Doctorate of Medicine [MD] - Course Overview

  • STREAM

    MEDICAL

  • DURATION

    3 YEARS

  • COURSE

    Medicine

  • COURSE TYPE

    Post Graduation

    DM (Doctorate of Medicine) Course, Admission, Eligibility, Syllabus, Top College, Jobs, and Scope 2020-21

    Sounak Banerjee Sounak Banerjee
    Content Curator

    What is DM Course?

    DM Course or Doctorate of Medicine is a doctorate level degree course pursued by students after completing their respective PG Medical Course. DM Course is a 3 year Super Speciality Degree which includes the examination duration. The students taking admission in the course attain theoretical knowledge, clinical and practical skills along with developing the right attitude for communication.

    A Doctorate of Medicine or DM is very much different from a Doctor of Medicine (MD). Doctor of Medicine (MD) is a postgraduate course whereas DM Course is a PhD level course. To study MD Course the student must complete the MBBS Course. The eligibility criteria for the DM Course is that the student must complete the MD Course. 

    Students after completing 6 academic terms or 3 years must attend the DM exam. Every year, one student is admitted to the course for every Post Graduate Teacher in the Department. There have to be at least three faculty members in the department namely the Professor, Associate Professor or Reader along with an Assistant Professor or Lecturer.

    Like other medical courses offered in India, there are entrance tests for the DM Program. NEET-SS is conducted by the National Board of Examination (NBE) and a counselling process subsequently conducted by the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC). The students must overcome the Entrance Exam to get admission in the course. Some of the other Entrance Exams include NEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER exam or PGIMER exam

    The following table mentions the top colleges that offer Doctorate of Medicine Course along with the location, NIRF Rankings and fees:

    NIRF Medical Rankings 2020College NameLocationFees (INR)
    1AIIMSNew Delhi 2,045
    2PGIMERChandigarh3,470
    3Christian Medical CollegeVellore2,04,726
    4National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro SciencesBangalore66,550
    5Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknow2,06,000

    The training programme for Doctorate of Medicine (DM) is on the same pattern as for M.D. in clinical disciplines. The practical training includes advanced Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Laboratory techniques, relevant to the subject of specialisation.

    The Doctorate of Medicine Syllabus or DM Syllabus depends on the specialization the student has pursued. There are many specializations available for DM Course. Each Specialization has a unique syllabus to it. DM Endocrinology deals with human glands, DM Hepatology deals with liver, pancreas and other bile organs. SM Cardiology deals with heart whereas DM Nephrology deals with the kidneys. All the specialisations have specific syllabus attached to them. 

    See Also: PhD Medical Courses

    The average tuition fees starts from as low as INR 2,000 and ends at INR 20,00,000. The Government aided Colleges are heavily subsidized which helps students to pursue their research at a fraction of the cost. 

    The salary for a DM student ranges from INR 7,00,000 to INR 12,00,000 per year. This is mostly the stipend from the colleges. The salary may well exceed INR 18,00,000 if the student is doing their research under a private medicine firm. 

    Also See: MBA after MBBS

    DM Course Highlights

    DM Full-FormDoctorate of Medicine
    Course Duration3-Years
    Average FeeINR 2,000 to INR 20 Lakhs
    Average Salary OfferedINR 10 Lakhs per annum
    Eligibility40-50% in M.D. / M.S. / PG Medical Diploma
    Admission ModeNEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER exam or PGIMER exam
    DM SpecializationsCardiology, Clinical Haematology, Clinical Pharmacology, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Medical Gastroenterology, Medical Oncology, Neurology, Neonatology, Neuro-Radiology, Pulmonary Medicine, and Rheumatology.
    Job ProfilesGeneral Practitioners, Bacteriologist, Anesthesiologists, Obstetrician, Chiropodist, etc.
    Top RecruitersMedanta Hospitals, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Cipla Ltd, etc.
    What is DM Course Eligibility?

    What is DM Course Eligibility?

