MPhil or Master of Philosophy is an academic degree of research orientation in which both theory and practical subjects are included.
It is of 2 years duration and students from any stream (Science, Commerce, Arts/Humanities) can pursue this course, right after completing their postgraduate degree in any subject from a recognized college or university.
|IGNOU MPhil Admission 2020||DU MPhil Admission 2020||Annamalai University MPhil Admission 2020||Bharatidasan University MPhil Admission 2020|
MPhil eligibility criteria may be different for different colleges, but minimum 55% should be scored in any Master's degree to pursue MPhil course.
The degree can be pursued full time, part-time or through distance education and admission usually takes place through merit or after qualifying entrance exams and personal interview round.
The course is offered by various colleges/universities across the country, however, seats per course are not very extensive and intake is very limited.
Following table shows some of the best MPhil Colleges in India:
|College Name||Location||Average Fees||Average Salary|
|Panjab University||Chandigarh||INR 10,000||INR 6 LPA|
|Amity University||Noida||INR 1.5 Lakhs||INR 3.5-5 LPA|
|JNU||New Delhi||INR 778||INR 3-8 LPA|
|Christ University||Bangalore||INR 30,000-33,000||INR 2-5 LPA|
|Mumbai University||Mumbai||INR 16000||INR 3-6 LPA|
|Shobhit University||Meerut||INR 40,000||INR 3-5 LPA|
MPhil fees vary from college to college and can be around INR 5000-2 Lakhs depending upon the type of university and the specialization. The main specializations are MPhil in English, MPhil in Psychology, MPhilin Education, MPhil in Clinical Psychology, MPhil in Economics, etc.
There are many career options that you can choose after completing your MPhil degree. You can make a career as a Journalist, Economic Expert, Geologist, Literary Critic, Academic Researcher, etc based on the domain of your study.
A fresh MPhil pass out student can expect a starting salary of anywhere between INR 20,000 to INR 30,000 per month. The average salary range is around INR 5-6 LPA throughout the various parts of the country.
A lot of MPhil students make their way towards earning a PhD degree, especially those who want to make a career in research and development.
Some qualify civil services exams and serve the nation and society, and also involve in various roles in the domain of politico-administrative works.
The process of admission for MPhil course is a mix of both merit-based selection procedure and a common entrance test based admission process (as seen across various Universities and colleges in the country).
For ease of understanding, we have provided the process of admission for this course in a more detailed manner under the below-mentioned points.
But in many private colleges like Amity University, Shobhit University, etc., the MPhil admission process would be based on the marks obtained in their Master’s degree in a relevant subject in which a student wants to pursue his/her MPhil.
The basic MPhil eligibility is that a candidate must have passed the PG or equivalent examination from a recognized state/private/deemed or central university with at least 55% (45% to 50% for reserved category candidates) of the marks.
As mentioned earlier, many colleges conduct CET for MPhil Admission. Few common MPhil exams with details are mentioned below:
|Name of the Exam||Exam Application Dates||Exam Date|
|Panjab University MPhil Entrance Exam 2020||May 20-June 27, 2020||July 12, 2020|
|IGNOU PhD/MPhil Entrance Exam 2020||Till March 23, 2020||April 29, 2020|
|University of Calcutta MPhil/PhD Entrance Exam 2020||Second week of December 2019||Second week of January- First week of March, 2020|
|Madurai Kamraj University MPhil Entrance Exam 2020||October 4, 2019||-|
|NIMHANS MPhil/PhD Entrance Exam 2020||Till September 6, 2020 (Tentative)||Till September 12, 2020 (Tentative)|
|Delhi University Entrance Test 2020||March 2- March 31, 2020||June 2-9, 2020|
|JNU Entrance Exam 2020||March 2- March 31, 2020||May 11-15, 2020|
In the above table, IGNOU provides MPhil through distance education only, while others provide full time or part time, or maybe through distance mode.
|Mumbai University MPhil Admission 2020||Rajasthan University MPhil Admission 2020||Kerala University MPhil Admission 2020||Karnataka University MPhil Admission 2020||Periyar University MPhil Admission 2020|
Following tips should be followed for best performance in the MPhil entrance exams
Many students prefer doing MPhil through distance education because it provides them the flexibility to study the course at their own pace. All the course material are sent via online or offline.
