Bachelor of Veterinary Science [BVSc] (Veterinary Pathology) - Course Overview




    3 YEARS


    Animal Pathology



    Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Pathology Eligibility, Top Colleges, Syllabus, Duration, Salary

    Pranjal Singhal Pranjal Singhal
    Content Curator

    B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology is a 5-year undergraduate course in the veterinary sciences. The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing the course is a 10+2 or equivalent qualification in the Science stream, from a recognized educational Board, with a minimum aggregate score of 50%. Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam, or merit obtained in the last qualifying exam.

    Some of the institutes that offer the course in India are listed here:

    The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 5,000 to 6,30,000.

    Successful graduates of the course can expect anything between INR 2 to 10 lacs as annual salary in the industry, increasing with experience and skillset.

    Such graduates are hired in capacities such as:

    • Animal Care and Service Worker, Associate Scientific Manager.
    • Biological Scientist, Lecturer, Manager Animal Farm.
    • Partner, Assistant to Practitioner, Pharmacy Research Scientist.
    • Private Practitioner, Entrepreneur in L.S. Farms, Poultry Farms etc.
    • Senior Medical Representative, Veterinarian/ Veterinary Doctor.
    • Veterinary Consultant, Veterinary Researcher, Veterinary Surgeon.
    • Veterinary Technologists and Technicians, etc.

    Hospitals, NGOs, research institutes, schools, etc. are popular areas of employment for such professionals.

    Some of the top entrance tests conducted for admission to the course in India are:

    • AICEE- All India Common Entrance Examination
    • AIPVT- All India Pre-Veterinary Test
    • CVSAHEE- College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Entrance Exam
    • EAMCET- Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test.

    Top Colleges for Bachelor of Veterinary Science [BVSc] (Veterinary Pathology)

    B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology: Course Highlights

    Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

    Course LevelGraduate
    Duration5 years
    Examination TypeSemester System
    Eligibility10+2 with 50% marks in the Science stream
    Admission ProcessMerit-based/ Entrance test
    Course FeeINR 5,000 to 6,30,000
    Average Starting SalaryINR 2 to 10 lacs per annum
    Top Recruiting AreasHospitals, NGOs, institutes, schools, etc.
    Job PositionsAnimal Care and Service Workers, Associate Scientific Manager, Biological Scientists, Lecturer, Animal Farm Managers, Assistant to Practitioners, Pharmacy Research Scientists, Private Practitioners, Entrepreneurs in L.S. Farms, Poultry Farms, etc. Senior Medical Representative, Veterinarian/ Veterinary Doctor, Veterinary Consultant, Veterinary Researcher, Veterinary Surgeon, Veterinary Technologists and Technicians, among others.

    B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology: What is it About?

    Students enrolled to the course are taught subjects such as Animal Anatomy, Physiology, Animal Diseases and Animal Nutrition, etc.

    Veterinary Pathologists diagnose diseases in terrestrial, aquatic, food-producing and zoo animals. They study the animal body fluids and tissues. Major components of study included within the course’s curriculum include toxicology, veterinary medical research, parasitology, diagnostics, and veterinary clinical cytology.

    The program is divided across 9 semesters followed by the a 6-month long internship program. Such candidates are offered advanced lessons in areas of animal poultry and disease management, besides small and large scale clinical and laboratory-based research.

    Veterinary Pathology involves the study of diseases in animals. Such professionals diagnose ailments in animals and conduct research, besides effectively communicating with clinicians and animal owners.

    This science includes the application of medical, diagnostic, therapeutic, principles etc. principles.

    Veterinary Pathologists advance animal and human health by:

    • Diagnosing disease in food-producing animals- Veterinary pathologists help maintain herd health and prevent any risk to humans who handle or consume animal-based food products.
    • Contributing to drug discovery and safety.
    • Conducting research- Veterinary pathologists study diseases across multiple species of animals, and are thus qualified to perform studies to understand causes of diseases in animals and humans, as well as conduct studies to develop new methods to prevent and treat such diseases.

