M.Sc. in Genetics and Plant breeding is a 2-year postgraduate course, sub-divided into 4 semesters, of 6 months each. The course is an advanced study of:
The basic qualification required for pursuance of the course is B.Sc. in a relevant discipline, completed from a recognized university. In India, the average annual fee charged for the course ranges between INR 2 and 6 lacs, varying across institutes.
Admission to the course is offered based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance test, followed by a round of counseling.
The course’s curriculum integrates theoretical and practical components of the study.
Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in fields such as:
The average initial annual salary offered to such postgraduates ranges between INR 3 and 10 Lacs, increasing with the candidate’s experience and expertise in the field.
Tabulated below are the major highlights of the course.
|Basic Eligibility||Graduation (B.Sc.) completed from a recognized university.|
|Admission Process||Merit-based/ Based on counseling after qualification of entrance exam.|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Major Entrance Exams||IIT JAM, NIPER JEE, PGIMER Chandigarh, DAVV, Admission Non-CET, Calcutta University M. Sc. Admission, NIT Admission Test, etc.|
|Total Course Fee||INR 2 to 6 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/ Areas||Colleges & universities, agriculture sector, nurseries, plant breeding centers, plantation crop plants, agriculture ministries, research laboratories, crop research directorates, etc.|
|Job Positions||Plant Breeder, Agronomist, Corn Breeder, Cotton Agronomist, Research Associate, Senior Research Fellow, Launch and Support Specialist, Application Support Specialist, Programmer Analyst, Conversion Centre Manager, and such.|
|Average Initial Salary||INR 3 to 10 Lacs|
Genetics and Plant Breeding is a new and flourishing branch of Modern Biology, which is:
the application of Molecular Biology to insert desirable traits into plants.
Successful postgraduates of the course interested in pursuing further studies in the discipline may pursue Ph.D., M. Phil., or higher research in the subject.
Mentioned below are the names of some of the top institutes and colleges in the country offering a Master’s degree in Genetics & Plant Breeding, along with their corresponding locations and average annual fees charged by each.
|NAME OF INSTITUTE||CITY|
|Indian Agricultural Research Institute||New Delhi||INR 7,275 (course)|
|Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)||Coimbatore||INR 16,700 (course)|
|SRI Ramachandra University||Chennai||INR 66,667 (course)|
|Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU)||Hyderabad||INR 10,920 (course)|
|Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER)||Kolkata||INR 12,500 (course)|
|Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)||New Delhi||INR 364 (course)|
|Punjab Agricultural University (PAU)||Ludhiana||INR 12,876 (course)|
|Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI)||New Delhi||INR 6,750 (course)|
|Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI)||Bareilly||INR 9,075 (course)|
|National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)||Karnal||Not Mentioned|
|Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology||Pantnagar||INR 33,424 (course)|
|Manipal University (MU)||Manipal||INR 99,500 (course)|
|University of Calcutta||Kolkata||INR 7,058 (course)|
|Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences (SHIATS)||Allahabad||INR 40,000 (course)|
|Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV)||Pune||INR 13,443 (course)|
|Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)||Kochi||INR 14,220 (course)|
|Hamdard Institute of Medical Science and Research (HIMSR)||New Delhi||INR 1,00,000 (course)|
|Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University||Samastipur||INR 12,858 (course)|
In order to pursue the course, interested eligible candidates are required to satisfy the following minimum eligibility criteria.
completed from a recognized institute.
Most institutes in India offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test. Some institutes also admit students based on the candidate’s obtained merit at the level of graduation, while some conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges.
Some such major entrance exams conducted in the country for admission to the course are as follows.
A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.
|Mendelian Genetics||Molecular Genetics|
|Techniques in Cell Biology||Cytogenetics|
|Elective 1||Plant Biochemistry|
|Genetic Engineering||Population Genetics|
|Plant Biotechnology||Development Genetics|
|Modern Methods in Crop Genetics||Elective 4|
|Elective 1||Elective 2|
|Biophysics||Plant Tissue Culture|
|Applied Palynology||Transgenic Plants|
|Elective 3||Elective 4|
|Biotechnology||Plant Cell Culture Technology|
Genetics and Plant Breeding is an emerging field and a lucrative career option, as it plays an important role in the progress of a nation, by contributing to elimination of starvation and improvement of food quality, by means of genetic modification.
Qualified Genetics and Plant Breeding professionals can find lucrative employment across both private and government sectors, in areas such as:
Successful postgraduates of the course interested in pursuing further studies in the discipline may go for Ph. D. M. Phil., or further research in the subject.
Tabulated below are some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates, along with the corresponding salaries and basic job responsibilities associated with each one of them.
|JOB PROFILE||JOB DESCRIPTION||AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY|
|Plant Breeder||Plant Breeders are responsible for improving existing plant species, creating new ones in order to improve appearance, resistance to disease, yield and other characteristics. Also, they keep records of research and findings. They may work in an academic, commercial, or research setting.||INR 4 to 10 Lacs|
|Agronomist||Agronomists professionally experiment with plantation modes and plan studies to improve crop yields. They study a farm's crop production to discern the best ways to plant, harvest, and cultivate plants, regardless of the climate.||INR 3 to 8 Lacs|
|Research Associate||Research Associates are responsible for monitoring the progress of research projects and for coordinating information between departmental sections. They perform highly specialized and advanced experiments, and collect, prepare, analyze, and evaluate specimens and/or tissue cultures. Additionally, they perform a wide and complex variety of test, assays, and studies.||INR 3.5 to 9 Lacs|
|Professor||Professors’ responsibilities are divided between teaching, researching, and keeping up with current research activities in their areas of expertise. They may have one or more areas of expertise.||INR 3 to 7 Lacs|
|Lecturer||Lecturers are employed by universities and higher education establishments to undertake teaching and other administrative duties within a specialist subject area. They also encourage personal development via tutorial or pastoral work, invigilate examinations, etc.||INR 3 to 6 Lacs|
|Cotton Agronomist||Cotton Agronomists professionally contribute to the development of the research methodologies and strategies, and estimate areas with cotton-growing potential by collecting data, and working on improvement of cotton varieties and production.||INR 3 to 5 Lacs|