Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is a 3 - 5 years’ Doctorate course in the field of Engineering and technology. The knowledge of computer science and its technical know-how is the prerequisite for the Ph.D. Engineering and Technology programme.
Candidates who have completed the post graduation in the field of Computer Science are considered eligible for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology. Eligible candidates must appear before an entrance examination and then the counselling round before getting their admissions done in a particular college in Ph.D. Engineering and Technology course.
However, the admission procedure for every college is entrance based. Different entrance exams conducted for admission to PhD in Engineering and Technology are GATE, SLET, TIFR GS, NET JRF etc.
Top Colleges offering PhD in Engineering and Technology are P.S.G College of Technology, Coimbatore, SRM Engineering College, Kanchipuram, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai etc. The average tuition fees for the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology course ranges from INR 30,000 to 4,00,00.
Subjects covered are Foundation of Computing, Software Systems, Formal Methods for Program Correctness, Hoare Logic, etc. The final year involves the research or thesis work that must be done by each and every student, failing for which the student will not be granted his/her degree.
Once the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology programme is completed, there are numerous job and career options such as doing your own research in a specific topic or becoming a lecturer in Universities and many more. The annual salary packages a scholar can expect ranges from INR 4 LPA- INR 18 LPA.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Course Highlights
|Duration||3 to 5 years|
|Eligibility||Post-graduation in Computer Science|
|Admission Process||Entrance and Counselling Based|
|Course Fee||INR 30,000 to 4,00,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3 to 14 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Google, Microsoft, Yahoo, Adobe, Intel, Nokia|
|Job Positions||Postsecondary Teacher, Computer and Information Research Scientist, Computer Hardware Engineer, IT support analyst, Network Engineer and IT consultant|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Admission Process
The admission procedure for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is entrance and counselling based. Individuals have to appear and clear the entrance examinations, some of which are conducted by the University itself, along with the counselling/interview session in order to get enrolled in a college in the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology course.
How to Apply?
The admissions are granted to students after the entrance exam and interview. Therefore, the following is the application process for entrance exams:-
- Visit the official website of a particular entrance exam such as GATE, UGC NET, etc.
- Register yourself for the entrance.
- Fill the application form with the required information.
- Provide your mobile number, e-mail address, etc.
- Create the username and password.
- Select preferred exam venues.
Once the admit card is released download it. After the declaration of result, the interview round commences after which admissions are granted to students.
For application in colleges, follow the under-written steps:-
- Visit the official; website of the college/university.
- Search for online admissions and open the application form.
- Submit the required and relevant information in the form such as name, phone number, e-mail ID, etc.
- Select the course - Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology.
- Submit the scanned photograph of the required documents.
- Finally, submit the application fees and download the prospectus/brochure of the college.
- The procedure for selection of individuals for granting admission in Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology course is based on interview.
- The candidates who have successfully cleared the entrance examinations are considered eligible for the selection procedure.
- Interview round is the last step of the admission procedure after which the students are enrolled in the college.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Eligibility Criteria
Candidates having a postgraduate degree in Computer Science, Pharmacy or Engineering and Technology from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate of 55% are considered eligible for the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology course.
Furthermore, the bachelor's degree of the candidates should also be in the steam of Engineering and Technology, aided from a recognized university.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Entrance Exams
Various institute and testing agencies conduct entrance tests for admissions regarding Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology. The following are some of these entrance examinations:-
- NET JRF:- National Eligibility Test for Junior Research Fellowship is conducted by NTA on behalf of UGC twice a year for admission in research courses such as M.Phil. and Ph.D.
- TIFR GS:- It is a national level entrance exam conducted by TIFR itself for admissions in integrated course of M.Sc. and Ph.D. conducted in offline mode.
- SLET:- State level Eligibility Test is an offline entrance test conducted by SLET Commision Assam for Ph.D. admissions.
- GATE:- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an entrance test for engineering, conducted once a year for PG and Doctorate courses, accepted by top colleges such as IIT, NIT, etc.
