B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology is a 5-year undergraduate course in the veterinary sciences.
Some of the institutes that offer the course in India are listed here:
- Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute [IVRI], Bareilly
- Veterinary College and Research Institute [VCRI], Namakkal
- Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences [RAJUVAS], Bikaner
- Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh
- Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology - [OUAT], Bhubaneswar.
Some of the top entrance tests conducted for admission to the course in India are:
- AICEE- All India Common Entrance Examination
- AIPVT- All India Pre-Veterinary Test
- CVSAHEE- College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Entrance Exam
- EAMCET- Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test.
The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing the course is a 10+2 or equivalent qualification in the Science stream, from a recognized educational Board, with a minimum aggregate score of 50%.
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam or merit obtained in the last qualifying exam.
The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 25,000 to 1,30,000.
Successful graduates of the course can expect anything between INR 2 to 10 lacs as annual salary in the industry, increasing with experience and skillset.
Such graduates are hired in capacities such as:
- Animal Care and Service Worker, Associate Scientific Manager.
- Biological Scientist, Lecturer, Manager Animal Farm.
- Partner, Assistant to Practitioner, Pharmacy Research Scientist.
- Private Practitioner, Entrepreneur in L.S. Farms, Poultry Farms etc.
- Senior Medical Representative, Veterinarian/ Veterinary Doctor.
- Veterinary Consultant, Veterinary Researcher, Veterinary Surgeon.
- Veterinary Technologists and Technicians, etc.
Hospitals, NGOs, research institutes, schools, etc. are popular areas of employment for such professionals.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Veterinary Science [BVSc] (Veterinary Microbiology)
B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology: Course Highlights
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course:
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 with 50% marks in the Science stream|
|Admission Process||Merit-based/ Entrance test|
|Course Fee||INR 25,000 to 1,30,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2,00,000 to 10,00,000 per annum|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Hospitals, NGOs, research institutes, schools, etc.|
|Job Positions||Animal Care and Service Workers, Associate Scientific Manager, Biological Scientists, Lecturer, Animal Farm Managers, Assistant to Practitioners, Pharmacy Research Scientists, Private Practitioners, Entrepreneurs in L.S. Farms, Poultry Farms, etc. Senior Medical Representative, Veterinarian/ Veterinary Doctor, Veterinary Consultant, Veterinary Researcher, Veterinary Surgeon, Veterinary Technologists and Technicians, among others.|
B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology: What is it About?
Students enrolled to the course are taught subjects such as Animal Anatomy, Physiology, Animal Diseases and Animal Nutrition, etc.
Veterinary Microbiologists diagnose diseases in terrestrial, aquatic, food-producing and zoo animals. They study the animal body fluids and tissues. Major components of study included within the course’s curriculum include toxicology, veterinary medical research, parasitology, diagnostics, and veterinary clinical cytology.
The program is divided across 9 semesters followed by the a 6-month long internship program. Such candidates are offered advanced lessons in areas of animal poultry and disease management, besides small and large scale clinical and laboratory-based research.
Veterinary Pathology involves the study of diseases in animals. Such professionals diagnose ailments in animals and conduct research, besides effectively communicating with clinicians and animal owners.
This science includes the application of medical, diagnostic, therapeutic, principles etc. principles.
Top Institutes offering B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology
Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course:
Eligibility for B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology
Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course:
- Successful completion of the 10+2 level of education in the Science stream, completed from a recognized educational Board.
- A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) at the 10+2 level.
B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology: Admission Process
Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test, often followed by a round of personal interview, wherein their general aptitude for the course is tested. Admission process generally varies across colleges.
Some institutes such as the following provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level.
The Veterinary Council of India directs an AICEE for admission to the course. An All India Entrance Examination is led by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) for admission to the Master’s program in the course.
Listed below are some of the top entrance exams conducted in the country for admission to the course:
- All India Common Entrance Examination
- All India Pre-Veterinary Test
- Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research Entrance Examination
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute Entrance Exam
- JNU Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam
- Kerala Agricultural University Entrance Exam
- Kerala engineering Agricultural and Medical Entrance Test
- Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science.
