Master of Philosophy [M.Phil.] - Course Overview

  • STREAM

    ARTS

  • DURATION

    2 YEARS

  • COURSE

    General

  • COURSE TYPE

    Doctorate/M.Phil

    M.Phil (Master of Philosophy) Course, Eligibility, Distance Education, Syllabus, Jobs 2020-2021

    MPhil or Master of Philosophy is an academic degree of research orientation in which both theory and practical subjects are included.

    It is of 2 years duration and students from any stream (Science, Commerce, Arts/Humanities) can pursue this course, right after completing their postgraduate degree in any subject from a recognized college or university.

    IGNOU MPhil Admission 2020DU MPhil Admission 2020Annamalai University MPhil Admission 2020Bharatidasan University MPhil Admission 2020

    MPhil eligibility criteria may be different for different colleges, but minimum 55% should be scored in any Master's degree to pursue MPhil course.

    The degree can be pursued full time, part-time or through distance education and admission usually takes place through merit or after qualifying entrance exams and personal interview round. 

    The course is offered by various colleges/universities across the country, however, seats per course are not very extensive and intake is very limited.

    Following table shows some of the best MPhil Colleges in India:

    College NameLocationAverage FeesAverage Salary
    Panjab UniversityChandigarhINR 10,000INR 6 LPA
    Amity UniversityNoidaINR 1.5 LakhsINR 3.5-5 LPA
    JNUNew DelhiINR 778INR 3-8 LPA
    Christ UniversityBangaloreINR 30,000-33,000INR 2-5 LPA
    Mumbai UniversityMumbaiINR 16000INR 3-6 LPA
    Shobhit UniversityMeerutINR 40,000INR 3-5 LPA

    Quick Look:  Best MPhil Colleges in India 2020-2021

    MPhil fees vary from college to college and can be around INR 5000-2 Lakhs depending upon the type of university and the specialization. The main specializations are MPhil in English, MPhil in Psychology, MPhilin Education, MPhil in Clinical Psychology, MPhil in Economics, etc. 

    There are many career options that you can choose after completing your MPhil degree. You can make a career as a Journalist, Economic Expert, Geologist, Literary Critic, Academic Researcher, etc based on the domain of your study.

    A fresh MPhil pass out student can expect a starting salary of anywhere between INR 20,000 to INR 30,000 per month. The average salary range is around INR 5-6 LPA throughout the various parts of the country.

    A lot of MPhil students make their way towards earning a PhD degree, especially those who want to make a career in research and development.

    Some qualify civil services exams and serve the nation and society, and also involve in various roles in the domain of politico-administrative works.

    MPhil Admission Process

    MPhil Admission Process

    The process of admission for MPhil course is a mix of both merit-based selection procedure and a common entrance test based admission process (as seen across various Universities and colleges in the country).

    For ease of understanding, we have provided the process of admission for this course in a more detailed manner under the below-mentioned points.

    • Some Universities/Colleges conduct a Common Entrance Test (CET) for MPhil admission, hence students would have to make an application for such exams. Such universities are DU, JNU, Jamia Millia Islamia, etc.
    • Students should qualify these exams (for which they should be eligible to appear) in order to get admission in the course.
    • After the conduct of the test, a merit list of finally qualified candidates is prepared and candidates are invited for further admission process by the respective university or college. Usually, a personal interview or discussion takes place. 
    • After the final allotment of seats to the candidate, the candidates are asked to deposit the fee for the course and register for the respective academic year.

    But in many private colleges like Amity University, Shobhit University, etc., the MPhil admission process would be based on the marks obtained in their Master’s degree in a relevant subject in which a student wants to pursue his/her MPhil. 

    MPhil Eligibility

    The basic MPhil eligibility is that a candidate must have passed the PG or equivalent examination from a recognized state/private/deemed or central university with at least 55% (45% to 50% for reserved category candidates) of the marks.

    • He/She shall not be having any backlog or compartment in any of the subject(s) at PG level that is yet to be cleared at the time of taking admissions.
    • Apart from the above-mentioned eligibility criteria, various colleges and institutes may have their own additional criteria which the students would have to satisfy in order to take admission.
    • In case of reserved category students, they would have to present their reservation certificates issued by the competent authorities in order to avail the benefits applicable to them.
    • Certain Institute provides admission through Common Entrance Test (CET). Therefore, they should have applied and qualified the exam before in order to get admission in that college or university.