    Top Institutes offering B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology

    Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.

    Name of InstituteCity Average Fees
    Lala Lajpat Rai University Of Veterinary & Animal SciencesHaryanaINR 85,000 (course)
    Indian Veterinary Research Institute - [Ivri], BareillyBareillyINR 90,000 (course)
    Veterinary College And Research Institute - [Vcri], NamakkalNamakkalINR 90,000 (course)
    Rajasthan University Of Veterinary And Animal Sciences - [Rajuvas], BikanerBikanerINR 60,500 (course)
    Junagadh Agricultural University, JunagadhJunagadhINR 81,000 (course)
    Orissa University Of Agriculture And Technology - [Ouat], BhubaneswarBhubaneswarINR 1,50,000 (course)
    College Of Veterinary And Animal Sciences - [Rajuvas], UdaipurUdaipurINR 66,417 (course)
    Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University Of Agriculture And Technology, MeerutMeerutINR 6,00,000 (course)
    West Bengal University Of Animal And Fishery Sciences, KolkataKolkataINR 40,565 (course)
    Anand Agricultural University - [Aau], AnandAnandINR 4,565 (course)
    Sher-e-kashmir University Of Agricultural Sciences And Technology Of Kashmir - [Skuast], SrinagarSrinagarINR 5,50,000 (course)
    Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya - [Csk Hpkv], PalampurPalampurINR 1,50,000 (course)
    Tamil Nadu Veterinary And Animal Sciences University - [Tanuvas], ChennaiChennaiINR 66,417 (course)
    Bihar Agricultural University - [Bau] Sabour, BhagalpurBhagalpurINR 20,565 (course)
    Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University - [Sdau], PalanpurPalanpurINR 90,000 (course)
    Karnataka Veterinary Animal And Fisheries Sciences University, BidarBidarINR 60,500 (course)
    Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University - [Svvu], TirupatiTirupatiINR 40,565 (course)
    Maharashtra Animal And Fisheries Sciences University - [Mafsu], NagpurNagpurINR 10,565 (course)

    Eligibility for B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology

    Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course.

    • Successful completion of the 10+2 level of education in the Science stream, completed from a recognized educational Board.
    • A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) at the 10+2 level.

    B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology: Admission Process

    Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test, often followed by a round of personal interview, wherein their general aptitude for the course is tested. Admission process generally varies across colleges.

    Some institutes such as the following provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level.

    The Veterinary Council of India directs an AICEE for admission to the course. An All India Entrance Examination is led by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) for admission to the Master’s program in the course.

    Listed below are some of the top entrance exams conducted in the country for admission to the course.

    • All India Common Entrance Examination
    • All India Pre Veterinary Test
    • Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test
    • Indian Council of Agricultural Research Entrance Examination
    • Indian Veterinary Research Institute Entrance Exam
    • JNU Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam
    • Kerala Agricultural University Entrance Exam
    • Kerala engineering Agricultural and Medical Entrance Test
    • Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science

    B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology: Syllabus and Course Description

    Tabulated here is a section-wise breakup of the major components of study that form part of the course’s curriculum.

    Section ISection II
    Veterinary AnatomyAnimal Genetics and Breeding
    Veterinary PhysiologyLivestock Production Management
    Veterinary BiochemistryLivestock Products Technology
    Veterinary Pharmacology and ToxicologyVeterinary Gynecology and Obstetrics
    Veterinary ParasitologyVeterinary Surgery and Radiology
    Veterinary MicrobiologyVeterinary Medicine
    Veterinary PathologyVeterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education
    Veterinary Public Health and EpidemiologyVeterinary Clinical Practices
    Animal NutritionLivestock Farm Practices

    B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Pathology: Career Prospects

    Dairy research institutes also require the services of skilled veterinarians. Private practices of vets can flourish very well in urban areas. 

