Course:Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgery
M.Ch. in Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgery is a 3- year long postgraduate course in surgical medicine, divided into 6 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months.
Chirurgiae in Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgery is a field of medicine involved in the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax (the chest), heart, and lungs. The program is essentially research-oriented and focuses on thoracic organ transplantation and treatment of valvular, aneurysm, congenital, and ischemic heart diseases, and pulmonary and mediastinal tumors.
The average annual course fee in India ranges between INR 10,000 and 15 Lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course. The basic eligibility to pursue the course is MD or MS degree in a relevant discipline, preferably Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgery, from a recognized institute. For availing admission to the course, eligible candidates are needed to qualify a relevant online entrance test conducted by the institute followed by a round of interview for shortlisted candidates.
The average annual starting salary offered in India to successful postgraduates of the course ranges between INR 5 and 10 Lacs, depending upon the candidate’s expertise in the field.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post-graduate or Doctoral|
|Duration||3 Years (full time)|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||Post-graduation (MD or MS) from a recognized university with 55% marks in aggregate|
|Admission Process||Entrance Examination (NEET-SS) followed by counselling|
|Course Fee||INR 10K to 15 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 5 to 10 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||Nursing homes, hospitals, private clinics, research institutes, government hospitals, medical foundations/ trusts, laboratories, polyclinics, medical colleges, health centers, non-profit organizations, etc.|
Cardiothoracic surgery is a part of medical science involved with the surgical treatment of diseases that cause trouble to one of the most sensitive parts of the body i.e. thorax, otherwise called the chest. The main goal of the course is to provide health care to patients who need cardiothoracic surgical care including comprehensive and good-quality pre-operative and postoperative care.
The course imparts to enrolled students basic knowledge in anatomy and physiology related to the practice of cardiothoracic and vascular surgery, cardiology, chest medicine, critical care management and imaging technology. Students are taught in detail about the causes and principles underlying the uses of drugs and therapeutic treatments for restoring the affected regions of the thorax to normalcy.
Aspiring eligible candidates interested in studying about the human body, chest and heart-related diseases may ideally apply for the course. Ideal candidates would be interested in specializing in the related fields of Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgery and are interested in surgical Cardio-Vascular Thoracic research.
Such candidates would be detail-oriented, and have good communications skills, and would have the dexterity to use a variety of medical tools for research and to examine patients. The program is ideally suited for surgeons who have successfully completed their cardiothoracic specialist training and who wish to grow further in the field of cardiothoracic surgery.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.
|COLLEGE NAME||CITY||AVERAGE FEES IN INR|
|Mahatma Gandhi University||Kerala||15,77,000|
|Kasturba Medical College, Manipal||Manipal||5,632,000|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||2,292|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)||Puducherry||8,205|
|Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)||Chandigarh||2,370|
|National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS)||Bengaluru||69,950|
|Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology||Kerala||109,160|
|Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC)||Pune||69,400|
|Maulana Azad Medical College||New Delhi||-|
|Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College||Pune||69,400|
|Christian Medical College (CMC)||Vellore||116,950|
|Lady Hardinge Medical College||New Delhi||-|
|Madras Medical College||Chennai||56,425|
|Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research||Kolkata||10,000|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute||Bengaluru||-|
|Osmania Medical College||Hyderabad||66,666|
|Rajasthan University for Health Sciences||Jaipur||-|
|Savitribai Phule Pune University||Pune||50,967|
|West Bengal University of Health Sciences||Kolkata||-|
|Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences||Lucknow||66,000|
|Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences||Hyderabad||15,333|
|Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiology||Bangalore||200,000|
Candidates wishing to apply for the course need to meet the following minimum eligibility criteria:
Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s rank obtained in the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test – Super Specialty (NEET-SS). Eligible candidates are required to qualify the relevant entrance examination. The admission process also involves a round of counselling based on the percentile or percentage obtained in the entrance test.
