Ph.D. (Molecular Biology) - Course Overview

  • STREAM

    SCIENCE

  • DURATION

    3 YEARS

  • COURSE

    Molecular Biology

  • COURSE TYPE

    Doctorate/M.Phil

    Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Molecular Biology Admission Process, Eligibility, Entrance Exam, Syllabus, Distance Education, Scope and Salary

    Sounak Banerjee Sounak Banerjee
    Content Curator

    What is PhD Molecular Biology?

    PhD Molecular biology is a minimum 3-year full time course and stands for Doctorate of Philosophy with the specialisation in molecular biology. The course duration depends on the thesis completion and research work. PhD molecular biology is a course which is designed for students willing to have a strong knowledge about the biological aspects and concepts at molecular level focussing on subjects like biology, chemistry, biotechnology, biochemistry etc. 

    Candidates holding a Masters in Biological Science or an equivalent degree from a recognized organization with 55% aggregate marks are eligible for this course.  The basic aim of studying PhD molecular biology is to learn in depth about the features of macromolecules, its structure and functions or nourishing the skills for pursuing a career in the same field. The course focuses on the concepts and study of biological activity amidst the cells, its synthesis, modification, mechanisms and interactions.

    Admission procedures vary for this course as per the different colleges. Every college  like Indian Association for Cultivation of Science, Mangalore University, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies has their own rules and procedure for admitting candidates into PhD Molecular Biology. Mostly, colleges conduct counselling sessions or entrance exams for selecting the students. Interviews are also held for a combined evaluation in the admission procedure. The course prepares students for a successful career in the academic field or working on industry level in biology and human cell functioning.

    See Also: Top PhD Molecular Biology Colleges

    Students completing PhD Molecular Biology can work in the Medical Research Areas, Pharmaceutical companies, and zoology or botany study in various organizations. The PhD graduates can work as a lecturer or academic expert in universities, as a research biologist or scientist with the same expertise. Other career options available after this course are Microbiologist, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Conservationist, Scientific Manager, or experts in National Parks/ sanctuaries etc.

    There are various colleges in India offering full time courses in PhD Molecular Biology. Some of them are:-

    NIRF University Ranking 2020College NameAdmission ProcessAverage FeeAverage Placement offer
    1Indian Institute of ScienceEntrance Examination and Interview250006 LPA
    2Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityINR 856INR 4-5 lpa
    11University of DelhiINR 2.2 lacsINR 3-5 lpa
    15Birla Institute of Technology and ScienceINR 81,600INR 6 LPA
    22University of MadrasINR 27,720/-INR 4-5 lpa

    The course curriculum involves subjects like Endocrinology, Sericulture, Ecology, Mycology etc. and is appropriate for students who are interested in learning the practical and theoretical knowledge of all the cell functions. With ample career options available, the average salary for fresher ranges around 4-8 lpa . The basic fee structure in most of the colleges for this course is about 10k to 1 lacs depending upon the years taken for completing the course.

    PhD Molecular Biology Course Highlights

    Course LevelDoctorate
    Full FormDoctorate of Philosophy in Molecular Biology
    Duration3 years (minimum)
    Examination TypeSemester type + research thesis
    EligibilityCandidate with Masters degree in the respective field from a recognized university with minimum 55% marks.
    Admission ProcessEntrance-based + Interview
    Course FeeINR 10,000 to 3 lakhs
    Average SalaryINR 2 to 20 lakhs
    Top recruiting companiesCamris International, Astra Zeneca, Sorrento Therapeutics, AECOM, Takeda Pharmaceutical, Amyris
    Job PositionsResearch Biologist, Microbiologist, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Environmental Scientist, Scientific Communications Manager
    PhD Molecular Biology Eligibility

    PhD Molecular Biology Eligibility

    The eligibility criteria for studying PhD Molecular Biology are mentioned below:

    • The students with a master’s degree in the respective field from a recognized institute with minimum 55% aggregate marks are eligible for this course.
    • Students must have a valid GATE/NET/RET/SET/JRF examination score or should have appeared in the entrance examination of the university.
    • Candidates should have a research proposal and an insight of how the research work will be carried out during the PhD programme.

    Related Subjects:

    BSc BiologyBSc Biological Science
    PhD Molecular Biology Admission Process

    PhD Molecular Biology Admission Process

    Each university offering a PhD Molecular Biology follows a set of systems for admissions of students. Mainly, the admission for PhD Life Science is done on the basis of PhD Entrance Examination, interview and research proposal assessment of each student. Some of the universities allow the students to appear in Entrance examinations like GATE/NET/SET/M.Phil/ JRF examination to register for the admissions; however some universities conduct their own entrance examination.

    Some of the important PhD Molecular Biology admission knowledge are mentioned below:

    1. The universities start a portal in the month of September/October for the registration of the students.
    2. The potential candidate needs to submit the registration form along with the required documents.

    Following documents need to affix with the registration form:-

    • Migration Certificate
    • Passing certificate/ Degree certificate
    • Age proof
    • Research Proposal
    • No objection Certificate
    1. Candidates are required to appear in the entrance examination, either one held by the college or centralized examination like NET/RET in order to check the subject matter knowledge.