    Doctors with an MD or MS degree are eligible for pursuing the DM course. The academic merit of the students is considered for selection into this course. One of the following criteria are used judging the merits of the applicant: 

    • The performance of the student in the Entrance Exams conducted by the State Government or an authority appointed by the State Government to conduct the Entrance Exam.
    • The merit on the basis of national level centralized competitive tests.
    • When the candidate has passed from the same university then the cumulative performance on the first two and the M.B.B.S exam or a combination of the first and third are considered for admission to the course.
    • A minimum percentage of 50% has to be scored by the general candidates and 40% by those categorized as SC, OBC or ST in the Entrance Exam. 
    • In the case of the non-governmental institutions the competent authority fills up half of its seats and the Institution's management fills the other half on the merit basis of the students.
    What is the DM Course Admission Process?

    What is the DM Course Admission Process?

    The admission process for DM Course is through Entrance Exams only. 

    • The Entrance Exams are conducted by State Governments and the Medical Colleges. The students must score more than 50% in the Entrance Exams. 
    • The number of admitted students in Doctorate of Medicine (DM) Course is 1 student per year, per recognised Post Graduate teacher in the department having a minimum of three faculty members i.e one Professor, one Associate Professor/Reader & one Assistant Professor or Lecturer. 
    • The Entrance Exams that the Doctors must sit for are NEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER exam or PGIMER exam.

    Check Out: PhD in Medicine Course

    What are DM Course Entrance Exams?

    What are DM Course Entrance Exams?

    The entrance exams that are valid all over India for DM Course are mentioned below along with the registration date, exam date and result date. 

    Exam NameOverviewLast date for Registration Exam DateResult Date
    NEET SS 2020Conducted by National Board of Examinations for MD Courses.PostponedPostponedPostponed
    AIIMS DM 2020AIIMS Delhi conducts the exam for all AIIMS in India for PhD Courses. 3 March 202011th June 202015th June 2020
    JIPMER PhD 2020JIPMER conducts this examination for PhD Courses1st Sept 202022nd Sept 202030th Sept 2020

    The examination for Doctorate of Medicine (DM) Course are mentioned below: 

    • Theory - There are 4 Theory papers out of which 1 paper on Basic Medical Sciences, and another paper on Recent Advances. 
    • Clinical / Practical and Oral - Practical examination consist of special investigative techniques for Diagnosis and Therapy. Oral examination to judge the candidate’s overall knowledge about the subject. 

    A candidate needs to secure not less than 50% marks in each head of passing which shall include Theory and Practical which includes clinical and viva voce examination.

    DM Course Specialisations

    DM Course Specialisations

    The specializations for DM Course are mentioned below along with the eligibility criteria for MD Course Specializations:

    Area of DM SpecialisationRequirement
    DM CardiologyMD (Medicine)
    MD (Paediatrics)
    DM Clinical HematologyMD (Medicine)
    MD (Pathology)
    MD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Biochemistry)
    DM Clinical PharmacologyMD (Pharmacology)
    DM EndocrinologyMD (Medicine)
    MD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Biochemistry)
    DM ImmunologyMD (Medicine)
    MD (Pathology)
    MD (Microbiology)
    MD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Biochemistry)
    MD (Physiology)
    DM Medical GeneticsMD/MS in any subject
    DM Medical GastroenterologyMD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Medicine)
    DM Medical OncologyMD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Radiotherapy)
    MD (Medicine)
    DM NephrologyMD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Medicine)
    DM NeonatologyMD (Paediatrics)
    DM Neuro-radiologyMD (Radio-Diag.)
    DM NeurologyMD (Paediatrics)
    MD (Medicine)
    How is the Syllabus for the DM Course?

    How is the Syllabus for the DM Course?

    The syllabus for top DM Course specializations are mentioned below:

    DM Cardiology
    First YearHeart muscle diseasesTraumatic heart diseaseTumours of heartPulmonary hypertension
    Second YearElectrocardiographyRadiographyStress testingHolter monitoring
    Third YearExperience in cardiac catheterizationRight left heart path coronary angiographyTemporary pacemaker insertionValvuloplasty coronary and congenital interventions.
    DM Hepatology
    First YearBasic ImmunologyMolecular BiologyEpidemiologyCirrhosis
    Second YearNon parasitic cystic diseasesHepatic EncephalopathyAlcoholic Liver diseasesImmune disorders of Liver
    Third YearLiver pathologyLiver imagingDiseases of the pancreasAcute Liver failure
    DM Endocrinology
    First YearDiabetes MellitusThyroidGrowth and MaturityParathyroid Gland
    Second YearEndocrinology of PregnancyEndocrine Tumor SyndromesEndocrine changes in critically ill patientsCardiovascular Endocrinology
    Third YearMedical NutritionMedical AuditHormone assay proceduresRelevant radiological and nuclear medicine aspects
    DM Course Top Colleges

    DM Course Top Colleges

    Top Medical Colleges that provide DM Course in atleast one of the specializations are mentioned below along with NIRF Medical Rankings, Location and Fees .

