PhD JMC: Full Form, Course, Duration, Syllabus, Admissions 2021

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Ayan Dey

Content Curator | Updated on - May 14, 2021

PhD in Journalism and Mass communication is a research degree course where the course duration can range anything between 3-6 years, depending upon the area of research. The main focus of the course is to research the chosen topic and to equip candidates with teaching skills.

The candidates should have a Master's degree in Journalism and Mass Communication with an aggregate of 55% to become eligible. Some colleges may require candidates to write entrance exams

For admission to the course with the entrance exams, some candidates might be called for personal interviews or group discussion. Some popular entrance exams are LPU NEST, NET, SEAT and more.

Some top colleges offering PhD in Journalism and Mass Communication are Lovely Professional University, University of Madras, Mysore University, Bharathiar University, Sharda University, and more. The average fees for government universities range from 5,000-15,000, whereas fees for private universities can range from 60,000-1,50,000.

See more: PhD Journalism and Mass Communication Top Colleges

Some of the basic subjects taught in the course are Freedom of Expression Theory, Theory of Culture and Media, Law and Ethics of Telecommunication, etc. Each college offers its own electives to the students. The students are also given research training over the duration of the course.

After the completion of the course, candidates can get employed in the education, media, journalism, and writing industry. PhD is the highest qualification degree, after completion students can go for post-doctoral fellowships.

The job profiles for graduates of PhD Journalism and Mass Communication include Professor, Writer, Reporter, Editor, Researcher, Public Relations Executive, Communication Executive, etc. The average salary of these roles can range from 4-6 LPA depending upon the job role and expertise.

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Course Highlights 

The table below provides a highlight of the course.

Course Level Doctorate
Full-Form PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication
Duration 3 years
Examination type Credit System
Eligibility Masters degree in Journalism and Mass Communication. Candidates should also have cleared either national/ state/ university level entrance examination
Admission Process Merit and entrance based
Course Fee INR 4,000- 1,20,000
Average Salary 3-9 LPA
Top Recruiting Companies Hindustan Times, ZEE TV networks, NDTV networks, BBC, and Times of India, The Hindu, The Print, The WireIn, etc.
Job Positions Free Lance Writer, Lecturer and Professor, Journalist, Editor, Researcher, Communication and Brand Promotion Executive, Marketing and communication Associate.
Admission Process

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Admission Process 

Admissions in PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication are mostly done on the basis of merit. Some colleges also accept entrance exams like NET JRF. Private universities like Lovely Professional University conduct their own entrances.

  • Registration: The first and foremost step for a candidate in the admission process is to register for the course through the college or university’s website. Exams forms are released before the start of the course and provide ample time for people to fill in their details.
  • Details and Application fee: While registering, it is important to fill in the correct details like name, educational level, address, etc. After filling in the details, the candidate must submit the application fee.
  • Admit card: After filling in the necessary information and paying the fee, the candidate should download the admit card and keep it safe till the admission process goes on.
  • Examination: The entrance exam has to be given to respected colleges and universities. It is important to adhere to the syllabus and read the previous year's question papers for better preparation.
  • Results: Once results are released, candidates who qualify and further move ahead with their admission process. Some might also release a cut-off list for admissions based on merit. Marks of post-graduation are considered for this.
  • Counselling and admission: Candidates who qualify for the entrance exam or merit can proceed to the college for their course.

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Eligibility Criteria

The basic eligibility criteria for admissions in PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication are mentioned below.

  • Candidate must have completed their post-graduation in Journalism and Mass Communication from a recognized university.
  • They should also have a minimum percentage of 55% to pursue a PhD. Entrance exams like NET JRF also require the candidate to have a minimum of 55% during post-graduation.

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Entrance Exams

As mentioned, few universities take admissions on the basis of entrance exams. These exams are discussed further in detail.