    2. Once the examination is clear, an interview is held for the further assessment.

          5) Some universities also check and scrutinize your research proposals for combined evaluation.

    See Also: List of Science Courses (PhD)

    PhD Molecular Biology Entrance Exams

    PhD Molecular Biology Entrance Exams

    The entrance examinations for PhD molecular biology are GATE/NET/RET/SET or JRF examination which basically includes questions based on subject matter knowledge and research aptitude.

    Most of the entrance examinations are two papers exams, one based on the general aptitude and the other on subject questions.

    Paper 1, General Aptitude Test covers the area of Research & Teaching Aptitude, Logical thinking, General Comprehension, etc and Paper 2 includes questions related to the respective subject expertise.

    Points to Keep in Mind while Preparing for Entrance Exams

    • Go through your entrance exam syllabus thoroughly and follow the time table to complete the full syllabus on time.
    • You should have some background or knowledge in Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, Health and human biology etc.
    • Practice previous year question papers to keep a check on exam patterns.
    • For the general aptitude test, be aware about the research methodologies and practice more aptitude questions.
    • Strong command on the language is advisable.

    How to Get Admission in a Good College

    • Keep your research proposal handy with all the necessary study and knowledge.
    • Be fluent in the respective subject by gaining appropriate subject matter knowledge.
    • Make a strong command on the language.
    • Prepare for entrance examinations well.
    • Previous year interview questions should be thoroughly studied.
    • Have a good aptitude and research knowledge before the test or the interview.
    PhD Molecular Biology Syllabus

    PhD Molecular Biology Syllabus

    PhD Molecular Biology Year Wise Syllabus which is followed by most of the university in the course is :-

    Year 1Year 2Year 3
    Microbial EcologyCytogeneticsCancer Biology
    Aquatic MycologyMycologySewage Microbes
    Organic FarmingAnimal PhysiologyPlant Pathology
    Nutritional Quality of Wild LegumesBiodiversity of Wood-Rot FungiEnvironmental Biology
    GenotoxicologyEndocrinologySericulture
    Environmental MutagenesisEcology of CyanobacteriaConservation Biology

    Apart from the regular study, the student needs to do a research project under any mentorship and make a thesis for the same to complete the course.

    The following books can be referred to in this course:-

    Name of the bookAuthor
    Molecular Biology of the cellAlexander Johnson
    Molecular Cell BiologyDavid Baltimore
    The cell: a molecular approachGeoffrey M. Cooper
    Molecular BiologyDavid P. Clarke
    Cell and Molecular Biology : Concepts and ExperimentsGerald Karp
    PhD Molecular Biology Top Colleges

    PhD Molecular Biology Top Colleges

    The top colleges that offer PhD Molecular Biology in India are listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in India Including the location and average fees:

    College NameCityAverage Fees
    University of MadrasChennaiINR 27,720
    University of DelhiNew DelhiINR 2,20,000
    Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiINR 856
    Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyBangaloreINR 1,20,000
    Tezpur UniversityAssamINR 25,000
    Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreINR 25,000
    Birla Institute of Technology and SciencePilaniINR 81,600
    PhD Molecular Biology Distance Education

    PhD Molecular Biology Distance Education

    Distance Education is quite popular nowadays and holds equal importance as the regular course. There are various universities in India offering PhD Molecular Biology Distance Learning programmes. The syllabus and curriculum for both distance learning and regular course is the same. The only difference between both of them is that students with regular courses attend lectures and practical classes, however in distance learning, students have to study at home and attend semester examinations. Moreover, students opting for distance learning needs to complete their thesis at home.  

    The eligibility criteria for admission to a correspondence program or distance learning of course is same as the regular course

    Top distance education universities for PhD Molecular Biology are mentioned below -

    College/InstituteLocationFees per Annum
    IGNOUDelhiINR 20 K – INR 40K
    YCMOUMaharashtraINR 5K – 20 K
    Why Study PhD Molecular Biology?

    Why Study PhD Molecular Biology?

    PhD Molecular Biology has gained a lot of popularity in the past years due to following reasons:-

    • PhD Molecular Biology is constantly growing worldwide, and is rated as one of the top jobs globally.

    • You can work for any health care or biology sector. The course also opens the door for a candidate to work in the chemist field or in any academic research. The student can also opt for lectureship in any good university.
    • With the scientific approach toward the human cells, the study and the career after that gives an interesting subject to the students.  
    PhD Molecular Biology Course Comparisons

    PhD Molecular Biology Course Comparisons

    The similar course as PhD Molecular Biology is PhD Cell Biology. However both of them teach some different approaches towards cell theory. The fees and placement packages are also similar. However, it totally depends on an individual to choose either of the courses as per their level of interest.

