Interior Designing Courses: After 12th, Online, Fees, Syllabus, Jobs

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Ahana Bhaduri

Content Writer | Updated on - Jun 4, 2021

Interior Designing, as the name implies, is related to the art of designing, restructuring and modifying architectural creations for both indoor and outdoor projects. There are several types of courses to choose from in Interior Designing like Certifications in Interior Designing Courses, Diploma in Interior Designing Courses, Undergraduate Interior Designing Courses, Postgraduate Interior Designing Courses and Doctoral Interior Designing Courses, that students can choose from, who aspire to make a career in the field of Interior Designing.

The market for home interiors and renovation in India is estimated to be around USD 20 billion – USD 30 billion. With the steady growth in commercial real estate, the interior designing solution has emerged as a progressive trend in the Indian market.

The duration of an Interior Designing courses depends on the types of course that one chooses. Students can opt for Interior Designing courses After 12th, such as Interior Designing Online Courses. For pursuing Online Interior Designing Courses, one has to clear class 12 board exams. However for a Diploma degree the duration of the course ranges from 1 - 2 years, for Undergraduate courses the duration is for 3 years, Postgraduate Interior Designing courses cover a time period of 2 years and a Doctoral degree in Interior Designing time duration ranges anywhere between 4 - 5 years. 

The eligibility criteria for pursuing Interior Designing courses depends on the types of course you want to pursue, however the minimum requirements for pursuing Interior Design courses would require you to have qualified Class 12th board exams from a recognised University.

Table of Contents
  1. All About Interior Designing Courses

1.1 What is Interior Designing?

1.2 Who can pursue Interior Designing courses?

1.3 Why Interior Designing courses?

  1. Softwares Required for Interior Designing Courses

2.1 Autodesk AutoCAD LT

2.2 SketchUp Pro

2.3 TurboCAD

2.4 Autodesk 3D Max

2.5 Autodesk Revit

2.6 Archicad 23

2.7 Easyhome Homestyler

2.8 Infurnia

2.9 Morpholio Board

2.10  Adobe Photoshop

2.11 Fuigo

2.12 Ivy

  1. Types of Interior Designing Courses

3.1 Certifications in Interior Designing Courses

3.2 Diploma in Interior Designing Courses

3.3 Undergraduate Interior Designing Courses

3.4 Post Graduate Interior Designing Courses

3.5 Doctorate Interior Designing Courses

  1. How to start a career as an Interior Designer?

4.1 Work on your software skills

4.2 Start Freelancing

4.3 Create an Online Presence

4.4  Study Other Works

4.5 Try Improving via Practice

  1. Skills Required for Interior Design Courses

5.1  Creativity and Attention to Details

5.2 Trend Identification

5.3 Knowledge of Sustainable Practice

5.4 Computer Knowledge and Sketching Ability

  1. Top Online Interior Designing Course
  2. Top Interior Designing Colleges in India

7.1 Delhi

7.2 Bangalore

7.3 Pune

7.4 Mumbai

7.5 Kolkata

  1. Scope of Interior Designing courses

8.1 Top Recruiters

8.2 Top Job profiles

  1. Salary of an Interior Designer in India
  2. Interior Designing Courses: FAQs

All About Interior Designing Courses 

Research conducted by the CII states that there are total 36,387 Interior Designers in India, thus making it one of the most sought after non conventional course professions in the country. With globalisation, a lot of unconventional courses has made it’s mark in the Indian foray, Interior Designing courses are one of them. In recent times, India too stands as one of the top countries producing extremely talented Interior Designers who are all set to compete in the global scenario. 

  • Interior Designing courses fee ranges from INR 15,000 - 3,00,000
  • Interior Designing course admissions are done both on the basis of merit and on the basis of entrance exams as well
  • Courses like Interior Designing after class 12th can be pursued, post completing class 12 board exams with 45% – 50% aggregate or equivalent CGPA
  • There are several top interior designing colleges like NIFT Delhi, NIFT Mumbai, NIFT Kolkata etc, which gives an elaborate insight about the world of interior designing
  • The various Interior Designing course entrance exams are: AIEED, NATA, CEED, NCIDQ, NID DAT, NIFT Entrance Exam, SOFT etc.
  • Diploma in Interior Designing courses and Undergraduation in Interior Designing courses are the most opted ones as compared to the rest of the Interior Designing Courses.
  • The duration of an Undergraduate degree in Interior Designing ranges for 3 years and Diploma in Interior Designing courses ranges within 1 - 2 years
  • The average salary after completing an Interior Designing courses ranges between INR 5 - 12 LPA

Check: Interior Designing Colleges

What is Interior Designing? 