B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology: Syllabus and Course Description
Tabulated here is a section-wise breakup of the major components of study that form part of the course’s curriculum:
|Section I||Section II|
|Veterinary Anatomy||Animal Genetics and Breeding|
|Veterinary Physiology||Livestock Production Management|
|Veterinary Biochemistry||Livestock Products Technology|
|Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology||Veterinary Gynecology and Obstetrics|
|Veterinary Parasitology||Veterinary Surgery and Radiology|
|Veterinary Microbiology||Veterinary Medicine|
|Veterinary Pathology||Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education|
|Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology||Veterinary Clinical Practices|
|Animal Nutrition||Livestock Farm Practices|
B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Microbiology: Career Prospects
Veterinary Microbiologists advance animal and human health by:
- Diagnosing disease in food-producing animals- Veterinary pathologists help maintain herd health and prevent any risk to humans who handle or consume animal-based food products.
- Contributing to drug discovery and safety.
- Conducting research- Veterinary pathologists study diseases across multiple species of animals and are thus qualified to perform studies to understand causes of diseases in animals and humans, as well as conduct studies to develop new methods to prevent and treat such diseases.
The various different kinds of veterinarians are listed here:
- Companion Animal Veterinarians- They usually work in private hospitals, and provide treatment to pet animals like dogs, cats, birds, etc.
- Equine Veterinarians- They generally work with horses, and provide medical treatment to them.
- Food Animal Veterinarians- Such veterinarians treat the illnesses and injuries of farm animals like pig, cattle, ships and educate farm owners about animal-related health practices.
- Food Safety & Inspection Veterinarians- Such veterinarians are generally involved in research towards finding and preventing diseases that are transmissible among animals and between animals and humans.
- Research Veterinarians
The many job roles such professionals can assume are:
- Veterinarian Assistant, Veterinarian Technician, Veterinary Physician.
- Veterinarian Food Inspection Specialist, Associate Veterinarian, Veterinary Surgeon.
- Veterinary Pharmacologist, Veterinary Epidemiologist, Veterinary Neurologist
- Veterinary Dermatologist.
Veterinary science is not only concerned with taking care of animals, but also regarding the scientific breeding and reproduction of livestock.
Vets perform surgery, prevent the spread of diseases in animals by providing timely vaccination and medicines.
Veterinarians treat zoo animals and small domestic animals/ pets. They prescribe adequate diet, exercise regimens, as well as treatment specifically for each breed.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions:
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Veterinarian Assistant||Veterinary Assistants work mainly in clinics and hospitals, helping technicians treat injuries and illnesses in animals. A Veterinary Assistant cares for animals in an animal hospital or clinic. Working under the supervision of a veterinarian or veterinary technician, such professionals are responsible for basic treatments. They clean and sterilize examination and operating rooms, and the equipment used in them. They sometimes perform lab work, which includes drawing blood and collecting urine samples, and administering medicine and vaccinations.||2,95,493|
|Veterinarian Technician||Veterinary Technicians assist veterinarians in providing care to animals. They may perform an initial evaluation of the animal's condition, clean and wrap wounds, check vital statistics, collect samples, and administer medication. They also perform basic lab work, including urinalysis and blood tests, and may assist with procedures such as teeth cleaning.||3,92,705|
|Veterinary Physician||Veterinarians typically examine animals to diagnose their health problems, diagnose and treat animals for medical conditions. They treat and dress wounds, perform surgery on animals, and test for, and vaccinate against diseases. Also, they operate medical equipment, such as X-ray machines, prescribe medication, euthanize animals, and provide treatment to animals similar to the services a physician provides to treat humans.||5,14,536|
|Veterinarian Food Inspection Specialist||Veterinarian Food Inspection Specialists evaluate packaging, packing, and marking requirements. They operate and maintain inspection equipment, and perform duties in accordance with approved standards of conduct and report suspected cases of fraud.||4,78,705|
|Associate Veterinarian||A Veterinary Associate or A Veterinary Technician is mainly responsible for providing medical care to domestic animals. They assist veterinarians by performing physical examinations, dental procedures, spaying and neutering, immunization, birthing care and euthanasia. Veterinary Associates are also responsible for recording animal care history on a care chart, collecting specimens for examination, preparing animals and instruments for surgery, assisting in surgical procedures, and taking and developing X-rays.||2,40,790|