Information regarding the important dates for the above mentioned entrance exams are tabulated below:-
|Exam||Application Process||Exam Date|
|GATE||The second week of September, 2020- The second week of October, 2020||The First week of February, 2021 - The second week of February, 2021|
|SLET||The third week of October, 2020- The third week of December, 2020||The second week of February, 2021|
|TIFR GS||The first week of January, 2021- The fourth week of January, 2021||The first week of March, 2021|
|NET JRF||The second week of February, 2021- The first week of March, 2021||The first week of May, 2021- The third week of May, 2021|
|CSIR NET||The fourth week of August, 2020- The second week of September, 2020||The third week of November, 2020- the fourth week of November, 2020|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: How to prepare for Entrance Exams?
Although different students have different preparation schedules in accordance with their potential and mettle, there can be a universal preparation pattern that everyone can follow which is as follows:-
- Know your Topics: Find out those topics in which you are good and practice those first.
- Weightage:- One should pay keen attention on the weightage of different topics in the entrance tests.
- Time Management:- Time Management is necessary in any examination
- Accuracy:- Accuracy is an important thing that is mostly left behind when it comes to doing questions with great speed.
- Resources:- Before starting the preparation, you must know about the resources that you have and use them to the fullest.
- Regularity:- Regularity matters a lot in the preparation of entrance tests as it helps in improving speed, finding a better approach for different types of questions and memorising the formulae.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: How to get Admission to a Good College?
Getting admission in a good college is the first step towards a successful future. However, finding the ‘right’ college is not as easy as it seems. There is no definition of a good college but a college that possesses the following traits may be considered among good colleges:-
- Infrastructure: The structure of the college should be good and it may contain a library, gym, cafeteria, auditorium, labs, etc.
- Faculty: The college should possess a highly educated and well experienced teaching staff.
- Ranking: Checking 6he ranking of college from popular ranking websites or magazines such as NIRF, Outlook, Times of India, etc.
- Reviews: Gather reviews from the college’s existing students, your teachers and friends regarding a particular college.
- Fees: The tuition fees of the course must also be kept in mind while selecting a college. Get enrolled in the college having a preferable fee structure for you.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Syllabus
The syllabus for the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology course is:-
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Formal Methods: Program Correctness, Hoare Logic, Program Semantics and Model Checking||Parallel and Distributed Systems|
|Foundations of Computing||Software Systems|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Important Books
|Orbital Mechanics (Aerospace Engineering)||Howard D. Curtis|
|Wind Turbine Technology: Fundamental Concepts in Wind Turbine Engineering||David A.|
|Strength of Materials and Structures||Carl T.F Ross and Late John Case|
|Light Alloys: Metallurgy of the Light Metals||Ian Polmear and David St. John|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: What is it about?
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is a course that offers information about the computer system and its technology.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology ends with the thesis of individual students on a specific topic.
Students get the experience of research work through research assistantships, teaching assistantships, and fellowships.
In Ph.D. Engineering and Technology individuals learn the process and techniques of solving complex computing problems, inventing new computing languages, creating new system softwares, etc.
Why study a Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology?
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is a technological course in the field of computer science.
After the completion of Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology, individuals have gathered enough knowledge of Engineering and Technology that they can do their own research.
Moreover, they can also become the assistant of an established researcher.
Candidates can also become lecturers in well established universities or colleges such as MIT, IIT, etc. as the minimum qualification for becoming lecturer is Ph.D.
Apart from this Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology pass outs can work as Computer and Information Research Scientists, Computer Hardware Engineers, IT Consultants, Web Designers, Application Analyst, etc.
