Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Neonatology) - Course Overview




    3 YEARS


    Neonatal Care



    Doctorate of Medicine [MD] in Neonatology Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

    Sakshi Gupta Sakshi Gupta
    Content Curator

    MD in Neonatology is a 3-year long post-graduate course divided into a yearly/ bi-yearly semester pattern. The course is a post-doctoral program in medicine, designed to educate doctors in the sub-specialty of Pediatrics, i.e. medical care of newborn babies, provision of sophisticated clinical care to ill or premature infants, especially those born with low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, birth defects, or birth asphyxias.

    The average course fee charged by medical institutes in India for MD in Neonatology ranges between INR 15 and 20 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course. However, for AIIMS and PGIMER, the fees is as low as INR 5-7K for candidates qualifying the relevant entrance exam. The minimum eligibility to pursue the course in India is the successful completion of MD in Pediatrics, with a minimum aggregate score of 45%, completed from a recognized university.

    Neonatologists employed in the government sector in India can expect an average annual salary ranging between INR 10 and 15 lacs, and between INR 12 and 25 lacs in the corporate sector, increasing with experience in the field.

    Top Colleges for Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Neonatology)

    MD in Neonatology: Course Highlights

    Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

    Course LevelPost Graduate
    Duration3 Years
    Examination TypeSemester System
    EligibilityMD in Paediatrics from a recognized institute
    Admission ProcessCounselling after qualification of a relevant PG entrance examination
    Course FeeINR 15 to 20 Lacs
    Average Starting SalaryINR 10 to 15 Lacs
    Top Recruiting Fields/AreasTop hospitals such as AIIMS, MAX, and CMC etc. Private Practice Teaching and research.

    MD in Neonatology: What is about?

    MD in Neonatology has been designed to offer advanced training to doctors working in Neo-Intensive care unit environments. The course aims to produce medical super-specialists who are able to diagnose, treat, and take care of the new born with appropriate care and safety.

    The course is usually pursued by qualified Pediatrics towards becoming Neonatologists who treat new born infants suffering from breathing disorders, infection, birth defects, or other such conditions. Such postgraduates are trained to manage critical medical conditions in premature infants and to perform required surgical operations with high level of expertise. Neonatologists are also responsible for ensuring that the infant receives the right proportion of nutrients, and grows in a healthy manner.

    Top Institutes offering MD in Neonatology

    Some of the top institutes in India offering the course are listed here along with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.

    All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew Delhi5,000
    Chettinad Hospital and Research InstituteChennai, TN15,00,000
    Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)Puducherry8,205
    Madurai Medical CollegeMadurai, TN15,000
    Maharashtra University of Health SciencesNasik, Maharashtra60,000
    Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College and HospitalErnakulam, Kerala3,10,000
    Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research – PGIMERChandigarh7,000
    Ranga Raya Medical CollegeKakinada, Andhra Pradesh11,000
    Savitribai Phule Pune UniversityPune, Maharashtra15,000
    Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical CollegeMumbai, Maharashtra29,600

    Eligibility for MD in Neonatology

    Candidates aspiring to pursue the course must meet the minimum eligibility criteria listed below.

    • Successful completion of MD in Pediatrics from a recognized university, or equivalent diploma of the National Board in Pediatrics.
    • A minimum aggregate score of 45% at the level of MD in Pediatrics.

    MD in Neonatology: Admission Process

    Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test. Some institutes conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges.

    Generally, the following admission tests are preferred by top colleges across India offering the course:

    • All India Post Graduate Medical/Dental Entrance Exam
    • Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam
    • Separate exams conducted by AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, AFMC Pune, etc.

    However, some medical institutes in India also provide direct admission to eligible candidates based on the latter’s performance at the level of MD in Pediatrics, and relevant work experience.

    MD in Neonatology: Syllabus and Course Description

    A section-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

    Basic Sciences

    General Topics

    Basic geneticsResearch methodology, Teaching methodology, Biostatistics, Epidemiology
    Fetal and neonatal immunologyHealth economics, Health Information System
    Applied anatomy and embryologyEthics in Perinatology / Neonatology
    Feto-placental physiologyMedical education, Computer & Information technology
    Fetal growth
    Neonatal adaptation


    Physiology and Development of Respiratory system, Cardiovascular system, developmental, defects, physiology and hemodynamics of congenital heart disease,Neonatal resuscitation
    Nervous system, gastrointestinal system, Renal system, Hematopoietic system, Endocrinal systemManagement of normal newborn
    Metabolic pathways pertaining to glucose, calcium and magnesiumManagement of LBW, VLBW, ELBW infants
    Biochemical basis of inborn errors of metabolismManagement of sick neonate
    Electrolyte balanceEmergency neonatal care
    Development pharmacologyThermoregulation
    Mechanism of diseaseNeonatal transport
    Fluid & electrolyte management


