Doctor of Laws [LL.D.] - Course Overview




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    LLD (Doctor of Law) Syllabus, Duration, Admissions, Fees, Colleges, Salary, Jobs 2020-21

    Atrisa Dutta Atrisa Dutta
    Content Curator

    LLD or Doctor of Law is a doctoral level degree of law of around 3-year duration. Some of the popular universities known for offering this course are National Law School of India University, National Law University, Banaras Hindu University, Chanakya National Law University, etc.

    To gain admission for the course, candidates need to hold a Ph.D. degree and have good years of work experience. The average cost to pursue this course may range from INR 5,000 to 5,00,000

    The major areas focussed during the duration of the course are Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Union State Legislative Relations, Concepts of Possession and Ownership, Family law, Business law etc

    LLD Admission National Law University, JodhpurLLD Admission National Law School of India University, Bangalore

    The curriculum has been designed to help train eligible candidates in effective intervention strategies, and also learn interaction and personal qualities needed to be in this profession.

    Admission to LLD program is generally done on the basis of merit obtained in various university entrance exams followed by a round of Personal Interview and submission of a research project in some institutes. Any such entrance exams conducted for an LLD course admission will vary from institution to institution.

    Check Top LLD Colleges in India

    Check out the table below to know the top LLD universities of India, as per NIRF rankings, along with the admission process and average annual fees charged.

    NIRF RankingCollege NameAdmission ProcessAverage Annual Fees (INR)
    1National Law School of India University, BangaloreEntrance-based1, 75,000
    5The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, KolkataMerit-based67,000
    6National Law University, JodhpurMerit-based65,000
    -Banaras Hindu UniversityEntrance-based3,900
    -NMS University, JaipurEntrance-based1,25,000

    Corporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agencies, Courts or Judiciary are some of the top recruiting areas for a candidate pursuing LLD course.

    The average salary offered to successful postgraduates of the Doctor of Laws course ranges between INR 40,000 to 90,000 monthly. One can explore this legal field by choosing legal professions like  Law Professor, Legal Researcher, Jurist, Solicitor, Judge, etc

    Alert:  Registration process of few universities like National Law University, Jodhpur, National Law School of India University, Bangalore and more has been extended due to Covid 19 pandemic. Banaras Hindi University has even postponed some of its entrance exams

    After getting an LLD degree, one can visit abroad to conduct research papers and conduct seminars.This could be not only a prestigious tag to any individual, but also an excellent scope for any person.

    LLD: Admission Process

    LLD: Admission Process

    Admission in top colleges offering LLD is mainly given through entrance examinations and personal interviews. Once the candidate has qualified and achieved the minimum score required in the entrance exam, they move onto the stage of personal interview, which is the deciding stage.

    • Entrance Test- Involves components of assessment such as Research Methodology, and a research proposal- specific paper.
    • Personal Interview- Questions on  assessment of fitness, work experience, past education, publications and statement of purpose, etc are asked.

    Once the first two stages are successfully qualified,  candidates are then required to submit a research proposal of about 10 to 12 pages. The research proposal needs to contain the title, a statement of purpose and background information on the subject, hypothesis and methodology and also a research design. The research proposal for interdisciplinary research ought to have components which have a bearing on legal theory, review and reform.

    Post submission of the report, the final candidates are then chosen based on their performance in all the stages. 

    There could be additional steps in the admission process depending on the college and university. Due diligence must be paid to all steps so as not to miss out on important notices and admission steps.

    LLD Eligibility

    To ensure that the admission process is smooth, one must be acquainted with the eligibility criteria for a Doctor of Laws. It is important to note that the eligibility criteria are different from college to college. 

    Listed below are the minimum criteria of eligibility required to be fulfilled for admission to the course.

    • Willing candidates must have a Ph.D. degree in the relevant field.
    • A good work experience of 6 to 10 years in the legal industry  is preferred  by top universities.
    •  A 4 to 5 year-long postgraduate LLM degree completed from a recognized university
    • Minimum aggregate score of 50% at the LLM degree examinations.

    Some colleges also require the candidates to have at least 5 to 10 years of work experience in teaching in the related field. Candidates with a track record of exceptional achievements will receive benefits during the admission process.

