What is MA Sanskrit?
MA Sanskrit is a 2-year postgraduate course in Sanskrit literature. This program is based on the essentials of Vedic and Sanskrit literature, Ethics, Indian Philosophy and Sanskrit Grammar.
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Check Top MA Sanskrit Colleges in India here.
This postgraduate course in Sanskrit equips the students with knowledge of Sanskrit poetry, epics in Indian Literature, Drama and the history of Classical Sanskrit Literature.
The MA Sanskrit course curriculum includes various subjects such as Sanskrit Philosophy, Meghdutam, History of Classical Sanskrit Literature, history of Vedic literature, history of Sanskrit grammar, harsacaritram etc.
To be considered eligible to apply to this course, students must hold a Bachelor’s degree in relevant stream from a recognized university.
Admission to this course will be done either on the basis of performance of candidates in the entrance exams conducted by the admission authorities or based on candidate’s performance in the Bachelor degree exams.
Some of the top MA Sanskrit Colleges according to their NIRF 2020 ranking are as follows
|NIRF Ranking 2020||College Name||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees||Average Annual Salary|
|1||Miranda House, New Delhi||Merit/ Entrance-Based||INR 14,530||INR 5,60,000|
|3||Hindu College, New Delhi||Merit/ Entrance-Based||INR 18,010||INR 7,00,000|
|4||Lady Shriram College for Women, New Delhi||Merit/ Entrance-Based||INR 17,976||INR 7,50,000|
|9||Hans Raj College, New Delhi||Merit/ Entrance-Based||INR 13,309||INR 5,50,000|
|10||Ramjas College, New Delhi||Merit/ Entrance-Based||INR 14,284||3,00,000|
The tuition fees for enrolling in MA Sanskrit courses vary as per universities. The average annual course fees generally ranges between INR 10,000 and 1,00,000.
MA Sanskrit postgraduates can get jobs in numerous sectors such as private organizations, temples, private academic institutions, translation service providers, tourism sector, print media organizations etc. and jobs as a Translator, Teacher, Sanskrit Interpreter, Online Transcript, Typist etc. with an average annual salary ranging between INR 3,00,000 and INR 9,00,000.
After completing this course, students can pursue higher studies and advanced academic exploration along with research through MPhil Sanskrit and PhD Sanskrit courses. This course essentially provides a solid basis for further studies and related prospects.
What is the Admission Process for MA Sanskrit?
The MA Sanskrit Admission Process can vary as per the university rules and regulations. Some universities grant admission to students in MA Sanskrit course based on merit. Some of the top-most Indian universities prefer conducting entrance exams to grant admission to qualified candidates.
The admission procedures followed in the Indian universities for admission to MA Sanskrit course are given below.
In merit-based admission, the universities offering MA Sanskrit course grant admission to students based on their marks obtained in the graduation level.
The steps of the entrance-based admission are provided below:
- Step 1 - Students have to register for the entrance test by providing their email address, mobile number and password after which a login id will be created.
- Step 2 - On creation of login id, candidates are required to fill the application form with the required information correctly.
- Step 3 - In this step, candidates have to upload the necessary documents such as photograph, signature, id proof, Class 10 and 12 certificates, Bachelor’s degree etc.
- Step 4 - On uploading the requisite documents, students have to pay the requisite amount of application fee online.
- Step 5 - Based on the details submitted by the students, the admission authority will issue the admit cards to the eligible students.
- Step 6 - After getting the admit card, exam dates will be released by different conducting bodies. Candidates have to sit for the entrance test and qualify the same to get admission.
- Step 7 - In the final stage, admission authorities will release the results of the entrance test they have appeared for.
- Step 8 - Successful candidates will then be allotted seats to the respective institutes.
What is the Eligibility Criteria for Admission to MA Sanskrit?
The minimum eligibility criteria for students who want to pursue an MA Sanskrit from Indian universities are given below :
- Hold a bachelor’s degree in Arts from a recognized university.
- Must have secured an aggregate of at least 50% marks in the Bachelor’s degree examination.
- Students interested in Sanskrit language and who are keen in preserving the ancient literature and spreading the language are eligible for the admission.
