Institutes offering this course are:
The main aim of the course is to produce a competent Technologists capable of identifying and optimizing technical solutions for propagation, production, and maintenance, or application of plants in horticultural and landscape settings.
The importance of horticulture lies in improving land productivity, employment- generation, enhancing exports, providing nutritional security to people and improving economic conditions of farmers and entrepreneurs. The average monthly salary offered to successful graduates lies between INR 7000 and INR 25, 000, increasing with experience and skills.
B.Tech. Horticulture: Course Highlights
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Duration||4 years (5 years in case of dual degree)|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 or equivalent|
|Admission Process||Counselling after taking entrance test or direct admission|
|Major Entrance Tests||JEE Main, GATE, IIT-JEE etc.|
|Course Fee||INR 67,000 to 1,05,000|
|Average Starting salary||INR 84,000 to 3,00,000|
Horticulture is a branch of Agriculture that deals with the cultivation of plants, vegetables, flowers, fruits, etc. B.Tech. Horticulture course helps candidates to gain knowledge about the technology used in the process of horticulture.
The branch now has applications in food technology as well. It deals with production, harvesting and storing of vegetables. All these industries have now been mechanized in order to enhance the efficiency of process and production.
Advances in Horticultural Technology, increasing product demand, and growth in the export industry make this an extremely lucrative career in industries such as research and journalism, public and private sectors, among others, both within and outside the country.
There is a wide range of career opportunities open to successful graduates of the course, such as Horticulturist, Floriculturist, Pomologist, Scientist involved in research studies.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in India. Also mentioned are the corresponding locations and the average fees charged by each.
|NAME OF THE COLLEGE||CITY/STATE||AVERAGE ANNUAL FEE|
|Fergusson college||Pune||INR 10,000|
|Annamalai University||Chennai||INR 10,400|
|Indira Gandhi national open university||New Delhi||INR 1,58,833|
|Sir Choturam Institute of Engineering and Technology||Meerut||INR 72,800|
|Agricultural college and research institute||Madurai||INR 33,400|
|College of horticulture, Kerela Agricultural University||Kerela||INR 18,000|
|BAR Janta college||Haryana||INR 12,528|
|Khalsa college||Punjab||INR 29, 180|
Upon successful completion of 10+2 from a recognized educational Board with a minimum aggregate score of 80%, with Physics, Chemistry and Maths/ Biology/ Agriculture as the main subjects, one is eligible to apply for enrolment to the course.
Most Indian institutes teach horticulture as a subset of agriculture, while others offer a separate degree in horticulture. Successful graduates of the course interested in higher studies in the discipline may go for pursuing Ph.D. in the discipline.
Admission to the course is based on university- level counseling which is based on the score obtained in the UPES Engineering Aptitude Test (UPESEAT).
The remaining 20% seats are decided on the basis of the score obtained in 10+2 or rank obtained in JEE-Main.
On the Basis of Board Merit: Minimum 80% aggregate marks at Higher & Senior Secondary level (classes X & XII), and minimum 80% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level (class XII).
On the Basis of JEE Mains Merit: Minimum 60% marks in aggregate at Higher & Senior Secondary levels (classes X and XII) and minimum 60% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level (class XII).
Semester- wise, students of the course in India study the following as part of their course curriculum:
Primer on Horticulture
Commercial tropical fruit culture
Nursery Technology of Horticultural Crops
Commercial tropical vegetable culture
Principles of Analytical Chemistry
Fundamentals of Information Technology
Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology
Principles of Agricultural Economics
English for Effective Communication
Principles of Genetics and methods of plant breeding in horticultural crops
Commercial temperate vegetable culture
Commercial Sub Tropical and Temperate Fruit Culture
Commercial Production of Spices and Plantation Crops
Fundamentals of Soil Science
Fundamentals of Entomology
Industrial visit I (Fruit, Vegetable and Floriculture Industry)
Principles of Plant pathology
Principles of Biotechnology
Principles of Seed Production and Quality control in Horticultural crops
Seed production technology of horticultural crops
Livestock and Poultry Production Management
Fundamentals of Agribusiness Management
Farm Power and Machinery
Fundamentals of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering
Surveying and Engineering drawing
Forest Resource Management
Weed and Water Management in Horticultural crops
|Semester V||Semester VI|
Ornamental Gardening and Landscaping
Establishment and management of Horticultural Estates
Protected and Precision Horticulture
Interior scaping and therapeutic Horticulture
Hi Tech Crop Production
Post-Harvest Technology of Fruits, Vegetables and Spices
Industrial visit II
Commercial Production of Medicinal and Aromatic crops
Fundamentals and applications of Nanotechnology
Applied Plant Biotechnology
Soft skills for career development
Waste Management in Horticulture Industry
Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Prices
Pest Management in Horticulture Production Systems
Nematode Management in Horticultural crops
Production Economics and Farm Management
Greenhouse construction and maintenance
Principles of processing and value addition of horticultural produces
Horticultural Industrial Work Experience
Post- harvest technology of flowers, plantation, medicinal and aromatic crops
Industry and Institutional Educational Tour
Diseases of horticultural crops and their management
B.Tech. Horticulture: Career Prospects
Scope for lucrative careers in horticulture is increasing every day in the current context. Floriculture is a part of horticulture and is essentially about the processes of cultivation of flowering plants which are used as raw materials in making perfumes and cosmetics in the pharmaceutical industry. Growing vegetables is one of the primary components of horticulture.
There is a wide range of career opportunities open to successful graduates of the course, such as Horticulturist, Floriculturist, Pomologist, Scientist involved in research studies. Among the major industries hiring such graduates are productions & sales, public gardens, marketing, research & development, landscape design, agricultural engineering, pest management, etc. As a Horticulturist, one can be a full-time or part-time, may or may not own a piece of land.
Some of the popular industries that hire successful graduates of the course are listed here:
Listed here are the various job positions on offer for successful graduates of B. Tech in Horticulture. Also mentioned are the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered for each role.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Pay scale|
|Floriculturist||Floriculturists are responsible for planning and designing exterior/interior landscapes for parks, recreational areas, campuses, industrial sites, institutional grounds, shopping malls, and other large projects. Generally, florists have a sound knowledge of growing cut flowers, bedding plants, and potted plants right from production to post-harvest management.||INR 1,20,000 P.A.|
|Olericulturist||Olericulturist performs the activities of vegetable growing. Vegetable-growing is an important branch of horticulture. It has an immense scope in an agricultural country like India. Olericulturist may start their career in the industry, research institutes, universities and other organizations at various levels. This personnel is required currently in the private sector as vegetable growers with good prospects in the seed industry.||INR 2,00,000 P.A.|
|Pomologist||Generally, Pomologists are well acquainted with breeding technology, tissue culture techniques, integrated nutrient management (INM), integrated pest management techniques (IPM) and protected cultivation techniques of fruits. They are well versed in the transfer of qualitative and quantitative traits such as flavor, and disease-resistance. Pomologists have prospects in the industry, ICAR, State agricultural universities, among others.||INR3,20,000 P.A.|
|Agronomist||Agronomists, sometimes known as Crop Scientists, are responsible for specializing in producing and improving food crops through conducting experiments and developing methods of production.||INR 1,04,800 P.A.|
|Technical Advisers||Technical Advisors are experts in a particular field of specialization, hired to provide detailed information and advice to people working in that field.||INR 10,00,058 P.A.|
|Therapists||Therapists work directly with clients and other mental health professionals in treating disorders of the mind. Their career involves listening, counseling, tracking progress, and developing treatment plans for their patients.||INR 73,225 P.A.|
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