D.El.Ed is a 2-year full-time diploma course to train teachers for primary level teaching, ie, from class I to VIII. D.El.Ed stands for Diploma course in Elementary Education and covers the teaching methods of children between the ages of 6 to 14. The 2-year curriculum is divided into 4 semesters and has been designed to enhance the educational qualities techniques and new teaching methods.
The AISHE portal states that out of 7.2% of students enrolled at the Diploma level in India, the majority of students are enrolled in Teacher Training Courses.
The D.El.Ed qualification was made mandatory for all candidates willing to teach in the primary level schools after the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 was passed by the Indian Parliament. D.El.Ed courses can be obtained through both regular as well as online mode.
The qualification to apply for D.El.Ed courses are that the aspirants ought to have fundamental merit of 10+2 or equal passed with 50% marks from a recognized board. In-service teachers are required to acquire a D.El.Ed qualification within a period of 5 years.
The aspirants through this course are taught the methods of inquiry and epistemological structures of their subjects and how students learn so that they can expand and use teaching methods in different settings of elementary classrooms.
The curriculum fees for the D.El.Ed course would range from INR 5,000 into Rs. 50,000 annually depending upon the Institute or University the candidate is admitted in.
Business-standard.com states that 1 out 6 elementary school teachers are not professionally trained. The number of untrained in-service teachers is so large that it is difficult to train them through the regular formal system. To deal with the situation, NIOS D.El.Ed Training Program was developed by the Academic Department of NIOS on the initiative of MHRD, Government of India. The course structure was designed by following the NCF 2005 (National Curriculum Framework), NCFTE 2010 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education), and RTE 2009 (Right to Education) act.
There are some basic requirements to enroll in the D.El.Ed course. The eligibility is more or less the same for all the states. However few states may have specific requirements that vary. The candidates must check the details before applying for admission in the D.El.Ed course.
The general requirements are stated below:
Untrained teachers who are already working at government primary or upper primary schools can also apply for the D.El.Ed course.
The D.El.Ed admission process is held annually by the respective state. Every state has its designated board or organization that conducts D.EL.Ed admission and the notifications are released on the official websites by the concerned departments. Not all states conduct entrance exams for D.El.Ed admission.
States like Bihar, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Assam conduct entrance exams for D.El.Ed admissions, whereas some other states West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, do not conduct entrance exams for D.El.Ed admissions.
Some important details about a few D.El.Ed Entrance Exams are tabulated below.
|Exam||Conducting Body||Exam Date||Result Declaration|
|AP DEECET 2020||Andhra Pradesh School of Education Department||23 to 24 June, 2020||29 Jun 2020|
|Bihar D.El.Ed JET 2020||Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB)||28 August, 2020 (As per Media Reports)||To be notified|
|SCERT Odisha Entrance Exam 2020||Directorate of Teacher Education and SCERT, Government of Odisha||2nd week of August, 2020||Third week of August 2020|
|Uttarakhand D.El.Ed 2020||Uttarakhand Board of School Education, Uttarakhand (UBSE)||Postponed||Postponed|
|SCERT Assam D.El.Ed PET||State Council of Educational Research and Training, Assam (SCERT, Assam)||Postponed||After the commencement of the exam|
|Course Name||Conducting Body||Last Date of Application||Merit List Declaration|
|UP BTC D.El.Ed 2020||Uttar Pradesh Parishak Niyamak Pradhikari, Allahabad||2nd week of July, 2020||3rd week of July, 2020|
|WB D.El.Ed 2020||West Bengal Board of Primary Education||4th week of Jun 2020||July 2020|
The application fees of the various state-level D.El.Ed courses range around INR 250 to 600.
The D.El.Ed curriculum focuses on the present educational requirements and child psychology along with the process of Learning -Reading -Writing.
The syllabus for 2 years of Diploma in Elementary Education is stated below.
|Year 1||Year 2|
|Childhood and the development of children||Cognition, sociocultural context|
|Contemporary society||Teacher identity and school culture|
|Education, society||Leadership and change|
|Towards understanding the self||Pedagogy of environmental studies|
|Mathematics education for the primary||Diversity and education|
|Proficiency in English||School health and education|
|Work and education||Fine arts and education|
Internships are included in both the years of study which helps the D.El.Ed students to implement the methods of teaching that they learn during their course.