- Applicants must have studied Sanskrit as a main subject in their undergraduate program.
- The students should possess good speaking, reading and writing skills for the course.
Is There Any Entrance Exam for Admission to MA Sanskrit course?
Many premier Indian universities conduct entrance exams for MA Sanskrit admissions. The entrance exams conducted thus vary according to the respective universities. Some of the most sought-after entrance examinations are:
JNUEE: Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Entrance Examination is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to the university's graduate and post-graduate courses. JNUEE is considered to be one of the toughest entrance examinations in India.
DUET: The Delhi University conducts Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET) for admissions to UG, PG, M.Phil, and PhD programs.
Check DUET Practice Papers here.
The important dates of these exams are given below :
|Name of Exam||Application Period||Exam Date||Exam Mode|
|JNUEE 2020||February 2 - June 6, 2020||To be Announced||Online|
|DUET 2020||March 02 - August 31, 2020||September 6 - 11, 2020||Online|
|SSVV Entrance Exam||First Week of June - Third Week of June 2020||To be Announced||Online|
How to prepare for MA Sanskrit entrance exams?
Candidates are advised to follow the below mentioned points to score well in the entrance examination: .
- As entrance examinations vary from one university to another, it is recommended that students prepare for a list of target universities and their relevant admission tests.
- Knowledge of the relevant entrance examination and their respective patterns and syllabus will enable the candidate to prepare for the entrance exam more solemnly.
- Aspirants must have a good knowledge of the updated syllabus, marking scheme, paper pattern etc.
- Start your preparation with the books studied in Class 11 and 12, this will help you in the basic concepts and understanding.
- Following the rules and regulations of the relevant examinations is another important point that the candidates have to keep in mind while attempting the entrance tests. Not paying heed to the guidelines can result in disqualification or such other unappreciative circumstances.
How to Get Admission in a Good MA Sanskrit College?
Candidates should keep the following things in mind to get admission in the top MA Sanskrit colleges:
Students can get a confirmed seat in a good college if they have a splendid academic record in their graduation and also on the basis of their performance in various national or state level entrance tests.
Check the full list of Top MA Colleges in India.
- To succeed in the entrance exams, students must have a proper understanding of the pattern, syllabus and the concepts related to the discipline.
- Many universities across India grant admission to students based on their merit or marks obtained in the graduation level. So the students must have a high aggregate score at the graduation level.
- Some universities prefer considering both the marks of graduation aggregate and entrance exam score for an ultimate merit list. Hence, it is highly recommended that the students get high marks in both these examinations to gain a top position in these merit lists.
- Keep track of all the important events pertaining to admission so that you will never miss any deadline. Also, keep a track of eligibility criteria, course cut-off, application procedure, application fee and all the updates in newspapers, official websites etc.
- Students are advised to practice as many papers and questions as they can in order to enhance your time management skills.
MA Sanskrit: What is it about?
Read the points given below to know what MA Sanskrit course is all about:
- In this course, students learn how to read and write in the Devanagari script, thus enhancing their skills in making digital posters, composing poems and writing theatre scripts in Sanskrit.
- The students are not just confined to translate literature but can massively contribute to the fields of music, mass media, tourism and teaching.
- The MA Sanskrit course basically focuses on teaching the basic elements of the language through daily usage, conversation, and role-playing.
- While pursuing this course In Sanskrit, you will get to learn practical explanation and instruction on forming sentences in Sanskrit. Students will be aided in reading and writing skills.
- In this program, applied knowledge of forms, cases, and tenses will be taught in a gradual manner.
MA Sanskrit Course Highlights
The course highlights of MA Sanskrit course is provided in the table given below :
|Full form||Masters of Arts in Sanskrit|
|Eligibility||Bachelor’s degree or equivalent in Arts from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Merit/Entrance-Based followed by Group Discussion + Personal Interview|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 10,000 to 1,00,000|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 3,00,000 to 9,00,000|
|Top Recruiting Sectors||Colleges and universities, private organizations, temples, private academic institutions, translation service providers, tourism sector, print media organizations, TV channels etc.|
|Job Positions||Sanskrit Teacher, Online Transcript, Lecturer, Official Language Officer, Sanskrit Typist, Home Tutor etc.|
Why Should You Study MA Sanskrit?