NEET SS is an eligibility-cum-ranking single window entrance examination for all Super Specialty DM/M.Ch. courses as per the Indian Medical Council Act. No other entrance examination, either at State or institute level, is valid for entry to DM/ M.Ch. courses. Thus, qualifying NEET-SS is mandatory for gaining entry to DM/M.Ch. courses under various universities/institutes in the country. Online registration begins from April and candidates can apply till third week of May. The exam is held in June and results are announced in mid-July. The entrance exam results are accepted for:
However, the following institutes are not covered for admissions to DM/M.Ch. courses through NEET-SS:
A section- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below:
|Applied Anatomy and Developmental Anatomy|
|Critical Care Medicine|
|General Thoracic Surgery|
|Cardio Thoracic Anesthesia|
|Critical Care and Postoperative Management|
|Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Myocardial Protection and Circulatory Support|
|Ischemic Heart Disease|
|Heart Valve Disease|
|General Management of a Patient Undergoing Thoracic Surgery|
|Neoplasms of the Lung|
|Disorders of the Pleura|
|Disorders of the Chest Wall|
|Disorders of the Diaphragm|
|Emphysema and Bullae|
|Disorders of the Pericardium|
|Disorders of the Mediastinum|
|Disorders of the Airway|
|Detailed knowledge of Recent Advances in Cardiac Surgery|
|Video assisted Thoracic Surgery|
|Practical (Coronary Artery Bypass grafting, Valve Replacements, Congenital heart Surgeries, Aortic surgeries, Thoracic surgeries and closed procedures etc.)|
|(Research Methodology - Internet and computer fundamentals – Gathering information, Medical literature, learn and review, Retrospective and prospective studies, Biomedical statistics.)|
Successful postgraduates of the course are lucratively employed at nursing homes, private clinics, government hospitals, medical colleges, research institutes, medical foundations/trusts, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, scientific research firms, etc..
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|JOB POSITION||JOB DESCRIPTION||AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY IN INR|
|Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgeon||To perform surgical procedures of the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest and diagnose and treat diseases of these organs. To also perform open-heart and minimally invasive surgical treatments for heart and lung diseases.||5 to 12 Lacs|
|Thoracic Surgeon||To treat injuries, diseases and congenital abnormalities in a patient's chest, including surgery to remove tumors, manage disorders or repair trauma to the heart, blood vessels, lungs, esophagus and diaphragm, and manage non-surgical care of serious respiratory ailments like pneumonia, tuberculosis and chest infections.||4 to 10 Lacs|
|Medical Scientist||To organize studies to investigate human diseases, develop procedures for medical applications and analyze medical samples. They work with health departments and physicians to develop programs to improve health safety standards.||3 to 7 Lacs|
|Surgeon - Vascular||To specialize in the diagnosis, medical management, and surgical treatment of patients with diseases of the blood vessels outside the heart and brain and to determine which instruments and method of surgery would be most successful in achieving effective outcomes.||4 to 8 Lacs|
|Pulmonologist||To prevent, diagnose, and treat conditions and diseases that affect the lungs, bronchial tubes and the respiratory system including the nose, pharynx and throat, and conditions that affect the chest. Pulmonologists also receive training in diagnosing and treating conditions and diseases of the chest, such as asthma, emphysema, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and other complicated chest infections.||5 to 10 Lacs|
|Medical Transcriptionist||To listen to the recorded dictations of doctor or other healthcare professionals and transcribe and interpret the dictation into diagnostic test results, operative reports, referral letters, and other documents, and also review and edit drafts prepared by speech recognition software, making sure that the transcription is correct, complete, and has a consistent style.||3 to 5 Lacs|
|Medical Laboratory Technician||To collect samples, study and perform tests on body fluids, teeth, chemical compounds, biological specimens, or other fields of science by using various types of machinery, lab equipment and complex computer programs to perform such tests.||3 to 6 Lacs|
|Lecturer/Professor||To teach at undergraduate and graduate levels in areas related to surgical Cardio-Vascular Thoracic Surgery and its applications which would be allocated and reviewed from time to time by the Head of Department, and to supervise or assist with assessment of undergraduate, taught graduate (Masters) or research graduate (MPhil or PhD) students.||4 to 7 Lacs|