Interior Designing courses is a relatively new subject as compared to other conventional subjects, but over the years the demand and growth in the Interior Designing industry has grown immensely, creating a plethora of job opportunities for fresh graduates. Anyone with a creative eye and with the knack to create something beautiful, Interior Designing courses are their go to choice at any circumstance.

Who can pursue Interior Designing Courses? 

  • Students who want to make it big in the interior design industry should opt for Interior Designing courses
  • Students who have a creative side and are interested in creating new projects aesthetically can opt for this course.
  • Students who have planned a career in architecture and design should pursue this course
  • Interior Designing is basically a form of art, and any artist who wishes to create, recreate, remodel a structure balancing the trend as well as sustainability should pursue Interior Designing courses
  • Apart from having a niche choice, there are no such eligibility requirements, so anyone who wishes to learn and create beautiful designs can opt for Interior Designing courses

Why Interior Designing Courses? 

Amongst the array of choices that students have today, Interior Designing courses are one the very few courses that offer not only a fascinating career choice but also proves to be a life changing decision, considering the range of opportunities it offers. Below mentioned are few of the top reasons as to why should one pursue Interior Design Courses,

  • Promising Career Opportunities: Choosing Interior Designing courses will open the door for tremendous career opprtunities. According to latest statistics, there is a grave scarcity of Interior Designers in India. Latest survery claims that the career opprtunities for Interior Designers would rise 20% – 23% by 2022. The increasing number of constructions both in urban and rural areas are a sign that the Interior Design industry is growing and will have a steady future.
  • Engaging and Challenging Projects: Each project that one takes up as an Interior Designer should be challenging and interesting as well. It will test your creativity, technical skills, patience and commitment to your clients. Since Interior Design is an active profession, you will never get bored or feel monotonous.
  • Potential for Entreprenourship: With the evolvement and growth of construction projects both at urban and rural areas, it gives immense strength to the fact that there is a wide possibility for Interior Designers in India. The more the growth of construction will lead to more Interior design projects, which will eventually help you to build your own Interior design agency in the near future.
  • Diverse Sector and Industry: Interior Design courses will give the opprtunity to work in various sectors such health industry, education sectors, public spaces, library, corporate buidings etc. There is almost a wide range of sectors that one can work in and never get bored with their profession

Softwares Required for Interior Designing Courses 

Interior Designing Course is a highly specialized subject that deals with the intricacies of the world of design and structuring. Needless to say, this particular field of study needs an immense amount of esthetical as well as technical surveillance inorder to make something that would not only satisfy the clients demands but also satiate the creative eye of an Interior Designer. 

Below mentioned are some of the important softwares, that are used in Interior Design industry,

Autodesk AutoCAD LT 

  • This is one of the most popular software applications used by interior designers, architects, engineers, construction professionals and others.
  • This software allows you to design, draft and document precise drawings with 2D geometry.
  • A comprehensive suite of editing and annotation tools and an intuitive user interface are what makes this a top designer pick
  • AutoCAD LT is compatible with both Mac and Windows operating systems, and the most recent version also offers cloud connectivity, an updated measurements functionality and finally faster performance.

SketchUp Pro 

  • SketchUp Pro modelling suite helps design professionals to find fast, easy 3D modeling for anything from passive buildings to contemporary furnishings
  • It helps to create detailed scaled drawings in 2D, and then add custom styles and materials that bring a designer’s vision to the screen.
  • SketchUp integrates with other software Virtual Reality applications, thus letting a designer walk clients through his / her projects in astounding detail.


  • TurboCAD offers professional softwares for experienced 2D and 3D CAD users.
  • The architectural design suite includes parametric architectural objects, sections and elevations with increased functionality to both the architectural and mechanical areas of the program
  • TurboCAD prides itself on its photorealistic surface modeling and lighting and those designing with sheet metal or wood may particularly enjoy these materials specific tools.