There are many benefits of pursuing a MA Sanskrit course. The main benefits of pursuing this program are as follows:
- Learning Sanskrit can help you in understanding the etymology of a lot of words in Indian and Foreign languages.
- It would also help you in understanding ancient Sanskrit texts, shlokas and other Sanskrit words in their true context, with nothing getting lost in translation.
- After completing this course, you will be able to read the original text and can understand it very easily.
- MA Sanskrit course provides a basis for higher studies and opportunities for advanced academic exploration and research through M.Phil, PhD courses.
- This course is particularly job-oriented. On completion of this course, students have various options to pursue a career in a wide array of fields in both the public and private sectors.
- MA Sanskrit postgraduates will be able to find jobs as a Sanskrit Teacher, Online Transcript, Lecturer, Official Language Officer, Sanskrit Typist, Home Tutor etc.
- The average MA Sanskrit salary in India ranges from INR 3,00,000 to 9,00,000 per annum currently.
MA Sanskrit vs MA Hindi
MA Sanskrit and MA Hindi are both post-graduate degree courses of a comprehensive nature. But there are subtle differences between the academic curriculum of these two-degree courses.
A comparison between the two courses is given below in a tabulated form for better understanding along with their respective fee and expected salaries :
|Parameter||MA Hindi||MA Sanskrit|
|Full form||Masters of Arts in Hindi||Masters of Arts in Sanskrit|
|Objective||It is a study of linguistics literature and philosophy of the Hindi language. It includes literary criticism, literary history poetry.||The aim of this course is to preserve or promote Sanskrit language and to make the conventional investigation of Sanskrit more career-oriented by incorporating both customary and present-day frameworks of instruction.|
|Type of Degree||Postgraduate||Postgraduate|
|Duration||2 years||2 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Bachelor’s degree in relevant stream||Bachelor’s degree or any equivalent qualification in Arts.|
|Admission process||Entrance/ Merit-Based||Merit based/ Entrance exam + GD/PI|
|Average Fees||INR 20,000 to 80,000||INR 10,000 to 1,00,000|
|Job Positions||Hindi Professor, Interpreter, Hindi News Reader, Hindi Editor etc.||Translator, Teacher, Sanskrit Interpreter, Online Transcript, Lecturer, Official Language Officer, Sanskrit Typist etc.|
|Average Salary||INR 2,00,000 to 8,00,000 per annum||INR 3,00,000 to 9,00,000 per annum|
Source: College Websites
Which are the Top Colleges for Studying MA Sanskrit?
Several universities across India offer MA Sanskrit course. Some of the top universities among them are given below in a tabulated form along with their respective location, average annual fee, and NIRF ranking :
|NIRF Ranking 2020||Name of the College||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees||Average Annual Salary|
|1||Miranda House, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 14,530||INR 5,60,000|
|3||Hindu College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 18,010||INR 7,00,000|
|4||Lady Shriram College for Women, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 17,976||INR 7,50,000|
|9||Hans Raj College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 13,309||INR 5,50,000|
|10||Ramjas College, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 14,284||INR 3,00,000|
|43||Indraprastha College for Women, New Delhi||Merit-Based||INR 13,000||INR 4,50,000|
|64||Chandigarh University, Chandigarh||Merit and entrance based||INR 50,000||INR 5,96,000|
|76||ABVHV, Bhopal||Merit based||INR 10,250||INR 3,85,000|
|79||Banasthali Vidyapith, Jaipur||Entrance test followed by an interview||INR 74,500||INR 3,60,000|
|95||Ranchi University, Ranchi||Merit and entrance based||INR 2,850||INR 5,00,000|
Source: College Websites
College Comparison for MA Sanskrit
The comparison of the top three Indian universities offering MA Sanskrit is given below in a tabular form along with their average annual fees, and average placement package offered:
|Parameter||Miranda House||Lady Shriram College for Women||Ramjas College|