    MPhil Entrance Exams

    As mentioned earlier, many colleges conduct CET for MPhil Admission. Few common MPhil exams with details are mentioned below:

    Name of the ExamExam Application DatesExam Date
    Panjab University MPhil Entrance Exam 2020May 20-June 27, 2020July 12, 2020
    IGNOU PhD/MPhil Entrance Exam 2020Till March 23, 2020April 29, 2020
    University of Calcutta MPhil/PhD Entrance Exam 2020Second week of December 2019Second week of January- First week of March, 2020
    Madurai Kamraj University MPhil Entrance Exam 2020October 4, 2019-
    NIMHANS MPhil/PhD Entrance Exam 2020Till September 6, 2020 (Tentative)Till September 12, 2020 (Tentative)
    Delhi University Entrance Test 2020March 2- March 31, 2020June 2-9, 2020
    JNU Entrance Exam 2020March 2- March 31, 2020May 11-15, 2020

    In the above table, IGNOU provides MPhil through distance education only, while others provide full time or part time, or maybe through distance mode. 

    Read More: 

    Mumbai University MPhil Admission 2020Rajasthan University MPhil Admission 2020Kerala University MPhil Admission 2020Karnataka University MPhil Admission 2020Periyar University MPhil Admission 2020

    How to prepare for MPhil Entrance Exams?

    Following tips should be followed for best performance in the MPhil entrance exams

    • You should be well familiar with the pattern of the exam like number of questions, types of questions, etc. This will help you decide which topics to study in detail.
    • It has been proven that preparing for any entrance exam by making a proper time table and a study plan really helps to cover the complete syllabus on time, therefore we suggest you do the same. You can set weekly or daily targets for your preparation.
    • Have the best study material with you. Ask your college professors, fellow mates and local bookseller about the latest books and study material for these exams.
    • Practice most of the sample papers available online and offline.
    • If ock tests are available for those exams, then you should give as many mock tests possible for better performance on the day of the actual exam.
    • Make revision notes of important points in the form of tables, charts, diagrams, etc. so that you can have a quick look and revise effectively with less time.

    How to get admission in a good MPhil college?

    • You can easily secure a place in a good college if you have performed well in your Personal Interview (PI) round.
    • MPhil is a research degree therefore your subject knowledge should be strong and you should be aware of the latest news, technologies or discovery in your domain.
    • General Knowledge should be strong as well.
    • Apart from this, you should be an eloquent speaker so that the panel is impressed with your confidence and your communication skills.
    MPhil Distance Education

    MPhil Distance Education

    Many students prefer doing MPhil through distance education because it provides them the flexibility to study the course at their own pace. All the course material are sent via online or offline.

    Following universities are very famous for MPhil distance education programs in India:

    • IGNOU: Indira Gandhi National Open University or simply IGNOU is one of the popular institutes to pursue MPhil through distance mode. It offers MPhil in Chemistry, MPhil in Commerce, MPhil in Economics, MPhil in Geography, MPhil in Political Science, etc.
    • Annamalai University: After IGNOU, students prefer to pursue MPhil degree through distance learning from Annamalai University. It offers MPhil courses in English, History, Population studies, Microbiology, Zoology etc.
    • Alagappa University: Alagappa University started its distance education programs in 1992. It offers MPhil in Management, MPhil in Education, etc. Admissions usually take place in an online mode.
    • MDU: Maharishi Dayanand University or MDU is a famous and reputed university in Rohtak, Haryana. Apart from full time, it offers MPhil course is also through distance education as well.
    • Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University: Also known as BRAOU, this college offers many M.Phil and PhD courses through distance mode, and is popular among students for many distance education courses.
    • Karnataka Open State University: Also called KSOU, this university was established in 1996. It is a recognized distance education university that offers various UG, diploma, PG courses. 
    College NameLocationAverage FeesAdmission Process Detail Link
    IGNOUNew DelhiINR 10,500IGNOU MPhil Admissions 2020
    Alagappa UniversityKaraikudiINR 14,000Alagappa University MPhil Admissions 2020
    Maharishi Dayanand UniversityRohtakINR 800- 1000MDU MPhil Admissions 2020
    Dr. BR Ambedkar Open UniversityHyderabadINR 12,700Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University MPhil Admissions 2020
    Karnataka Open State UniversityMysoreINR 10,000- 15,000KSOU MPhil Admissions 2020
    MPhil: What is it About?

    MPhil: What is it About?