Furthermore, candidates are free to pursue double or multiple doctorates with specialization in any other strewan or the same stream but different topic.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Top Colleges
|College Name||Average Course Fees(INR)|
|P.S.G College of Technology, Coimbatore||--|
|Anna University, Chennai||--|
|SRM Engineering College, Kanchipuram||INR 70,000|
|Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai||INR 53,000|
|Indian Institute of Knowledge Management, Chennai||INR 60,000|
|St. Peter’s Institute of Distance Education, Chennai||INR 1,62,000|
|Vel Tech Dr. RR & Dr. SR University, Chennai||--|
|University of Technology, Jaipur||INR 3,15,000|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: College Comparison
|Parameter||SRM Engineering College||University of Technology||Vellore Institute of Technology|
|Average Course Fees (INR)||70,000||3,15,000||53,000|
|Average Placement Package (INR)||4-6 LPA||5-7.18 LPA||17 - 18 LPA|
|Top Recruiters||Amazon, CISCO, DBS, SAP Labs, HSBC Google, Goldman Sachs, Directi, Microsoft||Genpact, HDFC Bank, Coca - Cola, infosys, Car Dekho, Wipro, etc.||Accenture, Cognizant, TCS, Capgemini, Accenture, Mindtree, Nokia, etc.|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Course Comparison
|Parameter||Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology||Ph.D. in Computer Science|
|Duration||3-5 Years||3-5 Years|
|Eligibility||A minimum aggregate of 55% in M.Tech. or its equivalent from a recognized university.||A minimum aggregate of 55% in M.Phil. or its equivalent from a recognized university.|
|Course Objectives||Study of foundations of computing, formal methods of checking program correctness, Hoare Logic, program Semantics, model Checking and Final Research||Study of Data Mining, Fuzzy Logic, Simulation and Modelling, Software Architecture and Testing, Thesis Report, etc.|
|Average Course Fees (INR)||INR 30,000 - INR 4,00,000||INR 10,000 - INR 2,75,000|
|Average Salary Package (INR)||INR 3 LPA- INR 14 LPA||INR 6 LPA- INR 14 LPA|
|Job Positions||Postsecondary Teacher, Computer and Information Research Scientist, Computer Hardware Engineer, IT support analyst, Network Engineer and IT consultant||Hardware Engineer, Professor, Information Research Scientist, Software Developer, Website Developer, Network Engineer|
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Job Prospects and Career Options
- Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology pass-outs have numerous job and career options.
- They can get recruited as an assistant researcher through campus placement.
- Furthermore, individuals can join a company and become a Computer and Information Research Scientist, Computer Hardware Engineer, IT support Analyst, etc.
- They can become a full fledged researcher and do research on a specific topic for discovery or invention of a new technology.
- Candidates can pursue their career as professors and lecturers in universities.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Job Profiles
The above mentioned job profiles and some others are elaborated in the table blow:-
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary (INR)|
|Postsecondary Teacher||The job of a Postsecondary teacher is to prepare courses, deliver lecturers, evaluate student work, assignments, question papers, etc.||INR 3 to INR 4 LPA|
|Computer and Information Research Scientist||Computer and information research scientists explore how to use computing technology to solve problems through research, development, and experimentation.||INR 3 to INR 4 LPA|
|Computer Hardware Engineer||Computer hardware engineers improve speed, efficiency, capacity of the computers as well as the interconnectedness that allows various computer parts to work together.||INR 4 to INR 5 LPA|
|IT support analyst||IT support analysts have the responsibility to provide a technical set-up, advice and support to IT users via email, phone and social media.||INR 3 to INR 4 LPA|
|Network Engineer||Network engineers are also responsible for security, data storage and for making disaster recovery strategies.||INR 6 to INR 7 LPA|
|IT consultant||The job of an IT consultant is to provide technical related consultancies to develop and implement the IT systems for the internal and external clients.||INR 8 to INR 10 LPA|
|Web designer||Web designers create the design and layout of a website or web pages in accordance with the requirement of the client.||INR 2 to INR 3 LPA|
Salary Graph Trend
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: Future Scope
As already mentioned there are numerous future scopes for a Phd. Engineering and Technology pass-out including jobs as well as research options.
- After the completion of the Phd. Engineering and Technology individuals become well versed in the field of their chosen specialization and they have gained enough knowledge of the research work.