  • NET/NET JRF: It is a national-level examination conducted for admissions in PhD. To pursue PhD along with a stipend, candidates must clear NET JRF, whereas after clearing NET candidates can become eligible to apply for universities as professors. However, NET JRF candidates are preferred by universities.
  • SET: SET is conducted to provide research opportunities at the state level. Candidates who pass become eligible to apply for research or to become professors at any university within the state they have appeared.
  • LPUNEST: LPUNEST is the entrance exam conducted by Lovely Professional University. Candidates can also become eligible for scholarships if their score in the entrance exam is high.
  • SUAT: Sharda University also conducts its own entrance test for admissions in PhD. However, candidates who have scored good marks in NET/ JRF/ SET are exempted and are directly called for an interview.

The list below provides further details for the exams mentioned.

Examination Application Date Date of exam Mode of Exam
NET/NET JRF Till 9th March 2021 May 2021 Computer-based test
SET Till 4th June 2021 27th June 2021 Offline
LPUNEST Till 20th March 2021 20th March- 5th April 2021 Online
SUAT Till 31st December 2020 February 2021 Online

How to prepare for the PhD Journalism and Mass Communication entrance exam?

Here are a few points which can help candidates prepare for the entrance exam.

  • Go through the syllabus of the exam thoroughly. It will help you focus on important topics rather than studying a completely different topic.
  • Develop a timetable for studying. It will help you focus on every subject and give equal time to every topic.
  • Rather than mugging up the answers, it is important to understand the basics of the topics. It will also help you solve complex or HOTs questions
  • Go through the previous year's question papers for a better understanding of the entrance exams. There are several books available for NET which contain previous year question papers along with the answers.
  • Even though entrance exams focus on Mass Communication and Journalism, there is a separate section for Analytical skills, aptitude skills, teaching skills, Logical reasoning, Communication, People and Environment, Reading Comprehension, etc.
  • All the entrance exams are conducted as MCQs with one correct answer. There is also a negative marking.
  • It is important to only attempt the questions which you are sure of. Since there is a negative marking, guesswork should be avoided.

How to get Admission to a Top PhD Journalism and Mass Communication College?

Here are a few tips which will help candidates get admission to a good college for a PhD in Journalism and Mass Communication.

  • It is important to be through with the Post-graduation syllabus to excel in entrance exams.
  • Apart from Journalism and Mass Communication, it is important to focus on general subjects like Reasoning, Aptitude, Reading Comprehension, etc.
  • It is extremely important to be aware of registration dates, exam dates, and result dates. It will help you avoid any mishaps and provide you with enough time to prepare well.
  • Keeping up with current affairs is also essential, especially while appearing for interviews. It leaves a good impression on the board members.
What is it about?

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: What is it about? 

Key information and details about the course PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication are as follows.

  • As the name mentions, it is a Doctorate level course in Journalism and Mass Communication.
  • The main focus of the course is research or entering the teaching profession.
  • The main subjects of the course are Advertising Theory, Theory of Culture and Media, Research Methodology, Ethics of Communication, etc.
  • The candidate must keep up with current affairs and also provide critical analysis for the same.
  • The person should already be well-versed with the basics of journalism and mass communication before applying for the Doctorate program.
Why study?

Why study PhD Journalism and Mass Communication?

The purpose of pursuing a PhD in Journalism and Mass Communication can vary from person to person. Here is the list of top reasons why people pursue a PhD.

  • High Pay: Doctorate course is the highest level of qualification and also provides good pay for candidates. They can pursue a profession in career fields like Lecturer and earn up to 12 LPA.
  • On completion of PhD, Candidates are given the title of ‘Doctorate of Philosophy and can put it in front of their name.
  • Research potential: The main purpose of a PhD is to provide research opportunities to candidates, they can research on the topic of their choice within the course and become experts in the field.
  • Skills: PhD is a course that requires extensive research. It allows the candidates to inculcate essential skills like Analytical skills, Problem-solving skills, Project management, Discipline, and Communication skills.
  • Future Benefits: The degree allows people to become experts in the field of journalism and mass communication. It opens up various career opportunities as a journalist, writer, professor, news critic, news reporter, etc.
Top Colleges

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Top Colleges 

The list below provides details of a few of the top colleges offering PhD Journalism and Mass Communication.

