MS in General Surgery is a 3- year postgraduate program in the surgery. Qualified holders of this degree are licensed to practice and conduct surgery as part of medical treatment procedures.
The minimum eligibility for the course is an M.B.B.S. with at least one year of internship. Subjects covered under the course’s curriculum are Basic Medical Sciences as related to General Surgery, Neurosurgery, E.N.T., Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics and Cardio-vascular Surgery.
General Surgeons, aside from a strong background in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics, require a long period of medical training. After 10+2, aspiring candidates need to attain the MBBS degree, admission to which is based on scores in relevant entrance tests and at the +2 level.
The final selection is based on the candidate’s academic profile, and performance in the test and interview. The mode of admission is a relevant entrance examination carried out by different universities. The average tuition fee charged in India for this course ranges between INR 10 and 60 Lacs.
Successful postgraduates of this career- oriented course are hired in capacities such as Cardiac Anaesthesiologist, Anaesthesia Technician (AT), Certified Registered Nurse Anaesthetists (CRNA), Anaesthesiologist Assistant (AAs) and Medical Consultants in medical institutes such a Apollo Hospital, Ganga Hospital, UPSC, and AIIMS, and research organisations with an average annual starting salary ranging between INR 10 and 30 Lacs, increasing with the candidate’s experience in the field.
Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Year Wise|
|Eligibility||10+2, MBBS degree from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after clearing Entrance Tests (AIIMS, NEET, etc.)|
|Course Fee||INR 10 to 60 Lacs p.a.|
|Average Starting salary||INR 10 to 30 Lacs p.a.|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Apollo Hospital, Ganga Hospital, UPSC, and AIIMS etc|
General Surgery is the branch of medicine that treats diseases and injuries by operative procedures. General Surgery is a sub field of Surgery involving surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e.g. intestines, esophagus, stomach, colon, liver and thyroid gland etc.
General Surgery involves surgical procedures for the treatment of conditions such as appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder surgeries, stomach and intestinal issues.
This 3- year course is divided between 6 Semesters, and for candidates who have completed a recognized 2- year Postgraduate Diploma in the subject, the period of training is 2 years.
The course is not available in the Distance Education mode since it is practice- based.
Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in India. Also mentioned are the corresponding locations and the average fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees|
|Manipal university||Manipal||INR 5.3 Lacs (course)|
|AIIMS||Delhi||INR 10,000 (course)|
|Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital (HTMCH)||Bhubaneswar||INR 5.5 Lacs (course)|
|Amrita School of Medicine (ASM)||Coimbatore||INR 2 Lacs (course)|
|Maharajah's Institute of Medical Sciences (MIMS)||Vizianagaram||INR 10.5 Lacs (course)|
|MES Medical College||Perinthalmanna||INR 52 Lacs (course)|
Typically, to pursue an MD degree, candidates need to satisfy the eligibility criteria mentioned below:
Indian nationals can apply under the General category. Foreign nationals or Non- Resident Indians or Indian nationals supported by NRI relatives can apply under the Foreign/ NRI Category.
The admission is purely based on merit obtained in the common entrance examination conducted by institutes offering the course- both MS and MDS programs. Candidates qualifying the written examination are called for rounds of counselling and interview.
Entrance exams conducted for MS in General Surgery in India:
Such postgraduates are hired in capacities such as:
Successful postgraduates of the course interested in higher studies in the discipline may go for pursuing Master of Chirurgical, Diplomate of National Board or Doctor of Philosophy in the subject.
Listed here are the areas offering lucrative employment opportunities to successful postgraduates of the course.
Listed here are some of the popular job positions offered to successful postgraduates of the discipline with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale|
|Associate Consultant||Responsible for agreeing to job plans including (on a full- time basis and subject to job planning) five half day clinical commitments to theatre lists, urgent work and other sessions, including some flexible, along with daytime and out- of- hours emergency covers organised on a rota basis.||INR 2 to 4 Lacs|
|Critical Care Physicians||Responsible for conducting daily rounds on ICU patients and collect radiology, microbiology, pharmacy- related inputs from other disciplines, during these rounds.||INR 2 to 4 Lacs|
|Pediatric Surgeons||Responsible for the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of infants through adult patients who undergo heart and chest surgery and other related invasive procedures.||INR 10 to 31 Lacs|
|Upper Gastro-Intestinal Surgeon||Responsible for providing tertiary services including advanced laparoscopic interventional surgery, interventional endoscopy, surgical ERCP services, bariatric surgery and advanced oesophagogastroscopy surgery and services||INR 11 to 12 Lacs|
|Urological Surgeon||Responsible for treating diseases and maintaining the health of male reproductive organs, and urinary tracts in both males and females, and treating failures in kidneys, adrenal glands, and bladder.||INR 22 to 30 Lacs|
|Vascular Surgeon||Responsible for treating illnesses of the vascular system, arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation, with medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction.||INR 10 to 25 Lacs|
|Anesthesiologist Assistant (AAs)||Responsible for working under the supervision of an anaesthesiologist, primarily assisting while patients are being prepared t for anaesthesia.||INR 15 to 25 Lacs|
|Medical Consultant||Responsible for providing services directly to a doctor or a healthcare facility. They may also work for organizations that provide medical-consulting services.||INR 2 to 9 Lacs|
|Clinical Associate||Responsible for tasks relating to the monitoring and management of clinical trials. Regionally based associates work out of home- based offices providing monitoring of clinical trials.||INR 3 to 5 Lacs|
The pay scale of a surgeon varies from specialization to specialization and from one industry to other. Those who are fresher can earn a salary of Rs.20, 000 to Rs.40, 000 per month, the salary increases with the experience. After having 3-4 years of experience he/she can earn a salary in between Rs.50, 000 to Rs.80, 000 per month.
Whereas at senior level it ranges from Rs.2,00,000 to Rs.5,00,000 per month depending upon the qualification, experience and designation. A surgeon can start his/her own hospital or nursing after having a relevant experience of 6-8 years.
Although self-employed general surgeons make about the same as those who are employed, breaking down income by practice settings creates a more nuanced picture. General surgeons who work for healthcare organizations are the highest earners, at $347,000. Those in outpatient clinics make the least ($145,000), while surgeons in academic and government positions, at $234,000, are next in line. Office-based solo practitioners make $249,000 on average and are third from the bottom in earnings. In any case, physicians in general are increasingly leaving private practice for salaried positions.
Doctors' earnings ranged from about $156,000 a year for pediatricians to about $315,000 for radiologists and orthopedic surgeons. The highest earners — orthopedic surgeons and radiologists — were the same as last year, followed by cardiologists who earned $314,000 and anesthesiologists who made $309,000.
A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given here:
|(a) General Surgery||7 Months|
|(b) Anaesthesia||1 Month|
|Radiology and Radio-therapy||1 Month|
|Ortho and Traumatology: i. Ortho - 1 Month & ii. Traumatology - 2 Months||3 Months|
|General Surgery||7 Months|
|Neuro Surgery||1 Month|
|Plastic Surgery||1 Month|
|Pediatric Surgery||1 Month|
|Cardio Thoracic||1 Month|
|General Surgery||9 Months|
|Intensive Coaching||3 Month|
All postgraduates are required to carry out a research project under the guidance of faculty of the department. They are encouraged to select the project of their choice. They must submit the protocol within four months of joining the MS degree course.
Listed here are some suggested books for preparation for the course.