    • MPhil course or Master of Philosophy is a PG level academic research course that one can pursue in any discipline/domain of study. It aims at studying the nature of man and ideas in context to a certain field of study.
    • Philosophy as a study is based on the comprehensive and systematic study of human nature and idea. When this study of philosophy is linked to any respective domain/subject of study then it provides a much deeper understanding and insight of the subject to the students.
    • You can pursue MPhil course in any of the subjects ranging from technical and application based like Computer Science, Mathematics, Physics to more theoretic and principle-based subjects like History, Geography, Economics, English etc.
    • Most of the students who are interested in theoretical, practical and/or clinical research pursue MPhil course for advanced subjects knowledge, which makes their path towards a PhD much easier.
    • Only selective people opt for this course, therefore number of seats in various MPhil colleges In India are also less as compared to PhD and other research based degrees. 

    Quick Read:  Major MPhil Career Options

    MPhil Course Details and Highlights?

    Full FormMaster of Philosophy
    Course TypePost Graduate Academic Research (PG)
    Duration1-2 Years
    Admission ProcessMerit-based (Based on PG percentage)/ Entrance Test based
    Course StructureSemester-Wise
    EligibilityGraduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxable for reserved category candidates) marks at UG level.
    Average Course FeesINR 5,000 to INR 2 Lakhs
    Average starting salaryINR 5-6 LPA
    Job ProfilesCivil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, Author, Journalist, Researcher
    Top recruiting areasCivil Services, Economics, Auditing, Journalism, Language domain, Technical expertise, etc.
    Why study MPhil?

    Why study MPhil?

    • MPhil course is research-based therefore if you are interested to make a career in theoretical or practical research, then you should pursue this course.
    • After MPhil degree completion, you will possess advanced experimental skills, problem-solving skills,  analytical skills, decision-making skills and critical skills.
    • If you are looking for a career in teaching pr public domain, then a lot of students pursue this course in their interested domain.
    • A lot of language and subject experts pursue this course for advanced knowledge and skills.
    • MPhil is usually done as it acts as a bridge between your Master's degree and a PhD. It is not necessary to have MPhil degree if you want to pursue PhD course, but a lot professionals and industry experts suggest doing MPhil first so that students can get an idea what kind of subjects and research methodology will be there in the PhD program.

    MPhil Course Comparison

    MPhil vs MSc
    • MPhil vs MSc:

    Although both are postgraduate degrees, but Master of Science is more theory-based as compared to Master of Philosophy. The following table shows major differences between them:

    ParametersMPhilMSc
    QualificationMaster of PhilosophyMaster of Science
    EligibilityMaster’s degree in a relevant subjectBachelor’s degree in any Science subject
    Duration1.5-2 years2 years
    Degree TypeMPhil is a research-based degree in which the percentage of practical subjects will be more as compared to theory subjects.MSc is an academic degree in any science subject, pursued for advanced theory knowledge and skills. It consist of more theory subjects than MPhil.
    Average FeesINR 5000- 2 LakhsUnder 2 Lakhs
    CollegesNumber of seats for MPhil is a lot lesser than MSc or any other PG course. Best MPhil colleges in India are: Panjab University, Mumbai University, DU, etc.Number of colleges offering MSc course are higher than MPhil course. Most famous MSc colleges are: JNU, BHU, University of Hyderabad, etc.
    Major Job SectorsPublic Sectors, Civil Service, Advanced Research, Language Expert, etc.Pharmaceutical and Research Companies, Research Institutions, various MNCs, etc.
    MPhil vs PhD
    • MPhil vs PhD

    A lot of students get confused if they should opt directly for PhD degree or pursue MPhil course first. Both are research-based degrees, PhD will lead you to Doctorate qualification and MPhil will lead you to a PG qualification. Following are the major differences between them:

    ParametersMPhilPhD
    Degree TypeSecond Master’s degreeDoctorate degree
    Duration1.5-2 years3-4 years. Sometimes even 5 years
    CourseworkBalance of theory subjects and experiments2-3 theory subjects with a major focus on experiments and research methodology
    Higher EducationYou can go for PhD or MBA and other relevant certificate and diploma courses in any advanced specialization.Usually, students like to teach in colleges and do research after completing their PhD course. But many go for post doctoral education also in India as well as abroad.
    MPhil Specializations

    MPhil Specializations

    MPhil is usually done in a relevant subject in which students have done their Masters. Following are few of the popular MPhil specializations done in India:

    MPhil subjects and specializations

    • MPhil in English: This course usually involves a research-based experiment and project English literature. MPhil in English include subjects like Elizabethan, Jacobean, Victorian, Modern, Post-Modern, etc.
    Average FeesINR 50,000- 60,000
    Average SalaryINR 4.8 LPA
    Best MPhil English Colleges in India
    • MPhil in Psychology: This course helps to understand human mind and behaviour on an advanced level. The course MPhil in Psychology cover subjects such as social development, human development and its effect on environment, etc.
    Average FeesINR 1-3 Lakhs
    Average SalaryINR 3-8 LPA
    Best MPhil in Psychology Colleges in India
    • MPhil in Management: This course involves the study of advanced management subjects and their research models. MPhil in Management course aims to study advanced research studies and their applications in an organization or in the business world.
    Average FeesINR 20,000- 2 Lakhs
    Average SalaryINR 5-9 LPA
    Best MPhil in Management Colleges in India
    • MPhil in Education: This course is for advanced research and studies in the education domain. MPhil in English include subjects such as Academic Writing, Content Analysis, etc.
    Average FeesINR 80,000
    Average SalaryINR 5-6 LPA
    Best MPhil in Education Colleges in India
    • MPhil in Economics: This MPhil course is for students who want to make their career in the economics domain. MPhil in Economics include subjects such as Contemporary Economic Issues, Issues in Indian Economy, etc.
    Average FeesINR 50,000
    Average SalaryINR 7-15 LPA
    Best MPhil Economics Colleges in India

    More MPhil Specializations:

    MPhil Clinical PsychologyMPhil in LawMPhil PhysicsMPhil Computer Science
    MPhil SociologyMPhil Social WorkMPhil MathsMPhil Chemistry
    MPhil Top Colleges

    MPhil Colleges

    Quite a good number of colleges across the country offer M.Phil course to candidates who have passed their PG or equivalent examination from a recognized state or central University.

    Students can take admission in the course either through Common Entrance Test conducted by colleges/Universities or by applying to the various institutes offering this course based on their performance at the PG level.

    Following are some of the best MPhil colleges in India:

    University/College NameLocationAverage Fees
    Periyar UniversitySalemINR 10,500
    Lovely Professional UniversityJalandharINR 79000
    Amity UniversityNoidaINR 1.4 Lakhs
    Christ UniversityBangaloreINR 30000
    Savitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneINR 16000
    JNUDelhiINR 778
    Panjab UniversityMohaliINR 20000
    Chaudhary Charan Singh UniversityMeerutINR 5062
    Jain UniversityBangaloreINR 15200
    Maharishi Dayanand University (MDU)RohtakINR 15500
    Jamia Milia IslamiaDelhiINR 10000

    MPhil College Comparison

    Following table shows a comparison between some of the best MPhil colleges in India. Have a look below:

    ParametersMaharishi Dayanand University (MDU)Amity UniversityDelhi University
    OverviewMDU is a public university in Haryana which offers various UG and PG courses including MPhil.Amity University is a public university offering UG, PG and many research-based degrees in various campuses across India like Noida, Jaipur, Mumbai, Manesar, etc. Delhi University is considered one of the best universities in India. It offers a variety of courses from UG to doctoral level. 
    LocationRohtakNoidaDelhi
    Specialization subjectsMPhil Statistics, MPhil Geography, MPhil Education, MPhil English, MPhil Public Administration, MPhil History, etc. MPhil English, MPhil Clinical Psychology, MPhil Counselling Psychology etc.MPhil in Commerce, MPhil Biotechnology, MPhil Geography, MPhil Punabi, MPhil German, etc.
    Average FeesINR 2130INR 1.5 LakhsUnder 90,000
    Average SalaryINR 5 LPAINR 4.5 LPAINR 5-9 LPA
    MPhil Syllabus & Curriculum

    MPhil Syllabus 

    The syllabus of MPhil course is divided into 4 (two/three in some cases) semesters spread over a span of two (1/1.5 years in certain cases) years with each year comprising of two semesters. The syllabus of the course is divided into various parts and modules. 

    Follwoing table shows major MPhil subjects included in the course: 

    Year IYear II
    Philosophical Foundations of the subjectComputer Applications in the domain of subject
    Advanced Research Methodology and Research in the subject of studyDissertation
    Analysis and domain studyViva Voce Examination
    Elective subject-IElective subject-II
    Study of origin and development of the subjectExercise /Practical work
    Study of relative discipline to the subject of study-
    MPhil Jobs & Career Prospects

    MPhil Jobs and Career Prospects

    M.Phil qualified students have plenty of options to choose from in terms of their career. One can choose from areas like Civil Services, Economics, Archeology, Geology etc. based on the area of study.