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: College Comparisons 

The table below compares the top colleges offering PhD Journalism and Mass Communication.

Parameters Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh Amity University, Noida Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
Overview Aligarh Muslim University is one of h the leading universities in India for Doctorate courses like Journalism and Mass Communication Amity University is a private university, offering the best faculties for research courses like PhD. Lovely Professional University is a popular private university well established in the field of doctorate courses.
Location Aligarh, UP Noida, UP Phagwara, Punjab
NIRF Ranking 17 37 78
Average Fee INR 10,000 INR 50,000 INR 1,20,000
Average Placement INR 4,50,000 INR 5,00,000 INR 9,00,000
Top Companies Visited Marque Impex, Cordis Technology, EFS Facilities Service Pvt. Ltd, Genpact, Allana Sons Pvt Ltd, Soft nice, Tacenda Publication LLP, Hamari Pahchan NGO, ETC. Wipro, IBM, Genpact, TCS, The Times of India, The Print, Penguin Random House, etc. Amazon, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Air Vistara, Urban Pitara, Club Mahindra, Golden Robot Animation, etc.

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Distance Education

Few colleges also offer distance education mode in PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication. Through this mode, candidates need not visit the college campus for their research and can study through the comfort of their homes.

Candidates can also pursue their PhD from international universities through distance education mode.

The table below provides information about the various colleges offering distance education mode along with their fees and duration. It will help the candidates choose the best college as per their needs.

Note: Chandigarh University and Lovely Professional University provide a part-time course where students do not have to visit the campus regularly.


PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Course Syllabus 

Since it is a PhD program, there are several core, elective and practical subjects to choose from. Unlike Bachelor or Master courses, there is no defined semester and candidates carry out their research in their chosen subject.

The core subjects are given below:

Research Methodology 1 Research Methodology 2
Communication Theory Research Writing and Ethics

The elective subjects are given below:

Journalism Studies Specialized and Analytical Journalism
Advertising and Public Relations research Communication and Development Issues
Analyzing media, Messages, and audience Hindi Cinema Studies
Issues in Media Economy Media, Youth, and Participatory Government

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Recommended Books 

Here are a few books which can help candidates achieve a better understanding of the course.

Name Author
Writing to Change the World Mary Pipher
Introduction to Media Production: The Path to Digital Media Production Gorham Kindem and Robert B. Musburge
Left Turn: How Liberal Media Bias Distorts the American Mind Tim Groseclose
The Ethics of Journalism: Individual, Institutional and Cultural Influences (Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism) PhD. Wendy N. Wyatt
Course Comparison

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Course Comparison 

Parameters PhD Journalism and Mass Communication PhD Media Studies
Duration 3-5 years 3-5 years
Focus Area The main focus of PhD Journalism and Mass Communication is on understanding journalism and mass communication on a deeper level. PhD Media Studies focuses on studying media and its influence on people and society. It can include various forms of media like films, shows, music, etc.
Eligibility Criteria Masters in Journalism and Mass Communication with an aggregate of 55% Masters in Media Studies with an aggregate of 55%
Admission Criteria Merit and National level examinations Merit and national level examinations
Average course fees INR 5,000-90,000 INR 6,000 - 1,00,000
Job Options Free Lance Writer, Lecturer and Professor, Journalist, Editor, Researcher, Communication and Brand Promotion Executive, Marketing and Communication Associate Marketing executive, News Anchor, Reporter, Media Researcher, Media Planner, Blogger, Professor, etc.
Areas of Employment Media, News Companies, Writing companies, Educational departments, etc. Media, Digital media companies, Television Media companies, Social Media companies, Blogging websites
Average Placement Package 4,00,000 to 10,00,000 4,00,000 to 9,00,000
Future Scope

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Future Scope 

Candidates usually start working after this course as it is the highest level of educational qualification in this field. However, here are a few things that people can pursue if they do not wish to work.

