MDS in Orthodontics is a 3-year postgraduate course in different disciplines of dentistry. Aspiring candidates need to have completed Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS) from a recognized university in order to be eligible to apply for the course. The discipline is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions, i.e., improper bites, which might be caused due to disproportionate jaw relationships, teeth irregularity, or both.
The program comprises almost nine specialty disciplines, and follows an annual system. The mode of admission is a relevant entrance examination which may be conducted at any of State, university, and national levels.
The average tuition fee charged for this course in India ranges between INR 10 and 25 Lacs for the full course.
They are employed in fields like dental departments of hospitals, dental clinics, research centers, educational institutions, in roles such as Dentist, Dental Researcher, Dental Teacher, etc., with an average annual starting salary ranging between INR 2 and 30 Lacs, increasing with experience in the field.
Tabulated here are the major highlights of the course.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Eligibility||BDS from a recognized university|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after qualification of a relevant entrance tests (AIIMS, NEET, etc.)|
|Course Fee||INR 10 to 25 Lacs (course)|
|Average Starting salary||INR 3 to 10 Lacs p.a.|
|Top recruiting companies||Apollo Hospital, Ganga Hospital, UPSC, and AIIMS, etc.|
Dental Science or Dental Surgery is a branch of the medicine which deals with dental and oral health. General dentist practitioners may also undergo a certificate course in Fixed Orthodontics, offered by the AFO.
Orthodontics, as a stream of dentistry, concerns itself with correcting irregularities present in teeth and jaws, which may be congenital, or caused later, besides the many aspects and techniques of Orthodontics, such as moulding and setting of teeth braces, invis-aligning of teeth, application of retainers to remove dental deformity, etc.
The pre-requisite for pursuing the course is a graduate degree in dental surgery (BDS), completed from an institute recognized by the Dental Council of India.
Some of the top institutes offering the course in the country, along with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each, are listed below.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees|
|Dayananda Sagar College of Dental Sciences||Bangalore||INR 6 to 8 Lacs (course)|
|Manipal University||Manipal||INR 3.6 Lacs (course)|
|PDM UNIVERSITY||Haryana||INR 10 Lacs (course)|
|Sharda University||Thrissur||INR 8.4 Lacs (course)|
|Paravara Institute of Medical Sciences||Ahmednagar||INR 8 Lacs (course)|
|Ramaiah University||Bangalore||INR 8.5 Lacs (course)|
Candidates wishing to pursue the course are needed to fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria listed below in order to apply for the course:
Interested eligible candidates are offered admission to the course in India mostly on the basis of a relevant entrance test. Often subsequently, two additional rounds of Group Discussion and Personal Interview are held as part of the counselling procedure, wherein the candidate’s general aptitude for the course is examined. A merit list is then released, allotting available seats to qualifying candidates. Some such exams held in the country for admission to the course are
A paper-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Genetics, Physical Anthropology & Dental Materials||DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT PLANNING|
|Biostatistics||Concepts of Occlusion and Esthetics|
|Applied Research Methodology in Orthodontics||Etiology and Classification of Malocclusion|
|Dental Materials||Dentofacial Anomalies|
|Genetics||Child and Adult Physiology|
|Applied Pharmacology||Diagnostic Procedures and Treatment Planning in Orthodontics|
|Physiology||Practice Management in Orthodontics|
|Clinical Orthodontics and Mechanotherapy||Orthodontic / Orthognathic Surgery|
|Myofunctional Orthodontics||Ortho / Perio / Prostho Inter-Relationship|
|Dentofacial Orthopedics||Basic Principles of Mechanotherapy|
|Cleft Lip and Palate Rehabilitation||Applied Preventive Aspects in Orthodontics|
|Biology of Tooth Movement||Interceptive Orthodontics|
|-||Retention and Relapse|
Successful postgraduates of the course may pursue private practice, or work in professional capacities such as Professor, Dental Assistant, Hygienist, Surgeon, Oral Pathologist, Public Health Specialist, etc.
Employment opportunities also exist in railways, Armed Forces, research fields and private and public organizations.
Postgraduates interested in pursuing higher studies in the discipline may go for Ph.D. or M. Phil. in the subject.
In medical laboratories, Orthodontics are required to study diagnostic records such as medical/dental histories, pictures of patients’ faces and teeth, plaster models of teeth, and X-rays.
Some of the top professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Annual Salary in INR|
|MDS Coordinator||They assess the patient’s condition and collect data for the Minimum Data Set (MDS). They collate charts and chart data, inspect records, and create reports. Also, they implement and explain federal and organizational regulations and guidelines. They maintain patient medical records and develop individualized care plans with targeted outcomes.||3 to 6 Lacs|
|Orthodontists||They examine, diagnose, and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies.||6 to 9 Lacs|
|Public health specialists||Public Health Dentists are dental professional who work in the public sector, usually focusing their skills and expertise on population-based dentistry instead of individual patients. They work to improve the oral health of a group of people, usually within a community or State. By increasing the overall dental health levels in the population, a Public Health Dentist can reduce the number of untreated tooth issues through a combination of treatment, education, and policy changes.||3.5 to 4 Lacs|
|Consultant||Dental Consultants evaluate the efficiencies related to the business and work flow of the daily activities within a dental office. They assess such parameters, and put together plans that offer recommendations to make office work flow more efficient.||6 to 10 Lacs|
|Dental Assistant||Assistants perform patient care, office, and laboratory duties, and often work seat-side for dentists.||2.5 to 3 Lacs|
|Dental hygienist||Dental Hygienists work under the supervision of licensed dentists. They are not qualified to make the same kind of diagnostic decisions or perform the same procedures as dentists.||3.5 to 5 Lacs|