Autodesk 3ds Max 

  • Autodesk 3ds Max helps clients experience a designer's proposed work in beautiful and hightech detail.
  • The software delivers superb graphics for 3D animations and models as well as games and images.
  • Also, when it comes to productivity, automated processes can help streamline deadlines and connect production, so that the designer can spend more time managing the workflow

Autodesk Revit 

  • Revit is a building information modeling software across disciplines including architecture, interior design, landscape architecture and contracting.
  • This software helps to efficiently and accurately capture your design in 3D and produce complete model based building designs and documentations, automatically update floor plans, elevations, sections, and 3D views

Archicad 23

  • Among the most popular choices in architectural design software, Archicad enables architects and interior designers to create accurate construction details and estimate quantities of building materials required.
  • This software also models and coordinates openings that are necessary to document and share with engineers and other consultants.
  • With the ability to codecheck design, enter client requirements and integrate teams and documents, Archicad remains a top choice for architects and interior designers.

Easyhome Homestyler 

  • Easyhome Homestyler is a free design software, with which a designer can easily build floor plans in 2D and 3D with accurate measurements.
  • Homestyler also creates a photorealistic visualization for both the designer and the clients to walk through
  • It is sort of a coordinating app that lets a designer design on the go. If you are on budget, but would like to experiment with easy to learn tools which would provide an accurate design then this app is the go to app.


  • Infurnia allows architects, interior designers and clients to collaborate and interact during the design process.
  • Detailed floor plans with multi layered walls, advanced flooring and roofing, false ceiling and customizable staircase tools are available that helps a designer to outline a project in detail.
  • Plus plans created to 2D can be instantly converted into 3D depictions, while drafting tools can be used to draw elevation views.

Morpholio Board 

  • Launched by a team of architects turned software developers, Morpholio’s applications include digital tools for sketching and presenting creative work
  • This application was originally available for iOS mobile devices but now a desktop tool for Mac, help designers to solve tough technical problems they face everyday

Adobe Photoshop 

  • It is the oldest and most prominent photo software application also recognized as the industry leader for enhancing and organizing photos.
  • With Photoshop one can adjust clarity, color and tone, manipulate effects or add graphics to your imagery.


  • Fuigo was designed as a tool to allow interior designers to manage everything from proposals to installation all in one place.
  • In addition to help a designer organize and help plan projects, Fuigo can schedule and track invoices and payments
  • Streamline sourcing, purchasing, tracking and billing with this all in one tool, allows smaller designer firms to access the resources of much bigger ones. 


  • Built to help design firms of all sizes, Ivy is a program that will help a designer manage his / her business more efficiently.
  • From sourcing products to sending proposals and invoices, generating purchase orders, and creating room boards with ease, this app does it all.
  • Ivy’s community resources also offer a place to exchange ideas and best practises.

Types of Interior Designing Courses 

There was a time when Interior Designing courses in India were only meant for Undergraduate studies, however with advancement of time and technology Interior Designing Course has been divided into various disciplines. Anyone who aspires to become an architect or an interior designer can pursue from a plate of varied Interior Designing Courses that are offered across various Colleges, Universities and Institutions. 

Interior Designing courses are bifurcated into 5 diverse course structures, Certificate in Interior Designing Courses, Diploma in Interior Designing Courses, Undergraduate Interior Designing Courses, Postgraduate Interior Designing Courses and Doctoral Interior Designing Courses. Below mentioned tables will discuss the courses along with their respective fees and durations,

Course Level Courses
Online Interior Designing Courses Best Free Interior Design Courses (Udemy)
Free Interior Design Classes & Courses (LinkedIn Learning)
Oxford Home Study
Alison Diploma in Interior Design
MIT Open Courseware: Principles of Design
Certificate in Interior Designing Courses Certificate in Print Design for Apparel and Home
Professional Certificate in Styling for Interior
Certificate in Styling for Home
Certificate in Textiles for Interiors and Fashions
Diploma in Interior Designing Courses Diploma in Interior Designing
Master Diploma in Interior Designing
Advance Diploma in Interior Designing
Undergraduate Interior Designing Courses UG Program in Interior Design
B.Sc in Interior Design
B.Sc in Interior Design and Decoration
International Dual Degree Programme in Interior Designing
Postgraduate Interior Designing Courses PG Program in Interior Design and Styling
M.Voc. in Interior Designing and Business Management

Certificate in Interior Designing Courses

Certifications in Interior Designing Courses are widely available throughout the country across various Institutes.

