What is BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering?
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering is a four-year undergraduate specialisation course involving the study of minerals and ores, the extraction of metals from ores, and the mixing of alloys for the manufacture of various metallic products.
Predominant subjects included in the BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering are Engineering Thermodynamics, Engineering Mechanics, Structure of Materials, Principles of Physical Metallurgy, and Principles of Extractive Metallurgy. The course may also include various elective courses related to the specialisation such as Theory of Metallurgical Processes, Coating Techniques, Nanostructured Materials, Light Metals and Alloys, and Advanced Characterisation of Materials. Check Out: BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Syllabus
Candidates who have completed their 10+2 schooling or equivalent, which includes Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM) as subjects, with an aggregate of 50% marks are eligible to enroll for the BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Course.
Get complete information about all the BTech Course.
Below are few of the top colleges offering a BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering:
|College||Admission Process||Average Course Fee (INR)||Average Placement Offer (INR)|
|IIT, Madras||JEE Advanced||8,13,550||7-32 LPA|
|NIT, Tiruchirappalli||JEE Main||5,76,800||4-14 LPA|
|Indian institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Howrah||JEE Main||5,44,000||3.5 - 12 LPA|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad||TS EAMCET||50,000||3.35 - 12 LPA|
|Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh||JEE Main||6,19,000||5.5 - 10 LPA|
Average fee charged for the course ranges from INR 50,000 - 10 Lakh in different colleges.
Some colleges offer a dual degree in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, where a student can complete both bachelor's and master's at once. Most dual degrees take 5 years for its completion.
Aspiring candidates can proceed with their studies after BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering by pursuing a master of technology in the same subject or in Nanotechnology, and then going for PhD. Contenders may also enroll for an MBA program for better MBA Jobs or pursue higher studies abroad.
Otherwise, graduates could work in industries and laboratories in private and public sectors as a Product Development Manager, Steel Metallurgy Application Engineer, Welding Engineer, Lab Assistant, or Technical Article Writer. They may also enter the profession of teaching and/or further research.
Average initial salary proffered to a life science degree holder is 6-20 LPA, which increases with the number of years of work experience and knowledge in the field. See Also: BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Jobs
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Course Highlights
|Full Form||Bachelor of Technology in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering|
|Eligibility||10+2 schooling or equivalent with PCM subjects and with a minimum score of 50%|
|Admission Process||Entrance exam based|
|Average Course Fee (INR)||50,000 - 10 Lakh|
|Average Salary Package (INR)||3.5 - 20 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Tata Steel LTD., BARC, ISRO, Indian Oil Corporation LTD., DRDO, Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISMT LTD., Hindalco Industries LTD., Schneider, Rio Tinto, Steel Authority of India|
|Job Position||Production Metallurgy Engineer, Process Design Engineer, Application Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Researcher, Technical Article Writer|
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Eligibility
The eligibility criteria for BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering are:
- Candidates who have completed their 10+2 schooling or equivalent, with an aggregate of 50% marks are eligible to enroll for this program.
- Subjects taken during higher secondary schooling must include Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM).
- Institutions requiring an entrance exam for admission may take into account both the entrance exam score as well as previous academic records. The cut-off mark for the examination is decided by each institution.
- Candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC (non-creamy layer), differently abled, and other categories shall get a relaxation of 5% of marks.
- Letters of recommendation can also be favourable to the candidate.
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Admission Process
Most varsities offer admission to a bachelor’s in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering through the qualification in an entrance exam.
The procedure for BTEch Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Admissions through Direct Entrance are mentioned below:
- Candidates are selected on the basis of merit. They must make sure that they fit into the eligibility criteria before applying.
- Students can apply for colleges managing merit-based entrances through online or offline applications, where the mode of payment is the same as that of application respectively
The procedure for Exam based entrance exams is mentioned below:
- Most institutions conduct an entrance exam for a candidate to be enrolled in BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering.
- Some of the most common entrance exams accepted nationally are JEE Main and JEE Advanced.
- In order to appear for exams, students have to register and make payments through the online mode.
- Institutes accepting entrance exam scores follow a common selection procedure, though the cut-off mark set depends on the institutions.