    NIRF Medical Rankings 2020College NameLocationFees (INR)
    1AIIMSNew Delhi 2,045
    2PGIMERChandigarh3,470
    3Christian Medical CollegeVellore2,04,726
    4National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro SciencesBangalore66,550
    5Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknow2,06,000
    6BHUVaranasi26,752
    7Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & ResearchKochi25,00,000
    8JIPGMERPuducherry3,600
    9Kasturba Medical CollegeManipal10,00,000
    10King George`s Medical UniversityLucknow1,08,000

    How are the top DM Course Colleges Compared?

    The top colleges that offer DM Course are compared according to their rankings, fees and courses offered.

    CMC VellorePGIMERAIIMS
    OverviewChristian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, was established in the year of 1918 with the purpose to train dedicated persons to run, manage and provide health care in the spirit of Christ through the mission hospitals. Post Graduate Institute of Medical, Education & Research PGIMER, established in 1962, is a medical and research institution in Chandigarh, India. It is the leading tertiary care hospital of the region and caters to patients from all over Punjab, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana.All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, widely known as AIIMS Delhi is an Autonomous Medical University located in New Delhi duly recognized by the UGC and Medical Council of India. There are a total of 7 AIIMS located at different locations all over India.
    RanksNIRF: 3 India Today: 2NIRF: 2NIRF: 1 India Today: 1
    Courses OfferedMBBS, BSc, BPT, BOT, B.Optom, BPOBSc, MSc, PhD, MDS, MD, PBBScMBBS, MHA, BSc, B.Optom, BSc (Hons), MSc
    Average Fees (INR)22,0005,000 - 20,0001,600
    Average Placements (INR)7,00,000 - 10,00,0008,00,000 - 11,00,0008,00,000 - 12,00,000
    Doctorate of Medicine : Course Comparison

    Doctorate of Medicine : Course Comparison

    DM Course can confuse other comparisons. A Comparison is mentioned between DM Course and MD Course.

    DM Course vs MD Course

    ParametersDoctorate of Medicine (DM)Doctor of Medicine (MD)
    OverviewA super speciality degree for students interested in further studies after MD Course.It is a postgraduate specialised course, which can be pursued after completing MBBS
    Duration3 Years2-3 Years
    EligibilityMD CourseMBBS Course
    Admission ModeEntrance ExamsEntrance Exams
    Average Fees (INR)2,000 - 20,00,0001,500 - 25,00,000
    Average Salary (INR)12,00,000 - 14,00,0007,00,000 - 9,00,000
    DM Course Jobs

    DM Course Jobs

    There are a number of job opportunities for students of DM Course. They can work in Research and Educational Institutes as doctors and Research Scholars. They can get recruited in an established hospital and clinic where they can practice. 

    DM Medicine postgraduates are hired by the following organizations for their exceptional knowledge in the field of medicine

    • Military Services
    • Biomedical Companies
    • Medicine Manufacturing companies
    • Health Centres.
    • Non-Profit Organizations.
    • Polyclinics.
    • Private Practice.
    • Research Institutes.
    • Nursing Homes

    If you want to start your own venture then you can open your own chemist shop and prescribe medicines.

