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Master of Arts [MA] (Sanskrit) - Course Overview

  • STREAM

    ARTS

  • DURATION

    2 YEARS

  • COURSE

    Sanskrit

  • COURSE TYPE

    Post Graduation

Master of Arts in Sanskrit Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

Stream: Sanskrit    
Duration: 2 Years

Course: M.A.

Course Type: Post Graduation

 

M.A. in Sanskrit is a 2-year postgraduate course in Sanskrit literature. It is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. It is the official language of the state of Uttarakhand. The course’s syllabus is divided across 4 semesters ranging from the language’s origin through development, and up to now.

Sanskrit has been the verifiable and trans-local dialect of scholarly life in South Asia for the longest time now. Sanskrit is the dialect in which South Asian rulers, artists, and religious diviners communicated. It is the world's oldest dialect. Numerous science and arithmetic writings have been composed in Sanskrit. It is the sacrosanct dialect in Hinduism. The Sanskrit dialect was presented by sages in sacred writings. Individuals have spoken Sanskrit since the start of the human civilization.

Bachelor of Arts in OrissaBachelor of Arts in RajasthanBachelor of Arts in Madhya PradeshBachelor of Arts in Karnataka

The course equips enrolled students with knowledge of Sanskrit poetry, epics in Indian literature, drama, and the history of classical Sanskrit literature. Students study the literary works of celebrated Sanskrit writers.

Successful postgraduates of the course in India are offered an average monthly salary ranging between INR 15,000 to and 25,000.

M.A. in Sanskrit: Course Highlights

Given here are the basic highlights of the course.

Name of the courseM.A. In Sanskrit
Course LevelPost Graduation
Duration2 years, full- time/ Distance Learning
StreamSanskrit
Examination TypeSemester/Yearly
EligibilityBachelor’s degree or equivalent qualification in Arts stream
Admission ProcessMerit basis/ Entrance exam + Group Discussion/Personal Interview
Average Course FeeINR 1K to 1 Lakh
Average Starting SalaryINR 3 to 9 Lacs
Top Recruiting CompaniesColleges and universities, private organizations, temples, private academic institutions, translation service providers, tourism sector, print media organizations, TV channels, etc.

M.A. in Sanskrit: Course Objectives

Listed here are some of the principle objectives of the course.

  • To make the conventional investigation of Sanskrit more career-oriented by incorporating both customary and present-day frameworks of instruction.
  • To preserve and promote Sanskrit language and writing.

Top Institutes offering M.A. in Sanskrit   

The average tuition fee charged in India for M.A. in Sanskrit ranges between INR 1,000 (government institutes) and 1 lakh (private institutes).

Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer M.A. in Sanskrit.

SR.NO.INSTITUTESTATETUITION FEES (PER YEAR) IN INRELIGIBILITY CRITERIAADMISSION PROCEDURE
1.LADY SHRI RAM COLLEGE FOR WOMENNew Delhi, Delhi NCR17,876Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
2.LOYOLA COLLEGE, CHENNAICHENNAI, TAMIL NADU5,010Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
3.ST. XAVIER'S COLLEGE, MUMBAIMUMBAI, MAHARASHTRA7,153Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
4.CHRIST UNIVERSITY, BANGALOREBANGALORE, KARNATAKA62,500Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
5.MIRANDA HOUSE COLLEGE, NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR15,823Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
6.PRESIDENCY COLLEGE, CHENNAICHENNAI, TAMIL NADU865Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
7.MADRAS CHRISTIAN COLLEGE - [MCC], CHENNAICHENNAI, TAMIL NADU13,607Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
8.HINDU COLLEGE, NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR12,307Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
9.HANS RAJ COLLEGE - [HRC], NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR12,307Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
10.FERGUSSON COLLEGE, PUNEPUNE, MAHARASHTRA3,148Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
11.JESUS AND MARY COLLEGE - [JMC], NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR12,823Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
12.PRESIDENCY UNIVERSITY, KOLKATAKOLKATA, WEST BENGAL3,810Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
13.GARGI COLLEGE, NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR7,541Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
14.SRI VENKATESWARA COLLEGE, NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR10,976Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
15.ST XAVIER'S COLLEGE, AHMEDABADAHMEDABAD, GUJARAT1,335Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
16.SHRI RAM COLLEGE OF COMMERCE - [SRCC], NEW DELHINEW DELHI, DELHI NCR29,625Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
17.KISHINCHAND CHELLARAM COLLEGE - [KC COLLEGE] CHURCHGATE, MUMBAIMUMBAI, MAHARASHTRA50,100Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
18.ST. MIRA'S COLLEGE FOR GIRLS, PUNEPUNE, MAHARASHTRA3,000Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
19.LADY BRABOURNE COLLEGE - [LBC], KOLKATAKOLKATA, WEST BENGAL15,637Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.
20.JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY, KOLKATAKOLKATA, WEST BENGAL2,470Graduation in the Arts stream from a recognized university.Based on the merit obtained at the level of graduation or performance in a relevant entrance test.

