Duration: 3 Years
Course Type: Post Graduation
Doctorate of Medicine (abbreviated as M.D.) in Pathology is a postgraduate degree in the of medicine and diagnostics/ the study of a disease. This specialty addresses the main 3 components of disease – cause, mechanism of development or origin, consequences of changes.
The branch deals with diagnostic, testing and treatment methods using genetic technologies, thus underpinning the concept of patient care and prevention of diseases. Physicians practicing pathology are called pathologists. They generally work with other doctors, scientists, and health professionals in hospitals and clinics to diagnose, treat and prevent diseases.
The process of pathology is quite simple, mapping the overall response of the body to any foreign influence, i.e. antigen or disease. Subsequently, this knowledge is used to diagnose and treat illnesses. Pathologists compare the normal structure and function (cell count, blood) of a human body to the abnormal structure and function observed when a person is not well.
Pathology consists of 4 main specialties:
Pathology is the division of medical science, which focuses on effects, development, processes and causes of diseases. Subjects studied under this degree are Pathology, Microbiology, Immunology, Medical Genetics and Neuroscience.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Name of the course||M.D. in Pathology|
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Duration||3 years, full time|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||MBBS degree recognized by the Medical Council of India|
|Admission Process||Based on performance in the relevant entrance examination (NEET) or personal interview in some cases|
|Average Course Fee||INR 5K to 25 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 1 Lakh to 12 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Apollo Hospitals, National Institute of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Food and Drug Administration, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr. Lal Path Labs, Intelligence Bureau, Central Bureau of Investigation, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences|
The average tuition fee charged in India for MD Pathology ranges around INR0 25 lacs for private institutes, but is as low as INR 5,000 for AIIMS.
Listed below are some of the best institutes in India that offer MD in Pathology:
|SR.NO.||COLLEGE/INSTITUTE||STATE||TUITION FEES (PER YEAR) IN INR||ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA||ADMISSION PROCEDURE|
|1||All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)||New Delhi||5,011||Candidate must have obtained a minimum of 55% marks in aggregate in any of the MBBS/ BDS professional examinations recognized by the Medical Council of India.||Eligible candidates are called for an entrance test organized by AIIMS. The selection is made entirely on the basis of merit obtained in the entrance test and the choice of discipline allocated on the basis of personal counseling.|
|2||Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)||Chandigarh||10,000||An MBBS degree as certified by the Medical council of India.||Admission is based on rank secured in NEET. Candidates are also selected on the basis of merit, as determined in a test conducted by the West Bengal University of Health Sciences (WBUHS).|
|2||Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)||Puducherry||8,205||An MBBS degree recognized by the Medical Council of India.||Admission is based on rank secured in NEET.|
|3||Kasturba Medical College||Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka||16,33,334||An MBBS degree recognized by the Medical Council of India.||Admission is based on the rank obtained in the National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET).|
|4||St. John’s Medical College||Bengaluru, Karnataka||151,503||An MBBS degree recognized by the Medical Council of India.||Selection is based on performance in NEET.|
|5||Stanley Medical College (SMC)||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||20,000||An MBBS from any of the universities incorporated in an act of the central or State legislature of India.||Admission is based on the rank obtained in NEET.|
|6||Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University)||Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu||25,00,000||An MBBS degree from a recognized institute, registered with the Medical Council of India or any other State Medical Council.||Admission is based on the rank obtained in NEET.|
|7||Aligarh Muslim University||Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh||32,265||An MBBS degree certified by the Medical Council of India.||Admissions to MD/ MS/ PG Diploma courses under 50% State quota are made through NEET. AMU does not conduct any separate test for admission to the MD course.|
|8||Assam Medical College||Dibrugarh, Assam||25,000||An MBBS from any of the universities approved by the Medical Council of India. A relaxation of 5% in aggregate for SC/ ST candidates.||Selection is based on the rank obtained in NEET PG.|