  • The eligibility criteria for Certificate courses in Interior Designing is, candidates should have cleared their Class 12th board examination from a recognized board
  • The average Interior Designing Certificate course fee ranges from INR 35,000 - 1.5 LPA
  • The duration of the Certificate courses generally limit from 6 months to 2 years.
Name of the Course Duration of the Course Average Fees of the Course (INR)
Certificate in Computer - Aided Interior Design 6 months 35,000
Certificate in Interior Design 6 months 55,000
One Year Foundation Program in Interior Design 1 year 90,000
Online Program in Interior Design 3 month NA
Two Year Super Specialization Program in Interior Design 2 years 90,000
Three months certificate in Interior draftsmanship 3 month NA
Certificate in Interior Design - Home Space 11 month 1,25,000
Certificate in Interior Design - Commercial Space 11 months 1,25,000
Certificate in Interior Decoration 1 year 45,000
Advance certificate in Interior Designing 2 years NA

Diploma in Interior Designing Courses 

  • Diploma in Interior Designing courses can be pursued by students once they fulfil the eligibility criteria of competing graduation in any discipline with minimum 45% - 50% aggregate score 
  • The average salary post completing a Diploma in Interior Designing course ranges anywhere between 5 - 15 LPA
  • The duration of Diploma in Interior Designing courses ranges between 1 year - 3 years
Name of the Course Duration of the Course Average Fees of the Course
UG Integrated Diploma in Interior & Space Design 3 years 1,32,000 p/a
Diploma in Interior Design & Display 1 year 80,000 p/a
Diploma in Interior Design 3 years NA
Diploma in Architecture Design 11 months 1,75,000 p/a
Graduate Diploma in Interior Design 1 year 1,59,000 p/a
Diploma in Interior Design & Decoration 1 year NA
Diploma in Interior Design & Lighting 4W 4 weeks 1,66,000 p/a
Advanced Diploma in Interior Design Management NA 19,900 p/a
Diploma in Architecture 1 year 1,10,000 p/a
Advanced Diploma in Interior Design NA 1,72,000 p/a

 Undergraduate Interior Designing Courses 

Undergraduate degree in Interior Designing courses is widely opted by many aspiring architects and interior designers.

  • The eligibility criteria for pursuing Undergraduate degree in interior design is, candidates have to qualify their class 12th board examination with minimum 50% aggregate marks from a recognised board
  • Few colleges have also set an age limit and students more or less than the mentioned age are not eligible for the course.
Top Colleges Location Average Annual Fees (INR)
National Institute of Fashion Technology Mumbai 10,17,800
National Institute of Fashion Technology Delhi 10,00,000
National Institute of Fashion Technology Kolkata 6,79,000
Pearl Academy Mumbai, Maharashtra 5,83,000
Shyam University Dausa, rajasthan 1,00,000
Arch Academy of Design Jaipur, Rajasthan 3,95,000
Glamour School of Fashion & Interiors Kolkata 2,40,000
United World Institute of Design Kolkata 50,000

Postgraduate Interior Designing Courses

For pursuing Post Graduation in Interior Designing courses the following criterias should be adhered to,

  • Candidates should have cleared B.Des or Bachelor of Design form a recognised university
  • The average fees for pursuing post graduate degree in M.Des or Master of Design ranges between INR 50,00 - 4,55,000
  • The average salary received post the completion of this course ranges between INR 3 - 8 LPA
Name of the College Location Average Fees (INR)
National institute of Design Gandhinagar 3,18,000
National institute of Design Ahmedabad 3,26,000
National institute of Design Mumbai 2,24,000
Indian institute of Technology Kanpur 64,050

Doctoral Interior Designing Courses 

Inorder to pursue Doctoral degree in Interior Designing courses, students have to abide by the following factors,

  • The minimum eligibility criteria for pursuing Doctoral degree is, students should have cleared their Postgraduate degree from a recognized university with minimum 50% aggregate marks
  • The average duration for pursuing PhD in Interior design is 3 years
Name of the College Location Average Annual Fees (INR)
Indian Institute of Technology Mumbai 67,900
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur 57,000
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati 12,200

Top Recommended Books for Interior Designing Courses

Some of the top recommended books for an Interior Designing courses are mentioned below for your reference,

Name of the Books Authors
Live Beautiful Athena Calderone
Evocative Style Kelly Weatstler
Living with Pattern Coffee Table Book Rebecca Atwood
Travel Home Caitlin Flemming
More Beautiful Mark D. Sikes

How to start a career as an Interior Designer? 