- Relaxation of a fixed percentile is allowed to candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC (non-creamy layer), differently abled, and other categories.
Selection procedure consists mainly of three steps-
- Shortlisting: Candidates are shortlisted depending on their JEE Main/other accepted entrance exam score and by their academic records.
- Personal Interview (PI): After being shortlisted, aspirants get into the Group Discussion/Personal Interview (PI) round, where their competence, critical thinking and communication skills are tested.
- Final Selection: After the PI round, a fixed number of candidates are selected, who are now eligible to be admitted to the respective institute.
See Also: BTech Admission Process
- Before being admitted into a college, students are advised to partake in the counseling session or go through the college prospectus carefully to get an idea about the curriculum and fee structure.
- During the counselling session, candidates may be offered to choose from certain courses according to their entrance examination score.
- After a student is entitled to be admitted in a university, they are expected to submit the following documents to the management of the school:
- Marksheets of grade X and XII.
- JEE Main/the corresponding entrance exam admit card, score card and rank letter.
- Six passport size photographs.
- Character certificate
- Reservation certificate (if any).
- Migration certificate
- Self-attested copies of various identity verification documents.
- Domicile certificate
- Demand Draft
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Entrance Exams
Various entrance exams are conducted by the central government, which are commonly accepted; by different states of India, and by certain universities.
Different schools may look into the scores gained in the exams of their choice.
Most common / national-level entrance exams are:
- JEE Main - Organised by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year to provide admissions to BE/BTech/BPlan/BArch.
- JEE Advanced - Conducted every year by one of the IITs under the Joint Admission Board (JAB) to provide admissions to UG, Integrated PG, and BTech-MTech and BS-MS dual degree programs in all IITs.
- TS EAMCET - Conducted by the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, once a year to offer admissions to various courses in Engineering, Agriculture, and Medicine in colleges in the state of Telangana.
- AP EAMCET - Run by the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, once a year to offer admissions to various courses in Engineering, Agriculture, and Medicine in colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
- TANCET - Conducted by Anna University for admissions to various UG and PG programs offered by various colleges in Tamil Nadu.
- WB JEE - Administered by the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE) Board to offer admissions into UG programmes in Engineering, Pharmacy, and Architecture provided by various institutions in West Bengal.
- UP SEE - Conducted by Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Technical University to avail admissions into various UG and PG courses in Engineering, Architecture, Pharmacy, Management, and other courses in various institutions in Uttar Pradesh.
See Also: BTech Entrance Exams
Important dates to be noted:
|Exam||Mode||Registration Date*||Examination Date*||Result*|
|JEE Main 2021 (January session)||Online (CBT***)||16 Dec 2020 -16 Jan 2021||22 - 26 Feb 2021||Sept 11, 2020|
|JEE Advanced 2020||Online (CBT)||Sept 05 - Oct 06, 2020||Sept 27, 2020||Oct 05-11, 2020|
|TS EAMCET 2020||Online (CBT)||Feb 21 - Jun 10, 2020||Sept 09-14, 2020||Sept 2020|
|AP EAMCET 2020||Online (CBT)||Feb 29 - Jun 15, 2020||Sept 17-23, 2020||Oct 2020|
|TANCET 2021||Offline||1st week - 4th week of Apr, 2021||May 2021||June 2021|
|WB JEE 2021||Offline||3rd week of Dec - 3rd week of Jan, 2021||3rd week of Apr, 2021||May 2021|
|UP SEE 2020||Offline||Jan 27 - Aug 09, 2020||Sept 20, 2020||TBA**|
*Dates may vary due to Covid-19 pandemic.
**TBA= To Be Announced
***CBT=Computer Based Test
How to Prepare for Entrance Exams?
Most entrance exams are held for 3 hours, and their maximum marks are different. Nonetheless, their pattern is similar and students may prepare for any of the exams with some common methods.
Given below is the exam pattern for JEE Main for BE/BTech (Paper I):
|Section||No. of Questions||Division of Questions||Maximum Marks for each section|
Tests the candidates' knowledge at a 10+2 level in the following subjects:
- Experimental Skills
- Physical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Questions are Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT).
