LLM Environmental Law is a 1-2 year postgraduate degree in law with an environment as the subject specialization. The colleges offering LLM Environmental Law are conducting the course in full-time mode and distance learning mode as well. The course can be pursued by candidates possessing BA LLB or LLB degree with minimum 45% or 50% marks in aggregate. The admission procedure shall differ for each college but primarily be based on merit or entrance exam conducted by the concerned college.
Given under is the list of colleges around India offering LLM Environmental Law course:
The primary focus of LLM Environment Law is to understand the orientation of legal framework towards sustainable economic activity. While specializing in environmental law students are encouraged to research and explore issues concerning environmental policy, such as global warming, climate change, water waste etc.
The course fee is different for each college and may range between INR 23,000 and INR 1,50,000 per year. On successful completion of LLM Environment Law course students can explore job opportunities as Legal Advisor, Advocate, Legal Counsel, Associate (Legal), Assistant Manager (Legal) and Law Officer in various government organizations, law firms, state courts, environmental agencies or academia. The annual average salary that an LLM student gets shall largely depend on his/her first stint. However, working in Environmental Law one can expect anything from INR 15,000 to INR 40,000.
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Duration of Course||1 or 2 years|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||LLB or BA LLB with minimum 45% or 50% marks in aggregate.|
|Admission Process||Merit/Entrance and/or Personal Interview|
|Course Fee||INR 23,000 – INR 1,66,000|
|Average Salary||INR 2,00,000 – INR 5,00,000|
|Recruiting Areas||Government organizations, Law firms, Courts, Environmental agencies and Academia|
|Job Profiles||Legal Advisor, Advocate, Legal Counsel, Associate (Legal), Assistant Manger (Legal) and Law Officer|
LLM Environmental Law course covers local and international legal frameworks for environmental protection, climate change protection and vital use of natural resources. During the programme the students are exposed to many issues like water law, business and trade, different forms of pollution, land issues and environmental justice.
As a student of LLM Environment Law, an individual would get to study topics like:
Being a specialization in itself, there are no further specializations in Environmental Law and some of the important topics covered include Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, Environment (Protection) Act,1986, The Forest Act, 1927, Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 as amended in 1991, 2002 and 2006 and Biological Diversity.
Students will have the opportunity to intern with environmental agencies, government organizations, and public welfare associations to apply knowledge of environmental law in protecting the environment. An LLM Environmental Law prepares individuals to work as advocates, as educators, as policymakers or as teachers.
LLM Environment Law : Top Institutes
|Name of Institute||Location||Fee in INR|
|Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University||Tamil Nadu||INR 23,400|
|Hidayatullah National Law University||Raipur||INR 77,000|
|National Law University and Judicial Academy||Assam||INR 1,54,500|
|Teri University||New Delhi||INR 1,66,000|
Candidates seeking admission to the course must obtain a three to five-year LL.B/ BA LLB or Integrated Degree with not less than 50% to 55% marks in aggregate from any university whose degree is recognized by the University Grants Commission. There is relaxation in minimum eligible marks for SC/ST/Persons with Disabilities as well.
Generally, colleges/universities running LLM Environmental Law course admit students through Entrance Test conducted at national level or by the college itself. Application forms for these entrance exams are usually invited in the month of April-May. LLM candidates might even get admission directly on the basis of merit as per marks secured in the last qualifying as in case of TNDALU. In the case of Teri SAS University candidates, the final selection is done through personal interview.
One of the most important entrances that an LLM Environmental Law aspirant should know of and appear in is Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). The entrance exam is conducted in online mode and has 200 questions from five different sections including:
The course structure is different in each college, but the subjects and topics covered are somewhat similar in all law colleges. Hereunder are given the important subjects that a student would get to study under LLM Environmental Law:
|Module I||Nature and Scope of Environmental Law|
|Module II||International Law and Environmental Protection|
|Module III||History and Development of Environmental Law in India|
|Module IV||Protection of Environment under the Indian Constitution|
|Module V||Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws|
|Module VI||Protection of Water, Air and Environment in India|
|Module VII||Protection of Forest, Wild Life and Biodiversity|
|Module VIII||Emerging Issues in Environmental Law|
Environmental Law is increasingly becoming an important specialization in LL.M. as activists, politicians, policymakers and businesses tackle environment issues and how those could be prevented. Successful post graduates work as Legal Advisor, Advocate, Legal Counsel, Associate (Legal), Assistant Manger (Legal), Law Officer or Law Clerks.
Some of the areas that can offer promising career include:
Lawyers working in firms get benefits like medical insurance and retirement planning and if , lawyer practice independently, then these are not given. Further, depending on factors such as reputation, expertise, expertise and cases handled a lawyer can earn in Lacs per month.
Further, LLM Environmental Law student can plan a career in research and obtain a Ph.D. With good experience in hand, Environment Lawyers can join Central or State Ministries. Likewise they may even prepare for UPSC exams as Lawyers have a good demand as bureaucrats.
|Job Title||Job Discussion||Salary|
|NGT Law Clerks||Conducting legal research, preparing bench memos, drafting and proofreading judge’s orders and opinions, verifying citations, communicating with a legal advisor on case management and procedures.||INR 3,60,000|
|Legal Advisor (Environmental Law)||Provides advice to clients on legal issues, documents, and decisions.||INR 1,80,000 to INR 4,00,000|
|Legal Counsel||Provide legal advice regarding cases arising out of environment law disruption, preventing litigation and helping businesses and individuals from incurring huge loses||INR 3,66,182 – INR 3,86,802|
|Associate (Legal)||Understanding client's legal requirements and crafting solutions thereof||INR 4,00,000 – INR 5,00,000|
|Environment Advocate||Responsible for the identifying and monitoring any environmental issue or business activity that affects or may affect the client.||INR 1,80,000 – INR 4,00,000|