LL.M. in Constitutional Law is a 2- year post-graduate course, which involves an advanced study of the relationships between different entities within a State, namely the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The course covers fundamentals of constitutional laws that apply to each individual, designed to ensure no individual’s fundamental rights are violated.
The basic criterion of eligibility for pursuance of the course is L.L.B (Bachelor of Laws) or an equivalent qualification from a recognized university. In India, the average fee charged for the course ranges between INR 3 and 5 Lacs.
|Masters of Law in Maharashtra||Master of Law in Uttar Pradesh||Master of Law in Tamil Nadu||Master of Law in Madhya Pradesh|
Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in fields such as Legal Consultancies, Judiciary, multinational companies, etc. where they can expect an average initial salary ranging between INR 2 and 10 Lacs, increase with the candidate’s experience and skillsets.
Some of the major highlights of the course are tabulated below.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||LL.B. or equivalent quaification|
|Admission Process||Counseling after taking entrance examination|
|Course Fee||INR 3 to 5 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2 to 10 Lacs|
|Major Entrance Examinations||CLAT PG, IPU CET, AILET PG, ILI CAT et.|
The course essentially aims to foster in eligible candidates, a meaningful understanding of basic philosophical tenets of Constitutional Law, and to train them in the fundamental legal structures and concepts that are found in constitutions across the world, such as basic rights, rule of law, judicial review, systems of governance, etc.
In nations without constitutions, laws such as customary law, statutory law, human rights and civil liberties and conventions are present, and are examined within this course.
Aspiring eligible candidates interested in building advanced knowledge on the relationship between federal State governments, the rights of individuals, and other fundamental aspects and structures of the constitution, are ideally suited for the course.
Ideal students would possess a sharp analytical mind, good memorizing power, and a sound, objective personality.
Some of the top colleges offering the course in India are listed below, along with their corresponding location and fee charged by each.
|COLLEGE NAME||CITY||ANNUAL FEE|
|National Law School of India University (NLSIU)||Bangalore||80,100|
|Faculty of Law, University of Delhi||New Delhi||Not Mentioned|
|NALSAR University of Law||Hyderabad||83,500|
|Symbiosis Law School||Pune||92,000|
|The National Law Institute University (NLIU)||Bhopal||1.5 Lacs|
Candidates aspiring for admission to the course need to have attained either a 3- year long LL. B degree, or an equivalent qualification from a recognized university, with a minimum aggregate score of 55% (50% for candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC).
Many reputed institutes across the country prefer candidates with professional experience, so candidates are advised to gain a work experience of about one year, before applying for the course.
For admission to the course, eligible candidates are required to clear an entrance exam, conducted at any of State, national, and university levels, followed by a round of group discussion. Subsequently, a round of personal interview needs to be cleared by qualifying candidates, for further assessment and selection.
However, there are a few institutes that provide admission on the basis of the candidate’s performance in the last qualifying exam.
Listed here are some of the important entrance exams conducted in India for admission to the course.
A semester-wise break up of course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Law and Social Transformation in India|
|Constitutionalism: Pluralism & Federalism|
|Indian Constitutional Law- The New Challenges|
|National Security, Public Order and Rule of Law|
|Mass Media Law|
|Administrative Process and Judicial Control|
Constitutional Law forms the backbone of public law. The course sets a good base for higher studies in the discipline, by means of courses such as Ph.D./M.Phil. etc. for research. Successful postgraduates are skilled in understanding the essence of the constitution, and thus enabled to start practice in courts, or on private basis.
Some of the popular avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|JOB PROFILE||JOB DESCRIPTION||AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY IN INR|
|Magistrate/Judge||They arbitrate, advice, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. They also sentence defendants in criminal cases according to government statutes and determine liabilities of defendants in civil cases.||1.5 to 3 Lacs|
|Advocate||They present cases in court and advice on every aspect of litigation. Advocates receive their work and fees from solicitors, who transfer clients to them in cases that go to court.||5 to 7 Lacs|
|Law Officer||They provide legal advice to clients after going through their cases.||4 to 6 Lacs|
|Law Expert||They assist solicitors, give legal advice, research and prepare cases, and write legal documents, etc.||7 to 10 Lacs|
|Public Prosecutor||They are assigned to operate in specific areas of the law, such as traffic violations or juvenile offenses. In smaller offices, they may be responsible for all aspects of criminal prosecution.||2 to 3.5 Lacs|
LLB degree holder