Some of the top D.El.Ed colleges along with the city they are situated in, fee structure, and average annual package expected in each of the colleges are given below.
|Jamia Millia Islamia University||New Delhi||AICTE, UGC, NAAC-A||INR 6,900|
|Maulana Azad National Urdu University||Hyderabad||UGC, NAAC-A||INR 5,700|
|Dr. D Y Patil Vidya Pratishthan Society||Pune||NCTE, AICTE, NAAC, NBA||INR 13,340|
|Bombay Teachers’ Training College – [BTTC]||Mumbai||NCTE, NAAC-A||INR 17,310|
|Amity University||Noida||NCTE, COA, BCI, AICTE, UGC, AIU||INR 60,000|
|Pacific University||Udaipur||UGC, AIU||INR 50,000|
|Green Valley College of Education||Bhopal||NCTE, NAAC-A||INR 35,000|
|Dayalbagh Educational Institute||Agra||UGC, NAAC-A, MHRD||INR 5,950|
|Mewar University||Chittorgarh||NCTE, PCI, BCI, AICTE, UGC||INR 53,000|
|Integral University||Lucknow||PCI, MCI, NAAC, UGC||INR 50,000|
Private D.El.Ed colleges tend to have higher fee structure and they mostly take in students directly through the merit system. Whereas, government colleges depend on D.El.Ed entrance exams for admitting students and they have comparably lower fee structure. Degrees from both government and private institutions are approved by the NCTE.
NIOS D.El.Ed program is specifically designed for the in-service untrained teachers who are working in the primary schools of different states throughout the country. The program has been developed by the Academic Department, NIOS on the initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Govt. of India, keeping in view the NCF 2005 (National Curriculum Framework), RTE 2009 (Right to Education) and NCFTE 2010 (National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education) act.
NIOS D.El.Ed program aims at enabling the enrolled students to develop in their skills and understanding to make teaching and learning more effective.
The NIOS D.El.Ed course fee structure laid out by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, for the 2 years course is :
According to Hindustan Times, over 12 lakh untrained teachers across the country are taking the examination for two years D.El.Ed course through the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in pursuance of Prime Minister’s Digital India campaign.
NIOS D.El.Ed Admission
The eligibility criteria for NIOS D.El.Ed is similar to that of the requirements of the regular D.El.Ed course. The only difference being that the degree would be considered valid only for the in-service primary teachers. The NIOS D.El.Ed admission is done through online application and after successfully clearing the entrance exams.
The admission procedure for the NIOS D.El.Ed course is stated below:
The candidates can download their NIOS D.El.Ed Hall Ticket/Admit Card a week before the exam from the official NIOS Portal. The students can access the portal and get the required information about the NIOS D.El.Ed Results, Merit List, Cut Off Marks by using their Admit Card Number and Password.
NIOS D.El.Ed Course Details
The D.El.Ed program offered by NIOS is a 2-year course divided into 4 semesters. The NIOS D.El.Ed study material and program guide is available in 12 different languages such as Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi in the NIOS official website.
The course structure of the NIOS D.El.Ed program is tabulated below:
|Course Code||Course Group and Title||Credit Weightage|
|501||Elementary Education in India, Social-Cultural Perspective||4|
|502||Pedagogic process in Elementary Schools||8|
|503||Learning Languages at Elementary Level||4|
|504||Learning Mathematics at Elementary Level||4|
|505||Learning EVS at Primary Level||4|
|506||Understanding Children in Inclusive Context||8|
|507||Community and Elementary Education||4|
|508||Learning Art, Physical and Work Education at Elementary Level||4|
|509||Learning Social Science at Upper Primary Level||4|
|510||Learning Science at Upper Primary Level l||4|
|512||Workshop- Based Activities||4|
|514||Workshop- Based Activities||4|
The course-based assignment of the NIOS D.El.Ed program forms an integral and compulsory part of the instructional system. The topics of the assignments can be downloaded from the NIOS official website. Writing and submitting the assignment is mandatory as it carries a weightage of 30 marks.
After the completion of the D.El.Ed course, the candidates have to appear for CTET or State level TET exams for starting a career as an elementary school teacher. Candidates aspiring for getting jobs in government schools will have to appear for the Teacher Recruitment Exam (TRT) conducted by the respective state government. The pay in the Government sector is about 30% higher than in the private sector, hence the candidates usually aim for teaching jobs at government schools.
Given below is a list of the probable job options available after completing the D.El.Ed course.
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Annual Salary|
|Primary Teacher||Primary teachers educate children who are 5 to 12 years of age. They are responsible with the development of students’ literacy and emotional growth.||INR 2.37 lakhs|
|Content Reviewer||Content Reviewers review materials submitted by technical writers for grammar, punctuation, and content.||INR 5.2 lakhs|
|Content Writer||Web content writers compose content specifically for online users. These types of content writers can face stiff competition for available positions.||INR 2.43 lakhs|
|Career Counsellor||They examine client records and conduct interviews and administer aptitude and achievement tests to gather the information that assists them in helping clients choose careers.||INR 2.41 lakhs|
|Government Primary School Teacher||They help in the development of students from a very young age in government schools.||INR 4.2 lakhs|
The content reviewing sector or editing is said to expand up to 12% in the next 5 years. Content writing on the Internet will grow by about 20% in the next 5 years.
