Bachelor of Vocation is a 3-year undergraduate course available for pursuance by students hailing from several different fields. The basic eligibility for pursuance of the course is the successful completion of the Senior Secondary level of education (class XII) from a recognized educational Board.
The course has essentially been designed for students wishing to enhance their employability. These courses facilitate such students in learning, earning and growing professionally. The course offers to eligible candidates:
There is a number of universities and colleges in India that offer the program. Some colleges offer this course along with other undergraduate courses. However, unlike the other typical UG courses, the curriculum for this program is mapped with job roles in accordance with the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).
The course’s curriculum is industry-based and work-integrated.
In some cases where the student is unable to complete the 3-year program, the student is still awarded a Diploma and an Advanced Diploma (or equivalent), in case of successfully completing the first and second year of the course.
Successful graduates of the course can also work as:
Some universities offer this course by names like:
Specializations offered as part of the course include:
The importance of the course can be assessed from the fact that vocational or skill-based education is becoming more and more widespread and significant in today’s society. The industries expect new employees/ freshers to possess all the practical skills they need before they start working. This course is therefore introduced by University Grants Commission to cater to this need of businesses and youth alike.
The course is spread across 6 Semesters. In addition to the regular curriculum, all students are required to undergo industrial training or project work lasting for a minimum of 4 to 8 weeks in every semester.
Students are also needed to pass a bridge course program of 180 hours for each semester for the first two semesters.
The average course fees charged in India ranges between INR 30,000 - 5 lacs for the total duration.
The average annual salary offered to successful graduates of the field lies between INR 3-10 lacs.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 from a recognized educational Board|
|Admission Process||Merit-based/ Based on counselling after qualification of entrance test|
|Course Fee||INR 5,000 - 10,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2-3 lacs|
|Top Recruiting Organizations'||Amul, Godrej Industrial Limited, Dabur India Ltd., PepsiCo India Holdings, Nestle India Pvt. Ltd., Britannia Industries Ltd., Parle Products Pvt. Ltd., TELCO, L&T, Ashok Leyland, Mahindra & Mahindra, Haldex India, Bajaj Auto, Maruti Suzuki, Toyota, Yamaha, Hyundai, Hero MotoCorp, Volkswagen, Audi, Renault, etc.|
|Top Recruiting Areas'||Commercial industries, computer operating areas, and such.|
|Top Job Profiles||Computer operator, Accountant, Food Technologist, Beautician, among others.|
New up-and-coming professionally-oriented courses such as B.B.M., B.M.S., B.A.F., B.F.M. and B.B.I. are fast gaining widespread popularity amongst students who wish to cut from the regular pathway.
With an emphasis to focus more on practical training, the UGC has introduced this vocational and skill development degree program called Bachelor of Vocation.
Specializations offered as part of the course include:
There are numerous colleges in India that offer the course, in tie-ups with industries.
Such industry-based experience is aimed at developing the sensory and practical ability of students, so that they can understand the process of working better.
The UGC has given approval to several institutes across the country to offer this course. Students enrolled to the course are offered specialization in:
Eligible candidates aspiring to pursue the course, would ideally possess:
Ability to work with a team
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees per annum in INR|
|HR College of Commerce and Economics||Mumbai||9,500|
|St. Xavier's College||Mumbai||5,500|
|Rayat Bahra University||Shimla||60,000|
|Central University of Rajasthan||Ajmer||4,500|
|Teerthanker Mahaveer University||Moradabad||50,000|
|Mata Gujri College||Fatehgarh Sahib||25,000|
|Apeejay College of Fine Arts||Jalandhar||17,000|
|BBK DAV College for Women||Amritsar||59,000|
|PSGR Krishnammal College for Women||Coimbatore||16,000|
|St. Xavier's College||Ranchi||33,000|
|Mar Ivanios College||Thiruvananthapuram||18,000|
Listed below are the minimum criteria of eligibility that interested candidates need to fulfil in order to apply for the course.
Most institutes and colleges offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance examination, conducted mostly at institutional level, followed by a round of personal interview.
The round of interview is for assessing the candidate’s general aptitude for the course. A merit list is subsequently released by the concerned institute for qualifying students’ admission to the course.
A few institutes also provide direct admission to candidates on the basis of the aggregate score at the 10+2 level.
A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Semester 1||Semester 2||Semester 3|
|Effective English Skills||General Education Component||Media Studies & Cinema|
|Effective Hindi or French Skills||Effective English Skills||Social Analysis|
|Human Rights||Effective Hindi or French Skills||Economic Analysis|
|Indian Culture & Philosophy||Environment Studies||Giving Voice to Values|
|Computer Basics & Networking||Innovations in Science||HTML & CSS|
|C++ Programming||DBMS / SQL||Java Programming|
|MS Office||Advanced Excel||CorelDraw / Photoshop|
|Financial Math & Accounting||Tally||Advanced SQL with Oracle|
|Semester 4||Semester 5||Semester 6|
|Media Studies & Cinema||Entrepreneurship||Entrepreneurship|
|Social Analysis||Political Analysis||Business Ethics|
|Economic Analysis||Psychology||Principles of Financial Accounting|
|Political Analysis||Software Testing||DOTNET Technologies|
|PHP & MySQL||SAP – I||SAP - II|
|Animation using Maya / other Software||Project - I||Project - II|
|Open Source Platforms (Linux, RoR)||Mobile Development using Android|
The University Grants Commission (UGC) launched a scheme in February 2014 for the development of skill-based higher education as a part of college/university education. This program focuses on providing undergraduate education with the aim of building specific job skills in students, so that they can gainfully participate in accelerating the growth of India’s economy.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
The job of a Computer Operator is to oversee maintenance and operation of computer hardware and software systems. They are responsible for controlling consoles of mainframe digital computer, or a set of minicomputers.
They also perform maintenance tasks such as checking for viruses, backing up data, upgrading software, and other basic computer work.
An Accountant prepares asset, liability, and capital account entries for a firm by compiling and analyzing account information.
They document financial transactions catering to a firm by entering account information. They also recommend financial actions to the manager by analyzing accounting options.
|Food Technologist||Food Technologists are responsible for developing safe and efficient food that is consumable and saleable at commercial markets. They are involved in the modification and manufacturing steps of food products. Food Technologists also plan recipes and manage food production on a large scale.||3-4 lacs|