|Overview||Miranda House was ranked 1 by the NIRF (National Institutional Ranking Framework) in 2017, 2018 and 2019. It is awarded grade A+ by NAAC and CGPA 3.61 making it the top ranked college at DU that offers a full range of Undergraduate Colleges in Liberal Arts and Basic Sciences.||Lady Shri Ram College for Women offers both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the field of Arts and Humanities, Science and Commerce. It is known as one of the finest institutions for women in India.||The Ramjas College is the top most college of India, the college has exceptionally well internet facility for students which can help students in their studies and performance. It believes in the exchange of thoughts between students and the students which in turn helps in the betterment of the college.|
|NIRF 2020 Ranking||1||4||10|
|Location||New Delhi, Delhi NCR||New Delhi, Delhi NCR||New Delhi, Delhi NCR|
|Eligibility Criteria||Hold a Bachelor’s degree in relevant discipline from a recognized university||Hold a Bachelor’s degree in relevant discipline from a recognized university||Hold a Bachelor’s degree in relevant discipline from a recognized university|
|Average Fees||INR 14,530||INR 17,976||INR 14,284|
|Average Salary||INR 5,60,000||INR 7,50,000||INR 3,00,000|
|Top Recruiters||HCL, ITC, TCS, IBM, Infosys, Genpact, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, Grail Research, Indian express, ICICI Bank, Star India etc.||Google, KPMG, McKinsey, Bloomberg, CITI bank, SAMSUNG, Deloitte, PWC, The Parthenon Group etc.||Google, Deloitte, Genpact, NIIT, PWC, NDTV, Satyam, Nod win, Grofers, DELL, Wipro Technologies, KPMG etc.|
Source: College Websites
MA Sanskrit Distance Learning
Students who are unable to seek admission to MA Sanskrit program in regular mode can also pursue the same through Distance Learning mode. Before taking admission, Students must check for the validity of the course and the college in distance or correspondence mode.
- In order to be eligible for this course through correspondence mode students must hold a Bachelor’s degree in relevant stream from a recognized university.
- The minimum duration required to complete this course from distance mode is 2 year and the maximum duration of the same is 5 years.
- Admission to MA Sanskrit course through correspondence mode will be done based on the candidate's merit in the Bachelor’s degree examination.
- The average fee for the course ranges from INR 12,000 to INR 40,000 annually.
Given below are some colleges which offer this course through distance mode.
What are the Subjects Covered in MA Sanskrit Syllabus?
The MA Sanskrit syllabus includes a comprehensive and integrative curriculum of both theoretical and practical study spread over the four semesters in two years. A semester-wise breakup of the general syllabus for MA Sanskrit is given below in a tabulated form :
|SEMESTER I||SEMESTER II|
|Vedic hymns (The following hymns of the Rigveda-Samhita with Sayana’s commentary): RK Samhita: 1.1, 1.35, 1.154, II. 33, X.90||RK Samhita (The following hymns of Rg Veda Samhita with Sayanas commentary): RK Samhita – 1.2, 1.3,1.4,6.64,7.86,10.129|
|Atmabodha Prakaranam of Acharya Sankaran||Samkhya Arika|
|Sanskrit Philology||History of Vedic Literature|
|History of Classical Sanskrit Literature||Vyakarana Siddhantakaumudi (Purvardha) Samjna, Paribhasa, Ac Sandhi [up to Prakrtibhava]|
|Ashokan Edicts: Rock Edicts –III, IV, V, VI, XII, XIII Nirukta (1.1 –1.14)||Sahityadarpana (Chapter –1, 2) Sahityadarpana (Chapter –3 up to Rasanirupana)|
|History of Sanskrit Grammar Harsacaritam (Ucchavsa-5)||Bhasapariccheda (Pratyksa Khanda only)|
|Kautilya’s Arthasastra Adhikarana II – Chapters 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 35,36||Sayana’s Rgvedabhasyopakramanika Ashokan Edicts: Pillar Edicts - IV, VII|
|SEMESTER III||SEMESTER IV|
|Vyakarana Siddhantakaumudi (Uttarardha) Bhwadi only||Dhvanyaloka (1st Udyog only)|
|Patanjali’s Mahabhasya (Paspasa only)||Naisadhacaritam (Ninth Canto only)|
|Yajnavalkya – Smriti (Vyavaharadhyaya)||Dasarupaka (I to III)|
|Research Methodology & Manuscript ology||Kavyaprakasa (I –V Chapter)|
|Bhasapariccheda (Anuman, Upaman & Sabda-khanda With Muktavali &Mananirupana)||Rasa Gangadhara- (I Amana, up to Classification of poetry)|
|Mrcchakatika (V - X), Prakrtprakasa (I, II||Project|
Inscriptions (Selected inscriptions only):