    Following table shows some of the major job profiles after doing MPhil in India:

    Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Salary for Freshers
    Civil ServantWorking in civil services involves the implementation, formulation, and execution of the government’s policy in the public domain.INR 7-8 Lakhs
    EconomistAn Economist is involved in the interpretation of market dynamics in terms of economic principles.INR 3-9 Lakhs
    NGO WorkerAn NGO worker can indulge in various areas of public policy implementation in order to enhance the accessibility of the government’s scheme.INR 1.8 – 3.5 Lakhs
    Academic ResearcherWork of researchers involves a variety of functions like public policy analysis, research in academics, pattern analysis, data analysisINR 2-5 Lakhs
    Assistant ProfessorThis would involve regular teaching job of teaching the subject to college-level students. There are plenty of options in private sector as well government sector.INR 2.5-7 Lakhs

    Following graph shows minimum and maximum salary range for some of the major MPhil Job profiles:

    MPhil Salary

    MPhil Future Scope

    MPhil Future Scope

    MPhil is a research-based degree, and students who interested to enter the research field usually pursue this course. 

    We have already talked about major job profiles in the above section. Here, we will discuss the future scope after MPhil course completion.

    • Jobs in Public Administration, Research, Lecturer, and other fields. (Read the previous section for complete details)
    • PhD: Doctor of Philosophy or PhD is research degree of 3-5 years in which students produce their own thesis and defend it in front of elite and reputed people of that industry. A lot of MPhil studnets like to go for PhD studies to go forward in their research career. Commonly pursued PhD courses are:
    PhD in FinancePhD in PsychologyPhD in LawPhD in Commerce
    PhD In EconomicsPhD in EnglishPhD in Computer SciencePhD in Physics
    PhD in ManagementPhD in MathsPhD in BiotechnologyPhD in History
    MPhil: FAQs

    MPhil FAQs

    Ques. Is MPhil and PhD same?

    Ans.No, MPhil and PhD is not same. MPhil is mster of Philosophy and PhD is Doctor of Philosophy. Although both are research-based degrees, but PhD is of 3-5 years, and MPhil is of 2 years. MPhil can be called a second masters degree, but PhD is a doctorate level degree.

    Check MPhil VS PhD to get more information on this.

    Ques. Does MPhil make you a doctor?

    Ans. No, getting a MPhil degree will not make you a doctor. To become a doctor, you need to either get an MBBS degree, BDS degree or PhD degree. MPhil course can be called a second master course done to get thorough knowledge and research experience in a particular subject.

    Ques. How can I get admission in MPhil?

    Ans. Admission can be taken in MPhil course through scores obtained in your master's degree or through entrance exam followed by a personal interview. However, this process is different for each college. Some colleges like Amity University takes admission basis merit, but colleges like Panjab University takes admission on the basis entrance exams. 

    Ques. In which subjects MPhil can be done?

    Ans. MPhil can be done in subjects like:

    • English
    • Psychology
    • Management
    • Education
    • Economics
    • Physics
    • Life Sciences
    • Clinical Psychology, etc.

    Ques. How long does an MPhil take?

    Ans. It may take 1.5-2 years to complete MPhil degree. Time duration depends on each college and their affiliation.

    Ques. Is MPhil better than PhD?

    Ans. Both MPhil and PhD are research-based degrees which can only be pursued if you have a master’s degree in a subject which offers MPhil or PhD course. 

    Ques. What is the eligibility for MPhil?

    Ans. Having a Master's degree is basic eligibility to pursue MPhil. Apart from that, different colleges have different set of eligibility criteria. Minimum 55% should be obtained to be able to pursue MPhil in a recognized college.

    Ques. Is there any entrance exams for MPhil?

    Ans. There are different university level entrance examinations for MPhil admission such as Panjab University Entrance Examination, Gitam University, IGNOU MPhil Entrance Exam, University of Calcutta, etc.

    Check more:  MPhil Entrance Exams 2020

    Master of Philosophy [M.Phil.] Fee Structure in India


    1.39 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES1.02 L (Maximum Fee)
    29.19 K (Average Fee)
    1.67 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES4.23 L (Maximum Fee)
    79.32 K (Average Fee)

    Master of Philosophy [M.Phil.] Fee Structure by State


    Tamil Nadu

    7.05 KPUBLIC COLLEGES24 K
    13.7 K
    8.5 KPRIVATE COLLEGES71 K
    32.47 K

    Maharashtra

    11.82 KPUBLIC COLLEGES11.82 K
    11.82 K
    15 KPRIVATE COLLEGES1.49 L
    82 K

    Delhi NCR

    1.39 KPUBLIC COLLEGES15.1 K
    7.62 K
    75 KPRIVATE COLLEGES75 K
    75 K

    Rajasthan

    2.39 KPUBLIC COLLEGES2.39 K
    2.39 K
    8.96 KPRIVATE COLLEGES4.23 L
    1.3 L

    Uttar Pradesh

    65 KPUBLIC COLLEGES65 K
    65 K
    75 KPRIVATE COLLEGES75 K
    75 K

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