Ph.D. in Bioinformatics is a 3 to 5-year doctoral course. Upon completion of the course, scholars are needed to submit research papers and thesis on various topics related to the field of Bioinformatics.
The main objective of this course is to provide work opportunity on a challenging research problem in the area of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology.
Top Universities that offer Ph.D. in Bioinformatics are:
Some of the top Entrance tests conducted for admission to the course in India are:
A Master’s degree in Maths/ Science or Bachelor’s degree in Biotech/ Bioinformatics is required for getting admission to the doctoral program. Final selection in the course is based on the candidate’s performance in personal interview round.
In India, the average tuition fees charged for this course ranges between INR 4000 to 3 Lacs. The average annual salary offered to such professionals ranges between INR 3 Lacs to 15 Lacs.
Such postgraduates are hired in capacities such as: Professor, Bioinformatics Trainee, Research Associate, Clinical Bioinformatics, Applications Scientists, Technology Manager, Domain Expert, and Software Development Scientists
The following table shows the major highlights of the course.
|Examination Type||Semester system/ Year wise|
|Eligibility||Completed master’s degree in relevant field from a recognized university.|
|Admission Process||Merit Based/ Entrance Test|
|Course Fees||INR 4000 to INR 3 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3 Lacs to INR 15 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Wipro, Ocimumbio, Reliance, Jubilant Biosys, Satyam, Tata Consultancy Services, Accelrys, IBM Life Sciences, BioMed Informatics, Silicon Genetics and Tessella|
|Top Recruiting Areas||Colleges & Universities, Agriculture Sector, Medical Research Centres, Pharmaceutical Industry, Genetic Diseases & Genomics Research Centres|
|Job Positions||Professor, Medical Coder, Bioinformatics Trainee, Associate Research Scientists, Clinical Bioinformatician, Bioinformatics Analyst, Applications Scientist, Associate Bioinformatics Developer, Software Development Scientists, Technology Manager, Domain Expert|
Ph.D. in Bioinformatics deals with the study of methods of storing, retrieving and analyzing biological data such as Structure, Function, Nucleic Acid and Protein Sequence, Pathways and Genetic Interactions. The primary goal of Bioinformatics is to increase understanding of biological processes.
Bioinformatics is a field of science that combines computer science, mathematics, engineering and statistics to understand biological information. Bioinformatics plays an important role in biomedical research.
Bioinformatics scientists develop their own web based bioinformatics tools. They also coordinate with different departments such as Marketing, Operations, and Business Development and others.
For pursuing career in Bioinformatics students must have excellent problem solving skills, good knowledge in computer, software and technology and they also possess good communication skills.
Successful postgraduate may work in job roles such as Professor, Technology Manager, Domain Expert, Bioinformatics Analyst, and Applications Scientist.
The following table shows the list of some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.
|Name of the Institute||City||Average Fees|
|Allahabad University||Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh||INR 40, 000|
|Apeejay Stya University||Gurgaon, Haryana||INR 1, 09, 700|
|Dr. DY Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute||Pune, Maharashtra||INR 60, 000|
|Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth||Pune, Maharashtra||INR 66, 666|
|Ganga Medical Centre and Hospital||Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu||INR 20, 000|
|GITAM University||Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh||INR 56, 500|
|Government Holkar Science College||Indore, Madhya Pradesh||INR 41, 300|
|Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute||Ahmedabad, Gujarat||-|
|Indian Institute of Spices Research||Calicut, Karala||INR 30, 000|
|Jamia Hamdard University||Delhi||INR 67, 000|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Advanced Studies||Andhra Pradesh||INR 1031|
|Jaypee University of Information Technology||Solan, Himachal Pradesh||INR 1, 13, 333|
|Karnataka State Women’s University||Bijapur, Karnataka||INR 17, 487|
|National Research Centre for Grapes||Pune, Maharashtra||-|
|Pondicherry University||Puducherry||INR 9900|
|Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences||Patna, Bihar||-|
|Shobhit University||Meerut, Uttar Pradesh||INR 95, 000|
|Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences||Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh||INR 28, 450|
|SRM University||Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu||INR 1, 25, 000|
Students wishing to apply for the course need to fulfil the following minimum eligibility criteria:
In India, admission to the course is made on the basis of student’s marks in the Master’s degree examination or their performance in the written examination conducted by some of the institutes. Candidates are shortlisted on the basis of their performance in academic record or in entrance examination followed by Personal Interview.
Listed below are some of the top entrance exams conducted in India for admission to the course:
The following table shows the syllabus of the course:
|Topics to be studied||Topics Covered|
|Basic Concepts of Computer||Concept of Computer Hardware, computer languages, Software’s.|
|Biostatics||Measure of Central Tendency and Dispersion, Probability distribution, Binomial, Poisson and Normal|
|Quantitative Techniques||Level of Significance, Regression and Correlation, Use of Computers in Quantitative analysis|
|Scientific Writing||Definition and Kind of scientific documents, oral and poster presentation of research paper, submission of manuscripts, ordering reprints|
|Techniques in Molecular Biology||Identification of DNA, RNA, Plasmids etc|
|Research Techniques||Cell disintegration and extraction techniques, paper Chromatography, ultra Filtration etc|
|Genomics||Genes, Genomes, Human Genome Project, Enzymes, Polymerase, Nuclease, Alkaline Phosphate etc.|
|Protein Databases||Protein sequence databases, composite databases, different formats of databases, proteins|
|Structural Biology||Nucleic Acid Structure, RNA Folding, DNA Binding Proteins, 3-dimensional structures of membrane proteins, protein ligand interactions|
With the use of Information Technology in the area of molecular biology that career prospects in Bioinformatics has been gradually increasing. Degree holders can work in all sectors of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical Organizations, Biotechnology, Research Institutions, Hospital, Industry etc.
Students can work in Private and Government hospitals and as teacher in private and public colleges. The following is the detailed explanation of various job profiles, along with its description and corresponding salaries:
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Bioinformatics Software Developer||Their duty is to work with lead developer on bioinformatics software development projects.||9, 00, 000|
|Associate Research Scientist||Associate Research Scientist duties are related to research activities in the field of science or learning||15, 00, 000|
|Professor||Professor’s responsibility is divided between teaching, research and service. Mostly professors are expert in one or more areas their job responsibility is to keep up with their research activities in their areas of expertise.||2, 50, 000|
|Medical Coder||These specialists work in hospitals, clinics, and physicians offices. Their job is to obtain accurate reimbursement for healthcare claim.||2, 36, 801|
|Bioinformatics Trainee||They create mathematical models, develop dynamic simulations and perform pattern analyses of biological systems.||1, 08, 000|
|Clinical Bioinformatician||Clinical Bioinformatician is an area of healthcare science. They are responsible for developing and improving methods for acquiring, organizing and analyzing biological data that support the delivery of patient care.||2, 00, 000|
|Bioinformatics Analyst||They study the information received from Human Genome that determines the pair that create DNA. Bioinformatics Analyst are skilled in use of complex algorithms, computer dataset and software||7, 56, 000|
|Applications Scientist||They are involved in offering customer support regarding issues in scientific equipment, supplies and lab instruments.||5, 01, 543|
|Technology Manager||Technology manager maintains staff by recruiting, selecting, orienting and training employees. They also responsible for maintaining safe and secure work environment.||10, 47, 559|