What is MPhil?
MPhil or Master of Philosophy is a course of 2 years in India. It is a postgraduate academic research course.
MPhil eligibility criteria may be different for different colleges, but minimum of 55% should be scored in any Master's degree to pursue MPhil course.
Admission to MPhil usually takes place through merit or after qualifying entrance exams and personal interview rounds.
Some of the Popular MPhil entrances are JNUEE, CUCET, etc.
The course from a distance university can be pursued within a range of INR 15,000. One needs to have a PG degree and the admission is offered both through merit and entrances.
Tabulated below are some of the top colleges offering MPhil in India, as per NIRF 2021.
|NIRF Ranking 2021||College/University Name||Admission Process||Average Annual Fees (INR)||Average Placement Offer (INR)|
|2||Jawaharlal Nehru University||Entrances-Based||1,391||16 LPA|
|3||Banaras Hindu University||Entrances-Based||3,256||14.75 LPA|
|6||University of Hyderabad||Entrances-Based||8,670||13 LPA|
|7||Calcutta University||Entrances-Based||4,400||8 LPA|
|c9||Savitribai Phule Pune University||Entrances-Based||3,500||10 LPA|
Do I Qualify MPhil Eligibility Criteria?
The basic MPhil eligibility is that a candidate must have passed the PG or equivalent examination from a recognized state/private/deemed or central university with at least 55% (45% to 50% for reserved category candidates) of the marks.
- He/She shall not be having any backlog or compartment in any of the subject(s) at PG level that is yet to be cleared at the time of taking admissions.
- Apart from the above-mentioned eligibility criteria, various colleges and institutes may have their own additional criteria which the students would have to satisfy in order to take admission.
- In case of reserved category students, they would have to present their reservation certificates issued by the competent authorities in order to avail the benefits applicable to them.
- Certain Institute provides admission through the Common Entrance Test (CET). Therefore, they should have applied and qualified the exam before in order to get admission in that college or university.
What is MPhil Admission Process?
The process of MPhil admission 2020 course is a mix of both merit-based selection procedure and a common entrance test based admission process (as seen across various Universities and colleges in the country).
For ease of understanding, we have provided the process of admission for this course in a more detailed manner under the below-mentioned points.
- Some Universities/Colleges conduct a Common Entrance Test (CET) for MPhil admission, hence students would have to make an application for such exams. Such universities are DU, JNU, Jamia Millia Islamia, etc.
- There are some common MPhil entrances as well that students can sit for. Some of them are CUCET, JNUEE, etc.
- Students should qualify these exams (for which they should be eligible to appear) in order to get admission in the course.
- After the conduct of the test, a merit list of finally qualified candidates is prepared and candidates are invited for further admission process by the respective university or college. Usually, a personal interview or discussion takes place.
- After the final allotment of seats to the candidate, the candidates are asked to deposit the fee for the course and register for the respective academic year.
But in many private colleges like Amity University, Shobhit University, etc., the MPhil admission process would be based on the marks obtained in their Master’s degree in a relevant subject in which a student wants to pursue his/her MPhil.
What are the Top MPhil Entrance Exams?
As mentioned earlier, many colleges conduct CET for MPhil Admission. Few common MPhil exams with details are mentioned below:
|MPhi Entrance Exams||Conducting Body||Registration (Tentative)||Exam Dates (Tentative)||Exam Mode|
|JNUEE||Jawaharlal Nehru University||March 2021||To be announced||Online|
|VITMEE||VIT University||March 2021||To be announced||Online|
|CUCET||Rajasthan Central University||March 2021||To be notified later||Offline|
|LPUNEST||Lovely Professional University||June 2-July 15, 2020||July 24 & July 26, 2020||Online|
|GATE||Any of the IITs||September-October 2020||February 2021||Online|
How to get admission in a good MPhil college?
MPhil is a research degree therefore your subject knowledge should be strong in order to get a place in a good MPhil college. You should be aware of the latest news, technologies or discovery in your domain.
Apart from this, cracking respective MPhil entrances are also important for the candidates. Along with study materials, make revision notes of important points in the form of tables, charts, diagrams, etc. so that you can have a quick look and revise effectively with less time.
If mock tests and sample papers are available for those exams, then you should give as many tests possible for better performance on the day of the actual exam.
You should be well familiar with the pattern of the exam like number of questions, types of questions, etc. Tabulated below are some of the common topics for these entrances.
|Research Aptitude||Comprehension||Logical Reasoning|
|Teaching Aptitude||Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude||People, Development and Environment|
|Communication||Data Interpretation||Higher Education System|
Apart from this, you should be an eloquent speaker in your PI round so that the panel is impressed with your confidence and your communication skills.
