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Doctor of Laws [LL.D.] - Course Overview




    3 YEARS





Doctor of Law or LLD is an advanced degree in law of 3-year duration which involves an exploration of language-based learning disabilities, including the many inherent characteristics, psychological,developmental, linguistic and cultural correlates. Candidates need to pass Master of Law successfully in order to be eligible to apply for LLD course. 

The curriculum involves a study of areas of receptive and expressive language, (including speaking, listening, reading & writing modalities), cognitive aspects of communication (attention, memory, sequencing, problem solving and executive functioning), and social aspects of communication (challenging behavior, ineffective social skills, lack of communication opportunities.

The curriculum is designed to train eligible candidates in effective intervention strategies, and interaction and personal qualities needed to collaborate with students, families and other professional colleagues to provide the most appropriate model of service delivery for children and adolescents with LLD.


    Admission to LLD program is generally done on the basis of merit obtained in various entrance exams followed by a round of Personal Interview in some institutes. Some such entrance exams conducted for the course vary from institution to institution. Some of the top institutes which offer the course include:

    Corporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agencies, Courts or Judiciary are some of the top recruiting areas for those pursuing LLD course. The average salary offered to successful postgraduates of the course ranges between INR 40,000 and 90,000 monthly.

    LLD: Course Highlights

    Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

    Course NameDoctor of Law
    Course LevelDoctorate Degree
    Duration3 years
    Examination TypeSemester System
    Admission ProcessMerit obtained at the level of LLM, entrance tests and interviews in case of some institutes
    Average Course FeeINR 5K to 5 Lacs
    Average Starting SalaryINR 4 to 20 Lacs
    Top Recruiting AreasCorporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agencies, Courts or Judiciary

    Top Institutes Offering LLD  

    The average tuition fee charged in India for the course ranges between INR 5,000 (government institutes) to 5 lacs (private institutes).

    Listed below are some of the renowned institutes in India that offer LLD:

    College NameCollege/InstituteAverage Annual Fees in INR
    National Law School of India UniversityBangalore68,333
    National Law UniversityNew Delhi65,833
    Chanakya National Law UniversityPatna38,000
    Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi1,700
    National Law UniversityJodhpur65.8K
    Karnataka State Law UniversityHubli5.81K
    Mats UniversityRaipur1.2 lacs
    Srinivas UniversityMangalore85K
    Mats School of LawRaipur1.2 lacs

    Eligibility for LLD   

    Listed below are the basic minimum criteria of eligibility needed to be fulfilled for admission to the course.

    • A 4 to 5- year long LLM completed from a recognized university
    • Minimum aggregate score of 50% at the level of LLM
    • An LLB completed from a recognized university
    • Minimum aggregate score of 50% in LLB

    LLD: Admission Process                      

    Admission to the course is done in 2 stages:

    1. Entrance Test (involving components of assessment such as Research Methodology, and a research proposal- specific paper)
    2. Personal Interview (involving assessment of fitness, work experience, publications and statement of purpose)

    Subsequently, qualifying candidates are required to submit a research proposal of about 10 to 12 pages. The research proposal needs to contain the title, a statement of purpose and background information on the subject, hypothesis and methodology, a research design. The research proposal for inter-disciplinary research ought to have components which have a bearing on legal theory, review and reform.

    Applicants are selected based on their research proposal and the report put together by the board of the PG Council.


    LLD: Syllabus and Course Structure

    A semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given here.

    Course 1Course 2
    Research MethodologyConstitutional Law (Part A) and Jurisprudence (Part B)
    Nature of Research – An IntroductionPart A
    What is ResearchConstitutional Law
    Relevance of Legal ResearchPreamble
    Objective of Legal ResearchFundamental Rights and Duties
    Need for Legal Research and Importance of inter-disciplinary approachDirective Principles of State Policy
    Significance of Legal Research in IndiaJudiciary
    Legal Research as a profession in IndiaExecutive
    Types of ResearchUnion State Legislative Relations
    Doctrinal or Traditional ResearchEmergency Provisions
    Non-doctrinal or Empirical ResearchAmendment to the Constitution of India
    Descriptive and Analytical ResearchWrit Jurisdiction
    Applied and Fundamental ResearchPart B
    Qualitative and Quantitative ResearchJurisprudence
    Law Reform ResearchNature and Source of Law
    Historical Research.Positivism, Natural Law Theory, Sociological Jurisprudence
    Sociological ResearchRights and Duties
    Research ProcessesConcepts of Possession and Ownership
    Identification of Research ProblemsJudicial Process and Social Transformation
    Review of LiteratureJudicial Activism
    Selection of a Research ProblemSocial Justice
    Formulation of a HypothesisEmpowerment of women
    Research DesignCourse 3
    HypothesisSeminars/Presentations in the areas of Specialization (Optional)
    Methods of Investigation and tools for collection of dataOptions for areas of Specialization 
    Primary Data methodPublic International Law
    Experimental and Participatory/ Scientific MethodLaw of Contracts: General Principles
    Case Study MethodLaw of Torts
    Survey MethodLaw of Crimes: General principles
    Discussion MethodEnvironmental Law
    Observation MethodCyber Law
    Interview MethodIPR
    Mail Survey MethodFamily Law
    Questionnaire (Open ended and Close ended)Human Rights
    Pilot Study MethodBusiness Law
    Secondary Data MethodAny other area/ topic as per the requirement
    Case Law Method 
    Cumulative Record Cards 
    Tabulation and Evaluation of Data 
    Advantages and Limitations of Sampling 
    Theoretical basis of Sampling 
    Probability and Non- Probability Sampling 
    Classifications of sampling 
    Simple Random Sampling 
    Stratified Sampling 
    Cluster Sampling 
    Systematic Sampling 
    Non- random sampling 
    Purposive Sampling 
    Convenience Sampling 
    Judgment Sampling 
    Sampling and Non- Sampling Error 
    Analysis and Interpretation of Data 
    Application of Content Analysis in Legal Research 
    Analysis of aggregate Data 
    Data Interpretation 
    Legal input Analysis, the ideal and the practicable 
    Data Processing- Summarizing of data, Codification and Tabulation 
    Writing a Research Report- Types, Contents and steps involved in drafting of a Report 
    Scientific Tools in Research 
    Use of SPSS and other packages in Legal research 
    Avoiding/Detecting plagiarism 
    Writing the research report/Bibliography/Presentation styles 

    LLD: Career Prospects

    LLD offers useful preparation for several different careers. The first of these is academic work, such as in academic journals, doctrinal examination, observational research, and other options are NGOs, government organizations, doctrinal or empirical research etc.


    Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions. 

    Job TitleJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary in INR
    Law ProfessorLaw Professors are former lawyers that are involved in the career of teaching prospective advocates of justice.11,50,000 - 45,60,000
    Legal ResearcherLegal Researchers conduct research in aspects of law, in support of an organization or individual, involving the express purpose of advancing learning in a specific zone of law.9,80,005 - 23,40,000
    JudgeJudges review authentic briefs, conflicts and evidence presented by the obstruction and the arraignment (criminal law cases) of all kinds of cases. They offer assistance and to juries and direct them in their commitments and obligations.12,00,000 - 34,00,000



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