Interior Designing as a career needs a lot of patience, perseverance and motivation. There are various steps that are to be followed to start one's career into Interior Designing. Below mentioned points discusses them in details,

Work on your Software Skills 

The entire process of Interior Designing is done with the help of a lot of softwares as discussed previously. The softwares not only makes the job easier but also the advanced technologies associated with it make the end process way more appealing to the clients. Thus resulting in a two way satisfied outcome. Softwares like Adobe Photoshop, Ivy, Fuigo, Morpholio Board and others are widely used in the Interior Designing industry for better performance.

Start Freelancing 

The best way to learn any job is to dive into it and get to know all the intricacies and details that go behind the wall. Freelancing is a great way to start one’s career in Interior Designing. Through freelancing one can get a first hand experience of the entire process, starting from making a plan, to presentation, creating design layout for client approvals to finally building an entire project from concept to completion.

Create an Online Presence 

Today from the time we open our eyes in the morning till the time we decide to call it a day, we are engrossed in various social media platforms. Social Media nowadays plays a vital role in promoting and advertising new products. Thus one should always make an effort to utilize this platform. Opening a personal account on any social media platforms and promoting your ideas, work and efforts will always be noticed and will have a positive impact on the business venture and also your strategies.

Study Others Work 

One can always learn from others. No matter how good or best your work might be, there will always be someone who is a step ahead of you. One should always learn and get motivated from the work done by others and get ideas to improve one’s project.

Try Improving via Practise 

As they say, practise makes a man perfect. You should always practise, no matter what the project or assignment is or how easy it is. The more you practice the better ideas you will perceive while doing it.

Skills Required for Interior Design Courses

There are alot of skills that one should master when they decide to take up Interior Designing as their career. Below mentioned points will discuss each of them in detail,

Creativity and Attention to Detail 

While working on any project, one should have an eye for detail and creativity. This would not only achieve thoroughness and accuracy when accomplishing a task through concern for all areas involved but also result in a project overall.

Trend Identification 

One should be aware of the recent trends that are in demand and are in rage. Creating designs that are not in trend would take the organization at the losing end. One should be thoroughly aware of all the new trends that are roaring in the market, this would not only make the organization and your work famous but also will have a lasting impact among the clients.

Knowledge of Sustainable Practice 

While creating new designs one should always plan it in such a way that it not only attracts the eyes of the clients but also does it sustainably. Planning a design in such a way that would affect the environment would not only give a negative image to your organization but also will be black listed by the government for damaging the environment.

Computer knowledge and Sketching Ability 

Computer Knowledge is a must when it comes to making career decisions in Interior Designing. Along with it comes sketching. Interior designing is an art and creating an art would most definitely need you to learn the basics of sketching. Thus computer knowledge and sketching are the two most vital parts of Interior designing.

Top Online Interior Designing Courses 

Taking into account the huge popularity of Interior Design courses, apart from the various Certificate, Diploma, Undergraduate and postgraduate courses there are a number of Online Interior Designing courses available in the field of Interior Designing. Some of them are tabulated below,

Name of the Course Duration
The Interior Design Institute 24 weeks
Udemy Online Interior Design Course 17.5 hours
Inchbald School of Design, Design Your Living Space Online Course 3 months
Lynda Interior Design and Visualisation Courses Each tutorial last for 1 - 2 hours
The Art Institute of Pittsburgh 4 years
New York Institute of Art and Design 16 - 18 months
British College of Interior Design 12 - 24 weeks
Decorating Studio Free Online Interior Design Classes 6 classes

Top Interior Designing Colleges in India 

Below is enlisted few of the top colleges spread across the country,


Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
Pearl Academy West Campus 6,89,090
IMS Design and Innovation Academy 2,37,000
Indian Institute of Art and Design 4,68,397
Amity University 1,68,000
Apeejay Institute of Design 1,80,000


Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
INIFD 67,667
Vogue Institute of Art and Design 95,580 - 10,74,000
Pearl Academy 10,63,000 - 24,91,000
Center for Creative Arts and Design 3,90,000
LISAA School of Design 1,50,000 - 10,00,000


Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
INIFD 1,65,000 - 1,68,000
Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design 5,65,000 - 7,68,000
Design And Me 65,000
Sinhgad College of Architecture 1,25,000


Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
Aditya College of Design Studies 94,400 - 1,75,000
Instituto Marangoni 1,66,000 - 9,90,000
INIFD 5,00,000
NMIMS 15,80,000
Garware Institute of Career Education And Development 2,40,000


Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
NIFT 1,67,250
NSHM Knowledge Campus 2,12,500
ESEDS School of Design 3,25,000
Global Institute of Fashion Technology 1,80,000
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology 40,000

Scope of Interior Designing Courses 

After completing Interior Designing courses one can expect jobs at various profiles such as architect, interior designer, construction designer etc. Below mentioned are few of the most common job profiles students are offered post completion the course,

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters in the field of interior designing are tabulated below,

The Karighars Savio and Rupa Interior Concepts Morph Design Co.
Carafina De Panache Charcoal Project

Top Job Profiles 

Some of the top job profiles in the field of Interior Designing are tabulated below,

Job Profiles Job Description
Graphic Designer Graphic designers create visual concepts using various computer software to communicate the idea to inform, inspire, and captivate the customer. They can get jobs in specialized design service companies, publishing or advertising companies, public relations industries, etc.
Design Manager A design manager coordinates the design work and acts as a bridge between the team involved in the entire construction process, right from the work of the design thinking team, architects and the planning phase, to the studio work and the final product.
Set Director An art director is responsible for the representation of the film or the media, overseeing the artistic aspect of the film or publication. A set Director is responsible and helps in deciding the location of a film or any publication as per the budget and the need for the script.
Industrial Designer Industrial designers create, plan, and manufacture goods that include automobiles, household products, food packaging, electronics, medical equipment, etc. They work with other specialists to improve the existing product and to introduce new products.
Interior Designer Interior designers make the indoor or interior spaces beautiful, safe, and functional by determining the requirements in the different spaces and selecting essential and decorative items. They can get jobs in specialized design services, architectural, and engineering-related services.

Salary of an Interior Designer 

The salary of an interior designer depends on the number of years he has worked and also the kind of knowledge s/he has gained over the years. The salary for various positions of an interior design industry are tabulated below for your reference,

Name of the Course Average Salary (INR)
Graphic Designer 3 LPA
Design Manager 11 LPA
Set Designer 8.5 LPA
Industrail Designer 7 LPA
Interior Designer 5 – 7 LPA

Interior Design Courses: FAQs

Ques. What is the salary for Interior Designers in India?

Ans. Interior designers can expect a salary around INR 30,000 to INR 40,000 per annum.

Ques. What qualifications do you need to pursue interior design courses?

Ans. The one who has completed his class 10+2 from a recognized board, or has completed the bachelors from a related field should apply for interior design.

Ques. Can I learn interior design online?

Ans. Yes, there are various online courses in interior design that can help you learn the skills. There are free courses available on Alison, Linkedin Learning by Lynda, and in Skillshare. You can initially start with free courses to understand the basics of the course, and then you can take up paid courses to understand it more deeply.

Ques. How long is interior designing course?

Ans. The duration of interior designing course varies, depending upon the type of course you prefer. It can range from few hours to three years.

Ques. Is interior design a good career?

Ans. Yes, interior design is a good career as it offers wide range of job opportunities and career prospects. Interior designers are experts in their field, and they do charge a huge amount of fees for projects.

Ques. Is it hard to be an interior designer?

Ans. For getting jobs in an established interior design firm, a candidate should have a bachelor’s and master’s degree. Companies usually check for degrees and experience while hiring. Though a candidate can learn interior designing through online and short courses, finding jobs in reputed firms may be a bit difficult. But there are other options like, if the candidate is confident about their skills, then they can work as a freelancer or start their own business.