Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine dealing with the digestive system and its disorders such as those affecting the gastrointestinal tract and related organs. Gastroenterologist or GI doctors are specialists in diagnosing, treating and curing diseases of the organs of the digestive system, namely small intestine, gallbladder, colon, bile duct, pancreas, stomach and other related parts.
MD/ MS in Medical Gastroenterology is a post- graduation course of specialization pursued after an MBBS degree. The MBBS degree must be obtained from a recognized university approved by the Medical Council of India.
Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes organs from the mouth to the anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty.
Gastroenterologists perform a number of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including colonoscopy, endoscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasound and liver biopsy.
Gastroenterology is a specialty of internal medicine. The specialty involves the diagnosis and management of patients with diseases of the intestines, liver and biliary tree, and pancreas. Gastroenterologists often treat patients with abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, unexplained weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and rectal bleeding. The job also involves treating severe digestive conditions such as colon polyps, colon cancer, colitis, hepatitis, gallbladder disease, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, and peptic ulcer disease etc. They specialize in treating and possibly curing all forms of digestive diseases. Most gastroenterologists also practice hepatology to some extent, which is the treatment of liver diseases and maladies. Two of the most common diseases which fall under this category are hepatitis, inflammation of the liver caused by viral infections or medication, and liver cirrhosis, which is usually related to alcoholism.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Yearly System|
|Eligibility||MBBS with 50% minimum aggregate score|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after clearing Entrance Tests (NEET)|
|Course Fee||INR 1-2 Lakh p.a.|
|Average Starting salary||INR 5 Lakh to 20 Lakh p.a.|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Hospitals, Research Centers, Scientific Studies|
|Job Opportunities||Gastroenterologist, Dietician, Nutritionist, General Surgeon etc.|
MD in Medical Gastroenterology: What is it About?
MD in Medical Gastroenterology is a 3- year course for a post graduate degree of specialization after MBBS. This is essentially a practical- oriented, research based course approved by the Medical Council of India.
The course curriculum for MD Medical Gastroenterology includes lectures, theory classes, thesis preparations, clinical and practical examinations, laboratory work and various research projects within the interval of 6 academic terms over a span of 3 years. Enrolled students need to obtain a minimum aggregate score of 50% in theory and practical exams individually for admission to the course. Some universities might also conduct rounds of personal interview for final selections.
In gastroenterology, there is no age limit for patients to be treated, with patients ranging from children to elderly people.
Candidates wishing to pursue the course need to have attained the 10+2 qualification with Biology, Chemistry and Physics as main subjects. Additionally, such candidates need to appear for and qualify the relevant competitive entrance exam and pursue MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) which is a 5 and a half year- long course and includes a 1-year internship as well. Candidates need to obtain a minimum of 55% marks in aggregate in the MBBS/ BDS professional examination, and complete a non-surgical training in fields such as Internal Medicine, Radiology, Pathology etc.
Subsequently, the aspiring candidates need to qualify NEET with the required minimum qualifying cut- off marks. A few universities might carry out their own entrance exams. Some of the most popular such medical entrance tests are the AIIMS Medical Entrance Exam, AIPMT exam, MANIPAL Medical Entrance Exam, AIPMT MBBS entrance exam etc.
Ideal candidates for the course would be efficient in communication skills, with good manual finesse and stamina to work around strenuous schedules, and be constantly interested and conversant in the latest technological advancements and innovations of the medical field.
Listed below are some of the best institutes in India that offer MD in Medical Gastroenterology:
|Rank||College||City/ State||Average Fees Per Annum|
|1||All India Institute of Medical Sciences AIIMS||New Delhi||INR 5, 831|
|2||Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research PGIMER||Chandigarh||INR 7, 110|
|3||Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research JIPMER||Puducherry||INR 5, 700|
|4||King George Medical University||Lucknow||INR 20, 300|
|5||Amrita School of Medicine||Kochi Kerala||INR 1, 77, 000|
|6||Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Kochi campus||Kochi Kerala||INR 1, 20, 000|
|7||Baba Farid University of Health Sciences||Faridkot Punjab||INR 1, 25, 000|
|8||Dayanand Medical College and Hospital DMCH||Ludhiana, Punjab||INR 500, 000|
|9||Deccan College of Medical Sciences||Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh||INR 60, 000|
|10||Dr NTR University of Health Sciences||Vijayawada Andhra Pradesh||INR 25, 000|
MD in Medical Gastroenterology: Entrance Exams in India
Here is a list of the leading entrance exams that are conducted in India for admission to the course:
A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Basic Sciences in Health and Diseases|
|Immune System of Gastrointestinal Tract GIT|
|Molecular Biology of GIT|
|Genetic Diseases of GIT And Liver|
|GIT And Liver in Systemic Diseases|
|GIT Symptoms in Physiology and Interpretation|
|Basic Anatomy, Histology and Physiology|
|Mechanism of Deglutition and Dysphagia|
|Gastroesophageal Reflux and Physiology Disease|
|Histology Functions of Stomach|
|Defense Mechanism Against Acid and Pepsin|
|Helicobacter Pylori Infection|
|Gastric Hypersecretory States|
|Surgery for Peptic Ulcer|
|Motility of Small Intestine|
|Intestinal Electrolyte Absorption and Secretion|
|Malabsorption Syndrome and Pathophysiology|
|Small Intestinal Ulcers and Allergies|
|Small Intestinal Tumors and Transplantation|
|Motility and Disorders of Colon|
|Diverticular Disease of the Colon|
Medical Gastroenterology is one of the high- paying fields of medicine. Skilled professionals of the discipline tackle some of the most complex illnesses of the digestive tract. Their salaries vary according to the number of years they have been practicing, their geographical location, the number of man hours they put in, their skills, finesse, dexterity, experience and also personality. Salary also vary between private and government practices.
Freshers of the discipline in government hospitals usually earn about INR 30,000 monthly. In private hospitals, however, the salary ranges between INR 60,000 and 80,0000 monthly. For Gastroenterologists working in their own clinics, income is not a constraint once the practice gains reputation.
Listed here are some of the popular job positions offered to successful postgraduates of the discipline with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered.
|Job Name||Job Description||Average Salary Per Annum in INR|
|General Surgeon||They perform non-technical and basic surgeries||3, 00, 000 to 4, 50, 000|
|Chief Medical Officer||They direct the staff and undertakings of medical and nursing programs||4, 72, 293 to 8, 80, 292|
|General Practitioner||They are medical physicians who provide diagnoses of common diseases and ailments||3, 00, 000 to 4, 50,000|
|Gastroenterologist||They diagnose and treat patients suffering from any gastrointestinal issues.||3, 46, 456 to 4, 00, 000|
|Nutritionist||They counsel and educate on healthy eating habits and prevention of nutritional deficiencies.||20, 000 to 3, 00, 000|
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