Following universities are very famous for MPhil distance education programs in India:
|College Name||Location||Average Fees||Admission Process Detail Link|
|IGNOU||New Delhi||INR 10,500||IGNOU MPhil Admissions 2020|
|Alagappa University||Karaikudi||INR 14,000||Alagappa University MPhil Admissions 2020|
|Maharishi Dayanand University||Rohtak||INR 800- 1000||MDU MPhil Admissions 2020|
|Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University||Hyderabad||INR 12,700||Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University MPhil Admissions 2020|
|Karnataka Open State University||Mysore||INR 10,000- 15,000||KSOU MPhil Admissions 2020|
Quick Read: Major MPhil Career Options
|Full Form||Master of Philosophy|
|Course Type||Post Graduate Academic Research (PG)|
|Admission Process||Merit-based (Based on PG percentage)/ Entrance Test based|
|Eligibility||Graduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxable for reserved category candidates) marks at UG level.|
|Average Course Fees||INR 5,000 to INR 2 Lakhs|
|Average starting salary||INR 5-6 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Civil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, Author, Journalist, Researcher|
|Top recruiting areas||Civil Services, Economics, Auditing, Journalism, Language domain, Technical expertise, etc.|
Although both are postgraduate degrees, but Master of Science is more theory-based as compared to Master of Philosophy. The following table shows major differences between them:
|Qualification||Master of Philosophy||Master of Science|
|Eligibility||Master’s degree in a relevant subject||Bachelor’s degree in any Science subject|
|Duration||1.5-2 years||2 years|
|Degree Type||MPhil is a research-based degree in which the percentage of practical subjects will be more as compared to theory subjects.||MSc is an academic degree in any science subject, pursued for advanced theory knowledge and skills. It consist of more theory subjects than MPhil.|
|Average Fees||INR 5000- 2 Lakhs||Under 2 Lakhs|
|Colleges||Number of seats for MPhil is a lot lesser than MSc or any other PG course. Best MPhil colleges in India are: Panjab University, Mumbai University, DU, etc.||Number of colleges offering MSc course are higher than MPhil course. Most famous MSc colleges are: JNU, BHU, University of Hyderabad, etc.|
|Major Job Sectors||Public Sectors, Civil Service, Advanced Research, Language Expert, etc.||Pharmaceutical and Research Companies, Research Institutions, various MNCs, etc.|
A lot of students get confused if they should opt directly for PhD degree or pursue MPhil course first. Both are research-based degrees, PhD will lead you to Doctorate qualification and MPhil will lead you to a PG qualification. Following are the major differences between them:
|Degree Type||Second Master’s degree||Doctorate degree|
|Duration||1.5-2 years||3-4 years. Sometimes even 5 years|
|Coursework||Balance of theory subjects and experiments||2-3 theory subjects with a major focus on experiments and research methodology|
|Higher Education||You can go for PhD or MBA and other relevant certificate and diploma courses in any advanced specialization.||Usually, students like to teach in colleges and do research after completing their PhD course. But many go for post doctoral education also in India as well as abroad.|
MPhil is usually done in a relevant subject in which students have done their Masters. Following are few of the popular MPhil specializations done in India:
|Average Fees||INR 50,000- 60,000|
|Average Salary||INR 4.8 LPA|
|Best MPhil English Colleges in India|
|Average Fees||INR 1-3 Lakhs|
|Average Salary||INR 3-8 LPA|
|Best MPhil in Psychology Colleges in India|
|Average Fees||INR 20,000- 2 Lakhs|
|Average Salary||INR 5-9 LPA|
|Best MPhil in Management Colleges in India|
|Average Fees||INR 80,000|
|Average Salary||INR 5-6 LPA|
|Best MPhil in Education Colleges in India|
|Average Fees||INR 50,000|
|Average Salary||INR 7-15 LPA|
|Best MPhil Economics Colleges in India|
|MPhil Clinical Psychology||MPhil in Law||MPhil Physics||MPhil Computer Science|
|MPhil Sociology||MPhil Social Work||MPhil Maths||MPhil Chemistry|
Quite a good number of colleges across the country offer M.Phil course to candidates who have passed their PG or equivalent examination from a recognized state or central University.
Students can take admission in the course either through Common Entrance Test conducted by colleges/Universities or by applying to the various institutes offering this course based on their performance at the PG level.
Following are some of the best MPhil colleges in India:
|University/College Name||Location||Average Fees|
|Periyar University||Salem||INR 10,500|
|Lovely Professional University||Jalandhar||INR 79000|
|Amity University||Noida||INR 1.4 Lakhs|
|Christ University||Bangalore||INR 30000|
|Savitribai Phule Pune University||Pune||INR 16000|
|Panjab University||Mohali||INR 20000|
|Chaudhary Charan Singh University||Meerut||INR 5062|
|Jain University||Bangalore||INR 15200|
|Maharishi Dayanand University (MDU)||Rohtak||INR 15500|
|Jamia Milia Islamia||Delhi||INR 10000|
Following table shows a comparison between some of the best MPhil colleges in India. Have a look below:
|Parameters||Maharishi Dayanand University (MDU)||Amity University||Delhi University|
|Overview||MDU is a public university in Haryana which offers various UG and PG courses including MPhil.||Amity University is a public university offering UG, PG and many research-based degrees in various campuses across India like Noida, Jaipur, Mumbai, Manesar, etc.||Delhi University is considered one of the best universities in India. It offers a variety of courses from UG to doctoral level.|
|Specialization subjects||MPhil Statistics, MPhil Geography, MPhil Education, MPhil English, MPhil Public Administration, MPhil History, etc.||MPhil English, MPhil Clinical Psychology, MPhil Counselling Psychology etc.||MPhil in Commerce, MPhil Biotechnology, MPhil Geography, MPhil Punabi, MPhil German, etc.|
|Average Fees||INR 2130||INR 1.5 Lakhs||Under 90,000|
|Average Salary||INR 5 LPA||INR 4.5 LPA||INR 5-9 LPA|
The syllabus of MPhil course is divided into 4 (two/three in some cases) semesters spread over a span of two (1/1.5 years in certain cases) years with each year comprising of two semesters. The syllabus of the course is divided into various parts and modules.
