Ph.D. (Horticulture) - Course Overview




    3 YEARS





Pranjal Singhal Pranjal Singhal
Content Curator

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Horticulture Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

PhD in Horticulture is a 3-year Doctoral level program in Horticulture course which is the science of cultivation of fruits, vegetables, crops, plants, etc. After the completion of which the students are awarded the title of PhD Postgraduates who have cleared their course in Horticulture or hold an M.Phil. degree are eligible for admission. The course comprises of examination, projects, and submission of the research thesis.

Some of the top colleges who offer the program of PhD in Horticulture are as follows:

  • Bihar Agricultural University - Bihar
  • Dr. YSR Horticultural University - Andhra Pradesh
  • Punjab Agricultural University - Punjab
  • Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology - Uttar Pradesh
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University - Haryana

The average course fee ranges between INR 25,000 to 3 Lacs, which is subject to vary for different institutions.

The norms followed by different universities vary, as some may conduct their own entrance examination for PhD courses followed by Direct Interview and Group Discussion. Computing the marks secured in the entrance examination, GD/PI and in the degree level, the further process of admission is carried on which is based on Merit List. The program encompasses the technicalities and research skills needed to carry on the research program.

Candidates are required to possess good communicative skills which would help them in interacting with the public making it beneficial in knowing the intricacies of horticultural resources and research. They should possess the ability to interlink the interactions of horticulture and its effect on the biological and other earth sciences. The program deploys measures to polish the leadership skills and enhance technical competence in students to perform the research program with ease.

Doctorates having benefitted from this course are eligible to conduct research on an individual level as well as take up lucrative job opportunities in the areas of arboriculture, crop management, botanical gardens, ground management and many more. The average remuneration earned by doctorates after the completion of the course ranges between INR 2 to 8 Lacs annually.

PhD in Horticulture: Course Highlights Table

Course levelDoctorate program
Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester
EligibilityPost-graduation degree in Horticulture or an M.Phil. with aggregate marks of 50% and above. Entrance Examination.
Admission processMerit List
Course FeeUp to INR 25,000 to 3 Lacs
Average salaryApprox. Up to INR 2 to 8 Lacs
Top Recruiting CompaniesWarehousing companies, Tea gardens, Food Corporations, Agricultural Machine Companies, etc.
Job PositionsHorticulturist, Researcher, Fruit & Vegetable Inspector, Horticulture Production Manager, etc.

PhD in Horticulture : What is it About?

Horticulture is the study involved in plant propagation, which literally translates to Garden Cultivation. Pertaining to the increase in population and rise in demand for fruits and vegetables, this field of study has gained a major prominence. The program comprises the study of all types of plants including fruits, vegetables, etc. as well as conduct experiment to understand the breeding techniques, crop farming, physiology and genetic engineering involved in the field of research.

The program comprises of various aspects of Horticulture, methods to increase the production of fruits and vegetables through genetic engineering and other processes as well as decoration orchard farms and vineyards. Students are skilled in the craft of leadership and technical competence to carry on the research work on horticulture. Students also gain skills of analysis and evaluation to get to the crux of the problem and conduct the research with dexterity.

PhD in Horticulture syllabus comprises of an extensive study of different aspects of Horticulture ranging from knowing the biological composition, designing, physiological, genealogy of plants and crops. Through the study of this program, candidates are acquainted with interconnecting the linkages between earth sciences and horticulture. PhD in Horticulture is an integrated study of horticultural systems applicable in multiple disciplines of research.

PhD in Horticulture opens a wide arena of career prospects for students who have gained the pertinent knowledge and skills of the field leading them to explore the field of research. It is beneficial for those who wish to pursue teaching and wish to become professors in universities and colleges. They have opportunities to work in areas of food chemistry, landscape construction and management, nurseries, greenhouses and much more. The course aims at acquainting the students with the skills of leadership, designing, research and management which can be used in the future organizations.