    LLD Entrance Exams

    The first step to the admission process of an LLD degree is the entrance examination. Only the candidates who secure the minimum passing score in the entrance exam moves further.

    Stated below are the popular  law colleges in India, offering a Doctor of Laws degree, with the qualifying entrance examination.

    • National Law School of India University, Bangalore Entrance Exam: The National Law School of India from Bangalore conducts its own admission test but also accepts other test scores too. The university’s entrance test is of 150 marks total and covers objective types questions on research aptitude, contemporary development in law and society and other questions related to law, MBL, MPP etc.
    • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi RET Entrance Test: Banaras Hindu University’s entrance test for its Doctor of Laws programme is called RET. The test covers topics related to research methodology, subject knowledge and also tests the candidates logical and analytical capacities. The paper is MCQ type and has 100 total questions. The maximum marks are 300 and the paper must be attempted in 120 minutes total. 

    How to prepare for the LLD Entrance Examination?Anchor

    The first step in preparing for any entrance examination for a Doctor of Laws degree is to know the syllabus and paper pattern, which will be different for each university. However, in most exams, the paper is divided into two main sections.

    • Part 1 usually deals with research methodology.
    • Part 2 deals with questions related to law, criminal law etc.

    While there are no exact formulas on how to best prepare for an entrance examination, there are certain pointers that can be referred to.

    • Each university has its entrance examination syllabus and paper pattern and  accessing them is the first step.
    • If available, past papers must be downloaded and used for practice.
    • Reading up on the current news in the field is also important to keep abreast of any developments.
    • Revision must be done during the initial days of the preparation. The latter days must be utilised solely for mock tests.
    • Timing while attempting a paper is important so as not to run out of time during the actual paper.

    How to get admission in a good LLD college?

    Here are some of the tips to help you get admission in one of the good LLD college in India.

    • Passing LLM with a decent percentage from any reputed university of India.
    • Completing Ph.D. successfully is one of the requirements for this criteria.
    • Start making a list of all the best colleges  in the country offering the subject.
    • Prepare and give your best to crack the admission tests with good scores.
    • Be presentable enough to represent in the interview sessions of the colleges.
    • Follow regularly  the websites of the desired colleges for tracking the important dates of admissions.
    LLD: What is it about?

    LLD: What is it about?

    Check out the below mentioned points to know what LLD is about. 

    • Doctor of Laws is another name for a research-level degree programme in law. A Doctor of Laws or LLD degree is a dedicated postgraduate degree for candidates who already have a PhD. 
    • An LLD programme usually lasts three years long and admission into it is selective and highly competitive.
    • LLD focuses on core subjects like Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Union State Legislative Relations, Concepts of Possession and Ownership, etc.
    • Getting an LLD degree is best for people who wish to work in the academic field as professors or teachers of law. LLD candidates are also preferred for higher positions in law like judges. Various sectors of the economy seek out a high calibre candidate with a Doctor of Laws degree. Private and public sector companies hire such candidates on a regular basis.

    LLD: Course Highlights

    Listed below are some of the noteworthy highlights of the course.

    Course NameDoctor of Law
    Course LevelDoctorate Degree
    Duration3 years
    Examination TypeSemester System
    EligibilityMust be a Ph.D holder and have good experience of work in related fields.
    Admission ProcessEntrance tests and interviews.
    Average Course Fee (INR) 5,000 to 5,00,000
    Average Starting Salary (INR)  4 to 20 lakhs
    Top Recruiting AreasCorporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agencies, Courts or Judiciary
    Why study LLD?

    Why study LLD?

    The ultimate decision to pursue a Doctor of Laws degree depends on the professional and career plans of each individual candidate. There are, however, some benefits that are worth highlighting. The following benefits to studying a Doctor of Laws degree are best for students who are contemplating getting admission into it.

    • LLD degree helps in solidifying the base of all the previous years of education. It will help in enhancing the resume of the candidate.
    • Any candidate with a LLD degree is open to a multitude of career avenues as many top organisations seek out such candidates to work for them.
    • Candidates with this  degree have been observed to have developed a higher sense of critical thinking and analytical reasoning capacity. This comes in handy in not only the workplace but also in day to day life.
    • Lawyers and judges are powerful people in society. They get to uphold the law and create newer better laws to better society.
    • Intellectually many benefits can also be observed in a candidate holding this degree. One gets to interact with and communicate with some of the best brains of the nation which helps in more ways than one.
    LLD Vs PhD in Law

    Course Comparison

    Tabulated below is the comparison between LLD and Ph.D. in Law on the basis of average annual fees, duration, eligibility,  packages offered and more.