    The Defense Services use horses, dogs, camels, etc. and therefore need the services of veterinarians. Various zoological research institutes employ veterinarians to conduct research and development. Postgraduates in veterinary science can go in for further research and development in this sector.

    The various different kinds of veterinarians are listed here:

    1. Companion Animal Veterinarians – They usually work in private hospitals, and provide treatment to pet animals like dogs, cats, birds, etc.
    2. Equine Veterinarians – They generally work with horses, and provide medical treatment to them.
    3. Food Animal Veterinarians – Such veterinarians treat the illnesses and injuries of farm animals like pig, cattle, ships and educate farm owners about animal-related health practices.
    4. Food Safety & Inspection Veterinarians – Such veterinarians are generally involved in research towards finding and preventing diseases that are transmissible among animals and between animals and humans.
    5. Research Veterinarians

    The many job roles such professionals can assume are:

    • Veterinarian Assistant, Veterinarian Technician, Veterinary Physician.
    • Veterinarian Food Inspection Specialist, Associate Veterinarian, Veterinary Surgeon.
    • Veterinary Pharmacologist, Veterinary Epidemiologist, Veterinary Neurologist
    • Veterinary Dermatologist.

    Veterinary science is not only concerned with taking care of animals, but also regarding the scientific breeding and reproduction of livestock.

    Vets perform surgery, prevent the spread of diseases in animals by providing timely vaccination and medicines.

    Veterinarians treat zoo animals and small domestic animals/ pets. They prescribe adequate diet, exercise regimens, as well as treatment specifically for each breed.

    Some of the popular professional avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

    Veterinary Pathology Annual Salary
    Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Annual Pay Scale in INR
    Veterinarian AssistantVeterinary Assistants work mainly in clinics and hospitals, helping technicians treat injuries and illnesses in animals. A Veterinary Assistant cares for animals in an animal hospital or clinic. Working under the supervision of a veterinarian or veterinary technician, such professionals are responsible for basic treatments. They clean and sterilize examination and operating rooms, and the equipment used in them. They sometimes perform lab work, which includes drawing blood and collecting urine samples, and administering medicine and vaccinations.2,95,493
    Veterinarian TechnicianVeterinary Technicians assist veterinarians in providing care to animals. They may perform an initial evaluation of the animal's condition, clean and wrap wounds, check vital statistics, collect samples, and administer medication. They also perform basic lab work, including urinalysis and blood tests, and may assist with procedures such as teeth cleaning.3,92,705
    Veterinary PhysicianVeterinarians typically examine animals to diagnose their health problems, diagnose and treat animals for medical conditions. They treat and dress wounds, perform surgery on animals, and test for, and vaccinate against diseases. Also, they operate medical equipment, such as X-ray machines, prescribe medication, euthanize animals, and provide treatment to animals similar to the services a physician provides to treat humans.5,14,536
    Veterinarian Food Inspection SpecialistVeterinarian Food Inspection Specialists evaluate packaging, packing, and marking requirements. They operate and maintain inspection equipment, and perform duties in accordance with approved standards of conduct and report suspected cases of fraud.4,78,705
    Associate VeterinarianA Veterinary Associate or A Veterinary Technician is mainly responsible for providing medical care to domestic animals. They assist veterinarians by performing physical examinations, dental procedures, spaying and neutering, immunization, birthing care and euthanasia. Veterinary Associates are also responsible for recording animal care history on a care chart, collecting specimens for examination, preparing animals and instruments for surgery, assisting in surgical procedures, and taking and developing X-rays.2,40,790

    Bachelor of Veterinary Science [BVSc] (Veterinary Pathology) Fee Structure in India

    6.51 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES3.67 L (Maximum Fee)
    1.41 L (Average Fee)
    50.27 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES1.35 L (Maximum Fee)
    92.39 K (Average Fee)



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