1. Faridpur Copper Plate Inscription of Dharmaditya, regnal year 3 (Indian Antiquary, XXXIX)
2. Midnapore Plates of the region of Sasanka (J.R.A.S.B., p. 19,1945)
3. Khalimpur Copper Plate Inscription of Dharmapala, year 32 (A.K. Maitreyan, Gaudabkhamala, Raj Shahi, 1919 B.S.)
|SEMESTER V (PHILOSOPHY)||SEMESTER VI (VEDA)|
|Gautama sutras with Nyayabhasyam 1.1. 1-6, 1.1.7-22 (Sutras only)||Vedic Hymns: - Vajasaneyi Samhita – XVI. (1-16), 34(1-6). Atharvaveda Samhita – XII. 1-12, XIX.53 (17).|
|Yoga sutra with Vyasabhasya (Samadhi pada), up to Sutra No. 39||Brhaddevata (Chapter –I)|
|Vedantadarsana with Sarirakabhasya (Adhyasabhasya and Chapter 1.1.1 –6, 12-19)||Satapatha Brahman (Kanda –I, Prapathaka –1, Brahman –1, Adhyayan –1-2), Nirukta – II(1-4), VII(1-13)|
|Boudhadarsana (From Sarvadarsanasamgraha)||Rk- Pratisakhya (I-III)|
|Vedantadarsana with Sarirakabhasya (Chapter –II.I.1-17, II.II.1-3, 11-16)||Athreya Brahmana (Pancika –I Chapters I –II, Pancika- VI Chapters XXXIII Sunahsepa Katha)|
|Vedantaparibhasa (Pratyaksa only) Pratyabhijnahrdayam (Sutras – 1-10)||Asvalayana Srautasutra (Chapter – I) Survey of Vedic Interpretations (Traditional and Modern): Venkat Madhava, Skandasvamin, Sayana, Aurobindo, Dayananda, Max Muller Roth.|
|SEMESTER 7 (EPIGRAPHY)|
|(Written –45 marks +Viva-Voce- 05 marks)|
|Palaeography (Gupta Scripts)|
|(Written –45 marks +Viva-Voce- 05 marks)|
What are the Career Options and Job Profiles Available After Completing MA Sanskrit?
- The areas of employment for students who have completed the MA Sanskrit program include opportunities in academic and research fields. Both public and private sector organizations employ post-graduates for advanced research and exploration.
- MA Sanskrit degree holders will be able to find jobs in numerous sectors including private organizations, temples, private academic institutions, translation service providers, tourism sector, print media organizations, TV channels etc.
- Some of the top job positions available to MA Sanskrit postgraduates includes a Sanskrit Teacher, Online Transcript, Official language Officer, Home Tutor etc.
Some of the popular jobs available to MA Sanskrit degree holders along with the corresponding salaries are provided in the table given below:
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary|
|Sanskrit Typist||The duties of a Sanskrit Typist is to transfer data from paper formats into digital files or database systems, transcribing documents from audio tapes, gather and organize typing material, create spreadsheets and presentations, edit completed work for grammar etc.||INR 2,20,000|
|Online Transcript||Transcribers create written versions of audio or video recordings, meetings and conversations. The job involves listening to audio and translating it into long-form text, reviewing drafts of written transcriptions, and liaising with clients to make sure they’re happy with the final documents.||INR 4,16,000|
|Training Officer Hindi||The responsibilities of a training officer is to to provide high quality professional training courses and materials, to provide advice, where and when necessary, to ensure that all members of staff, new and existing, within the department and external||INR 4,28,000|
|Content Developer||The duties and responsibilities of a Content Developer includes creating content, managing content Distribution etc. A Content Developer collaborates with other departments on content creation and content developers are rarely lone wolfs. They also analyse key performance indicators to determine content effectiveness and so on.||INR 2,80,000|
|Lecturer||The responsibilities of a Lecturer are to get access to the latest version of exam’s policy for the department, instructions for students, ensure that the exams are conducted in a safe environment. They basically teach students the basic concept of a particular subject.||INR 6,80,000|
Source: College Websites
What is the Future Scope After Completing a MA Sanskrit Course?