- Furthermore, as the final year(s) of the Ph.D. course require(s) a Thesis on a topic preferred by the individual, the students become experienced with the art of writing Doctoral Researches.
- Candidates can either work as individual researchers or work as a fellow or assistant researcher under an established researcher.
- Well established and top universities always recruit highly qualified lecturers.
- Therefore, Phd. Engineering and Technology pass-outs can become a lecturer in a reputed university.
Double Ph.D.:- Candidates can go for a second Doctoral Degree in any preferred specialization in order to enrich their minds with the knowledge of other subjects/topics too.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology: FAQs
Ques. What are the maximum, average and minimum fees for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology of Public and Private Colleges?
Ans. For the government/public colleges the tuition fees are:-
Minimum Fees: 70,000
Average Fees: 1,80,000
Maximum Fees: 2,90,000
The same for Private colleges are:-
Minimum Fees: 19,000
Average Fees: 2,60,000
Maximum Fees: 9,50,000.
Ques. What is the exam pattern of NET JRF for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology?
Ans. NET JRF is a Computer Based Test having the following exam pattern:-
- Students appear for two examinations - Paper 1 and 2.
- Total number of questions is 150 - 50 from Paper-1 and the other 10 from Paper-2.
- Attempting the whole question paper is mandatory.
- Both the papers involve objective type questions carrying 2 marks each.
- Therefore, the maximum marks of NET JRF is 300.
Ques. Is there any age limit for students appearing in the NET JRF examination?
Ans. The upper age limit for students appearing in NET JRF test is 30 years for candidates belonging to the general category. Individuals hailing from OBC get a relaxation of 3 years and those hailing from the SC, ST, PwD and Female Category get a relaxation of upto 5 years which means the age limit for them is 35 years.
Ques. Which books are recommended the most for the preparation of GATE?
Ans. The following are the most popularly recommended books for GATE:-
- GATE Guide Computer Science and Information technology
- GATE Guide Civil Engineering
- GATE Guide mechanical engineering 2020
- GATE Guide Electrical Engineering 2020
- GATE Civil Engineer (22 year’s Chapter-wise Solved Paper)
Ques. What is the marking scheme of GATE?
Ans. The marking scheme for GATE is:-
- The question paper consists of 65 questions.
- 34 questions are 1-marks questions and the remaining 31 questions carry 2 marks each.
- For each 1 mark question there is a negative marking of 0.33 marks.
- For every wrong attempt in 2 marks’ questions, 0.67 marks are deducted.
Ques. Does the syllabus for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology change for various colleges?
Ans. One or two topics from the syllabus of Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is subject to change. Otherwise, the overall syllabus remains more or less the same for every college and university.
Ques. Are there any dual degree options for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology?
Ans. There are colleges that offer dual degrees that involve Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology such as an integrated course of MPhil and Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology and the IPh.D. that covers M.Sc/M.tech. along with the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology course.
Ques. What is the state - wise average course fees for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology?
|State||Government Colleges’ Average Fees (INR)||Private Colleges’ Average Fees (INR)|
Ques. Are there any entrance tests other than the above mentioned ones?
Ans. Apart from the above mentioned entrances, there are other exams conducted by various institutes for admissions in Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology:-
- Bharathidasan University PhD Entrance Exam
- Centre of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (CBCS), University of Allahabad PhD Entrance Exam
- Chennai Mathematical Institute Admission Test
- Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology (GJUS&T) Entrance Exam
- IIST Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram PhD Admission Test
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur IIITDM PhD Admission Test
- Indian Institute of Science (IIS) Entrance Test
- CSIR / UGC / NBHM / DBT
Ques. What are the documents required at the time of admissions for Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology?
Ans. After a candidate is selected for admission, he/she will be required to submit the following documents:-
- Marksheets of grade X and XII.
- Passport size photographs.
- Character certificate
- Reservation certificate (if any).
- Migration certificate
- Self-attested copies of various identity verification documents.
- Domicile certificate