MD in Forensic Medicine is a 3-year full-time postgraduate course, the minimum eligibility for which is an MBBS degree attained with a compulsory 1-year internship completed. The program is conducted over 6 terms/semesters. Eligible candidates aspiring to pursue the course need to be registered with the Medical Council of India or any State Medical Council for applying to the course.
Admission to the course is based on merit obtained by the candidate in a relevant entrance examination, followed by university-level counseling.
Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in government institutes in the autopsy departments. Currently, many States in India do not allow private institutes to conduct autopsies, however, such postgraduates can also pursue further research within the field and also teach the course professionally.
The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 1 and 10 lacs. The average annual salary offered to such postgraduates ranges between INR 1.5 and 2.7 lacs, with senior technicians receiving higher salaries.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||MBBS with 1-year rotating internship|
|Admission Process||Based on counseling after qualification of entrance tests.|
|Course Fee||INR 1 to 10 Lacs per annum|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 1 to 1.5 lacs per annum|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Private medical colleges, government medical colleges government institutions including CBI, Forensic laboratories, Narcotics Department, Research and Analysis Wing and other law enforcement agencies.|
|Job Positions||Lab technician, Professor/ Associate Professor/Resident, Medical Officer, Manager-Forensics, etc.|
The program is designed for doctors who wish to specialize in the field of Forensic Medicine. Successful postgraduates of the course with interest in research may choose to contribute to the body of medical knowledge by delving deeper into research in the field.
Qualified postgraduates of the program are qualified to examine dead bodies and extract physical information about the deceased. Such information plays an important role in determining the cause of death and contributing to criminal investigations by providing details about the deceased. The course’s curriculum involves all aspects of basic medical sciences (Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, Pathology and Microbiology) as applied to Forensic Medicine. Modules in Forensic Psychology, Forensic Toxicology, Medical Jurisprudence, advanced Forensic Pathology, and Forensic Immunology are also taught as part of the course.
Enrolled candidates are imparted hands-on experience alongside theoretical knowledge as they attend practical and theory sessions. Many universities also require such graduate students to partake in teaching undergraduate students.
Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Annual Fees in INR|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences [AIIMS]||Delhi||1,944|
|Kasturba Medical College||Mangalore||12.5 lacs|
|Maulana Azad Medical College||Delhi||10,000|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research||Pondicherry||6,200|
|Lady Hardinge Medical College||Delhi||10,000|
|Madras Medical College||Chennai||13,667|
|Grant Medical College||Mumbai||82,400|
|King George’s Medical University||Lucknow||-|
|Sri Ramachandra University||Chennai||14 lacs|
|Government Medical College||Amritsar||11,000|
|Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College||Mumbai||86,825|
|Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College||Pune||72,650|
|Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research||Kolkata||10,000|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute||Bangalore||95,000|
|B.J. Medical College||Ahmedabad||3,000|
|Government Medical College||Nagpur||64,000|
|Government Medical College||Surat||14,000|
|Government Medical College||Thiruvananthapuram||1,667|
|Government Medical College||Kozhikode||20,000|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College||Ajmer||7,225|
As minimum criteria of eligibility, candidates wishing to apply for the course need to have:
Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test. Some institutes conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges.
Generally, the following admission tests are preferred by top colleges across India offering the course:
A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Basic Medical Sciences as applicable to Forensic Medicine||Toxicology|
|Forensic Medicine including other clinical subjects applied to it||Forensic Pediatrics|
|Forensic Psychiatry||Forensic Obstetrics|
|Forensic Traumatology||Medical Jurisprudence|
Additionally, students are typically posted to different departments for rotational postings, and are also required to attend fortnightly seminars and journal clubs.
Postgraduates of the course are broadly labeled as Forensic Pathologists. They are generally responsible for conducting medico-legal autopsies as requested by government bodies such as the Police Department. At research institutes, they may conduct autopsies to study a case in detail. In rare cases, professionals may also examine victims of abuse, rape, or others in relation to suit of nullity of marriage, divorce, and legitimacy affiliation cases, etc.
They are generally also recruited as professors who train undergraduate students and postgraduate students in the same field. In general, they are trained mainly in conducting autopsies to determine a myriad of information about the cadaver starting from the sex, age, race, drug use history, medical history, all the way to the cause of death.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Forensic Medicine Assistant Professor||They teach and conduct research in the field of forensic medicine, produce journal articles, seminar reports, and research papers.||6,40,000|
|Medical Officer||They conduct autopsies as directed by government bodies, and produce medico-legal reports.||2,64,000|
|Manager- Forensic Advisory||They manage the forensic department, oversee autopsies, and ensure smooth running of the department. They often also oversee legal issues.||2,64,000|
|Lab Technician- Forensic Pathology||They conduct autopsies and relevant tests as directed by supervisors||96,000|
|Forensic Scientist||They conduct autopsies on cadavers donated to medical research so as to contribute to the existing body of medical knowledge.||1,80,000|