Master of Science [M.Sc] (Genetics) - Course Overview




    2 YEARS




    Post Graduation

    Master of Science (MSc) Admission Process, Eligibility, Entrance Exams, Top Colleges, Syllabus, Jobs and Salary

    Pranjal Singhal Pranjal Singhal
    Content Curator

    What is MSc Genetics?

    M.Sc. genetics is a specialized postgraduate course for students who are seeking to get a postgraduate degree in genetics. Masters in genetics is about studies on living organisms down to their genetic level. Students get to study about the various techniques, procedures that are involved in performing a genetic level experiment or to study the genomic makeup of a particular organism.

    This is a two-year post-graduation level course in which each year consists of two semesters, making it a total of four semesters in two years. For students who choose to pursue the course from distance, the duration may depend on the college.

    Students who have successfully completed their undergraduate degree in microbiology, biotechnology, genetics, or any other life science subject from a recognized board of education are eligible for the postgraduate course of M.Sc. genetics. Most of the universities take admissions based on cut-offs, but some might ask for entrance exams.

    The curriculum is made in such a way so that the students get to study all the latest techniques and procedures that are to be carried out in a high profile laboratory in order to perform any experiment. DNA isolation, DNA fingerprinting, DNA sequencing, details about genomic marker studies, etc. are some of the important technical knowledge that is incorporated in the course.

    See Also: MSc Genetics Colleges in India

    The average fee charged by colleges who offer these M.Sc. genetics ranges from INR 5000 to 2 Lacs per annum. It can vary depending upon the college the student has chosen. The fees vary from private to government colleges.

    The future prospects of this course are good.  Students can choose to study further into this to gain an in-depth knowledge of the subject and pursue a postdoctoral degree course. The post-doctorate degree will add value to the candidate's profile and in the future, they can apply for various high profile jobs.

    NIRF University RankingsCollege NameLocationFees (INR)
    2Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)New DelhiINR 364
    7University of CalcuttaKolkataINR 7,058
    28SRI Ramachandra UniversityChennai

    INR 66,667

    Those who don’t want to pursue any higher degree can apply for various public and private sector jobs. Job roles such as Professor, research scientists, Senior Scientific Officer – Molecular Genetics, Technical Assistant - Molecular Genetics, Associate Professor - Medical Genetics, National Sales Manager – Genetics, Sales & Marketing Executive, Principal Plant Breeder – Cotton, Partner Account Manager are some of the common career options.  The average salary that one can expect after completing M.Sc. genetics ranges from INR 2 lacs to 8 lacs per annum depending on the job roles.

    MSc Genetics Course Highlights

    Course LevelPostgraduate
    Full-FormMaster of Science
    Duration2 years
    Examination typeSemester and annual
    Eligibility50% - 55% marks in Graduation
    Admission ProcessMerit-Based
    Course FeeINR 5000 to 2 lacs
    Average SalaryINR 2 lacs to 8 lacs
    Job PositionsSenior Scientific Officer – Molecular Genetics, Technical Assistant - Molecular Genetics, Associate Professor - Medical Genetics, National Sales Manager – Genetics, Sales & Marketing Executive, Principal Plant Breeder – Cotton, Partner Account Manager
    MSc Genetics Eligibility

    MSc Genetics Eligibility

    The eligibility for pursuing masters in gender studies is:

    • Since this is a master’s degree course, the main eligibility for admission is based on the graduation score of the candidates. The student must complete their graduation in Botany, Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Genetics, Biotechnology, Life Sciences, Molecular Biology, and Biomedical Sciences, etc. with a minimum of 55% from a UGC recognized University. Along with that, some colleges might ask for entrance exam tests as a part of eligibility.

    • The students might have to sit for an interview round also after the entrance exam.
    MSc Genetics Admission Process

    MSc Genetics Admission Process

    Students get admission for the M.Sc. genetics course on the basis of their merit. Most of the colleges release a cut off percentage for the admission process. Students who are able to fulfill the cut off percentage in their graduation level score are most likely to get the admission.