Eligibility for M.A. in Sanskrit   

Listed here are the minimum criteria of eligibility needed to be fulfilled for admission to the course.

  • Graduation or equivalent qualification from a recognized university.
  • Preferably Sanskrit as the main subject at the level of graduation.
  • Qualification of a relevant entrance test in cases of some institutes.
Bachelor of Arts in West BengalBachelor of Arts in Uttar PradeshBachelor of Arts in GujaratBachelor of Arts in Bihar

M.A. in Sanskrit: Admission Process

Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in 2 stages:

  1. Institutional Test.
  2. Personal Interview- involving assessment of fitness, work experience, publications and Statement of Purpose.

Most institutes shortlist students for the course on the basis of their performance in a relevant entrance test. Some institutes conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process may vary from college to college.

Some institutes in the country also offer admission on the basis of the candidate’s obtained merit at the level of graduation.

M.A. in Sanskrit: Syllabus and Course Structure

A semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given here.

Semester I

Vedic hymns (The following hymns of the Rigveda-Samhita with Sayana’s commentary): RK Samhita: 1.1, 1.35, 1.154, II. 33, X.90
Atmabodhaprakaranam of Acarya Sankara
Sanskrit Philology
History of Classical Sanskrit Literature
Meghadutam
Asokan Edicts: Rock Edicts –III,IV,V,VI,XII,XIII Nirukta(1.1 –1.14)
History of Sanskrit Grammar Harsacaritam (Ucchavsa-5)
Kautilya’s Arthasastra Adhikarana II – Chapters 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 35,36

Semester II

RK Samhita (The following hymns of Rg Veda Samhita with Sayanas commentary): RK Samhita – 1.2, 1.3,1.4,6.64,7.86,10.129
Samkhyakarika
History of Vedic Literature
Vaiyakarana Siddhantakaumudi (Purvardha) Samjna,Paribhasa, Ac Sandhi [up to Prakrtibhava]
Mrcchakatikam (I-IV)
Sahityadarpana (Chapter –1, 2) Sahityadarpana (Chapter –3 up to Rasanirupana)
Bhasapariccheda (Pratyksa Khanda only)
Sayana’s Rgvedabhasyopakramanika Asokan Edicts: Pillar Edicts - IV, VII

Semester III

Vaiyakarana Siddhantakaumudi (Uttarardha) Bhwadi only
Patanjali’s Mahabhasya (Paspasa only)
Kenopanisad
Yajnavalkya – Smriti (Vyavaharadhyaya)
Research Methodology & Manuscriptology
Bhasaparicched (Anuman, Upaman & Sabda-khanda With Muktavali &Mananirupana)
Mrcchakatika (V-X), Prakrtprakasa (I,II)
Inscriptions (Selected inscriptions only):
 Junagadh Inscription of Rudradaman (Epigraphia Indica,Vol.VIII, P.42)
Meherauli Iron Pillar Inscription of Chandra (J.F. Fleet, Corp.Ins.Ind., Vol.III, No. 32 Cal.,1888)
 Damodarpur Copper Plate Inscription of the time of Gupta (543 A.D.) (Epigraphia Indica, XV. P.142)
Gwalior Inscription of the time of Mihirakula, regnal year 15 (Fleet, C11, III No. 37) Inscriptions (Selected inscriptions only)
 Faridpur Copper Plate Inscription of Dharmaditya, regnal year 3 (Indian Antiquary,XXXIX)
 Midnapore Plates of the region of Sasanka (J.R.A.S.B., p. 19,1945)
Khalimpur Copper PlateInscription of Dharmapala, year 32 (A.K. Maitreya, Gaudabkhamala, Rajshahi, 1919 B.S.)

Semester IV (Special Papers): Literature

Dhvanyaloka (1st Udyot only)
Naisadhacaritam (Ninth Canto only)
Mudraraksasa (whole)
Dasarupaka (I to III)
Kavyaprakasa (I –V Chapter)
Rasagangadhara- (I Anana, up to Classification of poetry)
Project

Semester V (Philosophy)

Gautamasutras with Nyayabhasyam 1.1. 1-6, 1.1.7-22 (Sutras only)
Yogasutra with Vyasabhasya (Samadhipada), up to Sutra No. 39
Vedantadarsana with Sarirakabhasya (Adhyasabhasya and Chapter 1.1.1 –6, 12-19)
Boudhadarsana (From Sarvadarsanasamgraha)
Vedantadarsana with Sarirakabhasya (Chapter –II.I.1-17, II.II.1-3, 11-16)
Vedantaparibhasa (Pratyaksa only) Pratyabhijnahrdayam (Sutras – 1-10)

Semester VI (Veda)

Vedic Hymns :-
(i) Vajasaneyi Samhita – XVI.(1-16), 34(1-6).
(ii) Atharvaveda Samhita – XII. 1-12, XIX.53 (17).
Brhaddevata (Chapter –I)
Satapatha Brahman (Kanda –I, Prapathaka –1, Brahman –1, Adhaya –1-2), Nirukta – II(1-4), VII(1-13)
Rk- Pratisakhya (I-III)
Aitareya Brahmana (Pancika –I Chapters I –II, Pancika- VIIChapters XXXIII Sunahsepa Katha )
Asvalayana Srautasutra (Chapter – I) Survey of Vedic Interpretations (Traditional and Modern) : Venkatmadhava, Skandasvamin, Sayana, Aurobindo, Dayananda, Max Muller Roth.