- Mark for every correct answer: +4
Mark for every incorrect answer: -1
Medium of Examination: English, Hindi, and Gujarati
Students are strongly advised to study and revise the NCERT textbooks - both theory and practical - for Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry.
While preparing for entrance exams, the following books are suggested for reference:
|Name of Book||Author|
|Problems in Calculus of One Variable||I. A. Maron|
|Trigonometry||S. L. Loney|
|Higher Algebra||Hall & Knight|
|Concepts of Physics Vol I and II||H.C. Verma|
|Fundamentals of Physics||Halliday, Resnick & Walker|
|New Pattern IIT JEE Physics||D.C. Pandey|
|Numerical Chemistry||P. Bahadur|
|Organic Chemistry||Morrison & Boyd|
|Inorganic Chemistry||J.D. Lee|
How to get admission in a good college?
- Although most colleges enroll students on the basis of merit in an entrance exam, candidates are advised to procure high percentages in the PCM subjects in their higher secondary schooling, since those may also be taken into account by some institutions.
- Admission to institutions taking entrance exams into account comprises of two main steps:
- Exam Score:
- Scoring a percentile more than the required cut-off can help in being shortlisted right away. Students must take note of the cut-off mark decided by each college and work hard enough to achieve that score in the entrance exams.
- Practice for an entrance exam must not stop just because one has tackled some mock question papers. There is still room for improvement and candidates must keep practicing consistently.
Personal Interview (PI):
- Students must upgrade their communication skills, critical thinking and current awareness, as these are some of the criteria being tested during this round.
- Participation and certification in various extra-curricular activities such as clubs, sports, and NGO volunteering can be an addendum to the list of merits.
- Be updated about the dates of registration and examination, and apply before the deadline.
- Prepare well and in advance for the entrance exams.
- Always be aware about current affairs.
- Make sure to exercise the necessary skills for the interview/group discussion held after the exams.
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Syllabus
The following table gives a semester-wise syllabus followed in the curriculum for a BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering:
|Engineering Thermodynamics||Introduction to Programming|
|Physics - I||Physics Practical - I|
|Mathematics - I||Workshop - I|
|Engineering Mechanics||Engineering Drawing|
|Chemistry - I||Physics - II|
|Mathematics - II||Introduction to Metallurgical and Materials Engineering|
|Workshop - II||--|
|Structure of Materials||Thermodynamics of Materials|
|Principles of Physical Metallurgy||Chemistry Lab - I|
|Humanities Elective - I||--|
|Transport Phenomena in Materials||Deformation and Failure of Materials|
|Phase Transformations||Humanities Elective - II|
|Principles of Extractive Metallurgy||Physics of Materials|
|Materials Characterisation||Environmental Degradation of Materials|
|Processing Lab||Humanities Elective - III|
|Deformation Processing and Forming||Solidification Processing and Casting|
|Ironmaking and Steelmaking||Life Sciences|
|Computational Materials Engineering Lab||Characterisation Lab|
|Non-metallic Materials||BTech Project Phase I|
|Professional Ethics||BTech Project Phase II|
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Top Colleges
Below are a few colleges, approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), supporting a BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering:
|Name of College||City||Average Course Fee (INR)||Average Salary Package (INR)|
|IIT, Madras||Chennai||8,13,550||7-32 LPA|
|IIT, Bombay||Mumbai||8,45,600||5-21 LPA|
|IIT, Kharagpur||West Bengal||8,47,500||10-30 LPA|
|IIT, Roorkee||Uttarakhand||8,55,000||8-21 LPA|
|IIT, Hyderabad||Telangana||8,87,780||6-17 LPA|
|NIT, Tiruchirappalli||Tamil Nadu||5,76,800||4-14 LPA|
|NIT, Surathkal||Karnataka||5,34,480||9 - 18.8 LPA|
|Indian institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Howrah||West Bengal||5,44,000||3.5 - 12 LPA|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad||Telangana||50,000||3.35 - 12 LPA|
|Malaviya National Institute of Technology||Jaipur||6,40,760||6.5 - 13 LPA|
Choosing a good college may be confusing as there are quite a few options. The table below shows the merits of the three best colleges giving a BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering:
|Parameter||IIT, Kharagpur||NIT Surathkal||IIEST, Shibpur|
|Overview||Established in 1951, the institute helps students acquire professional skills and expertise in science, technology, management, and law.||Instituted in 1960, the institute helps transform students into competent professionals, and achieve excellence in teaching-learning and research.||Founded in 1856, the institute provides state-of-the-art multidisciplinary teaching facilities to produce high-quality engineers, scientists, and entrepreneurs.|
|Average Course Fee (INR)||8,47,500||5,34,480||5,44,000|
|Average Placement Package (INR)||10-30 LPA||9-19 LPA||3.5 - 12 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Schlumberger Asia Services, L&T Constructions, Bajaj Electricals, Tata Steel LTD., Vedanta LTD., Jindal Steel, Mahindra & Mahindra||JSW Steel LTD., UTC Aerospace, L&T Hydrocarbon Engineering LTD., Tata Motors, Vedanta LTD.||Hyundai Motors, Indian Oil Corporation LTD., Mahindra & Mahindra, Vedanta LTD., L&T LTD., Tata Steel LTD.|
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Course Comparison
The comparison between BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and other streams are mentioned below based on a few parameters.