    Although some of the colleges prefer to give admission based on objective-based entrance exams. For that, the students need to qualify the entrance exam and have the required cut off percentage in their graduation level examination also. The application form will be available on the official website of the college or university, students can download it.

    The step by step process for BSc Genetics Admission Process is mentioned below:

    Step 1 - Apply for the entrance exam.

    Students must apply for the entrance exam of the colleges where they wish to get admission. The notification for the application is generally released in the month of May-June.

    Step 2 - Appear for the entrance exam.

    Step 3 - Shortlisting Process.

    The college will shortlist the candidates who are able to qualify the entrance exam and has the required marks in their graduation exam. They will have to then appear for the interview process.

    Step 4 – The shortlisted students from the interview round will get admission.

    MSc Genetics Entrance Exams

    MSc Genetics Entrance Exams

    There is some college-specific entrance exam for admission in MSc genetics. Students can get the details of those exams from the respective college websites. Some of the entrance exams are:

    Some colleges have their own entrance exams for the admission process.

    • IIT JAM (Joint Admission Test) – It is an admission test conducted every year for admission into Master of Science and other post-graduate science programs at the Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian.
    • NIPER JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) - National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research conducts a  Joint Entrance Exam is a computer-based exam held every year for admissions in postgraduate courses in MPharm, MTech (Pharm), MBA (Pharm), and Ph.D. in pharmacy.
    • PGIMER - Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam is an entrance exam through which students can get admission to PGIMER Chandigarh.
    • DAVV Admission Non-CET – Through this entrance exam students can get admission in courses offered by Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore.
    • DU (Delhi University) PG Admission Test – Through this entrance exam, students can get admission in PG programs offered by DU.
    Entrance TestMode of ExaminationDurationDate of Examination
    IIT JAMOnline3 hourFebruary 14, 2021
    NIPER JEEOffline120 minutes28th September 2020
    PGIMEROnline3 hourJuly
    DAVV Admission Non-CETTo be announced
    DU (Delhi University) PG Admission TestOnline2 hourSeptember 2020

    How to Prepare for MSc Genetics Entrance Exams?

    Students must have a clear idea about the syllabus and the pattern of the exam. The general syllabus includes:

    • Quant Section, Logical Reasoning, English.
    • Apart from this, there may be a technical section as well which will be having questions from the subject of interest.
    • Students can prepare well for these exams if they follow a timetable and give at least 2-3 hours a day for the preparation.
    • Before the exam try to solve as many mock tests and previous year papers as you can. This will help boost the confidence level before the exam.
    • Since the exams are time- based, the more the students will practice giving mock tests based on time, the faster they will get before the exam.
    • Some exams have negative markings, so students must be careful while attending the questions. They must attend only those questions which they are sure about.

    How to Get Admission in a Good MSc genetics College?

    The requirements and tips required for getting admission in a good MSc Genetics College are mentioned below:

    • Since most of the top MSc genetics colleges have a requirement based on the graduation level marks, so the students must focus and prepare well for the exam so that they are able to score good marks and clear the eligibility.
    • Although most of the colleges have kept the graduation marks as eligibility, still some colleges might ask for further entrance exams and interviews. So students must prepare accordingly. 
    • Students must keep a track of all the important dates of the entrance exams, counseling, and other admission related procedure dates so that they don’t miss any opportunities.
    • Students must look out for the reputation of the college that they want to study in. Details about the faculties, infrastructure, and placement record should be well checked before applying.
    • The placement record determines the standard of the college. So it is a must to choose colleges having a good placement record.
    MSc Genetics Syllabus

    MSc Genetics Syllabus

    The course is of two years. These two years are divided into 4 semesters.

