Duration: 3 Years
Course Type: Doctorate
M.Ch. in E.N.T is a 3- year long postgraduate course divided into 6 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. M.Ch. in E.N.T (Otorhinolaryngology) is an advanced qualification in surgical medicine.
Otorhinolaryngology, also called otolaryngology/ head and neck surgery is a surgical subspecialty of medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT), base of the skull, and the surgical management of cancers and benign tumors of the head and neck. These subspecialty ENT areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders.
The average annual course fee in India ranges between INR 10,000 and 15 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course. The basic eligibility to pursue the course is MD or MS degree in a relevant discipline, preferably E.N.T, from a recognized university. For availing admission to the course, eligible candidates need to appear for a relevant entrance test, such as the national-level online NEET-SS or another such exam conducted by the institute, followed by rounds of interview for the shortlisted candidates.
The average annual starting salary offered in India to successful postgraduates of the course ranges between INR 5 and 10 Lacs, depending upon the candidate’s expertise in the field.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post-graduate or Doctoral|
|Duration||3 Years (full-time)|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||Post-graduation (MD or MS) from a recognized university with 55% marks in aggregate|
|Admission Process||Entrance examination (NEET-SS) followed by counselling|
|Course Fee||INR 10K to 15 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 5 to 10 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||Nursing homes, hospitals, private clinics, research institutes, government hospitals, medical foundations/ trusts, laboratories, polyclinics, medical colleges, health centres, non-profit organizations, etc.|
Otorhinolaryngology, also referred to as ENT, is the medical discipline that involves the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases, abnormalities, and other health problems affecting the ears, nose and throat, as well as the head and neck, mouth, sinuses, and voice box (larynx). Otorhinolaryngologists who specialize in the field of ENT may also specialize in sleep medicine, allergy, head and neck, facial surgery, and pediatric otorhinolaryngology. Otorhinolaryngologists also perform such surgeries as Microvascular Surgery, Maxillofacial Surgery, Parathyroidectomy, Thyroidectomy, Adenoidectomy, Tonsillectomy, Ear Surgery, Blepharoplasty, Septoplasty, Rhinoplasty, and Otoplasty.
Aspiring eligible candidates interested in studying about the ear, nose, throat and other parts of the head and neck may ideally apply for the course. Ideal candidates would be interested in specializing in the related fields of E.N.T and surgical E.N.T research.
Such candidates would be detail-oriented, and have good communications skills, and would have the dexterity to use a variety of medical tools for research and to examine patients. The program is ideally suited for surgeons who have successfully completed their otorhinolaryingology specialist training and who wish to grow further in the field.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.
|COLLEGE NAME||CITY||AVERAGE FEES IN INR|
|Mahatma Gandhi University||Kerala||15,77,000|
|Kasturba Medical College, Manipal||Manipal||5,632,000|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||2,292|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)||Puducherry||8,205|
|Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)||Chandigarh||2,370|
|National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS)||Bengaluru||69,950|
|Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology||Kerala||109,160|
|Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC)||Pune||69,400|
|Maulana Azad Medical College||New Delhi||-|
|Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College||Pune||69,400|
|Christian Medical College (CMC)||Vellore||116,950|
|Lady Hardinge Medical College||New Delhi||-|
|Madras Medical College||Chennai||56,425|
|Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research||Kolkata||10,000|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute||Bengaluru||-|
|Osmania Medical College||Hyderabad||66,666|
|Rajasthan University for Health Sciences||Jaipur||-|
|Savitribai Phule Pune University||Pune||50,967|
|West Bengal University of Health Sciences||Kolkata||-|
|Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences||Lucknow||66,000|
|Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences||Hyderabad||15,333|
|Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiology||Bangalore||200,000|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi||20,593|
|Trivandrum Medical College||Kerala||61,667|
|Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology||Jaipur||-|
Candidates wishing to apply for the course need to meet the following minimum eligibility criteria:
NEET SS is an eligibility-cum-ranking single window entrance examination for all Super Specialty DM/M.Ch. courses as per the Indian Medical Council Act. No other entrance examination, either at State or institute level, is valid for entry to DM/ M.Ch. courses. Thus, qualifying NEET-SS is mandatory for gaining entry to DM/M.Ch. courses under various universities/institutes in the country. Online registration begins from April and candidates can apply till third week of May. The exam is held in June and results are announced in mid-July. The entrance exam results are accepted for:
However, the following institutes are not covered for admissions to DM/M.Ch. courses through NEET-SS:
A section- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below:
|Basic Sciences: Ear, Audiology, Nose and Paranasal Sinuses, Oral cavity, Pharynx and esophagus, Larynx and tracheobronchial tree, Skull base, Neck, Imaging and Radiology,|
|Microbiology as related to ENT|
|Wound healing principle|
|Intensive care in ENT patients|
|Anesthesia in ENT|
|Biomaterials used in ENT|
|Medical negligence in otolaryngology|
|Principle of chemotherapy|
|Principle of radiotherapy|
|Principle and use of nuclear medicine|
|Principles of laser surgery|
|Disorders: Their Medical/Surgical Management: Ear, Nose and paranasal sinuses, Oral cavity and Salivary Glands, Pharynx and Esophagus, Larynx, Neck /Face|
|History taking pertaining to Otolaryngology and examination|
Successful postgraduates of the course are lucratively employed at nursing homes, private clinics, government hospitals, medical colleges, research institutes, medical foundations or trusts, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals and scientific research firms.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|JOB POSITION||JOB DESCRIPTION||AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY IN INR|
|Otolaryngologist/ ENT Physician||To diagnose and manage diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, as well as structures of the neck and face, and to treat the infections affecting the structure of the ears, nose, and throat, and diseases affecting the structure of the mouth and jaw, excluding the teeth and gums, which are best handled by dental professionals.||5 to 12 Lacs|
|ENT Surgeon||To diagnose and treat a number of conditions that originate in the head and neck, including upper respiratory infections, and to treat disorders in the sinuses and nasal cavities, such as snoring, nasal blockage caused by a deviated septum, allergies, polyps, and smell and taste disorders.||4 to 10 Lacs|
|Laryngologist||An Otolaryngologist who has further subspecialized in the larynx, voice, and related problems such as swallowing, and treats disorders of the voice and upper airway structures, such as the throat and trachea, and provides care (diagnosis and treatment) for both routine and complex problems that affect the voice.||3 to 8 Lacs|
|Medical Scientist||To organize studies to investigate human diseases, develop procedures for medical applications, and analyze medical samples. They work with health departments and physicians to develop programs aimed at improving health safety standards.||3 to 7 Lacs|
|Medical Transcriptionist||To listen to the recorded dictations of a doctor or other healthcare professional, and transcribe and interpret the dictation into diagnostic test results, operative reports, referral letters, and other documents, and also review and edit drafts prepared by speech recognition software, making sure that the transcription is correct, complete, and has a consistent style.||3 to 5 Lacs|
|Medical Laboratory Technician||To collect samples, study and perform tests on body fluids, teeth, chemical compounds, biological specimens, or other fields of science by using various types of machinery, lab equipment, and complex computer programs to perform such tests.||3 to 6 Lacs|
|Plastic Surgeon||To examine, assess, and diagnose patient deformities caused by accident, disease, or congenital abnormalities, and perform invasive procedures to correct deformities and abnormalities to restore normal function and appearance, perform elective surgery to enhance physical appearance, order diagnostic tests and prescribe medications and treatment.||4 to 9 Lacs|
|Neurotologist||An tolaryngologist who has further specialized in neurological conditions of the ear and related structures. A Neurotologist performs more complex surgeries of the inner ear which is not typically performed by general Otolaryngologists, such as removal of complex cholesteatoma, labyrinthectomy, surgery of the endolymphatic sac for Meniere's disease, and cochlear implant surgery, because of the additional risk of hearing loss, vertigo, and facial nerve paralysis.||4 to 7 Lacs|
|Lecturer/Professor||To teach at undergraduate and graduate levels in areas related to surgical E.N.T and its applications which are allocated and reviewed from time to time by the Head of Department, and to supervise or assist with supervision of undergraduate, taught graduate (Masters) or research graduate (MPhil or PhD) students.||4 to 7 Lacs|