    ParametersLLDPh.D. in Law
    ObjectiveLLD can be pursued by any individual even after Ph.D to gain more in depth knowledge in legal studies. The objective of Ph.D. in Law is to enhance the idea of the aspirants on legal matters post the completion of LLM or M.Phil in the related field of studies.
    Average Annual Fees (INR)5,000 to 5,00,0006,000 to 3,65, 000 
    Duration3 years5 years
    EligibilityCandidates must have a Ph.D degree from any recognized university.Qualifying LLM with an aggregate of 55% from a recognized university
    Admission ProcessEntrance tests and interviews.Merit and Entrance Based
    Top CollegesNational Law School of India University, National Law University, The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, etcAmity University, Alliance College of Law, Bharati Vidyapeeth, National Law University, School of Legal Studies etc.
    Job RolesLaw Professor, Legal Researcher, Judge, etcJurist, Researcher, Lawyer, Solicitor, etc.
    Average Annual Salary (INR)4 to 20 lakhs2 to 13 lakhs
    LLD Vs Ph.D (Average Fees and Average Salary Comparison)

    Source: University Websites and Payscale

    LLD Colleges

    LLD Colleges

    The average tuition fee charged annually in India for the course ranges between INR 5,000 (government institutes) to 5 lakhs (private institutes). There are also scholarships and other forms of financial aid offered to students of high calibre and an excellent track record. 

    Listed below are some of the top and popular institutes in India that offer an LLD degree programme:

    College NameLocationAverage Annual Fees (in INR)
    National Law School of India UniversityBangalore1, 75,000
    National Law UniversityNew Delhi1,15,000
    The West Bengal National University of Juridical SciencesKolkata67,000
    Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi3,900
    National Law UniversityJodhpur65,000
    NMS UniversityJaipur1,25,000
    Mansarovar Global UniversitySehore1,50,000
    Sangam UniversityBhilwara1,78,000

    College Comparison

    Below we have made a comparison between the top LLD colleges on parameters like NIRF ranking and on other major grounds that any aspirant can have a look on.

    ParametersNational Law School of India UniversityThe West Bengal National University of Juridical SciencesNational Law University
    OverviewThe first law university in India, NLSIU came into existence in 1987. Since then it is known as one of the popular law colleges in India.The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences is known for one of the fine law colleges of Bengal and also has made a rank of 5th  under 15 law colleges by NIRF. It provides various other UG and PG courses.Established in 1999, NLU is not only one of the to law colleges of the country but also has got the rank of 6th out of 15 by NIRF
    Rankings (NIRF)156
    EligibilityPh.D. in any discipline from any recognized university in India or abroad with relevant experience/expertise in the field.Students must have completed PhD in the field of Law.Ph.D. degree in the concerned discipline with research publications in journals.
    Admission ProcessEntrance-basedMerit-basedMerit-based
    Average Annual Fees (INR)1, 75,00067,00065,000
    LLD Syllabus and Course Structure

    LLD Syllabus and Course Structure

    The syllabus of LLD is vast and may differ based on the university one chooses, but here are few of the most covered topics of the course by most of the law universities. 

    Research MethodologyJurisprudence
    Relevance of Legal ResearchConstitutional Law
    Significance of Legal Research in IndiaNeed for Legal Research and Importance of interdisciplinary approach
    Types of ResearchLegal Research as a profession in India
    Preamble and Writ JurisdictionLaw Reform Research
    Directive Principles of State PolicyFundamental Rights and Duties
    Union State Legislative RelationsJudiciary and Nature and Source of Law
    Amendment to the Constitution of IndiaEmergency Provisions
    Judicial Process and Social TransformationConcepts of Possession and Ownership
    Judicial Activism and Rights and DutiesPublic International Law and Law of Torts
    Options for areas of Specialisation and Social JusticeEnvironmental Law and Cyber Law
    Law of Crimes: General principlesLaw of Contracts: General Principles
    Family Law and Business LawIPR and Human Rights

    Check detailed LLD Syllabus

    LLD Jobs and Career Prospects

    LLD Jobs and Career Prospects

    LLD offers useful preparation for several different careers. The first career prospect of these is the academic work aspect, such as in academic journals, doctrinal examination, observational research. Other viable options include working for NGOs, government organizations, doctrinal or empirical research etc.

