M.A. in Urdu is a 2-year postgraduate course in Urdu language and literature, the minimum eligibility for pursuance of which is the successful completion of graduation in any discipline, and from a recognized institute of higher education.
Urdu is heavily associated with the Muslim religion as there are more than 65 million speakers of Urdu worldwide. 52 million of these reside in India alone, with another 12 million Urdu speakers in Pakistan.
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Contemporarily, Urdu is a language of relevance also because:
The course is offered at major Indian universities, such as:
Admission to the course is typically offered on the basis of merit obtained in the last qualifying examination, and often, on a performance in a preceding interview/ relevant entrance test, varying across universities.
The average course fee charge in India ranges between INR 2,000 – 8000 for the total duration.
The average annual salary offered to successful graduates of the course ranges between INR 2 and 5 lacs per annum.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||Graduation from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Merit-based/ based on performance in entrance exam.|
|Course Fee||INR 2,000 - 8,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2-5 lacs|
|Top Recruiting Organizations'||BBC Urdu, Etv Urdu, Schools, Colleges, Newspapers, magazines, etc.|
|Top Recruiting Areas'||Journalism, Academia, Translating and Interpreting, and such.|
|Top Job Profiles||Multimedia Reporter, Urdu Translator and Interpreter, Urdu Teacher, Urdu Linguist, Urdu Writer, among others.|
The course covers areas regarding Urdu literature, such as its society, poetry, prose, drama, novels, grammar, and such intricacies. During the course, emphasis is laid on an advanced analysis and examination of the Urdu language and literature. The development of the language through the phases of history and time period is broadly covered. Such postgraduates are employed gainfully in Urdu speaking business communities.
Urdu language directly descends from the Hindustani language and was used originally in Delhi. The Mughal Empire lasted from 1526 to 1858, during which many languages originated for trade and travel purposes. It was during this time that Urdu picked up many of its traits. With a high level of Persian and Arabic trade happening in India, Urdu was caught up by both parties.
Urdu also grew in importance as part of the Islamic religion. The Urdu language today is relatively similar to the Hindi language, as they share the same language family of Indo-European. These languages are understood to be separate forms of a same language, the main difference being the alphabet and written scripts.
The Urdu language acquires significance in light of the following factors:
Ideal candidates for the course would possess the following:
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees per annum in INR|
|University of Rajasthan||Jaipur||3,250|
|Jamia Millia Islamia University||New Delhi||7,000|
|Dr. B R Ambedkar Open University||Hyderabad||36,000|
|Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University||Nagpur||6,000|
|University of Mysore||Mysore||35,000|
|Nalanda Open University||Patna||3,600|
|Maulana Azad National Urdu University||Hyderabad||14,000|
|Jodhpur National University||Jodhpur||16,000|
|Government Kamla Raja Girls Post Graduate College||Gwalior||2,150|
|Osmania University College for Women||Hyderabad||2,250|
|Poona College of Arts, Science and Commerce||Pune||8,317|
|Maulana Azad College||Kolkata||10,005|
Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course.
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Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test, often followed by a round of personal interview, wherein their general aptitude for the course is tested. Admission process generally varies across colleges.
A few institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the level of graduation. Some of the top entrance test- conducting instittes in the country for the course are:
A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Semester 1||Semester 2|
|History of Urdu Language & Literature||Modern Poetry|
|Elements of Urdu Structure||Modern Prose|
|Early Poetry (Nazm and Ghazal)||Nonfiction|
|Early Prose||Print Media and Mass Media|
|Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Classical poetry (Qasida, Marsiya & Masnavi)||Comparative Study of Urdu and Punjabi Literature|
|Principles of Literary Criticism||Essay|
|-||Print Media and Mass media|
Areas of employment for such postgraduates include teaching, print media, and film and television industries.
Such professionals are hired in capacities such as Article writer, Columnist, Journalist, Novelist, Story writer, Editor, Poet, Urdu translator, etc.
Such postgraduates possess innovativeness, ability to weave words accordingly to the context of a given article, ability to use contemporary style while writing, and ability to grab attention of the readers.
Urdu content writers and translators are also hired across online magazines, online papers, and online translating companies.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|Multimedia Reporter||Urdu Multimedia Reporters are responsible for providing timely, expert, and authoritative coverage of news and current affairs pertaining to Urdu-predominant States and countries. They broadcast news on TV, radio, digital media, and mobile in Urdu and English languages. They provide meaningful reporting of political stories, current affairs, and other news topics that are engaging, lively, interesting and readily understandable.||4-8 lacs|
|Urdu Translator and Interpreter||Urdu Translators work mostly hands-off with audios or videos they translate. In contrast, Urdu Linguists work directly with people and engage in effective communication. Translators work primarily in one-way translation, like from Urdu to English or vice versa. Linguists translate back and forth, from English to Urdu and back again on a continuous basis. Urdu Translators and Interpreters are required across both private and public sectors. For non-government jobs, Urdu Linguists are commonly required as they work with locals to facilitate business with English-speaking organizations.||3-4 lacs|
|Urdu Teacher||Urdu Teachers are employed in schools from the first standard up to higher secondary. They are also appointed as professors in colleges and institutions. Urdu Teachers are appointed at Madrasas too, where they teach the Urdu language and Islamic history to young students. Urdu teachers encourage children to be independent, and teach them moral values of love, care, and respect through the curriculum of their course. They teach etiquette, manners, and behavior, and are looked upon with great respect in the society. They are also responsible for the academic, social and emotional upbringing of students in the classroom.||1-3 lacs|
|Urdu Writer/ Editor|
Content Writers create and compose creative/ context-specific written material for academic purposes creative reasons, or for publication. Content Editors are in charge of all parts of written content, including improvement, outline, creation, introduction, assessment and investigation, to give some examples. They utilize information and criticism from clients to help assess and improve the content of composed material.
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