    Neonatal ventilation

    Perinatal outreach servicesBlood gas and acid base disorders
    Perinatal and neonatal mortality, morbidity, epidemiology (Perinatal Audit)Neonatal assessment
    High risk pregnancy & impact on the fetusAssessment of gestation, neonatal behavior, neonatal reflexes
    Fetal monitoring and Fetal interventionDevelopmental assessment, detection of neuromotor delay, stimulation
    Intrapartum monitoring and proceduresTechniques
    Genetic counseling, Diagnosis and management of fetal diseases-

    Respiratory System

    Cardiovascular System

    Neonatal airways: physiology, pathology; managementFetal circulation, transition from fetal to neonatal physiology
    Pulmonary diseases: hyaline membrane disease, transient tachypnea,Examination and interpretation of cardiovascular signs and symptoms
    Oxygen therapy and its monitoringSpecial tests and procedure (Echocardiography, angiography)
    Pulmonary infectionsDiagnosis and management of congenital heart diseases
    Miscellaneous pulmonary disordersRhythm disturbances
    Hypertension in neonates


    Shock: pathophysiology, monitoring, management
    Clinical neurological assessmentGastrointestinal system
    EEG, ultrasonography, CT scanDisorders of liver and biliary system
    Neonatal seizuresBilirubin metabolism
    Intracranial hemorrhageNeonatal jaundice, Prolonged hyperbilirubinemia, Kernicterus
    Brain imagingCongenital malformations
    Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathyNecrotizing enterocolitis
    Neuro-muscular disorder
    Degenerative diseases

    Renal System

    CNS malformationDevelopment disorders
    Renal functions

    Neonatal Ophthalmology

    Fluid and electrolyte management
    Development aspectsAcute renal failure (diagnosis, monitoring, management).
    Retinopathy of prematurityEndocrine and metabolism
    Sequelae of perinatal infectionsGlucose metabolism, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia
    Neonatal Hearing assessmentCalcium disorders
    Community neonatologyMagnesium disorders
    Vital statisticsThyroid disorders
    Health systemAdrenal disorders
    Neonatal care prioritiesAmbiguous genitalia
    Care at primary, secondary & tertiary level of careInborn errors of metabolism
    Role of different health functionariesHematology

    National Programs

    National Neonatology ForumPolycythemia
    Neonatal dermatologyBleeding and coagulation disorders
    Neonatal ImagingRh hemolytic disease
    Developmental assessment and follow upBlood Component therapy
    Organization of neonatal care

    Neonatal Infections

    Recent AdvancesIntrauterine infections
    Laboratory MedicineSuperficial infections
    Neonatal proceduresDiarrhea
    Therapeutic agentsSepticemia
    Biomedical equipment, use & maintenance.Meningitis
    -Osteomyelitis and arthritis
    -Perinatal HIV
    -Miscellaneous infective disorders & fungal infections

    MD in Neonatology: Career Prospects

    Successful postgraduates of the course have the professional options of assuming job roles such as Neonatologist, Hospital Administrator, Clinical Research Associate, Consultant, Professor, etc., with an average annual salary ranging between INR 7 and 20 lacs.

    Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

    Doctorate of Medicine [MD] in Neonatology

    Job TitleJob ProfileAverage Annual Salary in INR
    NeonatologistsNeonatologists address all medical problems concerning infants. They provide professional medical care and treatment to premature infants and critically ill newborns.12,00,000 to 24,00,000
    Assistant Professor in NeonatologyA Professor or Assistant Professor in the field of Neonatology educates students on various conditions that newborns may be born with or assume shortly after birth. They train such students in the relevant therapies and surgical procedures.4,60,000 to 11,00,000
    ConsultantConsultants examine, give primary treatment, and recommend suitable medication and surgery to the newborns’ parents.7,80,000 to 12,00,000
    Clinical Research AssociateClinical Research Associates collaborate with medical experts, clinical study sites, and clinical study vendors to understand and innovate various devises and ways to cure and prevent problems associated with newborn babies.6,00,000 to 15,00,000
    Hospital AdministratorThey are responsible for maintaining day-to-day activity and operation of a hospital/clinic. They help in the management of the organization and co-ordinate with other departments to ensure smooth functioning of the medical body.10,00,000 to 40,00,000



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