With a number of government schemes for rural education and a good pay scale, D.El.Ed course is a lucrative option for the candidates.
Students can opt for further studies after the completion of D.El.Ed. Courses like B.El.Ed, B.Ed and M.Ed can be pursued for acquiring teaching jobs in high secondary schools.
There are few other diploma and certificate courses like BTC (Basic training Certificate), NTT (Nursery Teacher Training), DED (Diploma in Education), PTC (Primary teachers Certificate), ETE (Elementary Teacher Education), TTC (Teachers Training Certificate), JBT (Junior Basic Training) that are similar to D.El.Ed courses.
Listed below are some of the courses that can be pursued after the D.El.Ed course.
|B.El.Ed||10+2 in any stream from a recognized board||2 years||INR 1.5 lakhs|
|B.Ed||50-55% marks in bachelors degree||2 years||INR 1 lakh|
|B.A or B.Sc or B.Com||Class XII from a recognized board||3 years||INR 75,000|
|M.Ed||Minimum Percentage of 50% to 60% in graduation course (B.Ed)||2 years||INR 1.2 lakhs|
|M.A or M.Sc or M.Com||Aggregate 50% in graduation or qualifying score in Entrance Exams||2 years||INR 80,000|
|M.Phil||55% marks in Master’s Degree in relevant subjects.||2 years||INR 55,000|
|Ph.D||55% for General candidates in PG 45% for SC/ST/OBC/specially-abled category in PG||3 to 5 years||INR 1.25 lakhs|
Source: College Websites
The above courses can be pursued to gain expertise in a particular stream and obtain higher job profiles in government schools and colleges. PhD candidates can even work as professors in various institutes and colleges.
Ques. Is there any program to provide training to only Graduate teachers and what is the duration of this training?
Ans. If a teacher is a plain Graduate, then, he/she is required to acquire a professional qualification, ie, D.El.Ed, for teaching at the elementary level (Class 6th to 8th). The NIOS offers an 18 months D.El.Ed program through open distance learning.
Ques. Is D.El.Ed mandatory?
Ans. D.El.Ed is mandatory for all in-service teachers at the primary level and for graduate only teachers at the upper primary level. This has been implied in accordance with the necessary qualifications mandated by NCTE under the RTE Act, 2009.
Ques. Can Guest Teachers take admission in D.El.Ed. course?
Ans. All in-service untrained elementary teachers teaching in Schools as defined under Section 2(n) of the RTE Act 2009 and recruited as per RTE Act 2009 can take admission in D.El.Ed. course.
Ques. Are the government Urdu teachers working at Elementary Level eligible for D.El.Ed course?
Ans. All untrained teachers teaching in Schools as defined under Section 2(n) of the RTE Act 2009 and recruited as per RTE Act 2009 are eligible to take admission in D.El.Ed course.
Ques. Is the online D.El.Ed course conducted by NIOS through SWAYAM and SWAYAMPRABHA recognized by NCTE?
Ans. Yes, this online course by NIOS has been recognized by NCTE.
Ques. Are the Shiksha Mitra/Para teachers/Part-Time teachers /Teachers working on contract basis eligible for D.El.Ed course?
Ans. All untrained teachers teaching in Schools as prescribed under Section 2(n) of the RTE Act 2009 and recruited as per the RTE Act 2009 are eligible to take admission in D.El.Ed course.
Ques. Are Shastri and Drawing teachers who are working in Govt/ Govt-aided/Private unaided recognized schools eligible for D.El.Ed course?
Ans. Yes, all untrained elementary teachers teaching in schools as defined under Section 2( n) of the RTE Act 2009 and recruited as per RTE Act 2009 can take admission in D.El.Ed course
Ques. Are the teachers working in voluntary schools eligible for the D.El.Ed course?
Ans. Untrained in-service elementary teachers working in schools covered under Section 2(n) of the RTE Act 2009 only are eligible for the D.El.Ed course offered by NIOS.
Ques. Can the Madrasa teachers enroll themselves for the D.El.Ed course?
Ans. Yes, all in-service untrained elementary teachers teaching in schools as defined under Section 2(n) of the RTE Act 2009 and recruited as per RTE Act 2009 can take admission in D.El.Ed course.
Ques. Can a teacher teaching in a private school take admission in a D.El.Ed course?
Ans. Yes, all untrained teachers of recognized Govt./Govt. aided/unaided private schools can take admission in the online D.El.Ed course by NIOS.