Semester VII (Epigraphy)

Selected Inscriptions:
A. Besnagar Garuda –Pillar Inscription (J.B.R.A.S. vol. XXIII)
B. Saranath Buddhist Image Inscription of Kasniska I year 3 (EI. Vol VII)
C. Mathura Stone Inscription of Huviska, year 28, (EI-XXI)
D. Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharavela (B.M.Barua, Old Brahmi Inscriptions in the Udaygiri & Khandagiri caves, Cal 1929)
E. Nasik Cave Inscription of Vasisthiputra Pulamayi, year 19 (EI-VII).
F. Aphsad stone Inscription of Adityasena. (Fleet, corp. Ins. Ind. III. Cal 1888).
G. Banskhera (Copper Plate), Inscription of (Harsavardhana) (EI-IV)
H. Gwalior Stone Inscription of Mihira Bhoja (EI-XVIII)
I. Haraha Inscriptions of Isanavarman (EI – XIV).
Palaeography
( Written –45 marks +Viva-Voce- 05 marks)
Selected Inscriptions:
A. Allahabad Stone Pillar Inscription of Samudragupta (J.F. Fleet, Corp. Ins. Ind. Vol. III cal. 1888).
B. Damodarpur Copper Plate Inscription of Kumargupta, year 124 (EI XV).
C. Mandasore Stone Inscription of Kumargupta I & Bandhuvarman (Fleet, CII; Vol. III).
D. Junagarh Rock Inscription of Skandagupta (Ibid).
E. Bhitare Pillar Inscription of Skandagupta (Ibid).
F. Mandasore Stone Inscription of Yasodharman, Undated (Ibid).
G. Mallasarul Copper Plate Inscription of Gopacandra, year 3 (EI –XV).
Palaeography (Gupta Scripts)
(Written –45 marks +Viva-Voce- 05 marks)
Selected Inscriptions:
Mahasthan Fragmentary Stone Plaque Inscription (Epi- Ind. Vol. XXI)
Nidhanpur Copperplate Inscription of Bhaskarvarman. (EI. XII,XI,X)
Nalanda Copperplate Inscription of Devapala (EI-XVII)
Badalgaruda Pillar Inscription of Narayanapala (A.K. Maitreya, Gauda-lekhamala).
Belava Copperplate Inscription of bhajavarman (N.G. Majumder, Inscription of Bengal Vol. III, Rajshahi 1929)
Deopara Prasasti of Vijaysene (Ibid)
BhauvaneshwarPrasasti of Bhattabahvadeva(Ibid)
Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II. Paper
Project Work.

M.A. in Sanskrit: Academic Options

Upon successful completion of the course, postgraduates interested in further studies in the discipline may go for pursuing M.A. in Sanskrit Literature, B.Ed. or Ph.D. in Sanskrit, or Master’s in Mass Communication and Journalism with specialization in Sanskrit Patrakarita.

Other options include pursuing Postgraduate Diploma in Functional Sanskrit and Translation, or Post-Graduate Diploma in Sanskrit Journalism.

Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan also offers such postgraduates the option of taking vocational training in Sanskrit short-hand and typing, and cataloguing manuscripts.

M.A. in Sanskrit: Career Prospects

Such postgraduates can pursue archaeological work, or be professionally engaged with reading and understanding ancient manuscripts, etc.

Such professionals are hired in capacities such as Sanskrit Teacher, Online Transcripter, Lecturer, Official Language Officer, Lecturer - Swasth Vritt and Shalakya Tantra, Sanskrit Typist, Training Officer in Sanskrit, Sanskrit Tutor, among others.

Colleges and universities, private organizations, temples, private academic institutions, translation service providers, tourism sector, print media organizations, TV channels etc. hire qualified Sanskrit postgraduates.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Sanskrit

Job TitleJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary in INR
TranslatorTranslators are required in various fields for translating documents in Sanskrit. For the job of a Translator, competent knowledge of a language other than Sanskrit is also required.1,24,868 – 4,16,093
TeacherA Sanskrit Teacher is responsible for teaching texts prescribed in Sanskrit curriculum to school/college students. 2,62,426 – 3,00,298
Sanskrit InterpreterAn Interpreter’s job is similar to a translator’s job, except that they interpret what is said in a different language from Sanskrit. An Interpreter must also have competent knowledge of a language other than Sanskrit. 1,56,216 – 4,20,451