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering vs. BTech Nanotechnology
|Parameter||BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering||BTech Nanotechnology|
|Qualification||Bachelor of Technology in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering||Bachelor of Technology in Nanotechnology|
|Duration||4 years||4 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 schooling or equivalent with PCM subjects and with a minimum score of 50%||10+2 schooling or equivalent with PCM subjects and/or Biology, and with a minimum score of 50%|
|Course Objective||Study of ores, minerals, and metals, extraction of metals from ores, and their applications in various industries to invent and improve metallic products.||Study of the application of various nanoscale objects in various facets of science to improve energy efficiency, preventive measures for health disorders, and environmental hygiene.|
|Average Course Fee (INR)||50,000 - 10 Lakh||50,000 - 13 Lakh|
|Average Placement Package (INR)||3.5 - 20 LPA||2 - 20 LPA|
|Job Positions||Production Metallurgy Engineer, Process Design Engineer, Application Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Researcher, Technical Article Writer||Applications Engineer, Optical Engineer, Design Engineer, Holography and Optics Technician, Researcher, Service Engineer|
2. BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering vs. BTech Mechanical Engineering
|Parameter||BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering||BTech Mechanical Engineering|
|Qualification||Bachelor of Technology in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering||Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering|
|Duration||4 years||4 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 schooling or equivalent with PCM subjects and with a minimum score of 50%||10+2 schooling or equivalent with PCM subjects, and with a minimum score of 50%|
|Course Objective||Study of ores, minerals, and metals, extraction of metals from ores, and their applications in various industries to invent and improve metallic products.||Study of production, designing, and operating of machines, as well as the applications in manufacturing and maintaining mechanical systems.|
|Average Course Fee (INR)||50,000 - 10 Lakh||50,000 - 10 Lakh|
|Average Placement Package (INR)||3.5 - 20 LPA||2 - 20 LPA|
|Job Positions||Production Metallurgy Engineer, Process Design Engineer, Application Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Researcher, Technical Article Writer||Mechanical Design Engineer, Network Engineer, Fresher Mechanical engineer, Project Engineer, Material Engineer, Robotic Engineer|
Note:- BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering is in itself a specialisation in Engineering, and has no further specializations.
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Scope
Graduates interested in gaining more knowledge in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering can do so by pursuing an MTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, MTech Metallurgy, MTech Materials Engineering, or MTech Nanotechnology, and then proceeding to PhD in Metallurgical Engineering.
Graduates can also enter the academic profession and/or contribute to the vast expanse of knowledge of Metallurgy through research in a relevant aspect.
Students who want to proceed in a different route can take up an MBA and build a career in Management.
Candidates may also pursue higher studies for Metallurgical Engineering abroad. Some of the most prominent destinations to take a degree in the field of Metallurgy include Germany, Australia, England, Belgium, USA, and Canada. Aspirants must note that some countries may look into the scores of IELTS/TOEFL and/or GRE in addition to the merit acquired in the qualifying exam.