    Some of the popular avenues open to postgraduates of Doctorate of Medicine (MD) are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

    Job PositionJob DescriptionAverage Salary Offered 
    General practitionersGeneral practitioners (GPs) cure a broad range of illnesses. They treat patients of all kinds and ages. They provide patient consultations at home and before/ after the surgery. They conduct physical examinations and diagnosis and treatment of illnesses/ailments. They are those Physicians who diagnose and help prevent diseases and injuries that occur commonly in the people.INR 5.45 Lakhs
    BacteriologistThe bacteriologist is responsible for studying various kinds of bacteria that are constantly changing, growing, and evolving. They do research in a laboratory, either for government or pharmaceutical agencies. He is a professional trained in the subject of bacteriology which is a subdivision of microbiology. The duties of a bacteriologist include prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of certain bacteria in food samples, blood, and other sources.INR 4 Lakhs
    AnesthesiologistsAnesthesiologists are the physicians who administer anesthetics to patients. They provide anesthetics prior to, during, or after the surgery. They are also involved in other medical procedures. They also monitor the patient before and after anesthesia to figure out the patient's recovery time. They counteract adverse reactions or complication occurrences. They also Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities. It's the job of an anesthesiologist to administer anesthesia to a patient if he is undergoing a surgical procedure. Since too much, too little or the wrong kind of anesthesia can be deadly, it's imperative that the anesthesiologist does his job to the best of his abilities.INR 10 Lakhs
    ObstetriciansObstetricians are medical doctors who specialize in women’s care during and after pregnancy. They also work avidly in gynecology, which is the general diagnosis and treatment of women's diseases. Obstetricians are commonly known as OB/GYNs.INR 10 Lakhs

    DM Salary

    Not all specializations of DM Course awards equally. Some provide more returns than the other. Although most students are interested in the aspect rather than the salary. Average Salary of various DM Specialisations are mentioned below:

    DM CourseSalary (INR)
    Clinical Hematology 8 lakhs- 30 lakhs
    Cardiology 2 lakhs- 10 lakhs
    Medical Genetics 1.4 lakhs- 17 lakhs
    Medical Gastroenterology 2 Lakhs - 2.5 Lakhs
    Clinical Pharmacology 2.5 lakhs- 20 lakhs
    Medical Oncology 10 lakhs- 15 lakhs
    Neonatology 8 lakhs - 10 lakhs
    Nephrology 5 lakhs - 30 lakhs
    DM Course: FAQs

    DM Course: FAQs

    Ques: What is the difference between DM and MD?

    Ans: MD is a postgraduate medical degree course while DM is a postdoctoral course. To pursue a DM course, one must possess an MD or MS degree.

    Ques: What is the duration for a DM course in India?

    Ans: The duration of a DM course in India is 3 years. 

    Ques: Is NEET SS the only entrance examination for DM courses in India?

    Ans: No, there are many other entrance examinations for admission to DM courses which are conducted at the university level. A few universities that conduct their own exam for DM courses are AIIMS, PGIMER and JIPMER.

    Ques: What is the salary of a DM doctor in India?

    Ans: The salary of a DM doctor varies with the specialisations. However, on average, a DM doctor can take Rs 30 lakh as annual remuneration.

    Ques: Does AIIMS Delhi offer DM courses?

    Ans: Yes, AIIMS Delhi offers DM courses in various specialities. The Institute also conducts a separate entrance test for admission to its DM courses.

    Ques: What is the stipend for a DM doctor in AIIMS?

    Ans:  A candidate pursuing DM course in AIIMS Delhi will be appointed as a Senior Resident in the institute. The stipend for a Senior Resident in AIIMS Delhi is approximately Rs 1.15 lakh.

    Ques: Can you teach after completing DM course?

    Ans: Yes, if a candidate is inclined academically, he/she can teach in a medical college/hospital after completing a DM course.

    Ques: What is the full form of DM?

    Ans: The full form of DM is Doctorate in Medicine.

    Ques: What is the course fee for DM in a government college?

    Ans: The course fee in a government college for DM course is negligible as the candidate is paid a monthly remuneration during the entire course. The candidates, however, have to bear hostel and other expenses on their own.

    Ques: What is an integrated DM course? What is the duration?

    Ans: Institutes such as AIIMS, offer a 6 year integrated DM course. Candidates can apply for this course after completing MBBS. The 6 year degree course will include 3 years MD course and 3 years DM course.

    Doctorate of Medicine [MD] Fee Structure in India


    5.23 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES16.8 L (Maximum Fee)
    3.85 L (Average Fee)
    75 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES9 L (Maximum Fee)
    3.91 L (Average Fee)

    Doctorate of Medicine [MD] Fee Structure by State


    Uttar Pradesh

    80.26 KPUBLIC COLLEGES80.26 K
    80.26 K
    9 LPRIVATE COLLEGES9 L
    9 L

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