    PhD Molecular Biology Vs. PhD Cell Biology

    The comparison between PhD Molecular Biology and PhD Cell Biology are mentioned below:

    ParameterPhD in Molecular BiologyPhD in Cell Biology
    DomainLiving cell functioning at molecular levelCell functioning and structure
    OverviewPhD Molecular biology gives a detailed study about the functioning of cells with respect to the molecular synthesis, interactions, nutrition effect on the particular cell etc.PhD Cell Biology is a study about the functioning and structure of cells at the macro level and in general.
    Duration3 Years3 Years
    EligibilityMasters in the respective fieldMasters in the respective field
    Average Annual FeeINR 3-4 LakhsINR 3-6 Lakhs
    Average Salary OfferedINR 3-6 LPAINR 3-8 LPA
    PhD Molecular Biology Jobs

    PhD Molecular Biology Jobs

    PhD Molecular Biology opens various doors in terms of career and job options. After completing the course, one can get a job in the healthcare sector, pharmaceutical company, laboratories, hospitals, academic institutions and even the environmental sector. Some of the students also pursue their research with various private and government institutions. There are also some job options as biologist, forensic scientist, biomedical scientist, healthcare scientist, biotechnologist, food technologist, marine biologist, clinical research associate, microbiologist, pharmacologist, nanotechnologist, research scientist, water quality scientist, technical brewer, ecologist etc.

    JOB POSITIONJOB DESCRIPTIONAVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY IN INR
    Research BiologistResearch Biologists are responsible for recommending improvements to ensure quality, comparing actual results, evaluating existing research techniques, and suggesting solutions to correct the deviations. They may also prepare complete documentation of research activities.INR 4,03,000
    MicrobiologistMicrobiologists are responsible for preventing, diagnosing and pronging of diseases, as well as health care, and they may carry out various functions such as epidemiological surveillance, quality auditing, biotechnology development, basic research, management and teaching related to the career, scientist management.INR 2,91,000
    Clinical Laboratory ScientistClinical Laboratory Scientists are responsible for information for patient diagnosis and treatment by performing laboratory tests in chemistry, toxicology, microbiology laboratories, and immunology. They maintain quality results by running standards, verifying equipment function, equipment maintenance, and monitoring quality measurements.INR 6,90,000
    Environmental ScientistEnvironmental Scientists are responsible for investigative pieces exposing illegal activity, or emerging environmental problems. They also work in types of environmental journalism involving doing background research, sometimes including conducting interviews.INR 8,95,000
    Scientific Communications ManagerScientific Communications Managers are responsible for ensuring that employees are aware of changes and projects within the company. They prepare presentations and conduct meetings to share information. They may also develop print materials and branding strategies for employee use.INR 7,17,000

    The salary after completing the course is around INR 5-10 lpa as per the job and the position. However, there are ample job opportunities after this course.

    PhD Molecular Biology FAQ

    PhD Molecular Biology FAQ

    Ques: What can you do with PhD in Molecular Biology?

    Ans: The students after PhD in Molecular Biology can work as a Medical Scientist, Microbiologists, Biological Science Teacher, and Natural Science Managers in different organizations.

    Ques: Is it important to put a research proposal at the time of admission?

    Ans: Yes. The research proposal needs to be submitted either with the registration form or in the interview for a combined evaluation.

    Ques: What is the difference between PhD in cell biology and PhD in molecular biology?

    Ans: PhD in cell biology deals with the cell structure and functions, however PhD in Molecular Biology is a branch dedicated to the nature of the living cells at molecular level.

    Ques: What jobs can a molecular biologist do?

    Ans: A molecular biologist can work in Agriculture, Biochemist, Biomedical, Chemist, Technician and Epidemiologist department.

    Ques: What are the minimum requirements to apply for PhD in molecular biology?

    Ans: The candidate should have a master’s degree with 55% marks and a research proposal. The candidate is required to clear the entrance examination and interview for the admission.

    Ques: Is molecular biology a good career?

    Ans: Yes, A molecular biologist can work in ample of industries, companies or educational institution with an average starting salary of INR 5-10 LPA.

    Ques: How much does it take to complete a PhD in Molecular Biology?

    Ans: The fees in molecular biology depend upon the college. The average fees ranges from 25 k to 1 lacs per year. The PhD scholars are also awarded scholarships and stipend at the time of the course.

    Ques: How many maximum years it takes to complete PhD in Molecular Biology?

    Ans: As soon as the thesis are submitted and approved, PhD gets completed for a student. It takes minimum of 3 years and can be dragged to 6 years maximum.

    Ques: What is the basic criterion considered to pass PhD in Molecular Biology?

    Ans: Research Thesis is the main thing which is consider for passing the PhD degree apart from the basic subject examinations.

    Ques: Is it possible to bag a position of lecturer after PhD in Molecular Biology?

    Ans: Yes. A molecular biologist can apply for a post of professor or lecturer in any university. They can also bag a job of academician or research head in an educational university.

    Ph.D. (Molecular Biology) Fee Structure in India


    33 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES4.39 L (Maximum Fee)
    1.92 L (Average Fee)
    1.67 L (Minimum Fee)PRIVATE COLLEGES1.67 L (Maximum Fee)
    1.67 L (Average Fee)

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