Follwoing table shows major MPhil subjects included in the course:
|Year I||Year II|
|Philosophical Foundations of the subject||Computer Applications in the domain of subject|
|Advanced Research Methodology and Research in the subject of study||Dissertation|
|Analysis and domain study||Viva Voce Examination|
|Elective subject-I||Elective subject-II|
|Study of origin and development of the subject||Exercise /Practical work|
|Study of relative discipline to the subject of study||-|
M.Phil qualified students have plenty of options to choose from in terms of their career. One can choose from areas like Civil Services, Economics, Archeology, Geology etc. based on the area of study.
Following table shows some of the major job profiles after doing MPhil in India:
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary for Freshers|
|Civil Servant||Working in civil services involves the implementation, formulation, and execution of the government’s policy in the public domain.||INR 7-8 Lakhs|
|Economist||An Economist is involved in the interpretation of market dynamics in terms of economic principles.||INR 3-9 Lakhs|
|NGO Worker||An NGO worker can indulge in various areas of public policy implementation in order to enhance the accessibility of the government’s scheme.||INR 1.8 – 3.5 Lakhs|
|Academic Researcher||Work of researchers involves a variety of functions like public policy analysis, research in academics, pattern analysis, data analysis||INR 2-5 Lakhs|
|Assistant Professor||This would involve regular teaching job of teaching the subject to college-level students. There are plenty of options in private sector as well government sector.||INR 2.5-7 Lakhs|
Following graph shows minimum and maximum salary range for some of the major MPhil Job profiles:
MPhil is a research-based degree, and students who interested to enter the research field usually pursue this course.
We have already talked about major job profiles in the above section. Here, we will discuss the future scope after MPhil course completion.
|PhD in Finance||PhD in Psychology||PhD in Law||PhD in Commerce|
|PhD In Economics||PhD in English||PhD in Computer Science||PhD in Physics|
|PhD in Management||PhD in Maths||PhD in Biotechnology||PhD in History|
Ques. Is MPhil and PhD same?
Ans.No, MPhil and PhD is not same. MPhil is mster of Philosophy and PhD is Doctor of Philosophy. Although both are research-based degrees, but PhD is of 3-5 years, and MPhil is of 2 years. MPhil can be called a second masters degree, but PhD is a doctorate level degree.
Check MPhil VS PhD to get more information on this.
Ques. Does MPhil make you a doctor?
Ans. No, getting a MPhil degree will not make you a doctor. To become a doctor, you need to either get an MBBS degree, BDS degree or PhD degree. MPhil course can be called a second master course done to get thorough knowledge and research experience in a particular subject.
Ques. How can I get admission in MPhil?
Ans. Admission can be taken in MPhil course through scores obtained in your master's degree or through entrance exam followed by a personal interview. However, this process is different for each college. Some colleges like Amity University takes admission basis merit, but colleges like Panjab University takes admission on the basis entrance exams.
Ques. In which subjects MPhil can be done?
Ans. MPhil can be done in subjects like:
Ques. How long does an MPhil take?
Ans. It may take 1.5-2 years to complete MPhil degree. Time duration depends on each college and their affiliation.
Ques. Is MPhil better than PhD?
Ans. Both MPhil and PhD are research-based degrees which can only be pursued if you have a master’s degree in a subject which offers MPhil or PhD course.
Ques. What is the eligibility for MPhil?
Ans. Having a Master's degree is basic eligibility to pursue MPhil. Apart from that, different colleges have different set of eligibility criteria. Minimum 55% should be obtained to be able to pursue MPhil in a recognized college.
Ques. Is there any entrance exams for MPhil?
Ans. There are different university level entrance examinations for MPhil admission such as Panjab University Entrance Examination, Gitam University, IGNOU MPhil Entrance Exam, University of Calcutta, etc.
Check more: MPhil Entrance Exams 2020