    Semester ISemester II
    Concepts of GeneticsGene Expression and Regulation
    Chromosomes, Genes, and GenomesHuman Genetics
    Biostatistics and Population GeneticsMolecular Plant Breeding
    Concepts in Cell and Molecular BiologyIntroduction to Bioinformatics
    Practical including continuous assessmentPractical including continuous assessment
    Semester IIISemester IV
    Students’ seminarDevelopmental Biology
    Recombinant DNA TechnologyDrosophila Genetics
    Plant Genetic EngineeringGenetics of Bacteria and Their Viruses
    Elective Courses (any three)Fungal Genetics
    Practical including continuous assessmentPractical including continuous assessment
    MSc Genetics Top Colleges

    MSc Genetics Top Colleges

    Top colleges that provide MSc Genetics along with the location and average annual fees are:

    NameCityAverage annual course fee
    Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiINR 7,275
    Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad University of TechnologyKolkataINR 60,000
    Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)CoimbatoreINR 16,700
    SRI Ramachandra UniversityChennaiINR 66,667
    Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)HyderabadINR 10,920
    Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER)KolkataINR 12,500
    Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)New DelhiINR 364
    Punjab Agricultural University (PAU)LudhianaINR 12,876
    Institute of Genetic EngineeringKolkataINR 98,000
    Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI)New DelhiINR 6,750
    Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI)BareillyINR 9,075
    Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences (SHIATS)AllahabadINR 40,000
    Guru Nanak InstituteKolkataINR 1,23,000
    Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarINR 33,424
    Manipal University (MU)ManipalINR 99,500
    University of CalcuttaKolkataINR 7,058

    College Comparison

    Comparing some of the best colleges that provide MSc Genetics are mentioned in the table below along with rankings, fees and salary:

    College NameIndian Agricultural Research InstituteTamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
    OverviewThe institute is located in Delhi and is funded by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). It has six departments where subjects related to agriculture are taught. It has various national and international collaborations.The institute is located in Coimbatore, it is a UGC recognized university and was established in 1971. It has 14 colleges under it offering undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs.This university is considered as one of the best institutes for postgraduate research. It offers UG, PG, and doctorate courses.
    NIRF RankingNANA8
    LocationNew DelhiTamil NaduNew Delhi
    Average FeesINR 7,275INR 16,700INR 364
    Average PlacementINR 2 lacs to 8 lacs
    Why Study MSc Genetics?

    Why Study MSc Genetics?

    There are many benefits of pursuing an MSc in genetics. Some of them are:

    • Students will gain an in-depth knowledge of the genetic level work that is going on in the world and learn those techniques so that they can implement them in their own research.
    • With the rise of more and more diseases, studying at the genetic level and finding a cure for that is also becoming important, hence this is quite a flourishing field.
    • Placement is not like all other courses where companies come and recruit. Since this is a different field of study, the job roles of professors, research scientists, lab technicians, etc. are more common.
    • Salary packages offered are with the average salary of INR 2 lacs to 8 lacs per annum.
    • It will further open new doors to thriving career opportunities.
    MSc Genetics Course Comparisons

    MSc Genetics Course Comparisons

    The comparisons between MSc genetics vs MSc Biotechnology on the basis of various parameters are mentioned in the table below: 

    ParametersMSc geneticsMSc Biotechnology
    QualificationMaster of ScienceMaster of Science
    Course OverviewA specialized course which deals with the studies of a living organism at their genetic level.MSc in Biotechnology is a course that allows you to refine the skills and knowledge in subjects like cell biology, Immunology, and alike.
    Course Duration2 years2 years
    GraduatesScience GraduateScience Graduate
    Average Annual FeesINR 5000 to 2 lacsUp to INR 2 Lakhs per annum
    Average SalaryINR 2 lacs to 8 lacsUp to INR 9 Lakhs per annum
    CollegesTamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), SRI Ramachandra University, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER)Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, University of Hyderabad.
    MSc Genetics Scope

    MSc Genetics Scope

    After completing MSc genetics, the students have options to either go for higher studies or apply for a suitable job position.