Students who have completed their post-graduation in Sanskrit have numerous career options. The future scopes for students of MA Sanskrit are given below:
Higher Education: Students can opt for higher education and research opportunities after completing their MA Sanskrit course. The higher education options they can pursue are:
- B.Ed.: Students who wish to pursue a career as a school teacher in either public or private schools can consider enrolling in a B.Ed degree course. This course can provide them with the necessary insights required for teaching at different school levels.
- M.Phil.: MA Sanskrit students can opt for pursuing an M.Phil. degree in the related discipline. This will offer them a scope to gain more thorough and intense knowledge of the subject and will provide them with opportunities for academic research.
- PhD: Students can also enroll in PhD programs in the discipline as per the area of interest. Along with an in-depth research and studies on the subject, this provides massive scope for further employment with higher pay-scales.
- Competitive Exams:Students, after completing their post-graduation in Sanskrit, can appear in different competitive examinations for government jobs.
- Junior Research Fellowship:Students can also appear for NTA-UGC NET-JRF that will grant them eligibility for employment as Assistant Professor in Indian colleges and universities, and also open up research avenues in top universities.
So, after completing MA Sanskrit course students will be able to choose a career as per their skills and area of interest. You can go for higher education or you can also opt for a decent job. It all depends on you whether you want to do the job after completing this course or you wish to do research for the betterment of the world.
MA Sanskrit FAQs
Ques. I had studied Sanskrit till Class 12 but I have not studied it in my BA course. Is it possible to do an MA Sanskrit course?
Ans. Yes, students who have studied the basics of Sanskrit in school are eligible to seek admission to MA Sanskrit course.
Ques. Can I grab any International opportunity after completing MA Sanskrit course?
Ans. Yes, Sanskrit is given the status of the co-official language in several states. In fact, some schools in foreign countries have decided to introduce Sanskrit. Hence, the demand for Sanskrit teachers and professors is increasing not only in Indian schools but also Abroad.
Ques. What are the job avenues that a student has after completing the MA Sanskrit course?
Ans. The MA Sanskrit degree holders can get the job positions like Translator, Teacher, Sanskrit Interpreter, Online Transcript, Lecturer Official Language Officer, Sanskrit Typist etc.
Ques. What is the duration of the MA Sanskrit program?
Ans. The duration of the MA Sanskrit program is 2 years.
Ques. What are the modes of taking up a MA Sanskrit course?
Ans. Candidates can either take up a full-time MA Sanskrit course from a college or a part-time distance education course. This is helpful for working professionals as they can do the job along with their studies.
Ques. What is the average package that a graduate can get after pursuing this course?
Ans. An individual can expect an average salary ranging between INR 3,00,000 and 9,00,000.
Ques. What are the college options in India if someone wants to do an MA Sanskrit course from distance learning mode?
Ans. You can apply in colleges like, IGNOU, Annamalai university, Kurukshetra university, Sikkim Manipal university, Osmania university etc.
Ques. Is it useful to learn Sanskrit?
Ans. Yes, it is useful to learn Sanskrit for many reasons, it is a highly logical, systematic and a consistent language.
Ques. What are the top entrance exams conducted to offer admission in MA Sanskrit course?
Ans. The top entrance exams conducted to offer admission in MA Sanskrit course are Sampurnanand Sanskrit University entrance exam, DSSSB entrance exam, JNU Sanskrit entrance exam, Rastriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth entrance exam, DU MA Sanskrit entrance test etc.