Master of Arts in Hindi or MA Hindi is a 2-year postgraduate course, the minimum eligibility for which is graduation in any discipline. The course essentially involves the study of literature, linguistics and philosophies of the Hindi language. Subjects included in the program are Hindi Poetry, Drama, Fiction, Literary Criticism, Literary History etc.
Hindi, besides English, is the only other language of communication authorized for use in the Central Government’s correspondence of the country. This ensures plenty career opportunities in the government sector for successful postgraduates of the course. Hindi spans categories such as Social Sciences, Physical & Professional Sciences, Aesthetics, Natural Science, Commerce, Official and Media Languages and Translated Material.
Admission to the course is merit-based. Some of the top colleges which provide admission to MA Hindi are mentioned below.
Tabulated below are some major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Yearly System|
|Eligibility||10+2+3 with 50% minimum aggregate score|
|Admission Process||No Entrance test as such, but some colleges might conduct an admission test and/ or Interview. However, a minimum cut off needs to be cleared by all applicants.|
|Course Fee||INR 10,000 to 50,000 p.a.|
|Average Starting salary||INR 2 to 20 Lacs p.a.|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Government Sectors, News Channels, Schools & Colleges, Publishing Houses.|
|Job Description||Hindi Editor, Hindi News Reader, Hindi Professor, Hindi Interpreter/Translator|
The 2- year program aims to familiarize students with intricate literature in the language and its diverse applications. With its popularity growing in the nation and worldwide, Hindi is the second most spoken language in the world. Hindi language has its roots in the classical Sanskrit language. The language acquired its current form over many centuries, and numerous dialectical variations of Hindi still exist.
Hindi is accorded the status of the co-official language in several States also. In light of the fact that some schools in US have decided to introduce Hindi as a foreign language along with French, Spanish and others, the demand for Hindi Teachers and Professors is fast increasing not only in Indian schools but also abroad. Hindi has earned a global recognition for itself in the linguistic arena.
Apart from this, Hindi Word Processors have been developed by various organizations starting from Siddharth (DCM in 1983), Lipi (Hindi Tronics 1983). ISM, leap, Leap Office (CDAC, Pune) since 1991 under development of GIST, Shree Lipi, Lipi, APS, Akshar and other word processors. Hindi experts in this field are required in huge numbers for their skills and expertise in the language.
Candidates wishing to pursue MA in Hindi need to have completed the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.
Given below is a list of universities offering the course along with their locations, eligibility criteria, admission procedures and fees charged by them.
|Rank||College||City/ State||Average Fees|
|1||St. Stephens College, Delhi University||New Delhi||INR 69,500|
|2||Lady Shriram College||New Delhi||INR 28,637|
|3||Loyola College||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||INR 10,020|
|4||Christ University||Bangalore, Karnataka||INR 30,000|
|5||Hindu College, Delhi University||New Delhi||INR 9,322|
|6||Miranda House, Delhi University||New Delhi||INR 20,060|
|7||Fergusson College||Pune, Maharashtra||INR 6,295|
|8||Madras Christian College||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||INR 65,732|
|9||Hans Raj College, Delhi University||New Delhi||INR 22,473|
|10||Ramjas College, Delhi University||New Delhi||INR 9,38|
Given here is a year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus.
|Adhunik Hindi Kavya||Hindi Kavya I|
|Upanyas evam Kahani||Sahitya, Siddhanth aur Samalochan|
|Natak aur Anya Gadya Vidhaye||Bhasha Vigyan aur Hindi Bhasha|
|Hindi Sahitya aur Bhasha ka Itihas||Upanyas: Swaroop aur Vikas|
|Hindi Upanyas I - Premchand|
|Hindi Upanyas II|
In different departments of the Central and State governments (in Hindi speaking States), Hindi is the compulsory language for official work. Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in capacities such as Hindi Officer, Hindi Translator, Hindi Assistant, Manager (Official language) in various departments and units of Central/ State governments. Career opportunities for such postgraduates have increased manifold with the advancement of private TV and Radio channels and launch of Hindi versions of established magazines and newspapers. In the field of Hindi media, there is a growing need for Hindi Editors, Hindi Script writers, Reporters, Correspondents, Sub Editors, Proofreaders, Radio Jockey, Anchors etc.
A Degree/ Diploma in Journalism/ Mass Communication complemented with academic qualification in Hindi is an added advantage for job seekers. Professional positions such as Script Writer / Dialogue Writer /Diction expert/ Lyricist in Radio / TV / Cinema can be pursued. The course requires in aspiring candidates a natural and artistic mastery in creative writing. Work profiles in the field may include translation of the works of eminent International writers into Hindi and vice versa, of scripts of films/ advertisements into Hindi. Bi-lingual efficiency is required essence of this field.
One can earn a decent livelihood as a freelance translator or set up one’s own translation agency. Such firms take up assignments on contract basis and provide employment to many professional translators. There are also lucrative opportunities of translation projects with foreign agencies. The task can be easily done through internet communication.
There is a massive number of language companies all over the world, such as Systran, SDL International, Detroit Translation Bureau, etc. The majority of these linguistically- oriented companies offer many services available in multiple languages, and one of the languages is Hindi. Other companies solicit language services from these companies on contract basis. Usually, career opportunities in these firms are available in the form of permanent or freelance Translators and Interpreters.
Job opportunities for such postgraduates are also increasing in foreign countries, especially for those who have completed their Ph. D in the language. Popularity of Hindi language and linguistics in foreign universities is increasing tremendously after it has been recognized as a language of business by some foreign countries.
Listed here are some of the popular job positions offered to successful postgraduates of the discipline with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered:
|Job Name||Job Description||Average Monthly Salary|
|Hindi Professor||To teach students at reputed schools, colleges and Universities. With increased teaching experience, salary also rises.||INR 37,400 – 67,000|
|Hindi Interpreter||Must possess native-level understanding of Hindi language and culture. Those with a native-level understanding of Hindi are sought to work on- site. The job offers multilingual content solutions, using both professional linguists and artificial intelligence technologies.||INR 44,900 - 1,42,400|
|Hindi News Reader||Newsreaders may also be asked to add commentary to their scripts and sometimes act as reporters or journalists. The job may also require on-air interviewing, conducting panel discussions, debates & other talk shows. To become a newsreader, one must have a degree in Journalism & Mass Communication accompanied with a degree in the Hindi Language.||INR 100,000 – 200,000|
|Hindi Editor||To approve TV and digital content, ensuring that editorial guidelines are adhered to consistently, to help select stories and manage staff deployment within the team. Hindi Editors, with their skills, help develop and drive the team's performance.||INR 45,000 - 3,50,000|