    • The option for pursuing higher studies will benefit the student in the long run as it would add more value and add knowledge to their career. Since this course or field of study is more research-oriented, so it is better to opt for higher studies as it will benefit in the future.
    • After completing the MSc genetics students can expect a job with an average salary ranging from 2-8 lakhs per annum.
    MSc Genetics Jobs

    MSc Genetics Jobs

    After completing MSc genetics, students will get a good number of opportunities in various job sectors. Various job profiles such as- Senior Scientific Officer – Molecular Genetics, Technical Assistant - Molecular Genetics, Associate Professor - Medical Genetics, National Sales Manager – Genetics, Sales & Marketing Executive, Principal Plant Breeder – Cotton, Partner Account Manager, System Software Sales Specialist, System Administrator, Channel Enablement Specialist, Purchase Executive, Data Specialist - Advanced Analytics, Technical Team Leader, Package Solution Consultant, Technical Solution Manager, etc. are available for the MSc genetics to apply for.

    Apart from jobs students can go for higher studies and pursue a Ph.D. in genetics or another related field in order to carry out more research etc.

    The jobs available after studying MSc Genetics along with job position, job description and salary: 

    ProfessorProfessors are responsible for researching, teaching, and keeping up with existing research works in their areas of expertise.7,00,000
    EpidemiologistAn epidemiologist is responsible to investigate diseases including the collection and analyses of health information by field research, questionnaires, observation, and studies.5,50,000 
    BiophysicistBiophysicists are responsible to determine the effects of drugs, food, hormones, serums, and other substances on tissues and the important processes of living organisms.2,00,000
    GeneticistsGeneticists are responsible to utilize their knowledge to treat and guide patients with hereditary ailment or disorders.5,00,000
    GenomicsGenomics is in charge of examining samples of patients' DNA and RNA to identify genomic and genetic alterations that can be responsible for inherited and acquired ailment or conditions, such as cancer or cystic fibrosis.5,00,000
    MSc Genetics Salary

    MSc Genetics FAQ

    MSc Genetics FAQ

    Ques: Can the MSc genetics course be pursued in distance?

    Ans- No, since this field requires practical learning so this course can’t be pursued online.

    Ques: What are the job opportunities that a student can get with an MSc genetics?

    Ans- Some of the common job opportunities that one can get includes -
    Senior Scientific Officer – Molecular Genetics, Technical Assistant - Molecular Genetics, Associate Professor - Medical Genetics, National Sales Manager – Genetics, Sales & Marketing Executive, Principal Plant Breeder – Cotton, Partner Account Manager, System Software Sales Specialist, etc.

    Ques: Is there any entrance exam for admission in colleges?

    Ans – Most of the colleges selects students based on the graduation marks. But some colleges might have entrance exams and further interviews in their selection process.

    Ques: What is the average course fee required for this course?

    Ans – The course fee required depends on the college. It generally varies from INR 5000 to 2 Lacs per annum.

    Ques: What is the duration of the MSc genetics course?

    Ans- This course can vary from 2 years.

    Ques: What is the basic eligibility for this course?

    Ans – The students must be having a minimum of 50% - 55% in their under graduation level and qualify the suitable entrance exam also.

    Ques: In which job sector will the students get recruited after this course is done?

    Ans- The most likely job sectors are – academic, research labs, clinical labs, etc.

    Ques: What are the common subjects that are taught in the course?

    Ans - Concepts of Genetics, Gene Expression and Regulation, Chromosomes, Genes, and Genomes            Human Genetics, Biostatistics and Population Genetics, Molecular Plant Breeding are some of the subjects that you get to study during this course.

    Ques: Is the exam semester type or annual type?

    Ans – Generally the course has semester type exams.

    Master of Science [M.Sc] (Genetics) Fee Structure in India

    4.48 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES2.32 L (Maximum Fee)
    89.43 K (Average Fee)
    4.52 K (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES2.23 L (Maximum Fee)
    1.18 L (Average Fee)



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