PhD in Horticulture: Top Colleges & Institutes

Name of InstitutionLocationAverage Course Fee (in INR)
Birsa Agricultural UniversityJharkhandNA
Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural UniversityAndhra Pradesh32,760
Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and TechnologyUttar Pradesh2,95,000
Bihar Agricultural UniversityBihar24,610
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHaryana1,62,000
College of AgricultureRajasthanNA
Dr. YSR Horticultural UniversityAndhra Pradesh57,610
Indian Agricultural Research InstituteDelhiNA
Kerala Agricultural University - (KAU)KeralaNA
Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural and Technology – (MPUAT)Rajasthan36,180
Punjab Agricultural UniversityPunjab43,680
University of Agricultural Sciences - (Dharwad)KarnatakaNA
Visva Bharati UniversityWest BengalNA

PhD in Horticulture: Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for availing for admission to this program of PhD in Horticulture are as follows:

  1. Candidates those who have qualified their postgraduate program in Horticulture or qualified an M.Phil. degree or any equivalent examination with minimum aggregate marks of 50% and above are eligible for admission to the program.
  2. Applicants will be required to clear the entrance examination held by various reputed universities and colleges.

PhD in Horticulture: Admission Process

Candidates who wish to avail for the Doctorate program in Horticulture are required to meet the eligibility criteria as formulated by the universities and colleges. They are supposed to have completed their postgraduation program or an M.Phil degree with minimum aggregate marks of 55% for general category and 50% for SC/ST candidates from a recognized university listed under UGC/AIU.

Candidates are also required to clear the entrance examination held by various reputed universities for admission to the program. Further, the aspirants will also have to qualify the session of Group Discussion and Direct Interview Process. The marks secured in Entrance Examination, GD, Direct Interview and marks obtained in degree level is calculated to compute the merit list percentage. This percentage will differ for different colleges and institutions based on the rules prescribed by them. Admissions to the program are done solely on the basis of Merit list.

Selection Process

The list of entrance examination held for the PhD program are as follows:

  • Common Entrance Test in Horticulture
  • Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry entrance exam
  • Maharashtra Council of Agricultural Education & Research entrance exam
  • Vellanikara College of Horticulture Entrance Exam

The application forms can be availed through online and offline mode. In addition, they can avail all the important information regarding the admission dates, course fee, and others on the official website of the college.

PhD in Horticulture: Syllabus

The curriculum of the program of PhD in Horticulture comprises of theory, project, research, and practice. The students are taught the knowledge of plants, farming, and production of the plant throughout the course.

The overall syllabus followed by most of the universities and colleges is tabulated as follows:

Subjects of Study
Biodiversity and conservation of crops
Advances in breeding of fruit crops
Advances in production of fruit crops
Advances in growth regulation of fruit crops
Biotic and abiotic stress management in Horticultural Crops
Genomics and bioinformatics in Horticulture
Systematics of fruit crops
Seminar I
Seminar II

** The Syllabus of the program is subject to vary for different colleges.

PhD in Horticulture: Career Prospects

PhD in Horticulture enables students to get a deeper insight into the topic, who gain the required skills for performing research and conducting thesis. Understanding the genomics and biological composition of vegetables and fruits, they gain a practical insight into the topic with utmost dexterity. They can also conduct the experiment on genetic engineering.

Students of Horticulture have an employment opportunity in Institutes of Horticulture, vegetable farms and fruit groves. They have opportunities to work in warehousing companies, food corporations, Tea Gardens, Agricultural Machine Companies and other such. They can become Horticulturist, Fruit & Vegetable Inspector, Horticulture Production Manager, Horticulture Inspector and so on.

Some of the jobs options which can be chosen by the graduates after the completion of the course which are as follows:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Horticulture annual salary
Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Salary (in INR) per annum
HorticulturistWork includes studying the science involved in plantation, greenery, and flowers. Conducting research, plant propagation, gardening and physiology of plants and generate thesis.2 to 3 Lacs
Horticulture Production ManagerWork includes supervising the administrative workings, conducting a check of technical and organizational responsibilities, directing staff to carry on their work efficiently.7 to 8 Lacs
Horticulture InspectorWork for state, local and federal government. Ensure and enforce policies to protect public health and safety, ensuring safe production of plants and agricultural products.2 to 3 Lacs
Fruit & Vegetable InspectorWork includes inspecting the quality of plant produce, vegetables and fruits, thus ensuring good public health.6 to 7 lakhs
ResearcherWork includes planning, designing, analyzing, managing, formulating the report and carry on the thesis.5 to 6 Lacs
ScientistDesigning and undertaking experiments, analyzing information and formulating reports.5 to 6 Lacs
Horticulture ManagerSupervising the staff, directing them work and managing the sale and purchase of inventories.3 to 4 Lacs
TherapistsTreat plant ailments, conduct experiments and formulate reports.6 to 7 Lacs
District HorticulturistSupervise over the working of staff, conduct experiments and formulate reports, build thesis.2 to 3 Lacs



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