    Some of the most popular professional avenues and careers open to such postgraduates are listed below along with the corresponding annual salaries offered for the respective positions.

    Job TitleJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary (in INR)
    Law ProfessorLaw Professors are former lawyers who are involved in the career of teaching advocates of justice.11,50,000-34,00,000
    Legal ResearcherLegal Researchers conduct research in the fields of law. Be it in support of an organization or individual these professionals express the purpose of advancing learning in a specific zone of law.9,80,005-23,40,000
    JudgeJudges review authentic briefs, conflicts and evidence presented by the obstruction and the arraignment of all kinds of cases. Judges offer assistance to juries and help direct them in their commitments and obligations.12,00,000-45,00,000
    General counselorsThese officials are the one who are responsible to make legal decisions for companies.Drafting, reviewing and negotiating contracts are also the day to day job of these professionals.8,00,000-15,00,000
    Compliance OfficerCompliance officers in any organization ensure to check whether all the licensing requirements are updated or not. They also comply with the legally framed regulations and laws.6,00,000-10,00,000
    LLD Salary Trends

    Source: Payscale

    Explore more about LLD Jobs 

    LLD Future Scope

    LLD Future Scope

    LLD or Doctor of Laws is considered the highest degree in legal studies. Law professionals refer to this degree as the higher version of research that is a Ph.D. One can opt for this course even after completing their Ph.D. in a related field to gain more control over the subject.

    • After completing this degree successfully, individuals can visit abroad to conduct research on major topics like Capital Punishment, Civil Rights, Campus Viloence, etc.
    • International countries are often interested in such degree holders to conduct legal seminars and research studies in their country, which in turn is very honourable for these professionals.
    LLD FAQs

    LLD FAQs

    Ques. What is the meaning of LLD?

    Ans. LLD or Doctor of Laws is one of the highest levels of legal degree pursued either after LLM or after Phd in a relevant field of study.

    Ques. What is the difference between PhD and LLD?

    Ans.  A phd in law is a research degree post LLM and LLD is a higher research degree that can be pursued even after Phd in a related field.

    Ques How do you get an LLD?

    Ans.  Admission to a LLD college is done through entrance exams and personal interviews. After studying the degree for 3 years successfully, one gets the LLD degree.

    Ques. What is the duration of LLD?

    Ans. It takes 3 years to complete the degree of LLD.

    Ques. What is the eligibility to study LLD?

    Ans. One needs to hold a Ph.D. from any recognized university  to be eligible for the course.

    Ques. What are the top colleges for studying LLD?

    Ans. National Law School of India University, National Law University, Banaras Hindu University, Chanakya National Law University, etc. are some of the top colleges for studying this degree.

    Ques. What is the cost to stuLLD Jobs and Career Prospectsdy an LLD?

    Ans. The average cost to study this program can range from INR 5000 to 500,000 in India.

    Ques. How much can an LLD holder earn?

    Ans. An LLD holder in India can earn 4 to 20 lakhs on an average annually.

    Ques. Is there any delay in admission for LLD due to Covid 19 outbreak?

    Ans. Yes, there can be delay in the process of LLD admissions, as many universities like Banaras Hindu University and The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences are postponing their admission process due to the current COVID 19 pandemic.

    Doctor of Laws [LL.D.] Fee Structure in India

    2.65 L (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES2.65 L (Maximum Fee)
    2.65 L (Average Fee)
    1.78 L (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES4.5 L (Maximum Fee)
    2.74 L (Average Fee)



    1 Comment
    Prakriti agarwal

    Is it important in every uncvee ersty to attend daiky classes for lld??

    18 Aug, 2019 19:45
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Prakriti, this depends on the college/university in which you are applying for admission as some of the colleges are regular while others may offer distance learning.

    19 Aug, 2019 14:15

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