Note: Keep on checking the newspapers and the websites of the universities to get admission in the subject of your choice
MPhil is usually done in a relevant subject in which students have done their Masters. Following are few of the popular MPhil specializations done in India:
- MPhil in English: This course usually involves a research-based experiment and project English literature. MPhil in English include subjects like Elizabethan, Jacobean, Victorian, Modern, Post-Modern, etc.
|Average Fees||INR 50,000- 60,000|
|Average Salary||INR 4.8 LPA|
|Best MPhil in English Colleges in India|
- MPhil in Psychology: This course helps to understand human mind and behaviour on an advanced level. The course MPhil in Psychology covers subjects such as social development, human development and its effect on the environment, etc.
|Average Fees||INR 1-3 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 3-8 LPA|
|Best MPhil in Psychology Colleges in India|
- MPhil in Management: This course involves the study of advanced management subjects and their research models. MPhil in Management course aims to study advanced research studies and their applications in an organization or in the business world.
|Average Fees||INR 1-4 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 5-9 LPA|
|Best MPhil in Management Colleges in India|
- MPhil in Education: This course is for advanced research and studies in the education domain. MPhil in Education include subjects such as Academic Writing, Content Analysis, etc.
|Average Fees||INR 80,000|
|Average Salary||INR 5-6 LPA|
|Best MPhil in Education Colleges in India|
- MPhil in Economics: This MPhil course is for students who want to make their career in the economics domain. MPhil in Economics includes subjects such as Contemporary Economic Issues, Issues in Indian Economy, etc.
|Average Fees||INR 50,000|
|Average Salary||INR 7-15 LPA|
|Best MPhil Economics Colleges in India|
More MPhil Specializations:
|MPhil Clinical Psychology||MPhil Sociology|
|MPhil in Law||MPhil Social Work|
|MPhil Physics||MPhil Maths|
|MPhil Computer Science||MPhil Chemistry|
Source: University websites and Payscale
The syllabus of MPhil course is divided into 4 (two/three in some cases) semesters spread over a span of two (1/1.5 years in certain cases) years with each year comprising two semesters. The syllabus of the course is divided into various parts and modules.
Following table shows major MPhil subjects included in the course:
|Year I||Year II|
|Philosophical Foundations of the subject||Computer Applications in the domain of subject|
|Advanced Research Methodology and Research in the subject of study||Dissertation|
|Analysis and domain study||Viva Voce Examination|
|Elective subject-I||Elective subject-II|
|Study of origin and development of the subject||Exercise /Practical work|
|Study of relative discipline to the subject of study||-|
MPhil Distance Education
Many students prefer doing MPhil through distance education because it provides them the flexibility to study the course at their own pace. All the course material is sent via online or offline.
The eligibility to pursue MPhil distance education is to have a master degree with a decent score from a recognized university.
Admission to MPhil distance education is offered through both merit and on the basis of marks obtained in the entrances. Few colleges also ask students to submit fundamental research reports and records on the subject they want to pursue an MPhil.
The maximum duration to complete MPhil distance education is 5 years in India.
Following universities are very famous for MPhil distance education programs in India:
|College Name||Location||Average Fees (INR)|
|Alagappa University, Directorate Of Distance Education - [Dde]||Karaikudi||14,000|
|Karnataka Open State University||Mysore||12,500|
|Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University||Hyderabad||12,700|
Source: University Websites
MPhil JNU vs MPhil BHU: What is the Difference?
Following table shows a comparison of pursuing MPhil from JNU vs BHU.
|Parameters||MPhil JNU||MPhil BHU|
|College Overview||Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is one of India’s top-ranked universities for Post-graduate and research studies. It has received the Best University Award from the President of India in 2017. It offers MSc courses in Biotechnology, Environmental Science, Chemistry, Life Science, Mathematics Physics, etc||Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is a central university situated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It offers MSc courses in Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics, Home Science, etc.|
|Average Total Fees||INR 1,391
|Average Placement Package||INR 16 LPA||INR 14.75 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Companies||TCS, Hitachi, Barclay, Akash Institute, HSBC, TCS CTO, 3I Infotech, Zoom Tech, Spring Talent, Acxiom, Aganita, Thin CI, etc.||Accenture, Blue Star, Cognizant, NIIT, PCS, HCL-Tech, Infosys, Canbay, TCS, Wipro Technologies, Yahoo, Impetus etc.|
MPhil vs PhD: What is the Difference?
A lot of students get confused if they should opt directly for a PhD degree or pursue an MPhil course first. Both are research-based degrees, PhD will lead you to Doctorate qualification and MPhil will lead you to a PG qualification. Following are the major differences between them:
|Main aim of Study||To allow a student to master a particular subject and provide more relevant information for further research.||To offer an opportunity to the student to add something new to the already existing knowledge|
|Duration||1.5-2 years||3-4 years. Sometimes even 5 years|
|Coursework||Balance of theory subjects and experiments||2-3 theory subjects with a major focus on experiments and research methodology|
|Eligibility||Graduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxable for reserved category candidates) marks at UG level.||55% for General candidates in PG 45% for SC/ST/OBC/specially abled category in PG|
|Admission Process||Merit-based (Based on PG percentage)/ Entrance Test based||Entrance Test based/Merit-based (Based on M.Phil or equivalent percentage)|
|Average Fee||INR 30,000 -1 LPA||INR 50,000-2 LPA|
|Top Colleges||Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, University of Hyderabad, Calcutta University, Savitribai Phule Pune University, etc||Indian Institute of Technology Madras- [IITM], Chenna, Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi- [IITD], New Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay- [IITB], Mumbai, Indian Institute of Technology - [IIT], Kharagpur, etc
|Average Salary package||INR 5-6 LPA||INR 4-15 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Civil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, Author, Journalist, Researcher, etc||University professor, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, Start-Up mentors, Authors,, Senior research scientist, etc|
Source: University websites and Payscale
What After MPhil?
