MD in Cardiology is a 3- year full- time postgraduate program in medicine. Cardiology is a medical speciality dealing with disorders of the heart. The aim of this course is diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery diseases, heart failure, valvular heart diseases and electrophysiology. The career is job- oriented in nature and offers many jobs opportunities for successful postgraduates. Medical practitioners dealing with heart disorders are called Cardiologists. They analyse and tackle cardiovascular or circulatory illnesses and disorders related to arteries, blood vessels and veins. These illnesses may include problems caused by restricted circulation due to narrowing of the arteries, problems in the heart valves, damage to muscle tissues, and disorders of the pericardium.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Duration||3 years (Full- time)|
|Eligibility||An M.B.B.S or equivalent degree in science.|
|Admission Process||Entrance test or direct admission in some cases|
|Course Fee||INR 2,000 to 20,00,00|
|Average Starting salary||INR 2,00,000 to 16,00,000|
Compiled here is a list of the top institutes in India offering the course along with their respective locations and fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Annual Fees|
|A.J. Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre||Mangalore||INR 3,45,00|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||INR 5,500|
|Maharashtra University of Health Sciences||Nasik||INR 1,80,000|
|Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences||Vijayawada||INR 5,40,000|
|Kasturba Medical College||Mangalore||INR 3,48,600|
|Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham||Coimbatore||INR 10,00,000|
|Amala Institute of Medical Science||Trissur||INR 20,70,00|
Candidates wishing to pursue the course need to have attained the 10+2 qualification with Biology, Chemistry and Physics as main subjects. Additionally, such candidates need to appear for and qualify the relevant competitive entrance exam and pursue an MCI- recognized MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) which is a 5 and a half year- long course and includes a 1-year long compulsory rotating internship. The internship needs to be completed by such candidates by 31st March of the admission year.
Most of the reputed medical institutes of the country admit students on the basis of their NEET PG entrance exam scores. However, there are a few institutes which conduct their own entrance exams for the PG admissions. One can apply via any of online and offline modes.
Generally, the entrance exam is conducted all over the country in both offline and online modes, around the year, from December to June. Candidates need to be up- to- date with the guidelines for application and last dates of form submission.
In a typical 3-year cardiology course, studies combine research with lab exercises and clinical experiences wherein students work directly with patients in actual healthcare settings. The skills they are trained in acquiring include performing heart catheterizations and EKG tests. Students pursuing the course need to pass a certification exam in cardiology before they can begin working in the field. Before starting to practise, they need to complete graduation from an accredited medical school, residency, attain a satisfactory Internal Medicine Board Certification exam score, undergo stages of program interview, personal statement, curriculum vitae, medical school transcripts, and letters of recommendation. Patient care, lab work, and research opportunities are also included as prerequisites.
The principle subjects covered in the discipline are:
|1||Coronary artery disease|
|2||Rheumatic heart disease|
|3||Congenital heart disease and other paediatric cardiac disorders|
|7||Peripheral vascular disorders|
|8||Pulmonary thrombo- embolism and pulmonary hypertension|
|10||Systematic disease involving heart|
|11||Heart muscle diseases|
|12||Traumatic heart disease|
|13||Tumours of heart|
|15||Geriatric heart disease|
|17||Pregnancy and heart disease|
|18||Epidemiology and preventive cardiology|
|B)||Non- Invasive Techniques:|
|1||Experience in cardiac catheterization|
|2||Heart and coronary angiography procedures in adults|
|3||Performing temporary pacemaker insertions|
|4||Assist in various interventions including valvuloplasty, coronary and congenital interventions.|
Due to the current increase in heart conditions, the need for more super specialty heart care centres is increasing along with career avenues for skilled cardiologists in the country. Skilled heart healthcare specialists are needed in both government and private hospitals. Aside from working as practising doctors, cardiologists can also work as Lecturers in medical colleges.
Cardiologist work in hospitals on any of weekly, hourly and monthly basis. They may even choose to open their own health care centres, or work in research areas in reputed hospitals. They work as doctors in hospitals in cardiology departments, cardiac rehabilitation centres, clinics, and defence hospitals, or become scientists in cardiology.
Although cardiology is a specialised area in medical science, several sub-specialties have developed within this field. For instance, Nuclear Cardiologists focus on the pumping functions of the hear, Electro Physiologists specialize in the electrical functions of the heart, Interventional Cardiologists perform invasive procedures such as stent insertion and angioplasty. Yet another class of cardiologists specialises in areas such as Paediatric Cardiology for treatment of abnormalities and diseases of the heart in children who are still in utero.
Listed here are some of the popular job positions offered to successful postgraduates of the discipline with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered.
|Job Title||Job Description||Average Annual Salary|
|Cardiologist||A Cardiologist is responsible for caring for patients with diseases or deformities of the heart or vascular system. They also specialize in diagnosing, preventing, and treating diseases in the cardiovascular system that includes heart and blood vessels. They also diagnose and treat injuries of the heart and vascular system.||INR 16,20,000 to 17,21,000|
|Junior Resident (Cardiology)||A Junior Resident (Cardiology) is responsible for diagnosing and treating heart, lung, and blood vessel disorders by conducting non-invasive diagnostic tests of cardiovascular and pulmonary systems||INR 2,46,000 to 3,00,000|
|Senior Resistant (Cardiology)||A Senior Resistant (Cardiology) is responsible for performing electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, Holter- monitor, trans-oesophageal echocardiogram exercises, stress testing and dobutamine stress testing in compliance with departmental and hospital policies and procedures.||INR 3,00,000 to 3,50,000|
|Technical Assistant||A Technical Assistant is primarily responsible for providing technical and equipment- based assistance in heart treatments.||INR 3,50,000 to 4,00,000|
|Area Sales Manager||An Area Sales Manager is responsible for making sure that sales targets are met within the designated sales area or territory. They develop a close relationship with all their major accounts to grow the business organically and find new business avenues. They are experts in understanding their products, market area, trends, opportunities and competitive activity.||INR 5,78,946 to 6.38,000|
|Marketing Manager||A Marketing Manager is responsible for developing, implementing and executing strategic marketing plans for an entire organization in order to attract potential customers and retaining the existing ones.||INR 6,44,431 to 7,00,000|