The field of Metallurgy has a broad scope as there are still many discoveries and inventions to be made in terms of ores, alloys, and the procedures involved in metallurgy.
The production industries may not have an end to their success due to the growing economy and increasing urbanisation going on globally, which may require even more candidates to fulfil these demands, thus increasing job opportunities.
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Jobs
A wide range of careers await those who have graduated in BSc in Life Sciences. Jobs in both private and public sectors can be obtained after graduation, though candidates who have finished higher studies or have work experience find it easier to get a job.
Various popular employment sectors are:
- Metallic products companies
- Electronics industry
- Telecommunication industry
- Aircraft/Aerospace industry
- Fuel industry
- Automobile companies
- Textile industry
- Chemical Laboratories
- Industrial magazines
Some of the top public recruiters include:
|Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)||Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT)|
|Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR)||GAIL LTD|
|Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)||Indian Oil Corporation|
|Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)||Hindustan Copper LTD|
|Steel Authority of India (SAIL)||Cables Corporation of India LTD|
Some of the top private recruiting companies include:
- Tata Steel LTD.
- Electrosteel Castings
- Reliance Industries
- Hindalco Industries
- JSW Steel LTD.
- Jindal Steel and Power LTD.
- ISMT LTD.
- Vedanta Limited
- Essar Steel
- L&T Hydrocarbon Engineering Limited
- M N Dastur & Company
- Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd.
- Tata Motors
- Usha Martin LTD.
- Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Rio Tinto Group
- Mukund Steel
- Jaypee Group
- Finolex Cables
Brief descriptions of some jobs/careers are given in the table below:
|Job Position||Description||Average Salary Package (INR) PA|
|Metallurgical Engineer||Devises strategies to extract pure metals from ores, produce alloys of multiple metals, and use them to manufacture products.||4,27,800|
|Welding Engineer||Develops and supervises the procedure to be followed by a welder in industrial projects done in shipyards, aircrafts, and automobile companies.||4,33,910|
|Geotechnical Engineer||Studies about the soil and its constituents in a certain plot of land to deem it suitable for construction of various structures, and write and present reports of it.||5,00,000|
|Metallurgy Professor||Teaches about the various principles and methods of extraction of metals and alloys, and the use of materials to manufacture products.||20,22,000|
|Technical Article Writer||Writes articles for industrial magazines on various topics related to metallurgy, and construction materials and procedures.||4,20,000|
BTech Metallurgical and Materials Engineering FAQ
Ques: What are some of the top job roles for Material Science and Metallurgical Engineers?
Ans: Some of the top job roles for Material Science and Metallurgical Engineers are Production Metallurgy, Welding Engineer, Process Design Engineer, Maintenance Engineer, Researcher, Professor of Material Science and Metallurgy, etc.
Ques: Is there any entrance exam to get admission in B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering course?
Ans: Yes, some of the entrance exams to pursue B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering are JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, SRMJEE, etc.
Ques: What are the top colleges in India for B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering courses?
Ans: Some of the top colleges for B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering are National Institute of Technology (Warangal), Indian Institute of Technology (Chennai), Thapar University, National Institute of Technology (Mangalore), etc.
Ques: What is the fee for B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering courses?
Ans: The average fee for B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering is INR 1,00,000 to 2,50,000.
Ques: What are some of the major subjects included in B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering courses?
Ans: Some of the major subjects in the syllabus of B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering are Mineral processing, Material Science, Transformation Technology, Metallurgy, etc.
Ques: How much percentage as an aggregate is required to pursue B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering?
Ans: A minimum aggregate of 50% in the qualifying exam is required to pursue B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering.
Ques: What is the minimum eligibility to pursue the B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering course?
Ans: To pursue B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering, the candidate must have pursued 12th in PCM/ PCB or equivalent from a recognised board.
Ques: B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering is a UG or a PG level course?
Ans: B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering is a UG level course.
Ques: What is the duration of B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering course?
Ans: B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering is of a total of 4 years duration.
Ques: What is B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering course about?
Ans: B.Tech Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering course is about training the candidates about the study of minerals, their processing and their concepts such as mechanical behaviour, physical metallurgy, thermodynamics, kinetics, etc.