MPhil qualified students have plenty of options to choose from in terms of their career. One can choose from areas like Civil Services, Economics, Archeology, Geology etc. based on the area of study.
Following table shows some of the major job profiles after doing MPhil in India:
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary (INR)|
|Civil Servant||Working in civil services involves the implementation, formulation, and execution of the government’s policy in the public domain.||8|
|Economist||An Economist is involved in the interpretation of market dynamics in terms of economic principles.||9|
|NGO Worker||An NGO worker can indulge in various areas of public policy implementation in order to enhance the accessibility of the government’s scheme.||3.5|
|Academic Researcher||Work of researchers involves a variety of functions like public policy analysis, research in academics, pattern analysis, data analysis.||6|
|Assistant Professor||This would involve a regular teaching job of teaching the subject to college-level students. There are plenty of options in the private sector as well as the government sector.||7|
We have already talked about major job profiles in the above section. Here, we will discuss the future scope after MPhil course completion.
PhD: Doctor of Philosophy or PhD is a research degree of 3-5 years in which students produce their own thesis and defend it in front of elite and reputed people of that industry. A lot of MPhil students like to go for PhD studies to go forward in their research career. Commonly pursued PhD courses are:
|PhD in Finance||PhD in Psychology||PhD in Law|
|PhD in Commerce||PhD in Computer Science||PhD in Physics|
|PhD in Management||PhD in Maths||PhD in Biotechnology|
|PhD in English||PhD In Economics||PhD in History|
MPhil is a research-based degree, and students who are interested in sticking to the field of research and academic teachings can go ahead for higher studies in any of the above subjects. This will not only enhance their subject knowledge but also will bring them advanced academic opportunities.
Ques. What is the MPhil full form?
Ans. MPhil full form stands for Master of Philosophy.
Ques. Is MPhil and PhD the same?
Ans.No, MPhil and PhD are not the same. MPhil is master of Philosophy and PhD is Doctor of Philosophy. Although both are research-based degrees, PhD is of 3-5 years, and MPhil is of 2 years. MPhil can be called a second master's degree, but PhD is a doctorate level degree.
Check: MPhil VS PhD
Ques. Does MPhil make you a doctor?
Ans. No, getting a MPhil degree will not make you a doctor. To become a doctor, you need to either get an MBBS degree, BDS degree or PhD degree. MPhil course can be called a second master course done to get thorough knowledge and research experience in a particular subject.
Ques. How can I get admission in MPhil?
Ans. Admission can be taken in MPhil course through scores obtained in your master's degree or through entrance exam followed by a personal interview. However, this process is different for each college. Some colleges like Amity University take admission basis merit, but colleges like Panjab University take admission on the basis of entrance exams.
Ques. What is the average annual fees required to study an MPhil degree in India?
Ans. The annual average fees required to study an MPhil degree in India ranges from INR 30,000 -1 LPA.
Ques. In which subjects MPhil can be done?
Ans. MPhil can be done in subjects like:
- Life Sciences
- Clinical Psychology, etc.
Ques. What is the MPhil duration in India?
Ans. MPhil duration in India is 1.5-2 years. Time duration depends on each college and their affiliation.
Ques. Is MPhil better than PhD?
Ans. Both MPhil and PhD are research-based degrees which can only be pursued if you have a master’s degree in a subject which offers MPhil or PhD course.
Ques. What is the eligibility for MPhil?
Ans. Having a Master's degree is basic eligibility to pursue MPhil. Apart from that, different colleges have different sets of eligibility criteria. Minimum 55% should be obtained to be able to pursue MPhil in a recognized college.
Ques. Are there any entrance exams for MPhil?
Ans. There are different university level entrance examinations for MPhil admission such as JNUEE, CUCET, GATE, etc.
Check more: MPhil Entrance Exams 2020
Ques. What is the average salary offered to an MPhil Holder?
Ans. The average salary offered to an MPhil Holder in India ranges from INR 5-6 LPA.
Ques. What can be after MPhil courses?
Ans. After MPhil, one can work as a Civil Servant, Economist, NGO Worker, Academic Researcher, Assistant Professor, etc. Apart from doing jobs, one can also study a PhD degree for further enhancement of subject knowledge.