  • Competitive Exams: Candidates can prepare for various competitive exams, especially for joining the civil services. They can use their expertise in the field to excel in exams as well as interviews.
  • PhD in related fields: There is no limit as to how many PhDs can a person pursue. Thus, after completing a PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication, people can also pursue other PhDs Media studies.
  • MBA: MBA is one of the most opted-for professional courses by candidates of all ages and educational backgrounds. People can choose from a variety of specialities like Human Resource, Marketing, Finance, etc.
Job Profiles

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: Job Profiles

There are several career options available for people who pursue a PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication.

  • After the course, candidates can become professors, writers, news reporters, news editors, Marketing experts, Journalists, etc.
  • The top sectors of the economy which employ people from this course are media, news, Marketing sector, educational sector, etc.
  • Candidates can also get employed in both government and private sector. In the government sector, they can become civil servants by giving other national and state-level examinations. They can also become professors in government institutes.
  • In the private sector, people can become writers, work for a marketing company, become journalists, and even policy critics.

Some of the top job roles are mentioned below.

Job Position Job Description Average Annual Salary
Journalist Journalists write, edit, proofread, research, and find new news reports and deliver them using various forms of media. INR 6,00,000-8,00,000
Writer Writers can work for a company or publish their work independently. It includes writing in a book, blog, articles, news reports, etc. INR 5,00,000-6,00,000
Event Manager A degree in Mass communication allows the candidate to become an expert in event management as it mostly involves communicating with people of different backgrounds and work. INR 5,00,000-7,00,000
Professor/ Lecturer After becoming an expert in the field, people can also help other individuals learn about the subject by becoming professors. INR 9,00,000-11,00,000

PhD Journalism and Mass Communication: FAQs

Ques: Can I pursue a PhD even if the NET exam is not cleared?

Ans: Yes, you can in private institutes. But you will have to give your own entrance exams like LPUNET, JNU entrance exam, etc.

Ques: What happens after a person clears NET JRF?

Ans: After clearing NET JRF, candidates can pursue their research or PhD and get a stipend for the same from the government.

Ques: How can I become a professor in Journalism and Mass Communication?

Ans: First, you have to pursue a Bachelors's and Masters's in Journalism and mass communication and score a minimum of 55% marks. Then appear for exams like NET, SET to qualify as a professor.

Ques: What are the job prospects after a PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication?

Ans: Candidates can become writers, editors, news reporters, professors, etc after pursuing a PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication.

Ques: Is PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication hard?

Ans: PhD courses should only be pursued by candidates who are serious and are interested in the subject chosen by them. It requires a lot of research and writing.

Ques: Can I give the NET exam during my Masters's course?

Ans: Yes, you can. Candidates can give the NET exam as soon as they enrol for a Master's degree course.

Ques: What are the eligibility criteria for a PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication?

Ans: The candidate must have a Masters's degree in Journalism and Mass Communication with a minimum aggregate of 55%.

Ques: What are the best colleges for a PhD. Journalism and Mass Communication?

Ans: Some of the best colleges are Aligarh Muslim University, Amity University, and Lovely Professional University.

Ques: Is a PhD worth it?

Ans: If you are interested in research about a particular subject only then is it worth it as it takes a minimum of 3 years to complete a PhD dedication and persistence play an important role.

Ph.D. (Journalism and Mass Communication) Fee Structure in India

12 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES11.25 L  (Maximum Fee)
2.16 L (Average Fee)
18.20 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES7.20 L (Maximum Fee)
2.42 L (Average Fee)

Ph.D. (Journalism and Mass Communication) Fee Structure By state


2.21 L
2.25 LPrivate COLLEGES3.40 L
2.88 L

Madhya Pradesh

4.84 L
54 KPrivate COLLEGES2.77 L
1.91 L


4.15 L
1.79 LPrivate COLLEGES7.20 L
3.26 L

Delhi NCR

2.22 L
2.55 LPrivate COLLEGES3.65 L
3.17 L


60.50 K
1.50 LPrivate COLLEGES2.41 L
2.10 L



Ph.D. (Journalism and Mass Communication) Colleges IN INDIA

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