|9||Jagadguru Jayadeva Murugarajendra Medical College (JJM Medical College)||Davangere, Karnataka||5,01,600||An MBBS Degree from an MCI- recognized institution.||Admission is based on marks obtained in NEET.|
|10||Armed Forces Medical College||Pune, Maharashtra||64,400||An MBBS from an MCI- recognized institution.||Selection is based on the rank obtained in NEET PG.|
|11||Maharishi Markandeshwar University||Ambala, Haryana||1,759,817||An MBBS from an MCI- recognized institution. 1- year compulsory rotatory internship is an essential pre-qualification for acquiring eligibility for admission to the MD course.||Admission is based on the relative merit in the NEET PG and NEET MDS.|
|12||Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College||Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh||71,450||An MBBS degree recognized by the MCI.||Admission is based either on performance in NEET or MP-PMT (Madhya Pradesh Pre- Medical Test)|
|13||Andhra Medical College||Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh||12,00,000||An MBBS degree issued by an institution approved by the Medical Council of India and a compulsory internship before the specified date.||Admission is based on performance in the entrance exam conducted by NTR University of Health Sciences or in NEET.|
|14||Indira Gandhi Medical College||Shimla, Himachal Pradesh||39,000||An MBBS degree or its equivalent qualification recognized by the Medical Council of India.||Admissions to MD courses are made as recognized/ permitted by the Medical Council of India/ Himachal Pradesh University, in accordance with the conditions laid down by the MCI and the State Government.|
|15||Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute||Bengaluru, Karnataka||59,070||An MBBS degree from any institute recognized by the MCI.||Admissions for up to 50 % seats is made through a State Entrance Examination which conducted by the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences and the rest 50% of seats are filled up through the All India Entrance Examination conducted by the Director General of Health Services, (Medical Examination Cell) New Delhi, on merit basis.|
|16||Bharati Vidyapeeth University||Pune, Maharashtra||1,590,000||An MBBS from a medical college recognized by the Medical Council of India and a compulsory 1- year rotating internship on or before 30th April of the admission year.||Selection is based on performance in NEET PG.|
|17||Christian Medical College (CMC)||Vellore, Tamil Nadu||116,950||An MBBS from a medical college recognized by the Medical Council of India and a compulsory 1- year rotating internship on or before 30th April of the admission year||Selection to Christian Medical College, Vellore, is based on performance in an entrance examination, clinical test and interview. The examination consists of a variety of multiple- choice questions, distributed across all disciplines of medicine.|
|18||Santosh University||Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh||466,666||An MBBS degree recognized by the MCI.||Admission is based on performance in NEET entrance examination.|
|19||Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University||Gurugram, Haryana||20,00,000||An MBBS or equivalent qualification recognized by the Medical Council of India.||Based on performance in NEET.|
|20||Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences||Karad, Maharashtra||800,000||An MBBS with 50% marks in aggregate from a medical college recognized by the MCI.||Selection is based on performance in the All India Entrance Test, Post-Graduate Medical, Dental course – PGM AIET.|
|21||Madras Medical College||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||23,450||An MBBS degree from a university recognized by the Medical Council of India or by any of the State Medical Councils.||Selection is based on:
MD in Pathology: Course Duration
The course lasts for 3 years, spread over 6 academic terms, including theoretical sessions and laboratory visits.
The duration of MD in Pathology is 2 years for those who have completed a recognized Postgraduate Diploma in the same specialty.
Typically, to pursue an MD degree, candidates need to satisfy the eligibility criteria mentioned below:
Candidates in possession of an MBBS degree or Provisional MBBS Pass Certificate recognized by the Indian Medical Council Act 1956, besides a permanent or provisional registration certificate of MBBS qualification issued by the Medical Council of India or State Medical Council and having completed 1 year of internship or/ are likely to complete the internship on or before 31st March or 31st April of the relevant year, may apply for NEET-PG through the online application system.
Admission to MD in Pathology is based on a national level entrance examination- National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) PG- which is a single window entrance examination to MD/MS/PG diploma courses in medicine in India. Candidates who have secured the qualifying percentile for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) are eligible.
NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST (NEET) PG – NEET PG is an eligibility-cum-ranking examination, conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), for admission to MS/MD and PG Diploma courses in India in Medical/ Dental Colleges running with the approval of the Medical Council of India/ Dental Council of India. The exam fee for NEET-PG is INR 3, 750 for general candidates and INR 2, 750 for SC/ST/PWD/PH candidates. The examination is a computer based test 300 multiple choice questions exam delivered on computer based platform (CBT). The syllabus for the exam comprises of subjects/knowledge areas as per the Graduate Medical Education Regulations issued by Medical Council of India. The NEET PG is conducted in the month of December and the result is declared in January. Online registration begins in September and is open until October.
Career opportunities in the field of pathology abound since there are multiple specialties in pathology, and a postgraduate can choose to specialize in any of the areas such as histopathology, cytopathology, clinical pathology and immunohistochemical techniques, and work under the supervision of some of the best pathologists. They may even set up their own private clinics known as diagnostic laboratories. Pathologists are lucratively recruited in the private/ corporate sectors/ hospitals and are paid in the range of INR 60 to 80,000 per month.
Typically, pathologists function in 3 broad areas- as diagnosticians in hospitals; investigators or researchers in medical laboratories, and as teachers in colleges and universities.
Successful postgraduates of the discipline work as Specialists in any of the sub-branches of pathology such as surgical pathology, clinical pathology, anatomical pathology, veterinary pathology, molecular pathology, plant pathology and forensic pathology.
They may also choose to work as consultants to doctors or medical examiners. Employment opportunities for experienced professionals in this field are also open in universities, laboratories, and hospitals. They are employed in areas of public health, law enforcement, government agencies, among other fields. Additionally, they may even step into research and pursue a Ph. D in any specialized branch of pathology.
As a fresh postgraduate, pathologists earn about INR 8000 to Rs.12000 monthly. With experience, the salary increases to INR15,000 to 22,000 monthly. In private hospitals, they may earn even about INR 3,00,000 to 3,50,000 yearly in the beginning.
Some of the popular employment areas for MD in Pathology are:
MD in Pathology postgraduates are hired in capacities such as:
After obtaining the first postgraduate degree, i.e.MD/MS/DNB, one can go for further specialization in medical or surgical fields.
Listed here are some of the popular job positions offered to successful postgraduates of the discipline with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered.
|Job Title||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Medical Pathologist||Medical Pathologists are physicians who specialize in diagnosing and studying diseases using laboratory methods. They are either clinical or anatomical pathologists. The work involves examining body fluids and conducting toxicology tests, analyzing tissue samples and cells to help in diagnosing diseases. They can be found in clinics, military services and government agencies.||5,53,802 to 2,455,539|
|Medical Examiner/ Forensic Pathologist||Medical Examiners are basically into forensic medical examining and their main responsibility is to determine the cause of a person’s death, be it natural, accidental or intentional. They perform autopsies, examine injuries and wound, collect samples, and work on them in the laboratories. They also analyze blood and DNA in labs using microscopes and then testify in court.||4,80,000 to 1,200,000|
|Veterinary Clinical Pathologist||Veterinary Clinical Pathologists perform the evaluation and interpretation of clinical pathology data from animals exposed to test materials.||1,200,000 to 2,400,000|
|Pathology Professor||Professors teach house- staff, medical and undergraduate students on an advanced level, about kidney- related diseases and their diagnoses via consultations and formal seminars. They are also significant participants in conferences held by clinical services in hospitals.||7,20,000 to 9,00,000|
Main subjects covered in the discipline are:
Students pursuing the course are required to work on the assigned research project under the guidance of a senior teacher, the result of which shall be formulated and submitted in the form of a thesis. This thesis needs to be submitted at least 6 months before the theoretical and clinical/ practical examination. It is examined and evaluated by a minimum of 3 examiners from the department.
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